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Hero and Leander

Hero and Leander is the Greek myth relating the story of Hero, a priestess of Aphrodite who dwelt in a tower in Sestos on the European side of the Hellespont, Leander, a young man from Abydos on the opposite side of the strait. Leander fell in love with Hero and would swim every night across the Hellespont to spend time with her. Hero would light a lamp at the top of her tower to guide his way. Succumbing to Leander's soft words and to his argument that Aphrodite, as the goddess of love and sex, would scorn the worship of a virgin, Hero "allowed" him to make love to her—that is, she did not refuse any longer, their trysts lasted through a warm summer. But one stormy winter night, the waves tossed Leander in the sea and the breezes blew out Hero's light; when Hero saw his dead body, she threw herself over the edge of the tower to her death to be with him. The myth of Hero and Leander has been used extensively in literature and the arts: Ancient Roman coins of Abydos: Septimius Severus Caracalla The Double Heroides treats the narrative in 18 and 19, an exchange of letters between the lovers.

Leander has been unable to swim across to Hero in her tower because of bad weather. Francisco Quevedo mentions Leander in "En crespa tempestad del oro undoso" Byzantine poet Musaeus wrote a poem. Musaeus's poem had early translations into European languages by Bernardo Tasso, Boscán and Clément Marot; this poem was believed in the Renaissance to have been pre-Homeric: George Chapman reflects at the end of his completion of Marlowe's version that the dead lovers had the honour of being'the first that poet sung’. Chapman's 1616 translation has the title The divine poem of Musaeus. First of all bookes. Translated according to the original, by Geo: Chapman. Staplyton, the mid-17th century translator, had read Scaliger's repudiation of this mistaken belief, but still could not resist citing Virgil's'Musaeum ante omnes' on the title page of his translation. Renaissance poet Christopher Marlowe began an expansive version of the narrative, his story does not get as far as Leander's nocturnal swim, the guiding lamp that gets extinguished, but ends after the two have become lovers.

Sir Walter Ralegh alludes to the story, in his'The Ocean's Love to Cynthia', in which Hero has fallen asleep, fails to keep alight the lamp that guides Leander on his swim. Shakespeare mentions this story in the opening scene of Two Gentlemen of Verona, in a dialogue between Valentine and Proteus:VALENTINE: And on a love-book pray for my success? PROTEUS: Upon some book I love I'll pray for thee. VALENTINE: That's on some shallow story of deep love: How young Leander cross'd the Hellespont. PROTEUS: That's a deep story of a deeper love: For he was more than over shoes in love. VALENTINE:'Tis true. Hero and Leander are again mentioned in The Two Gentlemen of Verona in Act III Scene I when Valentine is tutoring the Duke of Milan on how to woo the lady from Milan. Shakespeare alludes to the story in Much Ado About Nothing, both when Benedick states that Leander was "never so turned over and over as my poor self in love" and in the name of the character Hero, despite accusations to the contrary, remains chaste before her marriage.

The most famous Shakespearean allusion is the debunking one by Rosalind, in Act IV scene I of As You Like It: "Leander, he would have lived many a fair year, though Hero had turned nun, if it had not been for a hot midsummer night. But these are all lies: men have died from time to time and worms have eaten them, but not for love."Ben Jonson's play Bartholomew Fair features a puppet show of Hero and Leander in Act V, translated to London, with the Thames serving as the Hellespont between the lovers. It is the subject of a novel by Milorad Pavić, Inner Side of the Wind, and what, under such circumstances, would have been the Western estimate of Leander?"’ John Donne has an elegant Epigram summing up the story in two lines: Dion Boucicault mentions Leander in his p

Louisiana Tigers

Louisiana Tigers was the common nickname for certain infantry troops from the State of Louisiana in the Confederate army during the American Civil War. Applied to a specific company, the nickname expanded to a battalion to a brigade, to all Louisiana troops within the Army of Northern Virginia. Although the exact composition of the Louisiana Tigers changed as the war progressed, they developed a reputation as fearless, hard-fighting shock troops; the origin of the term came from the "Tiger Rifles," a volunteer company raised in the New Orleans area as part of Major Chatham Roberdeau Wheat's 1st Special Battalion, Louisiana Volunteer Infantry. A large number of the men were foreign-born Irish Americans, many from the city's wharves and docks. Many men had previous military experience as filibusters, they were trained at Camp Moore. The famous filibuster Roberdeau Wheat, returning from Italy in the spring of 1861, intended to raise a company of New Orleans troops and a full regiment for Confederate service.

And once he proved his mettle in battle, he'd no doubt gain a brigadier's star. As such, on April 18, 1861, just a few days after U. S. Fort Sumter was attacked by Confederate forces in an act of rebellion against the United States, the New Orleans Daily Crescent carried the following announcement: "We understand that our friend, Gen. C. R. Wheat, is about to raise a company of volunteers, his headquarters are on 64 Charles, where we advise all friends of a glorious cause to repair and enlist." Wheat called his company the "Old Dominion Guards" to commemorate his native state's recent secession from the United States to join the Southern Confederacy. With the help of Obedia Plummer Miller, a well-established New Orleans attorney, Wheat recruited fifty or so men to his company expatriate Virginians, men like Henry S. Carey, a relative of Thomas Jefferson's, Richard Dickinson, who would become Wheat's adjutant, Bruce Putnam, a towering man who became Wheat's intimidating sergeant major. While Miller, Carey and Putnam continued recruiting for the Guards, Wheat was able to attract four already-forming companies to his banner: Captain Robert Harris's Walker Guards, Captain Alexander White's Tiger Rifles, Captain Henry Gardner's Delta Rangers, Captain Harry Chaffin's Rough and Ready Rangers, which were assembling a few blocks away at Camp Davis on the grounds of the "Old Marine Hospital/ Insane Asylum/Iron Works" between Common and Gravier Streets at South Broad Street.

Many of the men of these precocious units, unlike those from the more upscale Old Dominion Guards, were former filibusters who had served with Wheat or Walker in Nicaragua. Since the late campaigns, they had slipped back into their old jobs as shiphands, dock workers, draymen, stevedores, or simple laborers on the New Orleans waterfront; as such, they were considered as being the lowest members of white Southern society. One disgusted observer proclaimed that many of Wheat's recruits were "the lowest scum of the lower Mississippi...adventurous wharf rats and outcasts...and bad characters generally."When work was available, these men recent Irish immigrants, were relegated to do the most dangerous of tasks, such as servicing decrepit steam engines on Mississippi River packets or digging canals or drainage ditches in the fetid swamps of the lower Mississippi because slaves were too valuable to lose. "The are worth too much to be risked," recounted one calculating steamboat pilot. "If the Paddies are knocked overboard or get their backs broke nobody loses anything."

Another boat pilot explained that the reason why slaves were not used as stokers on the aged packets was because "every time a boiler bursts would lose so many dollars' worth of slaves. Above them were the ship hands and stokers, followed by the draymen who hauled bales of cotton or barrels of sugar, pork, or flour from the Mississippi docks to the numerous warehouses of New Orleans; because screwmen were skilled laborers, they received higher wages than stevedores or ship hands and were considered to be at the top of societal ladder. Working in gangs of five, many of them Irish, the screwmen went into the holds of the cotton ships where they used large jackscrews to compress the bales into the smallest possible size; this was a dangerous way of earning a living, for in the cramped quarters below deck a screwman had little space to dodge a wayward bale. Broken limbs were common and a heavy bale crushed the life out of a worker; the Walker Guards were raised under the auspices of Robert Harris, one of Wheat's former comrades in the Filibuster Wars.

As the name denotes, many of Harris's recruits had "smelt powder…saw the elephant… felt bullets" in Nicaragua. Since the late war, Harris became the operator of a bawdy gambling establishment along the waterfront; the Tiger Rifles, the Delta Rangers, the Rough and Ready Rangers, Wheat's other cohorts, made no special claim to fame. All, known about them, other than the fact that they were Irish ship hands, dock workers, stevedores, or draymen, is that the commander of the Rangers, Henry Gardner, had signed a petition which called on the governor of Louisiana to convene a secession convention and de

Akogashima Station

Akogashima Station is a railway station on the Ban'etsu West Line in the city of Kōriyama, Fukushima Prefecture, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Akogashima Station is served by the Ban'etsu West Line, is located 11.8 rail kilometers from the official starting point of the line at Kōriyama. Akogashima Station has two opposed side platforms connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station is unattended. Akogashima Station opened on July 26, 1898; the station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of the Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987. National Route 49 Akogashima Post Office List of Railway Stations in Japan Official website ]