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Herschel Grynszpan

Herschel Feibel Grynszpan was a Polish-Jewish refugee born in Germany. His assassination of the German diplomat Ernst vom Rath on 7 November 1938 in Paris was used by the Nazis as a pretext to launch Kristallnacht, the antisemitic pogrom of 9–10 November 1938. Grynszpan was brought to Germany, it is assumed that he did not survive the Second World War, he was declared dead in 1960. A photograph of a man resembling Grynszpan was cited in 2016 as evidence to support the claim that he was still alive in Bamberg, Germany, on 3 July 1946, he is the subject of The Short, Strange Life of Herschel Grynszpan, a book by Jonathan Kirsch and the novel Everyone Has Their Reasons by Joseph Matthews. Grynszpan was born in Germany, his parents and Rivka, were Polish Jews who had emigrated in 1911 and settled in Hanover. Because of the German Citizenship Law of 1913, based on the principles of jus sanguinis, Grynszpan was never a German citizen despite his German birth; the family became Polish citizens after the First World War, retained that status during their years in Germany.

Grynszpan was the youngest of six children. His parents' first child was stillborn in 1912, their second child, daughter Sophie Helena, died of scarlet fever in 1928. A daughter was born on 31 January 1916, a son on 29 August 1919. A fifth child, was born in 1920 and died in 1931 in a road accident. Grynszpan was born on 28 March 1921; the Grynszpan family were known as Ostjuden by many West European Jews. The Ostjuden spoke Yiddish and tended to be more religiously observant and less educated than German Jews. Given the Ostjuden situation in Germany, Grynszpan grew up with an intense sense of his Jewishness, he dropped out of school at age 14. Grynszpan was considered by his teachers to be an intelligent, if rather lazy, student who never seemed to try to excel at his studies, he complained that his teachers disliked him because he was an Ostjude, he was treated as an outcast by his German teachers and fellow students. As a child and a teenager, Grynszpan was known for his violent temper and his tendency to respond to anti-Semitic insults with his fists and was suspended from school for fighting.

Grynszpan attended a state primary school until 1935, said that he left school because Jewish students were facing discrimination. He was an intelligent and easily-provoked youth, whose few close friends found him too touchy. Grynszpan was an active member of Bar-Kochba Hanover, however; when he left school, his parents decided that he had no future for him in Germany and tried to arrange for his emigration to the British Mandate of Palestine. With financial assistance from Hanover's Jewish community, Grynszpan was sent to a yeshiva in Frankfurt and studied Hebrew and the Torah. After eleven months, he left the yeshiva, applied to emigrate to Palestine; the local Palestine emigration office told Grynszpan that he was too young, would have to wait a year. He and his parents decided that he should go to Paris and live with his uncle and aunt and Chawa Grynszpan, instead. Grynszpan obtained a Polish passport and German residence permit and received permission to leave Germany for Belgium, where another uncle lived.

He did not intend to remain in Belgium, entered France illegally in September 1936.. In Paris, he lived in a small Yiddish-speaking enclave of Polish Orthodox Jews. Grynszpan met few people outside it, he lived a carefree, bohemian life as a "poet of the streets", spending his days aimlessly wandering and reciting Yiddish poems to himself. Grynszpan's two greatest interests, other than exploring Paris, were spending time in coffeehouses and going to the cinema, he spent this period unsuccessfully trying to become a legal resident of France, because he could not work or study legally. Grynszpan's German re-entry permit expired in April 1937 and his Polish passport expired in January 1938, leaving him without papers; the Paris Police Prefecture ruled in July 1937 that he had no basis for remaining in France, he was ordered to leave the following month. Grynszpan had no desire to return to Germany. In March 1938, Poland passed a law depriving Polish citizens who had lived continuously abroad for more than five years of their citizenship.

Grynszpan became a stateless person as a result, continued to live illegally in Paris. Lonely and living in poverty on the margins of French life as an illegal immigrant, with no real skills, he grew desperate and angry as his situation worsened. Grynszpan was afraid to accept a job because of his illegal-immigrant status and depended for support on his uncle Abraham, extremely poor, his refusal to work caused tension with his uncle and aunt, who told him that he was a drain on their finances and had to take a job despite the risk of deportation. Beginning in October 1938 Grynszpan was in hiding from the French police who sought to deport him, a stressful situation; the few who knew him in Paris described him as a shy, emotional teenager

Loaded Bible

Loaded Bible is a series of one-shot comic books written by Tim Seeley, with art by Nate Bellegarde, the first of which, Jesus vs. Vampires, was published in February 2006 by Image Comics. A follow-up was released May 2007 called Loaded Bible 2: Blood of Christ and it takes place right after the first one. Loaded Bible 3: Communion was released February 2008 and is the conclusion to the first part of the series; the story starts with two acts: the discovery of vampires and the fact that the Christian religion has become much more fanatic. A nuclear global war caused by the religion turns The Earth into an uninhabitable territory. Now, the second coming of Jesus Christ must save America from vampires; the three comic books have been collected into a trade paperback: Loaded Bible Loaded Bible is available digitally through Devil's Due Digital. Halo-8 Entertainment has optioned the rights to make an "illustrated film" of Loaded Bible to be directed by Matt Pizzolo, who had done Godkiller. Jesus Hates Zombies Loaded Bible on devilsduedigital.com A review

Iztaccihuatl

Iztaccíhuatl, is a 5,230 m dormant volcanic mountain in Mexico located on the border between the State of Mexico and Puebla. It is the nation's third highest, after Popocatépetl 5,426 m; the name "Iztaccíhuatl" is Nahuatl for "White woman", reflecting the four individual snow-capped peaks which depict the head, chest and feet of a sleeping female when seen from east or west. Iztaccíhuatl is to the north of Popocatépetl, to which it is connected by the high altitude Paso de Cortés. Depending on atmospheric conditions Iztaccíhuatl is visible much of the year from Mexico City some 70 km to the northwest; the first recorded ascent was made in 1889, though archaeological evidence suggests the Aztecs and previous cultures climbed it previously. It is the lowest peak containing permanent snow and glaciers in Mexico; the summit ridge of the massive 450 km3 volcano is a series of overlapping cones constructed along a NNW-SSE line to the south of the Pleistocene Llano Grande caldera. There have been andesitic and dacitic Pleistocene and Holocene eruptions from vents at or near the summit.

Areas near the El Pecho summit vent are covered in flows and tuff beds post-dating glaciation 11,000 years ago. The most recent vents are at El Pecho and a depression at 5,100 m along the summit ridge midway between El Pecho and Los Pies. In Aztec mythology, Iztaccíhuatl was a princess who fell in love with one of her father's warriors, Popocatépetl; the emperor sent Popocatépetl to war in Oaxaca, promising him Iztaccíhuatl as his wife when he returned. Iztaccíhuatl was falsely told that Popocatépetl had died in battle, believing the news, she died of grief; when Popocatépetl returned to find his love dead, he took her body to a spot outside Tenochtitlan and kneeled by her grave. The gods changed them into mountains. Iztaccíhuatl's mountain is called "White Woman" because it resembles a woman lying on her back, is covered with snow — the peak is sometimes nicknamed La Mujer Dormida, "The Sleeping Woman". Popocatépetl became an active volcano, raining fire on Earth in blind rage at the loss of his beloved.

Iztaccihuatl is listed at 5,286 m. SRTM data and the Mexican national mapping survey assert that a range of 5,220 to 5,230 m is more accurate; the Global Volcanism Program cites 5,230 m. List of mountain peaks of North America List of mountain peaks of Mexico List of volcanoes in Mexico List of Ultras of Mexico Iztaccíhuatl - Volcano World Iztaccíhuatl - Ski Mountaineer Iztaccíhuatl - Peakware World Mountain Encyclopedia Iztaccíhuatl - Stamps Legend of The Sleeping Lady and Smoking Mountain