Hertha, Berliner Sport-Club e. V. known as Hertha BSC, sometimes referred to as Hertha Berlin, Hertha BSC Berlin, or Hertha, is a German professional football club based in the Charlottenburg locality of Berlin. Hertha BSC plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of German football, Hertha BSC was founded in 1892, was a founding member of the German Football Association in Leipzig in 1900; the team won the German championship in 1930 and 1931. Since 1963, Hertha's stadium has been the Olympiastadion; the club is known as Die Alte Dame in German, which translates to "The Old Lady". In 2002, the sports activities of the professional and under-19 teams were separated into Hertha BSC GmbH & Co. KGaA; the club was formed in 1892 as BFC Hertha 92, taking its name from a steamship with a blue and white smokestack. The name Hertha is a variation on Nerthus referring to fertility goddess from Germanic mythology. Hertha performed well on the field, including a win in the first Berlin championship final in 1905.
In May 1910, Hertha won a friendly match against Southend United, considered significant at the time, as England was where the game originated and English clubs dominated the sport. However, their on-field success was not matched financially and in 1920 the staunchly working-class Hertha merged with the well-heeled club Berliner Sport-Club to form Hertha Berliner Sport-Club; the new team continued to enjoy considerable success in the Oberliga Berlin-Brandenburg, while enduring a substantial measure of frustration. The team played its way to the German championship final in six consecutive seasons from 1926 to 1931, but was only able to win the title in 1930 and 1931 with BSC leaving to become an independent club again after the combined side's first championship. Notwithstanding, Hertha emerged as the Germany's second most successful team during the inter-war years. German football was re-organized under the Third Reich in 1933 into 16 top-flight divisions, which saw Hertha playing in the Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg.
The club continued to enjoy success within their division finishing in the upper half of the table and capturing the divisional title in 1935, 1937 and 1944. It faded from prominence, unable to advance out of the early rounds of the national championship rounds. Politically, the club was overhauled under Hitler, with Hans Pfeifer, a Nazi party member, being installed as president. After World War II, occupying Allied authorities banned most organizations in Germany, including sports and football clubs. Hertha was re-formed late in 1945 as SG Gesundbrunnen and resumed play in the Oberliga Berlin – Gruppe C; the 36 teams of the first season of the post-war Oberliga Berlin were reduced to just a dozen the next year, the club found itself out of first division football and playing in the Amateurliga Berlin. By the end of 1949, it had re-claimed their identity as Hertha BSC and earned a return to the top-flight. Tensions between the western Allies and the Soviets occupying various sectors of the city, the developing Cold War, led to chaotic conditions for football in the capital.
Hertha was banned from playing against East German teams in the 1949–50 season after taking on several players and a coach who had fled the Dresden club SG Friedrichstadt for West Berlin. A number of sides from the eastern half of the city were forced from the Oberliga Berlin to the newly established DDR-Liga beginning with the 1950–51 season. Through the 1950s, an intense rivalry developed with Tennis Borussia Berlin. A proposal for a merger between the two clubs in 1958 was resoundingly rejected, with only three of the 266 members voting in favour. Being a major Berlin side, Hertha had fans in the entirety of Berlin, but following the division of the city, supporters in East Berlin found it both difficult and dangerous to follow the team. In interviews with long-time supporter Helmut Klopfleisch, he described his difficulties as a supporter in East Berlin. Klopfleisch came from the district of Pankow and attending his first home match as a young boy in 1954 he became an instant supporter, he continued to attend home matches at the stadium, but with the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, this became impossible.
Despite this, he did not give up. By this time, Hertha played at the Stadion am Gesundbrunnen, nicknamed Die Plumpe; the stadium was located close enough to the Berlin wall for the sounds from the stadium to be heard over the wall. Thus and other supporters gathered behind the wall to listen to the home matches; when the crowd at the stadium cheered and the others cheered as well. Klopfleisch came under suspicion by Stasi, the East German secret police, he was interrogated at numerous occasions. He had his passport confiscated and lost his job as an electrician. At the time of the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963, Hertha was Berlin's reigning champion and so became an inaugural member of the new professional national league. In spite of finishing clear of the relegation zone, the team was demoted after the 1964–65 season following attempts to bribe players to play in the city under what had become decidedly unpleasant circumstances after the erection of the Berlin Wall; this caused something of a crisis for the Bundesliga which wanted, for political reasons, to continue to have a team in its ranks representing the former capital.
Through various machinations, this led to the promotion of SC Tasmania 1900 Berlin, which delivered the worst-ever performance in Bundesliga history. Hertha managed a return to the premier German league in 1968–69 and developed a solid following, making it Berlin's favouri
Herbert Gehr was a Jewish American photographer and television director, associated with Life magazine. In the Spanish Civil War Gehr worked as a stills photographer before travelling to Egypt at the wars commencement where he shot newsreels for Wide World photos. With the advent of Nazism in his native Germany, Gehr moved to the United States in March 1937. Upon arrival in the United States, Gehr found representation with the Black Star photo agency, began working for Life magazine in 1938, photographing a large variety of subjects and stories for them over the next few years. By 1940 Gehr had been described as having shot such diverse subjects as "sphinxes, hair ribbons and movie stars" for the magazine. Gehr left Life in 1950 and became a television director for ABC. Gehr's photographic style was renowned for his use of artificial light. Gehr once used twenty assistants to illuminate six blocks of Manhattan's Meatpacking District with flash bulbs, in a photograph of the Great Sphinx of Giza taken for Life in 1938, he used the headlights of three cars to illuminate the scene, with an exposure time of three hours.
In July 1950, shortly after leaving Life, Gehr accidentally shot his wife dead. In search of evidence of his adultery, Gehr's wife had unexpectedly arrived in the middle of the night at his country house near Brewster, New York with detectives, while Gehr was with his mistress. Mistaking the visitors for prowlers, his shooting injured two of the four detectives present, his mistress leapt out of a window. Gehr was arrested and stood trial for second degree murder, was acquitted. Gehr changed his name after the trial. At the conclusion of the case the jurors blamed Gehr's case on the divorce laws of New York state, as his wife had been seeking evidence for his adultery, required by law. Gehr resumed his work as a television director after his trial. In 1955 Museum of Modern Art curator of photography Edward Steichen included one of Gehr's LIFE photographs in the world-touring The Family of Man exhibition, seen by 9 million visitors, in its distributed catalogue, still in print. Gehr won three Emmy Awards before his 1983 death
The Talbot "Minor" Type T4 was a mid-sized executive car produced by the French Talbot company between 1937 and 1940. Under the conventions of the time, the car would have been called "Talbot 13CV" reflecting its engine size, but the "13CV" name was not applied because of adverse superstition concerning the number "13"; as part of the backwash from the bankruptcy and break-up of the Anglo-French Sunbeam-Talbot-Darracq combine in 1935, the French part of the business was purchased by Tony Lago, an auto-industry entrepreneur born in Venice, but who had built much of his auto-industry career during the 1920s in England. The registered name of the company Lago now owned was "Automobiles Talbot-Darracq S. A.", but in the English speaking world it is known as "Talbot-Lago". The cars themselves were badged in their home market as Talbots, the badge worn by products of the predecessor company since 1922 when the "-Darracq" suffix had been dropped from the names used for the cars in France. Although in 1935 Lago's company continued building Talbot models from the pre-bankruptcy period, he replaced them with a range of light weight sporting six cylinder engined cars, centred round the "Talbot Baby" and the less sporting "voitures de tourisme" centred round the "Talbot Major" and the smaller "Talbot Cadette".
The passenger car range was complemented by a high profile motor racing programme. The passenger cars and racing cars were designed by a fellow Italian expatriate called Walter Becchia who during 1939 would transfer to Citroën and play a key role in the development of the Citroën 2CV; the launch of a four-cylinder model, the Talbot "Minor" Type T4, at the Paris Motor Show in October 1937 represented something of a departure for Talbot and a surprise for industry observers. The new model broadened the range and would enable Talbot to compete lower down the market place hierarchy, against models such and the Hotchkiss Type 864 and the Salmson S4; the car took its chassis from the Talbot Baby. Beccia designed a new four door steel body which resembled the larger body of the six cylinder Talbots Cadette and Major. For traditionally minded customers preferring to select their own car body, the Minor could be ordered in bare chassis form; the steering wheel and driving seat were on the right-hand side of the car, following a convention, universal among European auto-makers twenty years earlier, but, now seen as rather old fashioned in countries where traffic drove on the right.
The wheels at the front were independently suspended subject to a transverse leaf spring, while the back wheels were attached using a rigid axle suspended from longitudinally mounted leaf springs. The four cylinder 2323cc engine placed the car in the 13CV car tax band. Fed via overhead valves by a single Stromberg 22 carburetor, it produced a claimed maximum output of 62 hp at 4,000 rpm. At launch the Minor was priced at 42,500 Francs for a car with the manufacturer's standard steel body. In bare chassis form the price quoted was 35,000 Francs. An obvious competitor was the standard "Cabourg" bodied Type 864 from Hotchkiss which came with a listed price of 39,900 Francs; the Hotchkiss, with its claimed 68 hp of power from an engine of identical dimensions, appears the more aggressively priced, but neither car was small enough to challenge the volume auto-makers in terms of unit sales. The Talbot Minor continued in production for several months after the declaration of war in September 1939, after November 1939 Talbot were delivering cars to the French army for use as staff cars, but during the first part of 1940 the Talbot Suresnes plant was converted to war production.