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Hergé

Georges Prosper Remi, known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian cartoonist. He is best known for creating The Adventures of Tintin, the series of comic albums which are considered one of the most popular European comics of the 20th century, he was responsible for two other well-known series, Quick & Flupke and The Adventures of Jo, Zette and Jocko. His works were executed in his distinct ligne claire drawing style. Born to a lower-middle-class family in Etterbeek, Hergé began his career by contributing illustrations to Scouting magazines, developing his first comic series, The Adventures of Totor, for Le Boy-Scout Belge in 1926. Working for the conservative Catholic newspaper Le Vingtième Siècle, he created The Adventures of Tintin in 1929 on the advice of its editor Norbert Wallez. Revolving around the actions of boy reporter Tintin and his dog Snowy, the series' early installments — Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, Tintin in the Congo, Tintin in America — were designed as conservative propaganda for children.

Domestically successful, after serialisation the stories were published in book form, with Hergé continuing the series and developing both the Quick & Flupke and Jo, Zette and Jocko series for Le Vingtième Siècle. Influenced by his friend Zhang Chongren, from 1934 Hergé placed far greater emphasis on conducting background research for his stories, resulting in increased realism from The Blue Lotus onward. Following the German occupation of Belgium in 1940, Le Vingtième Siècle was closed, but Hergé continued his series in Le Soir, a popular newspaper controlled by the Nazi administration. After the Allied liberation of Belgium in 1944, Le Soir was shut down and its staff — including Hergé — accused of having been collaborators. An official investigation was launched, while no charges were brought against Hergé, in subsequent years he faced accusations of having been a traitor and collaborator. With Raymond Leblanc he established Tintin magazine in 1946, through which he serialised new Adventures of Tintin stories.

As the magazine's artistic director, he oversaw the publication of other successful comics series, such as Edgar P. Jacobs' Blake and Mortimer. In 1950 he established Studios Hergé as a team to aid him in his ongoing projects. Amid personal turmoil following the collapse of his first marriage, he produced Tintin in Tibet, his personal favourite of his works. In years he became less prolific, unsuccessfully attempted to establish himself as an abstract artist. Hergé's works have been acclaimed for their clarity of draughtsmanship and meticulous, well-researched plots, they have been the source of a wide range of adaptations, in theatre, television and computer gaming. He remains a strong influence on the comic book medium in Europe, he is celebrated in Belgium: a Hergé Museum was established in Louvain-la-Neuve in 2009. Georges Prosper Remi was born on 22 May 1907 in his parental home in Etterbeek, Brussels, a central suburb in the capital city of Belgium, his was a lower-middle-class family. His Walloon father, Alexis Remi, worked in a confectionery factory, whilst his Flemish mother, Elisabeth Dufour, was a housewife.

Married on 18 January 1905, they moved into a house at 25 rue Cranz, where Hergé was born, although a year they moved to a house at 34 rue de Theux. His primary language was his father's French, but growing up in the bilingual Brussels, he learned Dutch, developing a Marollien accent from his maternal grandmother. A younger brother, was born five years after Hergé. Like most Belgians, his family belonged to the Roman Catholic Church, though they were not devout, he characterised his life in Etterbeek as dominated by a monochrome grey, considering it boring. Biographer Benoît Peeters suggested that this childhood melancholy might have been exacerbated through being sexually abused by a maternal uncle. Remi developed a love of cinema, favouring Winsor McCay's Gertie the Dinosaur and the films of Charlie Chaplin, Harry Langdon and Buster Keaton. Although not a keen reader, he enjoyed the novels of British and American authors, such as Huckleberry Finn, Treasure Island, Robinson Crusoe and The Pickwick Papers, as well as the novels of Frenchman Alexandre Dumas.

Drawing as a hobby, he sketched out scenes from daily life along the edges of his school books. Some of these illustrations were of German soldiers, because his four years of primary schooling at the Ixelles Municipal School No. 3 coincided with World War I, during which Brussels was occupied by the German army. In 1919, his secondary education began at the secular Place de Londres in Ixelles, but in 1920 he was moved to Saint-Boniface School, an institution controlled by the archbishop where the teachers were Roman Catholic priests. Remi proved a successful student, he completed his secondary education in July 1925 at the top of his class. Aged 12, Remi joined the Boy Scout brigade attached to Saint-Boniface School, becoming troop leader of the Squirrel Patrol and earning the name "Curious Fox". With the Scouts, he travelled to summer camps in Italy, Switzerland and Spain, in the summer of 1923 his troop hiked 200 miles across the Pyrenees, his experiences with Scouting would have a significant influence on the rest of his life, sparking his love of camping and the natural world, providing him with a moral compass that stressed personal loyalty and ke

SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA

The Thalys PBKA is a high-speed train derived from the French TGV. It operates the Thalys service between Paris, Brussels and Amsterdam, forming the abbreviation PBKA. Unlike Thalys PBA sets, the PBKA sets were built for the Thalys service, their power cars are technologically similar to those of TGV Duplex sets, but the trains do not have double-deck carriages. They are 200 m long, weighing a total of 385 tonnes, they have a capacity of 377 seats. All of the trains are quadri-current, capable of operating under 25 kV 50 Hz AC, 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC, 3 kV DC and 1.5 kV DC. Their maximum speed in regular service is 300 km/h under 25 kV, with two power cars supplying 8,800 kW; when operating under 15 kV AC or 1,500 V DC, the power output drops to 3,680 kW, insufficient to reach 300 km/h in commercial use. Although their power-to-weight ratio allows a 250 km/h operation under 15 kV AC, further constraints resulted in imposing a limit of 200 km/h on these trains in Germany. Seventeen trains were ordered: nine by SNCB/NMBS, six by SNCF and two by NS.

Deutsche Bahn contributed to financing two of the SNCB sets. SNCF TGV POS List of high-speed trains TGV Thalys official site

Kidnapped (1971 film)

Kidnapped is a 1971 British adventure film, directed by Delbert Mann and starring Michael Caine, Trevor Howard, Jack Hawkins and Donald Pleasence, as well as a number of well-known British character actors. The film is based on the novel Kidnapped and the first half of the sequel Catriona by Robert Louis Stevenson. Young David Balfour arrives at the House of Shaws, to claim his inheritance; the house and land have been under the custodianship of his father's brother, Ebeneezer Balfour, but on reaching adulthood, the land and property become David's. Ebeneezer is having none of it, however, so he first tries to murder him has him kidnapped by sea captain Hoseason, with whom he has "a venture for trade in the West Indies". David is shipped off to be sold as a slave in the Carolinas, he strikes up a friendship with Alan Breck, escaping from Prince Charles Edward Stuart's defeat at Culloden. Breck is in a cobble, run down in the fog by Hoseason's ship and once aboard, asks Hoseason to take him to France.

When Hoseason refuses, Breck offers him 60 guineas to put him down on Loch Linnhe. On discovering that Breck has a money belt full of Jacobite gold and his crew try to kill Breck, but he is forewarned by David and the two kill half a dozen of the crew before the others retreat. Hoseason offers terms to end the fighting. Only Breck and Balfour appear to survive and they manage to get to land, they set out for Edinburgh. Numerous adventures follow as they meet up with Breck's family and foes alike; these include Breck's cousin, James Stewart, his daughter Catriona, with whom David falls in love. The film was made for television but was screened in cinemas in some countries, as with other adaptations of classics directed by Delbert Mann, including Heidi and David Copperfield. Filming started in May 1971. Kidnapped was shot entirely on location in Scotland. Places include Argyll, Mull and Stirling Castle; the opening moorland scene of the end of the Battle of Culloden was filmed in Argyll, with highlander extras provided by Lochaber High School, Fort William and redcoat extras by Oban High School.

Pinewood Studios was used for some interior scenes. The film was known as David and Catriona; the soundtrack was conducted by Roy Budd. The end title song, "For All My Days", was sung by Mary Hopkin. Kidnapped at the British Film Institute Kidnapped on IMDb Kidnapped – Photos

Suzanne Eaton

Suzanne Eaton was an American scientist and professor of molecular biology at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, Germany. Eaton was born on December 1959, in Oakland, California. One of Eaton's self-confessed role models as a child was Spock, due to his rational approach to problem solving, she was a talented pianist, having played since the age of eight. As an undergraduate, Eaton was torn between a career as a biologist, a comparative literature professor, or a mathematician; the deciding factor was a course, taught from primary literature instead of a textbook, sparking an enthusiasm for biological research. Eaton completed a B. S. in biology at Brown University in 1981 before earning a Ph. D. in microbiology at University of California, Los Angeles in 1988. Her thesis, entitled Molecular analysis of an immunoglobulin heavy chain promoter, was completed under the supervision of Kathryn Calame, she was awarded the Sydney C. Rittenberg Award for Distinguished Academic Achievement in Microbiology by the Association of Academic Women in 1988 for her doctoral work.

Eaton began her research career working on immunoglobulin heavy chain genes at University of California, Los Angeles, in the laboratory of Kathryn Calame. In 1988, Eaton switched fields to developmental biology, investigating how cells obtain their tissue identities in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, while in the group of Thomas B. Kornberg at University of California, San Francisco. Eaton moved to Germany in 1993 to work at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Heidelberg in the group of Kai Simons, where she combined her expertise in microbiology and developmental biology to investigate how the cytoskeleton helps cells attain their polarity in tissues, using the fruit fly as a model system. In 2000, Eaton became one of the founding group leaders at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, where her group investigated how signalling molecules and mechanical properties of cells act together to shape tissues in the fruit fly. In 2015, she became professor of developmental cell biology of invertebrates at the TU Dresden.

1977: New York State Regents Scholar 1988: Association of Academic Women, Sydney C. Rittenberg Award for Distinguished Academic Achievement in Microbiology 2006: Women in Cell Biology Junior Award for Excellence in Research, American Society for Cell Biology. Eaton was married to Anthony A. Hyman; the couple had two children. She was an athlete and runner, had a black belt in Taekwondo. After her death, her sister wrote: "She took great pleasure in preparing exquisite meals and had an exotic fashion sense, she loved perfume. She practiced Tae Kwon Do as a second-degree black belt, she finished crossword puzzles way too played concertos, read extensively. She fit Jane Austen’s strictest description of an'accomplished woman' while maintaining a natural humility and'insatiable curiosity'". Eaton disappeared on July 2, 2019, she was last seen playing the piano in the hotel lobby where she was attending a conference at the Orthodox Academy in Chania, Crete. It is believed. Greek police found her body on July 8 inside a World War II bunker.

A homicide investigation was opened. A 27 year-old Greek suspect, the son of a priest and married father Giannis Paraskakis, was apprehended, he admitted to hitting her with a car raping her and dumping her body in the bunker. In honor of Eaton's interdisciplinary legacy to the scientific community, the Institute of Molecular Biotechnology in Austria instated a memorial fund with the stated aim to support young scientists' endeavors in interdisciplinary topics. List of kidnappings List of solved missing person cases Eaton, Suzanne. "Apical and lateral cues for epithelial polarization." Cell. 82: 5. Eaton, Suzanne. "Roles for Rac1 and Cdc42 in planar polarization and hair outgrowth in the wing of Drosophila." Journal of Cell Biology. 135: 1277. Eaton, Suzanne. "Lipoprotein particles are required for Hedgehog and Wingless signalling." Nature. 435: 58. Eaton, Suzanne. "Cell Flow Reorients the Axis of Planar Polarity in the Wing Epithelium of Drosophila." Cell. 142: 773. Suzanne Eaton publications indexed by Google Scholar Suzanne Eaton Memorial Fund

Drumsagard Village

Drumsagard Village is a new construction village in Cambuslang, South Lanarkshire. It is built near the site of Drumsagard Castle on the site of the old Cambuslang Iron and Steel Works known as Hallside Steelworks; the steelworks were established in 1873 and closed in 1979. Drumsagard spelt Drumsagart, means "ridge of the priest"; the Parish of Cambuslang in the Barony of Drumsargard – whose castle ruins can be discerned to the south-east of Hallside - can be traced back to the time of King Alexander II of Scotland when it belonged to Walter Olifard, Justiciar of Lothian. The Barony of Drumsargard passed to Archibald Douglas, 3rd Earl of Douglas in 1370, as part of the settlement in his marriage to Johanna, daughter of Thomas Moray of Bothwell. In 1452 the Douglases were displaced in favour of James Lord Hamilton, who became tenant-in-chief in 1455; this feudal superiority remained with the Dukes of Hamilton – who were the largest landowners – up until 1922, though the abolition of feudalism in Scotland did not come until the end of the 20th Century.

In the 19th and early 20th century there were several working farms and a small colliery on the land, now modern housing. Hallside House, the mansion overlooking the area, was located off Manse Brae at the eastern side of the district. There was a small village built for the steel workers and the managers which had associated schools and churches but that has all but disappeared, save for a group of sandstone houses known as Hallside Village which were restored in the late 20th century; the majority of the modern suburb was constructed in early 2000s. In the 2010s one of the remaining farms was demolished and converted into a further area of new housing. Drumsagard is within the Cambuslang East ward of the South Lanarkshire Council area, the extent of the neighbourhood community policing zone. There is a small collection of shops at the southern edge of the development, the closest area with a wider range of amenities is Halfway. There are two schools in the vicinity of Drumsagard - Hallside Primary and Park View Primary.

Both of these schools are non-denomonational - the nearest Catholic schools are St. Charles in Newton and St. Cadocs in Halfway. At the north side of the district is Newton railway station which links to Glasgow city centre, Cambuslang and Hamilton. A major bus route between Glasgow and Hamilton serves Drumsagard with stops near to the shops at the southern boundary. After securing a grant from Award for All, the residents association funded a feasibility study which resulted in the addition of sporting facilities in the village in 2010. A multi use games area and sports pitch are part of the sports facilities. Noddy housing

Robert Orr Jr.

Robert Orr Jr. was a Pennsylvania political figure. Orr attended the public schools in Armstrong County, Pennsylvania, he moved to Kittanning, where he was elected to the post of Deputy Sheriff for Armstrong County in 1805. He was appointed deputy district surveyor. Orr served in the War of 1812. In 1816 Orr ran for a seat in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, he served two terms, after which he ran for a seat in the Pennsylvania Senate. He served there from 1821 to 1825. S. House of Representatives to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Allison Jr.. In 1826 Orr ran for re-election, to the Twentieth Congress, he served in that capacity from 11 October 1825 to 3 March 1829. After the War of 1812 Orr retained his interest in military affairs, he attained the rank of general. Orr resided for a short while in Orrsville in 1845, lived in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania from 1848 to 1852, he returned to Kittanning, where he died in 1876. He was buried in the Kittanning Cemetery. Notes SourcesUnited States Congress.

"Robert Orr Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard