Highland games

Highland games are events held in spring and summer in Scotland and other countries with a large Scottish diaspora, as a way of celebrating Scottish and Celtic culture that of the Scottish Highlands. Certain aspects of the games are so well known as to have become emblematic of Scotland, such as the bagpipes, the kilt, the heavy events the caber toss. While centred on competitions in piping and drumming and Scottish heavy athletics, the games include entertainment and exhibits related to other aspects of Scottish and Gaelic culture; the Cowal Highland Gathering, better known as the Cowal Games, held in Dunoon, every August, is the largest Highland games in the world, attracting around 3,500 competitors and somewhere in the region of 23,000 spectators from around the globe. Worldwide, however, it is exceeded in terms of spectators by two gatherings in the United States: the estimated 30,000 that attend Grandfather Mountain in North Carolina and the larger gathering—the largest in the Northern Hemisphere—that has taken place every year since 1866.

This event is held on Labor Day weekend in Pleasanton and their Sesquicentennial Games held on 5–6 September 2015, attracted record crowds close to 50,000. The games are claimed to have influenced Baron Pierre de Coubertin when he was planning the revival of the Olympic Games. De Coubertin saw a display of Highland games at the Paris Exhibition of 1889; the origin of human games and sports predates recorded history. An example of a possible early games venue is at Fetteresso, although that location is technically a few miles south of the Scotland Highlands, it is reported in numerous Highland games programs, that King Malcolm III of Scotland, in the 11th century, summoned contestants to a foot race to the summit of Craig Choinnich. King Malcolm created this foot race in order to find the fastest runner in the land to be his royal messenger; some have seen this apocryphal event to be the origin of today's modern Highland games. There is a document from 1703 summoning the clan of the Laird of Clan Grant.

They were to arrive wearing Highland coats and "also with gun, sword and dirk". From this letter, it is believed. However, the modern Highland games are a Victorian invention, developed after the Highland Clearances. In their original form many centuries ago, Highland games revolved around athletic and sports competitions. Though other activities were always a part of the festivities, many today still consider Highland athletics to be what the games are all about—in short, that the athletics are the Games, all the other activities are just entertainment. Regardless, it remains true today that the athletic competitions are at least an integral part of the events and one—the caber toss—has come to symbolise the Highland games. Although quite a range of events can be a part of the Highland athletics competition, a few have become standard. Caber toss: A long log is stood upright and hoisted by the competitor who balances it vertically holding the smaller end in his hands; the competitor runs forward attempting to toss it in such a way that it turns end over end with the upper end striking the ground first.

The smaller end, held by the athlete hits the ground in the 12 o'clock position measured relative to the direction of the run. If successful, the athlete is said to have turned the caber. Cabers vary in length, weight and balance, all of which affect the degree of difficulty in making a successful toss. Competitors are judged on how their throws approximate the ideal 12 o'clock toss on an imaginary clock. Stone put: This event is similar to the modern-day shot put as seen in the Olympic Games. Instead of a steel shot, a large stone of variable weight is used. There are some differences from the Olympic shot put in allowable techniques. There are two versions of the stone toss events, differing in allowable technique; the "Braemar Stone" uses a 20–26 lb stone for men and does not allow any run up to the toeboard or "trig" to deliver the stone, i.e. it is a standing put. In the "Open Stone" using a 16–22 lb stone for men, the thrower is allowed to use any throwing style so long as the stone is put with one hand with the stone resting cradled in the neck until the moment of release.

Most athletes in the open stone event use either the "spin" techniques. Scottish hammer throw: This event is similar to the hammer throw as seen in modern-day track and field competitions, though with some differences. In the Scottish event, a round metal ball is attached to the end of a shaft about 4 feet in length and made out of wood, rattan, or plastic. With the feet in a fixed position, the hammer is whirled about one's head and thrown for distance over the shoulder. Hammer throwers sometimes employ specially designed footwear with flat blades to dig into the turf to maintain their balance and resist the centrifugal forces of the implement as it is whirled about the head; this increases the distance attainable in the throw. Weight throw known as the weight for distance event. There are two separate events, one using a light and the other a heavy weight; the weights have a handle attached either directly or by means of a chain. The implement is thrown otherwise using any technique. A spinning technique is employed.

The longest throw wins. Weight over the bar known as weight for height; the athle

Haywood County, Tennessee

Haywood County is a county located in the U. S. state in the region known as West Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,787, its county seat and largest city is Brownsville. It is one of only two remaining counties in Tennessee with a majority African-American population, along with Shelby County. Haywood County was created from part of Madison County in 1823–24, was named for Tennessee judge and historian John Haywood; the state legislature designated Brownsville as the county seat. Haywood County was reduced in size, when both Lauderdale and Crockett Counties were created from its territory. For much of the county's history, agriculture growing cotton, was the basis of the local economy, as it was throughout western Tennessee. Before the Civil War, this was accomplished by a plantation system based on the use of enslaved African-American workers. After Emancipation in 1865, many planters hired freedmen as tenant farmers and sharecroppers to produce the cotton crops, which were still important to the state.

The rural county continues to have a majority-black population. Whites lynched three African Americans in the county, most at the county seat of Brownsville, in the period following Reconstruction and into the early 20th century. On June 20, 1940, Elbert Williams, an African-American man, was killed in Brownsville for "attempting to qualify to vote" and "an interest in Negro affairs", he was the last recorded lynching victim in the state. Like other southern states, Tennessee had raised barriers at the turn of the century to voter registration to disenfranchise blacks. Whites maintained the political exclusion, sometimes with violence. Williams was murdered and his body was thrown into the Hatchie River, it was recovered. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 534 square miles, of which 533 square miles is land and 0.9 square miles is water. Haywood County is situated on the southeastern edge of the New Madrid Seismic Zone, an area with a high earthquake risk. Crockett County Madison County Hardeman County Fayette County Tipton County Lauderdale County Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge From 1940 to 1970, the county population declined.

Many blacks left after confrontations and the murder of Elbert Williams in 1940 related to black attempts to register to vote. In addition, mechanization of agriculture reduced the need for farm workers, other African Americans left as part of the second wave of the Great Migration. A total of more than five million migrated out of the south during those decades, moving to the West Coast for the expanding defense industry, to industrial cities for work opportunities; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,787 people living in the county. 50.4% were Black or African American, 45.9% White, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 2.5% of some other race and 0.9% of two or more races. 3.8 % were Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,797 people, 7,558 households, 5,419 families living in the county; the population density was 37 people per square mile. There were 8,086 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 51.05% Black or African American, 46.73% White, 0.12% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, 0.58% from two or more races.

2.65 % of the population were Latino of any race. Haywood and Shelby Counties are the only counties in Tennessee with a black majority. There were 7,558 households out of which 33.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 22.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.30% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,671, the median income for a family was $32,597. Males had a median income of $27,333 versus $21,361 for females.

The per capita income for the county was $14,669. About 16.30% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 25.70% of those age 65 or over. The largest industry in Haywood County is agriculture. Haywood County grows more cotton that any other county in Tennessee and produced 189,000 bales in 2003 on 103,000 acres. Soybeans are the county's #2 crop, followed by corn. Agriculture and agri-related businesses contributed more than $130,000 million to the Haywood County economy in 2004. In 2009, under the leadership of Tennessee Governor Phil Bredesen and Haywood County Mayor Franklin Smith, a 3,836-acre tract in southwestern Haywood County near Stanton was designated for a state-supported industrial "megasite," intended for a large-scale industrial or business development such as an automobile assembly plant. In September 2009, Tennessee's State Building Commission authorized spending of $40 million for purchase of the land. Brownsville Stanton Belle Eagle Christmasville Nutbush One of Haywood County's most notable residents was Sleepy John Estes, a blues guitarist songwriter and vocalist.

Born in 1899 or 1904 in R

Salutes Bessie Smith

Salutes Bessie Smith is the second album by American pianist Amina Claudine Myers featuring performances recorded in 1980 for the Leo label. The Allmusic review by Michael G. Nastos awarded the album 4½ stars stating "Vocal perfection and landmark recording for this keyboardist and singer. Desert island music. ". All compositions by Amina Claudine Myers except as indicated"Wasted Life Blues" - 6:58 "Dirty No-Gooder's Blues" - 4:13 "Jailhouse Blues" - 6:43 "It Makes My Love Come Down" - 3:50 "The Blues " - 7:10 "African Blues" - 14:44Recorded at Big Apple Recording Studios in New York City on June 19 & 22, 1980 Amina Claudine Myers - piano, voice Cecil McBee - bass Jimmy Lovelace - drums, bells