A hermit, or eremite, is a person who lives in seclusion from society for religious reasons. Hermits are a part of several sections of Christianity, the concept is found in other religions as well. In Christianity, the term was applied to a Christian who lives the eremitic life out of a religious conviction, namely the Desert Theology of the Old Testament. In the Christian tradition the eremitic life is an early form of monastic living that preceded the monastic life in the cenobium; the Rule of St Benedict lists hermits among four kinds of monks. In the Roman Catholic Church, in addition to hermits who are members of religious institutes, the Canon law recognizes diocesan hermits under the direction of their bishop as members of the consecrated life; the same is true in many parts of the Anglican Communion, including the Episcopal Church in the US, although in the canon law of the Episcopal Church they are referred to as "solitaries" rather than "hermits". Both in religious and secular literature, the term "hermit" is used loosely for any Christian living a secluded prayer-focused life, sometimes interchangeably with anchorite/anchoress, recluse and "solitary".
Other religions, for example, Hinduism and Taoism have hermits in the sense of individuals living an ascetic form of life. In modern colloquial usage, "hermit" denotes anyone living apart from the rest of society, or participating in fewer social events, for any reason; the word hermit comes from the Latin ĕrēmīta, the latinisation of the Greek ἐρημίτης, "of the desert", which in turn comes from ἔρημος, signifying "desert", "uninhabited", hence "desert-dweller". In the common Christian tradition the first known Christian hermit in Egypt was Paul of Thebes, hence called "St. Paul the first hermit". Antony of Egypt referred to as "Antony the Great", is the most renowned of all the early Christian hermits owing to the biography by Athanasius of Alexandria. An antecedent for Egyptian eremiticism may have been the Syrian solitary or "son of the covenant" who undertook special disciplines as a Christian. In the Middle Ages some Carmelite hermits claimed to trace their origin to Jewish hermits organized by Elijah.
Christian hermits in the past have lived in isolated cells or hermitages, whether a natural cave or a constructed dwelling, situated in the desert or the forest. People sometimes sought them out for spiritual counsel; some acquired so many disciples that they no longer had physical solitude. Some early Christian Desert Fathers wove baskets to exchange for bread. In medieval times hermits were found within or near cities where they might earn a living as a gate keeper or ferryman. In the 11th century, the life of the hermit gained recognition as a legitimate independent pathway to salvation. Many hermits in that century and the next came to be regarded as saints. From the Middle Ages and down to modern times eremitical monasticism has been practiced within the context of religious institutes in the Christian West. In the Catholic Church the Carthusians and Camaldolese arrange their monasteries as clusters of hermitages where the monks live most of their day and most of their lives in solitary prayer and work, gathering only for communal prayer and only for community meals and recreation.
The Cistercian and Carmelite orders, which are communal in nature, allow members who feel a calling to the eremitic life, after years living in the cenobium or community of the monastery, to move to a cell suitable as a hermitage on monastery grounds. This applies to both their nuns. There have been many hermits who chose that vocation as an alternative to other forms of monastic life; the term "anchorite" is used as a synonym for hermit, not only in the earliest written sources but throughout the centuries. Yet the anchoritic life, while similar to the eremitic life, can be distinct from it. Anchorites lived the religious life in the solitude of an "anchorhold" a small hut or "cell" built against a church; the door of an anchorage tended to be bricked up in a special ceremony conducted by the local bishop after the anchorite had moved in. Medieval churches survive that have a tiny window built into the shared wall near the sanctuary to allow the anchorite to participate in the liturgy by listening to the service and to receive Holy Communion.
Another window looked out into the street or cemetery, enabling charitable neighbors to deliver food and other necessities. Clients seeking the anchorite's advice might use this window to consult them. Catholics who wish to live in eremitic monasticism may live that vocation as a hermit: in an eremitical order, but in both cases under obedience to their religious superior, or as an Oblate affiliated with the Camaldolese or as a diocesan hermit under the canonical direction of their bishop. There are lay people who informally follow an eremitic lifestyle and live as solitaries. In the Catholic Church, the institutes of consecrated life have their own regulations concerning those of their members who feel called by God to move from the life in community to the eremitic life, have the permission of their religious superior to do so; the Code of Canon Law contains no special provisions for them. They technically remain a member of their institute of consecrated life
CBH Compagnie Bancaire Helvétique SA Switzerland was created in 1975 as a brokerage company known as stock and commodities services. In 1991, it obtained full banking license in Switzerland; the Group employs approx. 200 employees. The current general manager is Philippe Cordonier; the bank is located in Geneva in the Canton of Geneva in Switzerland, specialized in private banking and asset management. The bank is owned by Benhamou family and keeps a special focus on developing banking relationships with UHNW clientele located in LATAM, Asia, Russia and CIS Countries; the Bank has offices in Geneva, Saint Moritz, Nassau Bahamas, Tel Aviv and Hong Kong. CBH Compagnie Bancaire Helvétique SA is known as CBH Bank. In the recent past, CBH Bank acquired: In 2018, BrickellBank, Miami in USA In 2017, the wealth management activities of FIBI Bank, Zurich in 2016, TTG Limited, a wealth management firm based in Hong Kong in 2014, CBH acquired the private banking activities of Banque Privée Espírito Santo Switzerland CBH Bank create an Investment Funds, 1618 Investment Fund cover the full range of investment from the management of treasury funds with short-term bonds through to Asian equities and convertible bonds.
Offer five main strategies in the form of UCITS IV, which correspond to the strictest risk control criteria: Treasury, Global Equities, Diversified Long Only and Diversified Absolute Return and offer to institutional investors and private client a full range of solutions. 1975 - Creation of Stock and Commodity Services, a brokerage company, in Geneva. 1991 - Swiss Banking license. 1993 - Creation of 1618 SICAV family of Funds in Luxembourg. 1993 - Opening of a representative office in St. Moritz. 1995 - Opening of a licensed bank in Nassau, Bahamas. 2002 - Acquisition of PG Partner Bank AG and creation of a branch in Zurich. 2010 - Creation of a representative office in Tel Aviv, Israel. 2012 - Opening of a subsidiary in London, United Kingdom and obtaining of an FSA regulated Investment management license. 2014 - Acquisition of a major part of the Banque Privée Espirito Santo’s Private Banking clientele 2016 - Acquisition of TTG Limited, an independent wealth management company established in Hong Kong 2017 - Acquisition of the Private Banking activities of FIBI Bank - Switzerland based in Zürich.
CBH Annual Report 2015
A Maxwell Street Polish consists of a grilled or fried length of Polish sausage topped with grilled onions and yellow mustard and optional pickled whole, green sport peppers, served on a bun. The sandwich traces its origins to Chicago's Maxwell Street market, has been called one of "the classic foods synonymous with Chicago"; the sandwich is said to have been created by Jimmy Stefanovic, a Macedonian immigrant who took over his aunt and uncle's hot dog stand in 1939 located at Maxwell and Halsted in Chicago's old Maxwell Street market district. The Express Grill, located right next door to Jim's, advertises itself as the "Original Maxwell St. Polish" on its marquee, although it arrived after Jim's and serves an identical menu. Due to their undivided storefronts and 24-hour service at the original Halsted Street location of both stands, Jim's Original and Express Grill had an added element of confusion for the casual observer not attentive to the change in signage a matter of feet in distance.
Despite the competition, the Maxwell Polish sausage sandwich soon grew to be one of Chicago's most popular local offerings, along with the Chicago-style hot dog and the Italian beef sandwich. Due to the University of Illinois Chicago's South Campus development the Maxwell Street market district was razed and the two stands moved in 2005. After decades of coexisting at the intersection of Halsted and Maxwell Streets, the two have relocated their side-by-side competition a half block east onto Union Avenue, adjacent to the Dan Ryan Expressway on-ramp at Roosevelt Road. Maxwell Polish are a staple of hot dog stands and today are found throughout the city and suburbs, including at restaurant chains such as Portillo's and Brown's Chicken, is available at most sports venues in the area serving concessions. Most of the 24-hour stands serve the pork chop sandwich popularized alongside the Polish sausage sandwich during the days of the old Maxwell Street market; the main feature of the sandwich is the sausage, available in grocery and specialty retail stores throughout the Chicago area.
It is marketed as the "Maxwell Street" variety, a Chicago-specific variation of kielbasa distinguished by it being more seasoned and made from a combination of both beef and pork. The two largest manufacturers of this particular style of Polish sausage in Chicago are Vienna Beef and the Bobak's Sausage Company. Chicago culture Chicago-style hot dog Hot dog variations List of hot dogs Maxwell Street Depot Polish Boy A famous Chicago Maxwell Street Polish sign The survivor: Jim’s Original accepts no imitations