click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Heysel Stadium disaster

The Heysel Stadium disaster occurred on 29 May 1985 when Juventus fans escaping from a breach by Liverpool fans were pressed against a collapsing wall in the Heysel Stadium in Brussels, before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final between the Italian and English clubs. 39 people—mostly Italians and Juventus fans—were killed and 600 were injured in the confrontation. An hour before the Juventus-Liverpool final was due to kick off, Liverpool supporters charged at Juventus fans and breached a fence, separating them from a "neutral area." The cause of the rampage is disputed: Many accounts attribute blame to the Italian fans for sparking the violence, but this claim is contested by other eye-witnesses and has been criticized for being unsubstantiated. Juventus fans ran back on the terraces and away from the threat into a concrete retaining wall. Fans standing near the wall were crushed. Many people climbed over to safety; the game was played despite the disaster, with Juventus winning 1–0. The tragedy resulted in all English football clubs being placed under an indefinite ban by UEFA from all European competitions, with Liverpool being excluded for an additional three years reduced to one, 14 Liverpool fans found guilty of manslaughter and each sentenced to three years' imprisonment.

The disaster was described as "... The darkest hour in the history of the UEFA competitions." In May 1985, Liverpool were the defending European Champions' Cup winners, having won the competition after defeating Roma in the penalty shootout in the final of the previous season. Again they would face Italian opposition, who had won, the 1983–84 Cup Winners' Cup. Juventus had a team consisting of many of Italy's 1982 FIFA World Cup winning team — who played for Juventus for many years — and their playmaker Michel Platini was considered the best footballer in Europe, being named Footballer of The Year by France Football magazine for the second year in a row in December 1984. Both teams were placed in the two first positions in the UEFA club ranking at the end of the last season and were regarded by the specialist press as the best two sides on the continent at the time. Both teams had contested the 1984 European Super Cup four months before, finishing with victory for the Italian side by 2–0. Despite its status as Belgium's national stadium, Heysel was in a poor state of repair by the time of the 1985 European Final.

The 55-year-old stadium had not been sufficiently maintained for several years, large parts of the stadium were crumbling. For example, the outer wall had been made of cinder block, fans who did not have tickets were seen kicking holes in it to get in. Liverpool players and fans said that they were shocked at Heysel's abject condition, despite reports from Arsenal fans that the ground was a "dump" when Arsenal had played there a few years earlier, they were surprised that Heysel was chosen despite its poor condition since Barcelona's Camp Nou and Santiago Bernabéu in Madrid were both available. Juventus president Giampiero Boniperti and Liverpool CEO Peter Robinson urged UEFA to choose another venue, claiming that Heysel was not in any condition to host a European Final a European Final involving two of the largest and most powerful clubs in Europe. However, UEFA refused to consider a move, it was discovered that UEFA's inspection of the stadium lasted just thirty minutes. The stadium was crammed with 58,000–60,000 supporters, with more than 25,000 for each team.

The two ends behind the goals comprised all-standing terraces, each end split into three zones. The Juventus end was O, N, M and the Liverpool end was X, Y, Z as deemed by the Belgian court after the disaster. However, the tickets for the Z section were reserved for neutral Belgian fans in addition to the rest of the stadium; this meant the Juventus fans had more sections than the Liverpool fans with the Z section occupied by neutrals, thought to have heightened prematch tensions. The idea of the large neutral area was opposed by both Liverpool and Juventus, as it would provide an opportunity for fans of both clubs to obtain tickets from agencies or from ticket touts outside the ground and thus create a dangerous mix of fans. At the time, like the rest of Belgium had a large Italian community, many expatriate Juventus fans bought the section Z tickets. Added to this, many tickets were bought up and sold by travel agents to Juventus fans. A small percentage of the tickets ended up in the hands of Liverpool fans.

At 7 p.m. local time, an hour before kick-off, the trouble started. The Liverpool and Juventus supporters in sections X and Z stood yards apart; the boundary between the two was marked by temporary chain link fencing and a central thinly policed no-man's land. Hooligans began to throw stones across the divide, which they were able to pick up from the crumbling terraces beneath them; as kick-off approached, the throwing became more intense. Several groups of Liverpool hooligans broke through the boundary between section X and Z, overpowered the police, charged at the Juventus fans; the fans began to flee toward the perimeter wall of section Z. The wall could not withstand the force of the fleeing Juventus supporters and a lower portion collapsed. Contrary to reports at the time, what is still assumed by many, the collapse of the wall did not cause the 39 deaths. Instead, the collapse allowed fans to escape. Most died of suffocation after tripping or being crushed against the wall before the colla

KPJK

KPJK, virtual channel 60, is a non-commercial educational independent television station licensed to San Mateo, United States and serving the San Francisco Bay Area. Owned by Northern California Public Media, it is sister to Public Broadcasting Service member station KRCB and National Public Radio member station KRCB-FM. KPJK's studios are located on West Hillsdale Boulevard in southwestern San Mateo, its transmitter is located atop the Sutro Tower in San Francisco; the station operates 24 hours a day with programming coming from American Public Television and other independent producers. The station was owned by The College of San Mateo as KCSM-TV; the KCSM stations were established by the College of San Mateo as college radio and student television station training facilities for radio and television broadcasters. Many well-known media personalities were educated at CSM, including tabloid television reporter Steve Wilson, San Francisco Giants announcer Jon Miller and K101 on-air personality Jeff Serr.

Between 1964 and 1980, CSM offered a full range of courses in broadcasting and broadcast electronics, unusual for a community college. The television station and its companion FM radio outlet were operated by students; this was discontinued in the 1980s, today KCSM is operated by professional broadcasters. KCSM-TV first signed on the air on October 12, 1964, it was a member station of National Educational Television until 1970, when that service was succeeded by the Public Broadcasting Service. During its early years, broadcasting on channel 14, it operated on campus from black and white studios with 13,800 watts of power from a transmitter at the college, comparable to today's low-power stations. In 1979, KCSM reached a deal with Spanish International Network station KDTV to begin operating from its full-power color facilities and moved to channel 60 atop San Bruno Mountain's Radio Peak on March 5, 1979, KDTV subsequently moved to UHF channel 14. In March 2006, the Federal Communications Commission levied a $15,000 fine against KCSM for content in the documentary, The Blues: Godfathers and Sons, which the station had aired in March 2004.

The series documented the birth and worldwide influence of the blues as a musical genre. One installment contained interviews with artists and others who expressed their feelings of oppression by the music industry, including the use of variations of the words "fuck" and "shit." The FCC determined the content to be "indecent." According to the FCC, "The gratuitous and repeated use of this language in a program that San Mateo aired at a time when children were expected to be in the audience is shocking." Within days of the decision, law firms from across the country offered their services pro bono to fight the ruling. Because of the upswell of support, KCSM requested an extension of time to file its appeal. KCSM dropped its membership with PBS in 2009, became an independent public television station. KCSM-TV retained an affiliation with MHz Worldview for programming feeds on its second digital subchannel. On December 7, 2011, the San Mateo County Community College District announced plans to sell KCSM-TV, due to budgetary constraints as well as an operating deficit of $1 million.

KCSM radio would continue operations as usual. All bids in response to the initial request for proposals to purchase the television station were rejected on October 24, 2012 and the district subsequently issued a second request for proposals. On May 15, 2013, the district approved an agreement with LocusPoint Networks, who will provide a $900,000 annual subsidy for up to four years and split the proceeds of an auction of its spectrum allocation sometime in the next few years; the KCSM-TV spectrum is expected to be sold for upwards of $10 million to wireless communication companies. On July 15, 2013, KCSM dropped most of the programming syndicated by public television distributors, moving the MHz Worldview feed to its main channel, it brought back aforementioned programming on July 15, 2014. As of April 12, 2017, LocusPoint Networks, hired by the district to sell the station due to its $1 million annual losses, claim fiscal mismanagement and incompetence by school officials and administrators to fulfill their basic obligations to facilitate the sale properly.

In turn, the District has counter-sued LocusPoint, a multi-station operator, its partner, PricewaterhouseCoopers for failure to enter KCSM-TV into the FCC auction. Nonetheless, the station has continuously run a deficit for many years, with viewers citing programming, irrelevant and uninteresting for a typical public television station. On September 7, 2017, Sonoma County public television station KRCB announced that it would acquire KCSM-TV for $12 million; the Rural California Broadcasting Corporation applied to change the station's call letters to KPJK. On October 24, LocusPoint Networks filed a lawsuit to block the sale to KRCB, claiming that the sale is not valid and violates its contract with KCSM-TV. On July 31, 2018, KRCB took control of KCSM-TV and the call letters were changed to KPJK. Though KRCB sought to have KPJK rejoin PBS, its membership request was

Orleans High School (Vermont)

Orleans High School was a school in Orleans, Vermont. It functioned as both a high school and middle school to the village of Orleans and surrounding towns for nearly half a century; the high school was replaced by the Lake Region Union High School on September 11, 1967. Orleans alumni continue to meet annually, they fund scholarships for descendants of graduates. The building today is used to educate elementary students from the village. Orleans graduated its first class in 1901 from a wooden two-story building where the Federated Church now stands on School Street. While that school was differed in name and location from the eventual brick structure on School Street, its graduates were recognized as part of a continuous alumni for attendees. Forty students graduated from 1901-1910. In 1914, 35 students were attending the high school out of a total for the system of 232; the purpose of all high schools of that time was to prepare scholars for college. To improve attendance and the overall efficiency of the system as per the High school movement, the school began to offer Agriculture, Home Economics, Commercial.

The final structure was opened in March 1923. The old building became the elementary school, but it continued to house the Agriculture and Industrial Arts programs, as well as the Superintendent's office, for the town of Barton; when the regional high school opened in 1967, the elementary school moved to the vacated high school building. The old elementary school building was sold and razed and the Federated Church was built on the site; the old high school did not have a regulation-sized gymnasium. This was not prejudicial to its use until the 1950s. After that time, The boys' and girls' basketball teams practiced there, but hosted home games at other locations. For many years, OHS' "home court" was at Derby High School. In 1928, there were seven faculty members; this had increased to 13 by 1967. Until the regional high school opened, the principals were all expected to teach several classes, as well as to be the school's guidance counselor. Besides the village of Orleans, the following towns sent their children to be educated there: Albany, Coventry and Charleston.

The first Vermont Science Fair was held at the school in 1950. An Orleans student went on to represent the state at the New England Fair that year. From 1910 to 1967, 1,358 students graduated. Total for 1901–1957 was 1,398. There were girls and boys basketball teams at the beginning of the 20th century, as well as baseball for boys. Basketball was the only girls sport. In the late 1950s both boys and girls played soccer. In the 1960s golf arrived for boys. Boys basketball, Rutland Rotary Tournament champions 1928 Boys basketball Vermont Junior tournament champions 1933 This team won the overall state championship two weeks the only small school to have achieved this. A St. Johnsbury sportswriter dubbed the team the "Red Rapiers", thereafter used as the school mascot. Unmarked baseball trophy 1930s? Unmarked trophy from Headmasters club 1935 Boys basketball Junior Tournament champion. Headmasters club. No year Girls Basketball Champions, Conference B 1958 Boys basketball champions, Class I 1959 NBL soccer champions 1965 State Golf Champions 1964, 1965, 1966A basketball coach at OHS from 1961 onwards, as well as at other schools, Dick Jarvis was inducted into the Vermont Coaches Basketball Hall of Fame.

Charles S. Rising 1928?-1945? Rolfe Schoppe 1940?-1953 Dustin White – 1953–1957 Wayne O. Stacy – 1957–1963 Joe Brennan 1963–1967 Susan J. Barlett – State Senator, Lamoille County 1993–2004 Nancy Hall Sheltra 1966 – Representative, Vermont Legislature 1989–2004 Kermit Smith 1946. Sergeant-at-Arms, Vermont Legislature 1988–1993 Henry Alexander Stafford 1910, professional baseball player for the New York Giants Howard Frank Mosher taught from the mid-1960s through the school closure; the mascot was the "Red Rapiers" School colors were white. School newspaper was the Hourglass Its main rival was cross-town Barton Academy Howard Frank Mosher, taught English here during the school's final years. NEKG Vital Records of Vermont Schools

Pat Quinn (rugby)

James Patrick "Pat" Quinn was an English rugby union, professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1950s. He played representative level rugby union for the British Lions and the Lancashire County team as a centre, i.e. number 12 or 13, at club level for New Brighton F. C. and representative level rugby league for Lancashire, at club level rugby league for Leeds, as a fullback, i.e. number 1. Pat Quinn was born in Widnes, England, he was a teacher at the County Secondary School in Harehills, Leeds during the 1950s, he died aged 55 in Leicester, Leicestershire Pat Quinn played fullback, scored a try in Leeds' 9-7 victory over Barrow in the 1957 Challenge Cup Final during the 1956–57 season at Wembley Stadium, London on Saturday 11 May 1957, in front of a crowd of 76,318. Search for "Quinn" at rugbyleagueproject.org Rugby League Final 1957 at britishpathe.com Union Lions have rich history with Rhinos Statistics at lionsrugby.com Code Change

John Day Dam

The John Day Dam is a concrete gravity run-of-the-river dam spanning the Columbia River in the northwestern United States. The dam features a navigation lock plus fish ladders on both sides; the John Day Lock has the highest lift of any U. S. lock. The reservoir impounded by the dam is Lake Umatilla, it runs 76.4 miles up the river channel to the foot of the McNary Dam. John Day Dam is part of the Columbia River Basin system of dams. John Day Dam is located 28 miles east of the city of The Dalles and just below the mouth of the John Day River; the closest town on the Washington side is Goldendale, 20 miles north. The closest town on the Oregon side is Oregon, its crest elevation is 570 feet above sea level. It joins Sherman County, Oregon with Klickitat County, Washington, 216 miles upriver from the mouth of the Columbia near Astoria, Oregon. Construction of the dam began in 1958 and was completed in 1971, making it the newest dam on the lower Columbia, at a total cost of US$511 million; the pool was filled in 1968 and a dedication ceremony was held on September 28th, 1968..

John Day Dam was built and is operated by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the condemnation of land upstream of the dam resulted led to the Supreme Court case United States v. Rands, a well-known case regarding the constitutional doctrine of navigable servitude; the dam's power generation capacity is 2,480,000 kW. The dam underwent a major repair to the upper lock gate in 2010, as documented in the National Geographic Channel program "World's Toughest Fixes". Altitude: 266 feet above sea level Height: 183 feet Length: 7,365 feet Navigation lock: Single-lift 86 feet wide 675 feet long Powerhouse Sixteen 135,000 kW units Total capacity: 2,160 MW Overload capacity: 2,485 MW Spillway Gates: 20 Length: 1,228 feet Hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River List of power stations in the United States List of hydroelectric power stations List of dams in the Columbia River watershed List of largest hydroelectric power stations in the United States "John Day Dam". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.

Retrieved 2006-05-10. "John Day Dam". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2006-05-10. John Day Dam US Army Corps Engineers U. S. Army Corps of Engineers

Bill Goodfellow

William Arthur "Bill" Goodfellow was a politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1943 to 1963 who represented the riding of Northumberland, he served as a cabinet minister in the governments of George Drew, Thomas Kennedy, Leslie Frost, John Robarts. Goodfellow was born on the family farm in Ontario, he attended the Ontario Agricultural College. In 1922, he was elected as a Councillor in Brighton Township becoming Deputy-Reeve and Reeve. On September 20, 1924, he married Dora Agusta Philp at the farm of the bride's parents in Colborne, Ontario, they had five children. In 1963, Goodfellow was remarried, this time to Barbara Calderwood, he is buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery, Ontario. First elected in the general election in 1943, Goodfellow was re-elected in the general elections in 1945, 1948, 1951, 1955 and 1959, he served as member of the George A. Drew, Thomas Laird Kennedy, Leslie Frost and John Robarts majority Progressive Conservative governments.

From 1943 to 1946, he served as a backbench member of the government, sitting on an average of six Standing Committees of the Legislative Assembly. On January 7, 1946, he was appointed as the Minister of Public Welfare, a position he held until August 17, 1955. From August 17, 1955 until November 1, 1956, he served as Minister of Municipal Affairs. For several months, he held two Ministerial positions as, on August 1, 1956, he was appointed as the Minister of Agriculture, he kept that portfolio until November 8, 1961, at which time he was named as the Minister of Highways. On October 25, 1962, he gave up that position and served as Minister without portfolio until the end of his fifth term in office. In October 1963, Goodfellow retired from political life. Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history