Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
The University Hospital Geelong is an Australian public hospital located in Ryrie Street, Victoria. The hospital is part of Barwon Health, Victoria's largest regional health care provider, which has 21 sites, it is the largest hospital in regional Victoria and the only tertiary hospital outside of the Melbourne Metropolitan area. The site is bounded by Ryrie, Bellarine and Swanston Streets. Opened as the Geelong Infirmary and Benevolent Asylum in 1852 on the Ryrie Street site, it treated 344 inpatients in its first year. By 1862 the number of patients treated had increased to 2450. By the 1890s the buildings were deeded obsolete, with proposals being made for the hospital's relocation to Eastern Park; this was blocked by the city council. By 1917 a public meeting was held calling for a new hospital, to be dedicated to the memory of Lord Kitchener. A building fund was set up, work started in October 1922; the Geelong and District Kitchener Memorial Hospital as it was known opened on March 13, 1924.
The original building consisted of a central administration block which remained until 2007, with wards branching off to each side. From 1927 the Gala Day festival in Geelong helped raise money for the hospital. Further additions to the buildings included the boiler house on Swanston Street, the Kardinia Ward along Bellarine Street in the 1920s, the Baxter House maternity hospital in 1954; the 1960s saw the Birdsey Wing built behind the existing buildings, with the 1980s seeing the demolition of the old western wards and their replacement with the Heath Wing containing the new emergency department and main entrance. The Dax House psychiatric ward was built at this time; the Andrew Love cancer centre was built in the early 1990s on the site of the older eastern wards. The Baxter House maternity hospital was closed in the late 1990s, being relocated into a redeveloped Dax House and renamed the Bellarine Centre; the psychiatric wards were moved into the former Swanston Street Primary School which had closed some years earlier.
The Geelong Private Hospital took over the empty Baxter House. The Andrew Love cancer centre was redeveloped during 2006, a new main entrance was provided to the hospital from Bellarine Street. A new administration office and emergency ward has been constructed on the Ryrie Street side of the hospital. In 2015, a new wing was opened atop the existing emergency and administration building to allow for further capacity in orthopaedic and oncology services. A helipad has been opened atop the new wing, allowing for quicker ambulance access to the hospital; as the only tertiary referral centre in regional Victoria, it provides service covering nearly all specialities, with the exception of organ transplant and neurosurgery. It has a primary catchment area of over 350,000 people, which a catchment area of over 500,000 for some specialities, it has a speciality catchment area from Werribee to the South Australia border. Medical Units General Medical Respiratory/Thoracic Infectious Disease Neurology/Stroke unit Endocinology/Diabetes Anaesthetology/Pain Management Palliative care Cardiology Intensive Care Emergency Department Gastroenterology Nephrology Oncology Maternity Services Paediatric Gynaecology Radiology/Nuclear medicine Rheumatology DermatologySurgical Units General Urology Vascular Plastics/Reconstructive Maxillofacial & Oral Otolaryngology Ophthalmology Orthopaedic Cardiothoracic Neurosurgery Acute Psychiatric Unit Has 406 acute hospital beds.
Barwon Health has a total 1016 beds. Patient stays resulted in over 167,000 Bed days in 2014-2015 Emergency Department sees over 62,000 patients a year Chairs in Medicine and Psychiatry with the University of Melbourne. Chairs in Medicine and Nursing with Deakin University Associated with the Gordon Institute of TAFE Division 2 nursing students. Peter Begg. Geelong - The First 150 Years. Globe Press. ISBN 0-9592863-5-7 The University of Melbourne, History of Medicine, Dentistry & Health Sciences at Melbourne - Geelong Hospital, Barwon Health Clinical School, unimelb.edu.au, http://www.chs.unimelb.edu.au/programs/jnmhu/umfm/biogs/FM00330b.htm, Accessed via Windows Internet Explorer 14 January 2007 Barwon Health, barwonhealth.org.au, Deakin University Nursing School, http://www.barwonhealth.org.au/about/NES/Documents/periop%20brochure.doc, Accessed via Windows Internet Explorer 14 January 2007 Barwon Health Annual Report 2014-2015, barwonhealth.org.au, https://www.barwonhealth.org.au/annual-reports/88-annual-report-2014-15/file, Accessed via Windows Internet Explorer 23 January 2017 Barwon Health
Anakie is a rural township between Geelong and Bacchus Marsh, Australia. At the 2016 census and the surrounding area had a population of 690; the town is divided between the City of Greater Geelong and Golden Plains Shire local government areas. The name is believed to be derived from'Anakie Youang', an expression in one of the local Australian Aboriginal languages, meaning'little hill' or'twin hills'; the nearby Brisbane Ranges National Park contains three hills known as The Anakies, as well as Mount Anakie. Anakie's industry consists of farms and vineyards. Fairy Park, a fairytale-themed amusement park overlooking the Anakie township, is a prominent local attraction; the town is a stopping off point for the Brisbane Ranges National Park. The town has an Australian rules football team competing in District Football League; the area was first settled by Europeans in 1842 when Frederick Griffin established his Anakie pastoral run. In the 1850s, Griffin subdivided some of the land along the Anakie Creek, which became a small village.
A Wesleyan school opened in 1858 and a Catholic school in 1859. The Post Office opened on 15 October 1858 By 1865 the town had a Presbyterian church. A Catholic church was established in 1871 followed by an Anglican church in 1891; the size of the farming lots were too small for most farmers to make a living, so consolidations occurred, which resulted in a drop in population. Residents in Anakie experienced severe bushfires on 22 January 2006 with fires spreading over 67 square kilometres of land and at least three homes being lost in conditions surpassing 42 °C. Narada Homestead, located at 130 Mount Road, dates from 1862 and is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register. Australian Places - Anakie Fairy Park
Geelong Grammar School
Geelong Grammar School is an independent Anglican co-educational boarding and day school. The school's main campus is located in Corio on the northern outskirts of Geelong, Australia, overlooking Corio Bay and Limeburners Bay. Established in 1855 under the auspices of the Church of England, Geelong Grammar School has a non-selective enrolment policy and caters for 1,500 students from Pre-school to Year 12, including 800 boarders from Years 5 to 12; the school's fees are the most expensive in Australia based on a comparison of Year 12 student fees. Geelong Grammar School is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia, the Australian Boarding Schools' Association, the Association of Heads of Independent Schools of Australia, the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria, is a founding member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria; the school is a member of the G20 Schools Group. The school has offered the International Baccalaureate since February 1997.
The school was founded in 1855 as a private diocesan school with the blessing of Bishop Perry by the Venerable Theodore Stretch, Archdeacon of Geelong, with an initial enrollment of fourteen boys. The school grew and in 1857 it was assigned £5,000 of a government grant for church schools by Bishop Perry, the foundation stone was laid for its own buildings and it was transformed into a public school; the school closed due to financial difficulties in 1860, only to reopen in 1863 with John Bracebridge Wilson, a master under the Revd George Vance, as head master. For many years Bracebridge Wilson ran the school at his own expense and through this time boarders came to compose the greater part of the student body. In 1875, James Lister Cuthbertson joined the staff as Classics master, he had a great influence upon the boys of the school and was much admired and loved by them in spite of his alcoholism. Upon the death of Bracebridge Wilson in 1895, Cuthbertson became acting head master until the appointment of Leonard Harford Lindon early in the next year.
Lindon ran the school for 15 years, but was never accepted by the old boys because he lacked the personal warmth with the boys, seen with Bracebridge Wilson and Cuthbertson. By the turn of the century the school was outgrowing its buildings in the centre of Geelong, so it was decided to move; the school council chose to open the head mastership to new applicants. Lindon reapplied but was rejected and the Revd Francis Ernest Brown was chosen as the new head master. In 1909, the school purchased a substantial amount of land in the rural Geelong suburb of Belmont, bounded by Thomson and Scott Streets, Roslyn Road. On 21 October 1910, chairman of the school, W. T. Manifold turned the first sod at the site of; these plans had faded by August 1911, when adjoining rural land was offered for sale as the Belmont Hill Estate. The school council judged that the adjacent suburban subdivision would work against their plans for a boarding school, not one catering for day boys; the decision was made to buy land on the opposite side of Geelong at Corio, the land at Belmont was sold for further residential subdivision.
At the end of 1913 the school left its old buildings near the centre of Geelong and opened at its expansive new site at Corio in February 1914. Brown put a greater emphasis on religion than his predecessors, the new isolated location with its own chapel was ideal for this. Upon Brown's retirement in 1929 the school council set out to find a 40-year-old married priest as the next head master, but they ended up choosing James Ralph Darling, a 30-year-old layman and bachelor; this proved to be a most successful choice and ushered in an era of creativity and massive expansion, following the purchase in 1927, of Bostock House, the Geelong Church of England Grammar Preparatory School in Newtown, Glamorgan Preparatory School in Toorak in 1928. Darling's boldest initiative was the starting of the Timbertop campus, in the foothills of the Victorian Alps near Mansfield, in 1953, he attracted many acclaimed in their fields to work as masters at the school, including the historian Manning Clark, the musician Sir William McKie, the artist Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack.
Thomas Ronald Garnett succeeded Darling in 1961. He took the school down a liberal path, most notably in early steps towards co-education, with girls from Geelong Church of England Girls' Grammar School "The Hermitage" taking certain classes at Corio by the early 1970s, but by making chapel non-compulsory. At the start of 1972, co-education was formally introduced when girls were accepted into the two senior years. Garnett was succeeded by the Hon. Charles Douglas Fisher, who continued the move towards co-education. In a staff meeting in which the votes for and against co-education were equal, he cast the deciding vote that led to the school accepting girls through all levels. In 1976, after a year of negotiations, GCEGS, GCEGGFS, "The Hermitage" and Clyde School amalgamated. Fisher died as the result of a car accident on the way to Timbertop for an end of year service in 1978. An interregnum of two years was followed by the appointment, in 1980, of John Elliot Lewis. Under the leadership of Lewis the school set about renovating the boarding and day houses to bring them up to more acceptable modern standards, there was a focus on improving academic results in addition to the rounded education offered.
In part, this was achieved through introducing timetable flexibility to allow able later-year high-school students to undertake Victorian Certificate of Educat
Deakin University is a public university in Victoria, Australia. Established in 1974 with the passage of the Deakin University Act 1974, the university was named after the second Prime Minister of Australia, Alfred Deakin, its main campuses are in Melbourne's Burwood suburb, Geelong Waurn Ponds, Geelong Waterfront and Warrnambool, as well as the online Cloud Campus. Deakin has learning centres in Dandenong and Werribee, all in the state of Victoria. Deakin is one of Australia's fastest growing research universities. 89 % of Deakin's research is rated above world class. Its combined research funding increased from A$4.5 million in 1997 to A$47.2 million in 2015. Deakin University was formally established in 1974 with the passage of the Deakin University Act 1974. Deakin was Victoria's fourth university, the first to be established in regional Victoria and the first to specialise in distance education. Deakin University's first campus was established at Waurn Ponds; the University was the result of a merger between State College of Victoria and the higher education courses of the Gordon Institute of Technology.
Deakin enrolled its first students at Waurn Ponds in 1977. The Burwood campus is on the site of the former Burwood Teachers' College, takes in the former sites of the Bennettswood Primary School and the Burwood Secondary School; the teachers' college conducted two-year training courses for Primary School teachers, three year courses for Infant Teachers. It provided live-on-site accommodation for country students; as part of the Dawkins education reforms that were announced in 1988 by the Commonwealth government, a merger with Warrnambool Institute of Advanced Education took place in 1990, followed by a merger with most of Victoria College in 1991, with its campuses in Burwood and Toorak. The Rusden Campus was closed in 2003 and all courses were transferred to the Melbourne Burwood campus. Rusden was subsequently acquired by Monash University for its student accommodation purposes; the former Toorak Campus, located in Malvern, was offered for sale in 2006 as the University considered the campus surplus to its requirements.
The courses and resources were relocated to the Melbourne Burwood campus in November 2007. As a Deakin campus, it was home to the Deakin Business School, Deakin University English Language Institute, the Melbourne Institute of Business and Technology, which have since relocated to the International Centre and Business Building at the Melbourne Burwood campus.. The main building on the site was the 116-year-old historic Stonnington Mansion The sale of Stonnington Mansion by Deakin provoked public outrage as it involved the mansion, at risk of redevelopment by property developers; the Stonnington Stables art gallery and the University's contemporary art collection were located here, but has since relocated to the Deakin University Art Gallery at the Melbourne Burwood campus. The University's action of offering the campus, including the mansion, provoked public outrage over the potential privatization of what had been public space. In December 2006, the three-mansion was sold for $33 million to a joint venture between Hamton Property Group and Industry Superannuation Property Trust.
The Deakin University Council is the governing body of the University and is chaired by the Chancellor, John Stanhope AM. Council is responsible for the general direction and oversight of the University and is publicly accountable for the University's actions; the Vice-Chancellor is responsible to Council. Professor Jane den Hollander is Vice-Chancellor and President of Deakin University and is Deakin's 6th Vice-Chancellor. Professor den Hollander is a cellular biologist turned university administrator and was Deputy Vice-Chancellor at Curtin University in Western Australia. 1977–1985 – Frederic Jevons 1986–1991 – Malcolm Skilbeck 1992–1996 – John A. Hay 1997–2002 – Geoff Wilson 2003–2010 – Sally Walker 2010–present – Jane den Hollander The University is divided into four faculties, covering arts and education and law, science and built environment. Within the Faculty of Arts and Education the three schools cover education, social sciences, humanities and the creative arts; the Institute of Koorie Education falls under the Faculty of Arts and Education.
The Faculty of Health has the School of Medicine, along with schools covering nursing and midwifery and nutrition sciences and incorporates subjects such as occupational therapy, social work, health economics into the School of Health and Social Development. The Deakin University School of Law and the Deakin Business School both fall under the Faculty of Business and Law, the Faculty of Science and Built Environment encompasses architecture, information technology and life and environmental sciences; the university has four research institutes: Alfred Deakin Institute, Institute for Frontier Materials, Institute for Intelligent Systems Research and Innovation and the Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition. Along with the research institutes, there are 13 strategic research centres: Deakin Motion. Lab – Centre for Creative Arts Research Centre for Innovation in Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Treatment Centre for Integrative Ecology Centre for Sport Research Centre for Chemistry and Biotechnology Centre for Cyber Security Research Centre for Quality and Patient Safety Research Centre for Regional and Rural Futures Centre for Pattern Recognition and Data Analytics Centre for Social and Early Emotional Development Centre for Population Health Research Centre for Molecular and Me
Wandana Heights, Victoria
Wandana Heights is a residential suburb of Geelong, Australia. Suburban development of the suburb commenced in the 1980s which due to the current high property prices in Australia, the fluctuation of prices in previous years housing development has been sporadic with periods where there has been no new constructions, punctuated with occasional spurts. Another factor affecting the growth of the area is the monetary value for plots, higher than the neighbouring suburb of Highton due to the expansive views of the surrounding district. Facilities include the Wandana Heights Reserve, with tennis courts, a playground, ubiquitous football oval. Drewan Park is in the suburb, with a lookout which provides a panoramic view of Geelong, Corio Bay and the surrounding districts. In 2008 extensive works were underway as part of the Geelong Ring Road
Avalon is a locality situated north east of Geelong, Victoria. Its local government area is the City of Greater Geelong and its Ward is Windermere, it is located on the northern shore of Corio Bay to the southwest of the state's capital city of Melbourne. Avalon is notable for Avalon Airport, the site of the biennial Avalon International Airshow, the largest of its kind in the southern hemisphere. Although located on the outskirts of Geelong, the airport operates as a second airport for the much larger city of Melbourne. In 2005 businessman Lindsay Fox launched plans to attract Australia's first Disneyland theme park to the area. A Direct Factory Outlets shopping centre has been proposed for the area; when established in 2004, Jetstar Airways had its headquarters on the grounds of Avalon Airport in Avalon, but has since relocated to the Melbourne CBD. Major industry in the area includes a factory producing concrete railway sleepers, the Cheetham Saltworks. Avalon State School opened on 7 June 1913 and closed on 6 March 1950.
The land was resumed by the Commonwealth Government for the airport, while the building and residence were moved to Corio Primary School. In the 2016 Census, there were 293 people in Avalon. 69.9% of people were born in Australia and 71.7% of people only spoke English at home. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 48.7%. Avalon Raceway is a dirt track racing venue located in the area. In 2010 the Confederation of Australian Motor Sport was granted funding for a feasibility study to build a world class motorsports facility in the area, with the $200 million race circuit intended to become the home of the Australian Formula 1 Grand Prix after the contract to host the race at Albert Park expires in 2015; however this did not eventuate. Avalon Raceway Avalon Airport Australian Places - Avalon