SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Grundlsee

Grundlsee is a municipality in the Liezen District of Styria, Austria. The municipality includes 151.54 km ² large parts of the Dead Mountains. The village is located directly on Grundlsee lake; the community Grundlsee is located in Ausseerland in the Styrian Salzkammergut in the district of Liezen, Styria. Grundlsee is located at 732 m above sea level directly on the Grundlsee on the southwestern edge of the Totes Gebirge; the five villages of the municipality are located in an elongated valley on the shores of the Grundlsee, framed on three sides by the 1000 meters towering foothills of the Dead Mountains. The valley has an east-west length of about ten kilometers and a width of about one kilometer in a north-south direction with the only opening to the west to the Bad Ausseer basin; the most striking mountains that frame this valley are the Hundskogel, the Backenstein and the Reichenstein in the north, the Elm, the Große Hochkasten and the Weiße Wall in the east, the Turkenkogel and the Röthelstein in the south.

The highest mountain Grundlsees is the large high box with 2389 m at the border to Upper Austria. The inhabited area has an average height of 750 m. Due to the alpine position and the strong proportion of the Dead Mountains, about 75% of the municipality consist of alpine wastelands, the rest are forests and other forms of land; the Grundlsee is 4.22 km ², the largest lake in Styria and is drained by the Grundlseer Traun, one of the three source rivers of the Traun. It is fed by the Stimitz, the Zimitzbach and the Toplitz, the Entwässerungsbach of lying in the community Toplitzsees. In addition, there are the Dreibrüdersee, the Elmsee, the Henarsee, the Kammersee and the Lahngangseen in the municipality, as well as the source waters of the Traun, the so-called Traun origin; the Dead Mountains, whose foothills surround Grundlsee on three sides, consist of limestone and dolomite, which originated in the Mesozoic seas the Triassic and Jurassic, about 210 to 135 million years ago. In the north of the municipal area occurs the Plass limestone of the Jura, in the east the Dachstein limestone of the Triassic and in the south the Triassic with Zlambachmergel, Hallstätter layers, Gutensteiner lime and dolomite in appearance.

The west Grundlsee towards Bad Aussee features a high glacial ground moraine from the Würm-glacial period. The gypsum and anhydrite deposit at the settlement of Wienern was built from the Upper Permian to the Scythian and consists of alpine Haselgebirge; the lake basin of the Grundlsee was formed during the Würm icing as the tongue basin of a glacier. The settlement nuclei of the villages Bräuhof, Archkogel and Untertressen in the west of the municipality are on alluvial plains, slope debris areas and ground moraines which are in the Würm-glacial, sometimes postglacial originated; the settlement center of the village Gößl lies on a low terrace from the Pleistocene. The Verkarstung formed many sinkholes and caves, such as the 17 km long Almberg cave system at the foot of the baking stone; the climate in Grundlsee is determined by its geographical location in the Aussee Basin. It is characterized by the high altitude and the location in the northern congestion area; the result is, in the case of flow conditions from the west to the north days of precipitation, which in winter are accompanied by a lot of snow.

With 100 to 120 days of snow cover per year, the Ausseer Becken is one of the snowiest areas in Austria. From October to May, snowfall is expected, with December to March, on average, every third day has fresh snow. Fall has a relative sunshine duration over the sunniest time in the region; the climate in the Ausseer basin is described as a stimulating climate in winter. Conservation A large part of the Grundlsee municipal area is under strict environmental protection; the following nature protection levels exist: Natura 2000 European Conservation Areas, Nature Reserves, Protected caves, Protected landscape parts, Protected Landscape Areas and Natural monuments. The entire municipality is within the scope of the Alpine Convention; the municipality includes five localities. Starting clockwise and north of the lake, these are: Archkogl Bräuhof Gößl Mosern Underrides There is no village called "Grundlsee", because the community owes its name to the lake of the same name; the main town of the municipality is the village Bräuhof.

Grundlsee has five neighboring communities, the communities Grünau im Almtal and Hinterstoder are located in the Upper Austrian district of Gmunden, all others in the Styrian Salzkammergut. The name Grundlsee comes from standard German; the name was first mentioned in 1188 as Chrungilse. The spelling of the name varied over time, until enforced the current spelling: Chrungilse > Chrungelse > Chrungelsee > Krungelsee> Crungelsee > Grunglsee > Lake Chrundel & Grundelsee > Krunglsee > Lake Crungl > Grundelsee> Grundlsee. The name of Grundlsee is derived from the name of the lake; this originated in the Old Slavic krągl jezero. However, instead of the Krungelsee this original form changed to today's Grundlsee; this was done by a folk etymological effect of the Middle High German grundel, grundelinc. The earliest evid

Kostas Georgakis

Kostas Georgakis was a Greek student of geology, who, in the early hours of 19 September 1970, set himself ablaze in Matteotti square in Genoa as a protest against the dictatorial regime of Georgios Papadopoulos. Georgakis grew up in Corfu in a family of five, his father was a self-employed tailor of modest means. Both his father and grandfather distinguished themselves in the major wars that Greece fought in the 20th century, he attended the second lyceum in Corfu. In August 1967, a few months after the 21 April coup in Greece, Georgakis went to Italy to study as an engineer in Genoa, he received 5,000 drachmas per month from his father and this, according to friends' testimony, made him feel guilty for the financial burden his family endured so that he could attend a university. In Italy he met Rosanna, an Italian girl of the same age and they got engaged. In 1968 Georgakis became a member of the Center Union party of Georgios Papandreou. On 26 July 1970, Georgakis gave an anonymous interview to a Genovese magazine, during which he revealed that the military junta's intelligence service had infiltrated the Greek student movement in Italy.

In the interview he denounced the junta and its policies and stated that the intelligence service created the National League of Greek students in Italy and established offices in major university cities. A copy of the recording of the interview was obtained by the Greek consulate and the identity of Georgakis was established. Soon after he was attacked by members of the junta student movement. While in the third year of his studies and having passed the exams of the second semester Georgakis found himself in the difficult position of having his military exemption rescinded by the junta as well as his monthly stipend that he received from his family; the junta retaliated for his involvement in the anti-junta resistance movement in Italy as a member of the Italian branch of PAK. His family in Corfu sent him a letter describing the pressure that the regime was applying to them. Fearing for his family in Greece, Georgakis decided that he had to make an act to raise awareness in the West about the political predicament of Greece.

Once he made the decision to sacrifice his life, Kostas Georgakis filled a canister with gasoline, wrote a letter to his father and gave his fiancée Rosanna his windbreaker telling her to keep it because he would not need it any longer. Around 1.00 a.m. on 19 September 1970, Georgakis drove his Fiat 500 to Matteotti square. According to eyewitness accounts by street cleaners working around the Palazzo Ducale there was a sudden bright flash of light in the area at around 3.00 a.m. At first they did not realise. Only when they approached closer did they see Georgakis burning and running while ablaze shouting, "Long Live Greece", "Down with the tyrants", "Down with the fascist colonels" and "I did it for my Greece." The street cleaners added that at first Georgakis refused their help and ran away from them when they tried to extinguish the fire. They said that the smell of burning flesh was something they would never forget and that Georgakis was one in a million. According to an account by his father who went to Italy after the events, Georgakis's body was carbonised from the waist down up to a depth of at least three centimetres in his flesh.

Georgakis died nine hours after the events in the square at around 12 noon the same day. His last words were: Long Live Free Greece; the Greek newspaper To Vima in the January 2009 article "The'return of Kostas Georgakis" with the subtitle "Even the remains of the student who sacrificed himself for Democracy caused panic to the dictatorship" by Fotini Tomai, supervisor of the historical and diplomatic archives of the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The article reports that throughout the crisis in Italy the Greek consulate sent confidential reports to the junta where it raised fears that the death of Georgakis would be compared to the death of Jan Palach and could adversely affect Greek tourism while at the same time it raised concerns that Georgakis's grave would be used for anti-junta propaganda and "anti-nation pilgrimage" and "political exploitation". Through a diplomatic letter dated 25 August 1972 Greek consular authorities in Italy reported to the junta in Athens that an upcoming Italian film about Georgakis would damage the junta and it was proposed that the junta take measures through silent third-party intervention to obtain the worldwide distribution rights of the film so that it would not fall into the hands of German, American stations and the BBC which were reported as interested in obtaining it.

The film was scheduled to appear at the "Primo Italiano" festival in Torino, at the festival of Pesaro and the Venice anti-festival under the title "Galani Hora". Gianni Serra was the director and the film was a coproduction by RAI and CTC at a total cost of 80 million Italian lire; the dictatorship was afraid that the film would create the same anti-junta sentiment as the film Z by Costa-Gavras. The minister of Foreign Affairs of the junta Xanthopoulos-Palamas in the secret encrypted message ΑΠ ΓΤΛ 400-183 of 26 November 1970 suggests to the Greek consular authorities in Italy to take precautions so that during the loading of the remains on the ship to avoid any noise and publicity, it was clear that the junta did not want a repeat of the publicity that occurred during Georgakis's funeral procession on 22 September 1970 in Italy. On 22 September 1970 Melina Merkouri led a d