High Noon is a 1952 American Western film produced by Stanley Kramer from a screenplay by Carl Foreman, directed by Fred Zinnemann, starring Gary Cooper. The plot, depicted in real time, centers on a town marshal, torn between his sense of duty and his love for his new bride and who must face a gang of killers alone. Though mired in controversy with political overtones at the time of its release, the film was nominated for seven Academy Awards and won four as well as four Golden Globe Awards; the award-winning score was written by Russian-born composer Dimitri Tiomkin. High Noon was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as "culturally or aesthetically significant" in 1989, the NFR's first year of existence. An iconic film whose story has been or repeated in film productions, the ending scenes inspired a next-to-endless number of films, including but not just limited to westerns. In Hadleyville, a small town in New Mexico Territory, Marshal Will Kane, newly married to Amy Fowler, prepares to retire.
The happy couple will soon depart for a new life to run a store in another town. However, word arrives that Frank Miller, a vicious outlaw whom Kane sent to jail, has been released and will arrive on the noon train. Miller's gang—his younger brother Ben, Jack Colby, Jim Pierce —await his arrival at the train station. For Amy, a devout Quaker and pacifist, the solution is simple—leave town before Miller arrives, but Kane's sense of duty and honor are strong. "They're making me run," he tells her. "I've never run from anybody before." Besides, he says and his gang will hunt him down anyway. Amy gives Kane an ultimatum: She is leaving on the noon train, without him. While waiting at the hotel for the train, she meets Helen Ramírez, once Miller's lover, Kane's, is leaving as well. Amy understands why Helen is fleeing, but the reverse is not true: Helen tells Amy that if Kane were her man, she would not abandon him in his hour of need. Kane's efforts to round up a posse at the tavern, the church, are met with fear and hostility.
Some townspeople, worried that a gunfight would damage the town's reputation, urge Kane to avoid the confrontation entirely. Others are Miller's friends, resent that Kane cleaned up the town in the first place. Kane's young deputy Harvey Pell, bitter that Kane did not recommend him as his successor, says he will stand with Kane only if Kane goes to the city fathers and "puts the word in" for him. Kane rejects the quid pro quo, Pell turns in his badge. Kane visits a series of old friends and allies, but none can help: his predecessor, Marshal Howe is old and arthritic. Jimmy is a good person and genuinely offers to help Will, but he is vision impaired, drunk and to get himself killed; the other offer of aid comes from a fourteen-year-old boy. At the stables, Pell tries to persuade Kane to take it and leave town, their conversation becomes an argument, a fist fight. Kane knocks his former deputy senseless, returns to his office to write out his will as the clock ticks toward high noon, he goes into the street to face Miller and his gang alone.
In one of the most iconic shots in film history, the camera rises and widens to show Kane standing alone on a deserted street in a deserted town. The gunfight begins. Kane is wounded in the process; as the train is about to leave the station, Amy hears the gunfire, leaps off, runs back to town. Choosing her husband's life over her religious beliefs, she picks up the handgun hanging inside Kane's office and shoots Pierce from behind, leaving only Frank Miller, who grabs Amy as a shield to force Kane into the open. Amy claws Miller's face and he pushes her to the ground, giving Kane a clear shot, he shoots Miller dead. Kane helps his bride to her feet and they embrace; as the townspeople emerge and cluster around him, Kane throws his marshal's star in the dirt and departs with Amy on their wagon. Gary Cooper as Marshal Will Kane Thomas Mitchell as Mayor Jonas Henderson Lloyd Bridges as Deputy Marshal Harvey Pell Katy Jurado as Helen Ramírez Grace Kelly as Amy Fowler Kane Otto Kruger as Judge Percy Mettrick Lon Chaney Jr. as Martin Howe, the former marshal Ian MacDonald as Frank Miller Eve McVeagh as Mildred Fuller Harry Morgan as Sam Fuller Morgan Farley as Dr. Mahin, minister Harry Shannon as Cooper Lee Van Cleef as Jack Colby Robert J. Wilke as Jim Pierce Sheb Wooley as Ben Miller James Millican as Herb Baker Howland Chamberlain as the hotel receptionist Tom London as Sam, Helen's attendant Cliff Clark as Ed Weaver, Helen's saloon tenant William Newell as Jimmy the Gimp Larry J. Blake as Gillis the saloon owner Lucien Prival as Joe the Bartender Jack Elam as Charlie, the town drunk John Doucette as Trumbull Tom Greenway as Ezra Dick Elliott as Kibbee Merrill McCormick as Fletcher Virginia Farmer as Mrs. Fletcher Virginia Christine as Mrs. Simpson Harry Harvey as Coy Paul Dubo
Rosary Convent High School is a Roman Catholic missionary private-run girls' school in Hyderabad, India. Established in 1904 by the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, it continues to be run by these Missionary Sisters who reside in their convent at the school's grounds; the school was established in response to a need for Catholic girls' education. It became the sister school to All Saints High School, the area's prime Catholic boys' school in those days; these two schools are located on either side of St Joseph's Cathedral in Gunfoundry, India. The school is run for Catholic girls, others are accommodated according to seats available; the school population is made up of Hindus, followed by Muslims, with Christians making up the minority. There is another girls' school adjacent to the St Joseph's Cathedral, Hyderabad run by the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Mary named St Joseph's High School, which has a Telugu medium of instruction, where admission is offered for little or no fees to the poor.
St Joseph's School's uniform is similar to that of Rosary Convent, with the exception of a plaid collar and sleeve cuffs, as opposed to the white-collar and sleeve cuffs of the Rosary Convent uniform. This slight difference visually connects the two schools, but it serves the purpose of the easy transformation of donated Rosary Convent school uniforms into St Joseph's school uniforms. Rosary Convent High School instructs students up to the 10th standard and prepares students for the SSC Matriculation Examination; the medium of instruction is English. Activities include Religion and Moral Science, Drama, General Knowledge, Dance and Music. Training and activities are provided in sports including karate, badminton, basketball, skating and yoga. Situated in Gunfoundry, the school began on January 1904 with a student-body of 60 taught in the Tamil language, 50 pupils taught in English; the FMM nuns visited the surrounding homes, pleading with parents not to deny their children the benefits of schooling.
At a time when education was believed to be the right of only upper castes and males, the nuns had a difficult time convincing the locals to send their children to school. Soon, the conservative society of Hyderabad came to trust these foreign sisters, sending their daughters to the school. Today the school has grown to a strength of more than 3000 students. Rosary Convent High School celebrated its centennial anniversary with a year-long celebration that began on 26 January 2003 and culminated with Holy Mass and a Valedictory public function and felicitation in January 2004. Education in India Matriculation Matriculation Tenth Grade List of schools in India List of institutions of higher education in Telangana Jim Kavanaugh, CEO of World Wide Technology Official Website
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya was established in 2008. Kenya’s modern history has been marked not only by liberation struggles but by ethnic conflicts, semi-despotic regimes and political violence, including the coup d'état of 1982, the Shifta War, the 2007 Post-election violence; the toll of the 2007 Post-election violence included 1,500 deaths, 3,000 rapes, 300,000 people left internally displaced. The most severe episode of this conflict unfolded over 59 days between Election Day, 27 December 2007 and 28 February 2008. A political compromise was reached that saw the two conflicting parties sign a National Accord, following the mediation efforts by the African Union Panel of Eminent African Personalities chaired by Mr. Kofi Annan. Despite the reputation of the Rift valley as the cradle of humanity and positive co-existence, the peoples living there suffered through mass human rights violations in the part of the 20th century; the mass violence in Kenya occurred throughout a period of over 40 years making it difficult to define concretely as post-election violence.
To understand the events following the 1992 and 2007 elections in Kenya, one must first understand the complicated ethnic makeup of the Kenyan state. The two tribes involved in the political violence are the Kikuyu people and the Kalenjin people, however many other smaller tribes inhabit Kenya; these ethnic tensions originate in events occurring before independence when British colonists forced the Kalenjin pastoral tribe off their land to develop the Rift Valley agriculturally. With the colonists came Kikuyu farmers to work as sharecroppers in the British fields. Continued competition for economic wealth and power drove the two tribes apart; when selecting government officials after independence in 1963, the tension between these two tribes increased as, Jomo Kenyatta, a Kikuyu, became president and Daniel Moi, a Kalenjin, became vice-president. After Kenyatta's death, Moi took power and tightened his hold on Kenya through censoring and human rights violations. In 1991 a constitutional reform passed allowing for multipartyism in Kenya.
Shortly after in 1992 the first multi-party election since independence took place. Moi won the elections but many doubted the legitimacy of his victory. Violence ensued as Kalenjin supporters of Moi raped and displaced Kikuyu opposition supporters. Despite Kalenjin attacks on Kikuyu making up the majority of the ethnic violence in Kenya, ethnic conflicts between tribes remained much more complicated; this violence persisted long after the 1992 election with postelection violence reports in 1998, 2002, 2007. Similar to the 1992 election, in December 2007 incumbent president Mwai Kibaki won an election called “deeply flawed” by observers; the Kalenjin, who supported the opposition leader Raila Odinga, burned down the houses and hacked to death Kikuyus who supported Mr. Kibaki. Weeks after the election, Kikuyus violently took revenge forcing other ethnic groups out of Kikuyu dominated areas; this post election violence took the lives of over 800 people and displaced at least 300,000. The 1992 multiparty General Elections were riddled with irregularities with some opposition candidates being physically prevented from presenting their nomination papers.
The incumbent President Daniel Arap Moi, campaign all over the country while other party leaders could not. Where the opposition could not campaign President Moi traversed the country using government resources. Moreover, he enjoyed a monopoly of media coverage from the official broadcaster, the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation. In addition, the Electoral Commission was made up of presidential appointees whose loyalty to the incumbent was never in doubt; the most notorious instance of interference with the electoral process was the 1988 General Elections where many losing candidates were declared winners. The sole ruling party, KANU, had secured the monopoly for political power through a constitutional amendment in 1982 that made it the sole political party. In the 1991 clashes, non-Kalenjin and non-Maasai ethnic groups were “attacked, their houses set on fire, their properties looted and in certain instances, some of them were killed or injured with traditional weapons like bows and arrows, pangas and clubs.”
In its investigations, witnesses told the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights, that violent clashes between the Kalenjin, on the one hand, the Kikuyu and Kisii on the other, began in 1992. These clashes pitted these groups along ethnic lines as well as on political lines. In 1992, the Kalenjin were overwhelmingly members of the ruling party, the Kenya African National Union. President Daniel Arap Moi, a member of the Kalenjin community, was the President of KANU and the country, he was opposed to the introduction of multi-party politics in the country and the existence of opposition political parties in the Rift Valley. Many non-Kalenjin and non-Maasai communities in the Rift Valley supported the budding opposition parties; the Akiwumi report on the 1992 clashes reported that the provincial administration was partisan in its support of the KANU government and against those considered to be opposed to KANU in the Rift Valley. In 1992 the provincial administration showed open partisanship in favour of KANU.
In December 1997, Kenyans went to the polls to elect members of parliament and the country's president. The elections were conducted in the glare of international publicity, not least because the international community was concerned about whether the elections would be free and fair. Despite evidence
Wickremasinghe B. Rajaguru was the 25th Inspector General of the Sri Lanka Police. Rajaguru attended Kandy. In 1993 he was forcibly retired at the age of 55 but following the election of the People's Alliance government at the 1994 parliamentary elections they granted the option for senior police officers who had faced potential political victimisation to appeal and request to be re-instated with back-wages. Rajaguru was one of the six officers reinstated and placed in the rank of Senior DIG, he was appointed as IGP on 29 July 1995. In 1996 he established the Central Anti Vice Striking Force, a police division whose focus was stopping public-order crimes like gambling, narcotics and illegal sales of alcohol. On 7 December 1996 a American-built Bell 212 air force helicopter carrying Sri Lanka’s Deputy Defence Minister, Anuruddha Ratwatte, Army Commander, Rohan Daluwatte and Rajaguru crashed several miles north of the Weli Oya army base in Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam-held jungle of northern Sri Lanka.
The officers trekked 5 km before being found by commandos sent to rescue them. Rajaguru retired from the police service on 31 August 1998, he was succeeded by Lakdasa Kodituwakku. Rajaguru, W. B.. Sri Lanka Police Service. Center for the Study of Crime and Corrections, Southern Illinois University
Kirklee railway station was a railway station serving the Kelvinside area in the West End of Glasgow. The station was opened on 10 August 1896 by the Glasgow Central Railway. Known as Kirklee for North Kelvinside, it was closed between 1 January 1917 and 2 March 1919 due to wartime economy, closed permanently to passengers on 1 May 1939, with the line being closed on 5 October 1964; the station building was designed by famous architect Sir J. J. Burnet who earned his knighthood on the basis of his design for the extension of the British Museum; the construction of the station was controversial in the 1890s as it destroyed a local beauty spot known as the Peatree Well. Little is known of the station's use after closure but a photo taken in 1959 appears to show it in use a private house; the station buildings were demolished in 1971 having fallen into disrepair. The bulk of the station site is now occupied by blocks of apartments, however the platforms remain in place to the south, beyond the supports for a bridge which has since been removed, just before a long tunnel leading to Botanic Gardens railway station.
A telegraph pole dating from the line's operation is still present just before the mouth of the tunnel. The station has been fenced in on both sides in 2017. Anderson and Smith, W. A. C.. Illustrated History of Glasgow's Railways. Irwell Press. ISBN 1-871608-33-3. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations. Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. Morton, Henry B..'A Hillhead Album'. Unknown publisher. ISBN 0-9502034-3-2. Urquhart, Gordon R..'Along Great Western Road: An Illustrated History of Glasgow's West End'. Stenlake Publishing. ISBN 1-84033-115-1. RAILSCOT on the Glasgow Central Railway Video footage of the remnants of Kirklee for North Kelvinside Station
Princess Dorrie was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. As a two-year-old in 1913 she failed to win a race but was consistent, finishing placed in seven of her eight starts. In the following year she was the best three-year-old filly in England, winning both the 1000 Guineas and the Epsom Oaks, she had modest success as a broodmare. Princess Dorrie was a brown mare bred in England by Jack Barnato Joel who owned her during her racing career, she was trained by Joel's private trainer Charles Morton at Wantage in Berkshire. She was one of the best horses sired by Joel's stallion Your Majesty who won the Eclipse Stakes and St Leger Stakes in 1908, her dam Doris showed little ability as a racecourse and was given to Joel by his brother Solomon who commented "I don't think she's much good, you can have her if you like." Doris became an exceptional broodmare who produced Sunstar and the Dewhurst Stakes winner White Star. Princess Dorrie ran eight times as a two-year-old in 1913, failed to win a race although she was matched against strong competition.
She finished unplaced in the Windsor Castle Stakes at Royal Ascot, second to The Tetrarch in a Rous Memorial Stakes at Goodwood Racecourse, second to Mira in the Acorn Stakes at Epsom, second to Lord Derby's filly Glorvinda in the Mersey Stakes at Liverpool, third in the Prince of Wales Nursery, second to First Spear in the Bretby Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse and third to Vaila in the Moulton Stakes at the same track in October. Princess Dorrie began her second season by finishing third to the colt My Prince in the Tudor Plate at Sandown Park in April. On 1 of May Princess Dorrie started at odds of 100/9 for the 101st running of the 1000 Guineas over the Rowley Mile course at Newmarket; the favourite Torchlight went to the front around half way but Princess Dorrie, ridden by the Australian jockey Bill Huxley, took the lead in the closing stages and won three quarters of a length and a neck from Glorvina and Torchlight. Georges Stern, who rode the favourite, appeared to ride a poor tactical race: he was criticised for going to the front too early, panicking when challenged by Princess Dorrie, easing his filly down to lose second place on the line.
Princess Dorrie was stepped up in distance for the 136th Oaks Stakes over one and a half miles at Epsom Racecourse on 29 of May and with Huxley again in the saddle, started 11/4 favourite ahead of Glorvina and Torchlight in a twenty-one runner field. After looking unlikely to obtain a clear run in the straight she produced a "fine burst of speed" and won comfortably by two lengths from Wassilissa with a gap of four lengths back to Torchlight in third. Wassilissa was ridden by the brother of the winning jockey; the race was a rather rough one, the winner returned to the paddock bleeding from cuts to her heel and hock. Some early telegraph reports of the race confused the filly's odds with the weight she had carried and stated that she had won the race under 11-4. One commentator in New Zealand drily remarked that she "must be a pretty useful mare if she can carry 32lb overweight and win comfortably". In October Princess Dorrie was matched against older horses in the Cesarewitch Handicap over two and a quarter miles at Newmarket.
She started second favourite but never looked to win and finished unplaced behind the outsider Troubador. In their book, A Century of Champions, based on the Timeform rating system, John Randall and Tony Morris rated Princess Dorrie an "inferior" winner of the 1000 Guineas and a "poor" winner of the Oaks. At the end of her racing career, Princess Dorrie became a broodmare for her owner's stud, she produced at least five foals between 1917 and 1922: Queen of Jest, a brown filly, foaled in 1917, sired by Black Jester Black Queen, brown filly, 1919, by Black Jester Queen of Diamonds, chestnut filly, 1920 Polymelus. Female-line ancestor of Knock Hard and Thirteen of Diamonds. Glorious, chestnut filly, 1921, by Gay Crusader Magnus, bay colt, 1922, by The Tetrarch. Winner. Princess Dorrie died in 1927