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A hero is a real person or a main fictional character who, in the face of danger, combats adversity through feats of ingenuity, courage, or strength. Like other solely gender-specific terms, hero is used to refer to both men and women, though heroine only refers to women; the original hero type of classical epics did such things for the sake of honor. On the other hand, are post-classical and modern heroes, who perform great deeds or selfless acts for the common good instead of the classical goal of wealth and fame; the antonym of a hero is a villain. Other terms associated with the concept of a hero, may include "good guy" or "white hat". In classical literature, the hero is the main or revered character in heroic epic poetry celebrated through ancient legends of a people striving for military conquest and living by a continually flawed personal honor code; the definition of a hero has changed throughout time. Merriam Webster dictionary defines a hero as "a person, admired for great or brave acts or fine qualities."

Examples of heroes range from mythological figures, such as Gilgamesh and Iphigenia, to historical and modern figures, such as Joan of Arc, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Sophie Scholl, Alvin York, Audie Murphy, Chuck Yeager, fictional superheroes, including Superman, Spider-Man and Captain America. The word hero comes from the Greek ἥρως, "hero" one such as Heracles with divine ancestry or given divine honors. Before the decipherment of Linear B the original form of the word was assumed to be *ἥρωϝ-, hērōw-, but the Mycenaean compound ti-ri-se-ro-e demonstrates the absence of -w-. Hero as a name appears in pre-Homeric Greek mythology, wherein Hero was a priestess of the goddess, Aphrodite, in a myth, referred to in literature. According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, the Proto-Indo-European root is *ser meaning "to protect". According to Eric Partridge in Origins, the Greek word hērōs "is akin to" the Latin seruāre, meaning to safeguard. Partridge concludes, "The basic sense of both Hera and hero would therefore be'protector'."

R. S. P. Beekes rejects an Indo-European derivation and asserts that the word has a Pre-Greek origin. Hera was a Greek goddess with many attributes, including protection and her worship appears to have similar proto-Indo-European origins. A classical hero is considered to be a "warrior who lives and dies in the pursuit of honor" and asserts their greatness by "the brilliancy and efficiency with which they kill"; each classical hero's life focuses on fighting, which occurs during an epic quest. Classical heroes are semi-divine and extraordinarily gifted, such as Achilles, evolving into heroic characters through their perilous circumstances. While these heroes are resourceful and skilled, they are foolhardy, court disaster, risk their followers' lives for trivial matters, behave arrogantly in a childlike manner. During classical times, people regarded heroes with the highest esteem and utmost importance, explaining their prominence within epic literature; the appearance of these mortal figures marks a revolution of audiences and writers turning away from immortal gods to mortal mankind, whose heroic moments of glory survive in the memory of their descendants, extending their legacy.

Hector was a Trojan prince and the greatest fighter for Troy in the Trojan War, known through Homer's Iliad. Hector acted as leader of the Trojans and their allies in the defense of Troy, "killing 31,000 Greek fighters," offers Hyginus. Hector was known not only for his courage, but for his noble and courtly nature. Indeed, Homer places Hector as peace-loving, thoughtful, as well as bold, a good son and father, without darker motives. However, his familial values conflict with his heroic aspirations in the Iliad, as he cannot be both the protector of Troy and a father to his child. Hector is betrayed by the deities when Athena appears disguised as his ally Deiphobus and convinces him challenge Achilles, leading to his death at the hands of a superior warrior. Achilles was a Greek hero, considered the most formidable military fighter in the entire Trojan War and the central character of the Iliad, he was the child of Peleus, making him a demi-god. He wielded superhuman strength on the battlefield and was blessed with a close relationship to the deities.

Achilles famously refused to fight after his dishonoring at the hands of Agamemnon, only returned to the war due to unadulterated rage after Hector killed his close friend Patroclus. Achilles was known for uncontrollable rage that defined many of his bloodthirsty actions, such as defiling Hector's corpse by dragging it around the city of Troy. Achilles plays a tragic role in the Iliad brought about by constant de-humanization throughout the epic, having his menis overpower his philos. Heroes in myth had close, but conflicted relationships with the deities, thus Heracles's name means "the glory of Hera" though he was tormented all his life by Hera, the Queen of the Greek deities. The most striking example is the Athenian king Erechtheus, whom Poseidon killed for choosing Athena rather than him as the city's patron deity; when the Athenians worshiped Erechtheus on the Acropolis, they invoked him as Poseidon Erechtheus. Fate, or destiny, plays a massive role in the stories of classical heroes; the classical hero's heroic significance stems from battlefield conquests, an inherently dangerous action.

The deities in Greek mythology, when interacting with the heroes foreshadow the hero's eventual death on the battlefield. Countless heroes and deities go to great lengths to alter their pre-

Cinderella III: A Twist in Time

Cinderella III: A Twist in Time is the second direct-to-video sequel to the 1950 Walt Disney Pictures animated classic Cinderella. Canonically it is a continuation of the original Cinderella, rather than Cinderella II: Dreams Come True, though due to its unusual chronological sequencing it acknowledges the events of Cinderella II: Dreams Come True by using some of its characters; the film was released on February 6, 2007 and was directed by Frank Nissen and features the voices of Jennifer Hale and Susanne Blakeslee. It made its world television premiere on Toon Disney on December 3, 2007. Cinderella and the Prince are having a picnic to celebrate their one-year anniversary. Meanwhile, at the Tremaine mansion, Cinderella's stepsisters Anastasia and Drizella are bitterly doing Cinderella's old chores. Anastasia wanders off to avoid work and stumbles upon the picnic; the Fairy Godmother inadvertently drops her wand and Anastasia takes it to her mother. When the Fairy Godmother attempts to take it back, Anastasia inadvertently turns her into a stone statue.

Lady Tremaine, reveling at yet another chance to ruin Cinderella's life, uses the wand to go back in time to the day the Grand Duke fitted the glass slipper on Cinderella. She uses the wand to expand the slipper so that it fits Anastasia, the Grand Duke declares she must be the girl the Prince is looking for. Cinderella arrives on the scene too late, Lady Tremaine destroys Cinderella's other slipper – the only proof that she was the girl who danced with the Prince on the night of the ball. Determined to set things right, Cinderella follows Lady Tremaine and her stepsisters to the palace with Jaq and Gus. At first the Prince claims Anastasia is not the girl he danced with at the ball, but Lady Tremaine uses the wand to alter his memory, he accepts Anastasia as his bride. Jaq and Gus witness this and inform Cinderella that Lady Tremaine has the Fairy Godmother's wand. In spite of Anastasia's clumsy antics, the King is charmed by her and gives her a seashell that once belonged to his late wife.

Meanwhile, despite Lady Tremaine's spell, the Prince begins to realize that he does not feel love for Anastasia. Sneaking into the Tremaines' room disguised as a palace maid and the mice manage to steal back the wand, but she is captured by the palace guards before she can lift the spell on the Prince. Cinderella touches the Prince's hand and he begins to recognize her. Lady Tremaine orders Cinderella exiled from the kingdom by ship. Jaq and Gus explain the whole story to him; the Prince rushes off to intercept the ship. The Prince embraces his true memories return, he asks her to marry him, she accepts. The Prince brings Cinderella back to the palace and explains everything to the King and the Grand Duke; the King orders the Tremaines arrested. As Cinderella prepares for her wedding, Lady Tremaine emerges with Anastasia, magically transformed into a doppelgänger of Cinderella. Lady Tremaine traps Cinderella in a twisted version of her pumpkin carriage, with Lucifer transformed into its coachman.

With the help of Jaq and Gus, the three escape before the carriage is driven off a cliff, ride back on the carriage's horse. Cinderella makes it back to the wedding just in time. To her amazement, realizing she wants to be loved for herself and that she doesn't love the Prince, declines to marry him. Enraged Lady Tremaine and Drizella reveal themselves; the king orders Lady Tremaine to be arrested, but she defends herself by transforming the guards into various animals. As Lady Tremaine is about to turn on Anastasia, Cinderella defends her; the Prince protects them both by deflecting the spell off his sword back at Lady Tremaine and Drizella. Anastasia picks up the wand to return to her normal self, she attempts to return the seashell to the king who lets her keep it, asserting that she too deserves true love. Cinderella and Anastasia together restore the Fairy Godmother. In a mid-credits scene and Lady Tremaine are restored to their human forms, but are both now dressed in Cinderella's rags, much to their horror.

This film was Disney Australia's final feature. Jennifer Hale as Cinderella. Ian Harrowell served as the supervising animator for Cinderella. Christopher Daniel Barnes as Prince Charming. Robert Mason served as the supervising animator for Prince Charming. Susan Blakeslee as Lady Tremaine Tress MacNeille as Anastasia Tremaine. Lily Dell served as the supervising animator for Anastasia. Russi Taylor as Drizella Tremaine and The Fairy Godmother Andre Stojka as the King Holland Taylor as Prudence Rob Paulsen as The Grand Duke and Jaq Corey Burton as Gus Frank Welker as Lucifer Tami Tappan as Cinderella The original songs contained in the body of the film, including "Perfectly Perfect," "More than a Dream" and "At the Ball" were written by frequent Disney songwriters Alan Zachary and Michael Weiner. Hayden Panettiere performed the end credits song, "I Still Believe," and a music video was created as a DVD bonus feature. An official soundtrack has yet to be released. Cinderella III: A Twist in Time was released on DVD February 2007.

It was released on around 2007 in over 50 countries outside North America. Although a demo

Francis Daw Tang

Born Dec. 19, 1949, in Bum Dum village, Francis Daw Tang is the current-serving Bishop of the Catholic Diocese of Myitkyina, in Kachin State, Myanmar. Since 2003, Daw Tang, an ethnic Kachin, has been the primary clergyman in Myitkyina, overseeing more than 40 priests and making executive decisions on a variety of projects undertaken by the Roman Catholic Church in the under-developed region of Northern Burma. During his time as Bishop, Daw Tang has petitioned government and paramilitary organizations to resolve conflicts and push towards a meaningful peace process in order to mitigate death and displacement. Like many catholic clergy in Kachin State, Daw Tang is trilingual, he is chairman of the Episcopal Commission for Laity and a member of Philosophate of Episcopal Commission for Seminaries. Daw Tang, like many elder Catholic clergy in Kachin State, was baptized by an Irish Columban missionary priest. Two weeks before turning 30 years old, Daw Tang was ordained deacon on Dec. 4, 1979 in St. Joseph Catholic Major Seminary, Yangon.

Earlier that year, he was ordained a priest on March 25 by Bishop Paul Zinghtung Grawng, the first ethnic Kachin to enter priesthood in the history of Catholicism. From 1979 onwards, Daw Tang served at Nangling parish for a total of 14 years, before filling a challenging role as parish priest in Hpakant, Myanmar. Daw Tang remained in Hpakant for a total of nine years, from 1993 to 2002, before he was episcopally ordained as Auxiliary Bishop of Myitkyina, it was this year where he became entrenched with his duties as Bishop, but it wasn't until 2004 that he was ordained as Bishop. On Dec. 3, 2004, Pope John Paul II appointed Daw Tang Bishop of Myitkyina. Known as a "well-respected" and apolitical figure in Kachin State's Catholic community, Daw Tang has appeared in media reports, urging divided ethnic separatists to engage in meaningful peace discussions with the Tatmadaw, Myanmar's national military. "...return to the peace negotiation, since peace is possible. Peace is the only way, knowing that five decades of war has yielded nothing but more hatred, more agony," Daw Tang said at an event in 2013.

Daw Tang has called for "true federalism" in the face of increased displacement of Kachin people since military squadrons began engaging armed separatists in 2011. “As a church we walk with our displaced people, watch their life being destroyed by war, their families fragmented by depressing life in the displaced camps.” Like many of his fellow clergy, Daw Tang has publicly expressed a deep concern for the use of heavy weaponry and aerial bombing being used by the National military, which he called "unequal warfare waged during holy days of our faith." In 2015 he urged faithful Catholic priests and laypeople to be involved in peace protest, "not only with our prayers but taking part in demonstrations."

Claws and Wings

Claws and Wings is an album by cellist Erik Friedlander, released in 2013 on the Skipstone label. The album was composed by Friedlander in tribute to his late wife and while recovering from an injury which left him unable to play cello. In JazzTimes Lloyd Sachs wrote " a soulful inner strength resonates through this delicately textured, lyrically assertive work, which teams Friedlander with a pair of familiar collaborators in pianist Sylvie Courvoisier and electronics artist Ikue Mori. Claws and Wings is both a loving portrait of Lynn Shapiro, a choreographer and poet who sometimes collaborated with her husband, a moody portrait of memory, with its fleeting images, quick transitions from joy to sorrow and odd connections". Writing for All About Jazz, Troy Collins observed "For this unusual set, Friedlander is joined by two of the Downtown scene's most remarkable female improvisers—pianist Sylvie Courvoisier and electronic percussionist Ikue Mori. Courvoisier's adroit virtuosity provides the perfect accompaniment to Friedlander's sinuous lyricism, her neo-classical technique finding sympathetic accord in the leader's straightforward approach.

Mori, on the other hand, is the date's wildcard, conjuring a kaleidoscopic array of beguiling textures from her laptop that imbue the proceedings with a surreal, cinematic air". All compositions by Erik Friedlander. "Frail As a Breeze Part I" - 6:31 "Frail As a Breeze Part II" - 9:03 "Dreams of Your Leaving" - 2:42 "Dancer" - 4:47 "Reaching Back" - 2:48 "Swim With Me" - 8:37 "Insomnia" - 5:17 "Cheek to Cheek" - 5:05 Erik Friedlander – cello Sylvie Courvoisier - piano, spinet Ikue Mori - laptop

Vitamin K deficiency

Vitamin K deficiency results from insufficient dietary vitamin K1 or vitamin K2 or both. Symptoms include bruising, hematomas, oozing of blood at surgical or puncture sites, stomach pains. In infants, it can cause some birth defects such as underdeveloped face, nose and fingers. Vitamin K is changed to its active form in the liver by the enzyme Vitamin K epoxide reductase. Activated vitamin K is used to gamma carboxylate certain enzymes involved in coagulation: Factors II, VII, IX, X, protein C and protein S. Inability to activate the clotting cascade via these factors leads to the bleeding symptoms mentioned above. Notably, when one examines the lab values in Vitamin K deficiency the prothrombin time is elevated, but the partial thromboplastin time is normal or only mildly prolonged; this may seem counterintuitive given that the deficiency leads to decreased activity in factors of both the intrinsic pathway, monitored by PTT, as well as the extrinsic pathway, monitored by PT. However, factor VII has the shortest half-life of all the factors carboxylated by vitamin K.

In stages of deficiency, the other factors are able to "catch up," and the PTT becomes elevated as well. Vitamin K1-deficiency may occur by disturbed intestinal uptake, by therapeutic or accidental intake of a vitamin K1-antagonist such as warfarin, or rarely, by nutritional vitamin K1 deficiency; as a result, Gla-residues are inadequately formed and the Gla-proteins are insufficiently active. The prevalence of vitamin K deficiency varies by geographic region. For infants in the United States, vitamin K1 deficiency without bleeding may occur in as many as 50% of infants younger than 5 days old, with the classic hemorrhagic disease occurring in 0.25-1.7% of infants. Therefore, the Committee on Nutrition of the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that 0.5 to 1.0 mg Vitamin K1 be administered to all newborns shortly after birth. Postmenopausal and elderly women in Thailand have high risk of Vitamin K2 deficiency, compared with the normal value of young, reproductive females. Current dosage recommendations for Vitamin K may be too low.

The deposition of calcium in soft tissues, including arterial walls, is quite common in those suffering from atherosclerosis, suggesting that Vitamin K deficiency is more common than thought. Because colonic bacteria synthesize a significant portion of the Vitamin K required for human needs, individuals with disruptions to or insufficient amounts of these bacteria can be at risk for Vitamin K deficiency. Newborns, as mentioned above, fit into this category, as their colons are not adequately colonized in the first five to seven days of life. Another at-risk population comprises those individuals on any sort of long-term antibiotic therapy, as this can diminish the population of normal gut flora. Haemorrhagic disease of the newborn Cees, Vermeer. "Vitamin K: the effect on health beyond coagulation – an overview". Food Nutr Res. 56: 5329. Doi:10.3402/fnr.v56i0.5329. PMC 3321262. PMID 22489224

Arthur Caldwell (footballer, born 1913)

Arthur John Caldwell was an English footballer. A Left winger noted for his pace, he played for Manchester United, Winsford United and Port Vale in the 1930s Caldwell played for Manchester United, Winsford United, after a trial at Aston Villa joined Port Vale in May 1935, he played one Second Division game for the club in the 1934–35 season. He scored ten goals in 42 games in the 1935–36 season, the first one of note being against former employers Manchester United at Old Trafford in a 7–2 defeat, he scored the equalizer in a 2–2 draw with top-flight Sunderland at Roker Park that earned the "Valiants" a replay in the Third Round of the FA Cup. However, he was limited to just 13 Third Division North games in the 1936–37 season, scoring two goals, as he was struck down with injury, he recovered to score ten goals in 35 league games in the 1937–38, including a hat-trick in a 5–1 win over Hartlepools United at The Old Recreation Ground on 9 October. However, he featured just four times in the Third Division South in the 1938–39 season, left the club as World War II approached.