SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hijab

A hijab (. The term can refer to any head, face, or body covering worn by Muslim women that conforms to Islamic standards of modesty. Hijab can refer to the seclusion of women from men in the public sphere, or it may denote a metaphysical dimension, for example referring to "the veil which separates man or the world from God."In the Qur'an, other classical Arabic texts the term khimār was used to denote a headscarf, ḥijāb was used to denote a partition, a curtain, or was used for the Islamic rules of modesty and dress for both males and females. In its traditional form, it is worn by women to maintain privacy from unrelated males. According to the Encyclopedia of Islam and Muslim World, modesty in the Quran concerns both men's and women's "gaze, gait and genitalia." The Qur'an instructs Muslim women to dress modestly. Some Islamic legal systems define this type of modest clothing as covering everything except the face, hands up to wrists, feet; these guidelines are found in texts of hadith and fiqh developed after the revelation of the Qur'an but, according to some, are derived from the verses referencing hijab in the Qur'an.

Some believe that the Qur `. In the Qur ` an, the term hijab refers to a curtain in the literal or metaphorical sense; the verse where it is used is understood to refer to the curtain separating visitors to Muhammad's house from his wives' lodgings. This had led some to argue that the mandate of the Qur'an to wear hijab applied to the wives of Muhammad, not women generally. In recent times, wearing hijab in public has been required by law in Saudi Arabia and the Indonesian province of Aceh. Other countries, both in Europe and in the Muslim world, have passed laws banning some or all types of hijab in public or in certain types of locales. Women in different parts of the world have experienced unofficial pressure to wear or not wear hijab; the Quran instructs both Muslim men and women to dress in a modest way, but there is disagreement on how these instructions should be interpreted. The verses relating to dress use the terms jilbāb rather than ḥijāb. In the Quran, there are over 6,000 verses and only about half a dozen refer to the way a woman should dress or walk in public.

The clearest verse on the requirement of modest dress is surah 24:31, telling women to guard their private parts and draw their khimār over their bosoms. And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their private parts. In Surah 33:59 Muhammad is commanded to ask his family members and other Muslim women to wear outer garments when they go out, so that they are not harassed: O Prophet! Enjoin your wives, your daughters, the wives of true believers that they should cast their outer garments over their persons: That is most convenient, that they may be distinguished and not be harassed; the Islamic commentators agree this verse refers to sexual harassment of women of Medina. It is seen to refer to a free woman, for which Tabari cites Ibn Abbas. Ibn Kathir states that the jilbab distinguishes free Muslim women from those of Jahiliyyah, so other men know they are free women and not slavegirls or whores, indicating covering oneself doesn't apply to non-Muslims, he cites Sufyan al-Thawri as commenting that while it may be seen as permitting to look upon non-Muslim women who adorn themselves, it is not allowed in order to avoid lust.

Al-Qurtubi concurs with Tabari about this ayah being for those. He reports, he cites the Sahabah as saying it is no longer than a rida. He reports a minority view which considers the niqab or head-covering as jilbab. Ibn Arabi considered that excessive covering would make it impossible for a woman to be recognised which the verse mentions, though both Qurtubi and Tabari agree that the word recognition is about distinguishing free women; some scholars like Ibn Hayyan, Ibn Hazm and Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani questioned the ayah's common explanation. Hayyan believed that "believing women" referred to both free women and slaves as the latter are bound to more entice lust and their exclusion is not indicated. Hazm too believed that it covered Muslim slaves as it would violate the law of not molesting a slave or fornication with her like that with a free woman, he stated. The word ḥijāb in the Quran refers not to women's clothing, but rather a spatial partition or curtain. Sometimes its use is literal, as in the verse which refers to the screen that separated Muhammad's wives from the visitors to his house, while in other cases the word denotes separation between deity and mortals and righteous, believers and unbelievers, and

Asmir KolaĊĦinac

Asmir Kolašinac is a Serbian shot putter who competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and 2012 London Olympics. In 2013 Kolašinac was European Indoor Champion in shot put, he is coached by Mišo Đurić and Nikola Tomasović. Kolašinac was a finalist at the 2010 European Athletics Championships, where he placed ninth overall, he has competed for Serbia in indoor track and field events, including the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships and the 2011 European Athletics Indoor Championships. Outside of major competitions, he won silver medals for Serbia at the 2010 European Cup Winter Throwing meet and at the second league levels of the 2010 and 2011 European Team Championships, he achieved a personal best throw of 20.50 m in Novi Sad in June 2011, becoming the first Serbian track and field athlete to achieve the "A" Standard for the 2012 London Olympic Games. He uses the spin technique, he improved his best to 20.64 m at the 2012 Gugl Indoor Meeting in Germany in February. In Olympic final he was placed 7th with a throw 20.71 m.

At the 2012 European Championship he won a bronze medal, at the 2013 European Indoor Championship he became European Champion and at the 2015 European Indoor Championship he won silver. These are the greatest achievements in his career so far. In addition to shot putting at personal best of 21.58 m outdoors, he has set a personal best throw of 63.18 m in the javelin. Kolašinac is an ethnic Bosniak, practising Muslim, his parents and Muradija, lived in Skopje where he was born, but returned to their hometown of Sjenica in southwestern Serbia. He is a supporter of FK Partizan, he is studying at the University of Sport and Physical Education in Sarajevo. Serbian records in athletics Asmir Kolašinac at World Athletics Asmir Kolašinac at the International Olympic Committee Asmir Kolašinac at Olympics at Sports-Reference.com "OTAC KOLAŠINCA: Jedva čekamo našeg zlatnog sina!". "Колашинац и Томашевићева атлетичари године". "У атлетици нема посла ни за најбољег"

2012 France rugby union tour of Argentina

In June 2012, France toured Argentina to play two Tests against the Pumas. The French tour was one in a series of tours by northern teams to be hosted by southern hemisphere nations; the previous French tour of Argentina took place in 2010 as part of a global Two Test tour of South Africa and Argentina, where France lost to both nations. France's last winning tour of Argentina dated back to 1998 when the touring side claimed victory in both Tests. Since France had an overall losing record against Argentina with 5 wins and 7 losses. No mid-week fixture had been planned for this tour, however most of the French squad, styled for the occasion as the "XV du Président", played a warm-up fixture against a team hand-picked by Serge Betsen, a former France international, for his jubilee; the series was drawn Argentina winning the first test and France the second. Argentina and France's next encounter took place on 17 November 2012 on French soil as part of the 2012 end of year tests. France claimed another victory against their old foes.

Argentina experienced a strong start in the 2011 Rugby World Cup with a rather successful pool stage, finishing runners-up to England with three wins and a narrow loss to England. However the Pumas were unable to capitalise on it when they met future World Champions the All Blacks in the quarter-finals, losing 33-10. France, on the other hand, experienced a rather slow start in the competition with two wins and two losses, finishing runners-up to New Zealand on the virtue of a greater tally of bonus points than Tonga; however France produced a stronger showing in the knock-out stages, beating England in the quarter-finals, Wales in the semi-finals and losing with the narrowest of margins to New Zealand in the final. Due to the World Cup neither team played any Test in the 2011 end of year tests. On 2 January 2012 France was ranked 3rd in the IRB World Rankings while Argentina stood in the 7th place. France experienced a disappointing 2012 Six Nations Championship with two wins, two losses and a draw, finishing 4th overall.

As a result on 2 April France had dropped to the 6th place in the IRB Rankings while Argentina remained on the 7th spot. As part of Italy's Summer Tour of Americas and prior to the arrival of the French team, Argentina played a Test against Italy on Saturday 9 June in San Juan. Argentina won the game 37-22. Before the first test between France and Argentina they remained on the 6th and 7th spot in the IRB Rankings. 6 players from the XV du Président were not included in the French squad that toured Argentina. Arnaud Héguy, Yannick Forestier, Alexandre Flanquart, Damien Chouly, Florian Cazenave and Henry Chavancy replaced Christopher Tolofua, Vincent Debaty, Yoann Maestri and Christophe Samson, Louis Picamoles, Morgan Parra and Wesley Fofana and Florian Fritz, on club duty for the Top 14 playoffs. Brice Dulin, Romain Taofifenua, Christopher Tolofua and Yvan Watremez made their full international debuts for France in this match. Rodrigo Baez made his full international debut for Argentina in this match.

With this match Argentina extended their winning streak at home against France to 5 games and 10 years and overcame them in the IRB Rankings. Facundo Barrea made his full international debut for Argentina in this match. Maxime Machenaud and Christophe Samson made their full international debuts for France in this match. France won the Series, tied 1-1, on points difference. With this victory France ended a 14-year timespan without a win against the Pumas on Argentinian soil, the previous victorious Test dating back to 28 June 1998, once again overcame Argentina in the IRB Rankings. Philippe Saint-André announced his 28-man France squad for the June tour to Argentina. Several key faces were rested, including captain Thierry Dusautoir. Caps updated before the June tour. Ages are as of the first Test on 16 June. Head Coach: Philippe Saint-André Note: Flags indicate national union for the club/province as defined by World Rugby