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Herkimer County, New York

Herkimer County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,519, its county seat is Herkimer. The county was created in 1791 north of the Mohawk River out of part of Montgomery County, it is named after General Nicholas Herkimer, who died from battle wounds in 1777 after taking part in the Battle of Oriskany during the Revolutionary War. Herkimer County is part of the Utica–Rome Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 1791, Herkimer County was created as one of three counties split off from Montgomery as New York State was developed after the American Revolutionary War, its area was much larger than the present county and was reduced subsequently as more counties were organized. Part of Herkimer County was included in the Macomb's Purchase of 1791, during the wide-scale sale of public lands after the state forced Iroquois tribes allied with the British during the war to cede their territory; the state was selling 5 million acres of land in upstate and western New York.

In 1794, Onondaga County was split off from Herkimer County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, included the present Cayuga and part of Oswego counties. In 1798, portions of Herkimer and Tioga counties were taken to form Chenango County. Another part of Herkimer was split off to form Oneida County, it was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson and part of Oswego counties. In 1802, parts of Herkimer and Montgomery counties were combined to form the new St. Lawrence County; the rural economy was first based on general agriculture and wheat, but after the opening of the Erie Canal, Herkimer farmers found that they could not compete with grain farmers to the west. By the mid-19th century, they had begun to specialize in dairy farming and created a cheese industry that supplied the New York City market, among others. By the late 20th and early 21st centuries, some small farmers had begun to revive an artisan cheese industry and sustainable dairy farming here and in other parts of the central state.

In 2008 New York had the third-largest milk production in the nation and was fourth-ranking in production of cheese, according to Cornell University. It has several inter-disciplinary programs related to the dairy industry. During the American Civil War, Herkimer contributed five companies to the 34th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, leading to the unit's nickname "The Herkimer Regiment". According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,458 square miles, of which 1,411 square miles is land and 46 square miles is water. Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, east of Syracuse; the northern part of the county is in the Adirondack Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county; as of the census of 2000, there were 64,427 people, 25,734 households, 17,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 32,026 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.83% White, 0.51% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races.

0.90 % of the population were Latino of any race. 20.6% were of Italian, 16.3% German, 13.9% Irish, 9.3% English, 7.7% Polish, 6.2% American and 5.2% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2 % spoke 1.2 % Spanish and 1.1 % Italian as their first language. There were 25,734 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.20% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,924, the median income for a family was $40,570.

Males had a median income of $29,908 versus $21,518 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,141. About 8.90% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over. The Herkimer County Legislature consists of each elected from single-member districts. Herkimer County is one of the most politically conservative counties in New York. In 2010, it was one of the few counties outside of Western New York to vote for Carl Paladino over Andrew Cuomo in the gubernatorial election; the county is located in the New York's 21st congressional district and is represented by Republican Elise Stefanik. She was elected in the 2014 midterm elections by a high margin of 21.7%. 30, she was the youngest woman in United States history to be elected to the House of Representatives. It is located in New York's 22nd Congressional District and is Represented by Democrat Anthony Brindisi. Herkimer County is known for producing unusual clear, doubly terminated quartz crystals, marketed as Herkimer diamonds.

Ilion in Herkimer County has one of two production sites of the Remington Arms Company, where many of the company's firearms are produced. Herkimer County Community College is located in the Village of Herkimer; the followin

Salina Stockade

The Salina Stockade was built in Salina, Kansas, to provide the residents with protection from the American Indians in the area, many of whom were hostile toward white settlement. Salina had been raided in 1862 by Native Americans and Confederate guerrillas, but it was not until May 1864 when residents decided they needed to build a stockade for protection. On May 17, 1864, a makeshift stockade, consisting of wagons placed in a circle around the town's flagpole, was erected; the local militia drilled and guarded Salina. On the northeast corner of 7th Street and Iron Avenue stood a small building. Around this a permanent stockade was erected in May and June 1864; the stockade, measuring 100 feet by 125 feet, was started on May 29, 1864. It consisted of logs set upright on end in an oval, they were 18 feet long and the ends were buried 3 feet into the ground. Portholes were cut out at short distances around the stockade to allow men to shoot through them at anyone attacking the stockade. A heavy gate was placed at the southeast corner of the stockade.

The construction was completed June 8. In June 1864, just after the completion of the stockade, the commander of Fort Riley sent twenty-five troops, commanded by Lieut. John M. Clark. In July Capt. Henry Booth became the commander in Salina and he brought one artillery piece with him. While Booth was at Salina, he was involved in helping area settlers and friendly Indians in their conflicts with Indians opposed to white settlers. Conflicts in the area with certain Indian groups remained until at least the end of the Civil War. From October 1864 to at least March 1865, Capt. Elisha Hammer commanded Salina's post. Meanwhile, the building inside the stockade was remodeled and in September 1864 was opened as Salina's first public school; the school term ran until March 1865. The use of the building continued until at least June 1865. Troops were stationed at Salina until March 1865, when they were removed. On June 20, 1865, an order was issued to place a company of troops from the 15th Kansas Cavalry at Salina, but there is no confirmation that this was done.

Whiteford Archeological Site

Merchant Taylors' Hall, York

The Merchant Taylors' Hall in York, England, is a medieval guildhall near the city wall in the Aldwark area of the city. Constructed by the Fraternity of St John the Baptist in the fourteenth century, it received a new cladding in the seventeenth century; the main hall is 60 by 30 feet, with 30 feet ceilings. The adjoining Counsel House contains two stained glass windows by York glass painter Henry Gyles; the south window shows Queen Anne, was made to commemorate her accession to the throne. In the eighteenth century, the building was used for banquets and entertainment, including rope dancing, tumbling and a pantomime called "The Force of Magick or The Birth of Harlequin"; the building is still used by the Guild of Merchant Taylors of York, is available to hire. It is a short walk from this Hall to the Merchant Adventurers' Hall, the hall of the Mercers' Guild in York. Media related to Merchant Taylors' Hall, York at Wikimedia Commons The Company of Merchant Taylors

Harold B. Hairston

Harold B. Hairston served as the first African-American Fire Commissioner for the Philadelphia Fire Department from 1992. Hairston was appointed head of the fire department by Mayor Ed Rendell and served until retirement in 2004. In his next life, Hairston worked for the CBS network Eyewitness News team as an expert on public safety and the Philadelphia Fire Department, he died at home in West Mount Airy on Tuesday, November 1, 2016. He was 76yrs old. With his wife, Hairston had three children, was married for 41 years, his career with the Philadelphia Fire Department spanned 40 years. He joined the department in 1964 after three years in the Army. During that time he was assigned to the West Point Army Academy as a weapons instructor. After being one of the first blacks to integrate the PFD, he was promoted to Fire lieutenant in 1971 and captain in 1978, he made battalion chief in 1981 and went to deputy chief in 1986. Two citations for lifesaving rescues were awarded to his unit and the Metropolitan Fire Chiefs named him Fire Chief of the Year in 2003, the National Fire and Burglar Alarm Association named him Fire Official of the year in 2003.

After contentious consent decrees were mandated on the PFD to correct previous discriminatory promotion practices, it was held in the black Philadelphia community that the position of Fire Commissioner would go to an African-American. Hairston was followed by Lloyd Ayers, an African-American, the position was temporarily held by acting chief Derrick Saunders after Ayers retired. However, in 2016, newly elected Mayor Kenney replaced the Acting Fire Commissioner and native Philadelphian Derrick Sawyer with his own choice, breaking a 24-year tradition of native black Philadelphians being appointed to the position of fire chief of the 2,500 strong department. Hairston served on various boards such as the American Red Cross of Southeastern Pennsylvania, the Delaware Valley Burn Foundation, the Police Athletic League, the Variety Club of the Delaware Valley and the Dad Vail Regatta, but the interest that continued long after his retirement was Fireman's Hall Museum, which has a tribute organized in his memory.

He was a member of The Valiants, a fraternal organization of black and Latino firefighters, the IABPFFHe is buried in Ivy Hill Cemetery, 1200 Easton Road, East Mount Airy. IABPFF The Valiants "Fireman's Hall Museum Philadelphia – 147 N 2nd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106". Firemanshallmuseum.org. Retrieved 2017-07-27. "Club Valiants Inc". Clubvaliantsinc.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27

Harmony (band)

Harmony is a Swedish Christian metal band from Borås, where they formed in 2000. They have released three studio albums, Dreaming Awake, Chapter II: Aftermath, Theatre of Redemption, two extended plays, End of My Road and Remembrance. Harmony is a progressive power metal band from Borås, where they formed in 2000, its former members are vocalist Henrik Båth, bassist Andreas Olsson, keyboardist Magnus Holmberg. The band's current members are vocalist Daniel Heiman, guitarist Markus Sigfridsson, bassist Raphael Dafras, keyboardist John Svensson, drummer Tobias Enbert. Harmony's first studio album, Dreaming Awake, released in April 2003, was its only recording with Massacre Records; the subsequent extended play, End of My Road, was released on August 11, 2008, from Ulterium Records. Harmony released Chapter II: The Aftermath, on October 31, 2008, with Ulterium Records, its third studio album, Theatre of Redemption, was released on December 2, 2014, by Ulterium Records. The second extended play, was released on May 22, 2015, from Ulterium Records.

Current members Daniel Heiman – lead vocals Markus Sigfridsson – lead guitar Raphael Dafras – bass John Svensson – keyboards Tobias Enbert – drums Former members Henrik Båth – lead vocals Andreas Olsson – bass Magnus Holmberg – keyboards Studio albums Dreaming Awake Chapter II: The Aftermath Theatre of Redemption EPs End of My Road Remembrance Official website CMnexus profile

Flag of PiauĂ­

The flag of Piauí is one of the official symbols to the state of Piauí, in Brazil. The flag was adopted by the lei nº 1.050, promulgada em 24 de julho de 1922, but was changed by the lei ordinária no 5.507, de 17 de novembro de 2005. Its drawing consists of a rectangle with the proportions 7:3, divided in thirteen interspersed green and yellow stripes with the same length. In the upper right corner there is a dark blue canton with the length equal to five stripes with a white star in the middle. Below the star, it is written with white letters: "13 DE MARÇO DE 1823" The colors used on the flag, don't have an official shading level. However, the manual of visual identity of the government of the Piauí state specifies the following colors: The main colors of the flag are the same as in the Flag of Brazil and are one representation of the integration of the state with Brazil; each color has a specific meaning: Yellow represents the mineral wealth. Alongside the colors, other elements in the flag represent: The star represents Antares, which in the Brazilian flag symbolizes the state of Piauí.