Hilary Ann Swank is an American actress and film producer. She is the recipient of numerous awards for her career, including two Academy Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, two Critics' Choice Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award. Swank made her film debut with a minor role in Buffy the Vampire Slayer, before receiving her breakthrough role in the fourth installment of The Karate Kid franchise, The Next Karate Kid. On television, she starred as Carly Reynolds on the eighth season of the Fox teen drama Beverly Hills, 90210. Swank received widespread critical acclaim for her performance as Brandon Teena, a trans man in the biographical drama film Boys Don't Cry, for which she received her first Academy Award for Best Actress and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. For her portrayal of Maggie Fitzgerald in Clint Eastwood's sports drama film Million Dollar Baby, Swank received her second Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress. Swank has starred in other films, including The Gift, The Core, Iron Jawed Angels, Red Dust, The Reaping, P.
S. I Love You, Freedom Writers, Conviction, New Year's Eve, The Homesman, You're Not You, Logan Lucky. In 2018, she portrayed Gail Getty on the FX television series Trust. Hilary Ann Swank was born on July 30, 1974, in Lincoln, the younger of two children, her mother, Judy Kay, was a secretary and dancer, her father, Stephen Michael Swank, was a Chief Master Sergeant in the Oregon Air National Guard and a traveling salesman. She has a brother, eight years her senior. Many of Swank's family members are from Iowa, her maternal grandmother, Frances Martha Clough, was born in El Centro and was of Mexican descent. Swank's paternal grandmother was born in England; the surname "Swank" "Schwenk", is of German origin. After living in Spokane, Swank's family moved into a home near Lake Samish in Bellingham, when Swank was six, she attended Happy Valley Elementary School, Fairhaven Middle School Sehome High School in Bellingham until she was 16. She competed in the Junior Olympics and the Washington state championships in swimming, she ranked fifth in the state in all-around gymnastics.
Swank made her first appearance on stage. When she was 15, her parents separated, her mother, supportive of her daughter's desire to act, moved with her to Los Angeles, where they lived out of their car until Swank's mother saved enough money to rent an apartment. Swank has called her mother the inspiration for her life. In California, Swank enrolled in South Pasadena High School dropping out, she described her time at South Pasadena High School. I didn't feel. I didn't belong in any way. I didn't feel like the teachers wanted me there. I just felt like I wasn't seen or understood." She explained that she became an actor because she felt like an outsider, "As a kid I felt that I belonged only when I read a book or saw a movie, could get involved with a character. It was natural that I became an actor because I longed so much to be those other people, or at least to play them." Swank made her film debut in the 1992 comedy horror film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, playing a small role, after which she acted in the direct-to-video drama Quiet Days in Hollywood, where she co-starred with Chad Lowe, who would become her husband for a time.
Her first leading film role was in the fourth installment of the Karate Kid series, The Next Karate Kid, which utilized her gymnastics background and paired her with Pat Morita. In 1994, she starred in the drama Cries Unheard: The Donna Yaklich Story, as the abused step-daughter, protected by Donna. In 1995, she appeared with British actor Bruce Payne in Kounterfeit. In 1996, she starred in family drama Terror in the Family, as a troubled teenager. In September 1997, Swank played single mother Carly Reynolds in Beverly Hills, 90210 and was promised it would be a two-year role, but saw her character written out after 16 episodes in January 1998. Swank stated that she was devastated at being cut from the show, thinking, "If I'm not good enough for 90210, I'm not good enough for anything." The firing from Beverly Hills, 90210 freed her to audition for the role of Brandon Teena in Boys Don't Cry. To prepare for the role, Swank reduced her body fat to seven percent. Many critics hailed her work as the best female performance of 1999 and her work won her the Golden Globe Award and Academy Award for Best Actress.
Swank had earned only $75 per day for her work on the film, culminating in a total of $3,000. Her earnings were so low that she had not earned enough to qualify for health insurance. Swank again won the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress for playing a female boxer in Clint Eastwood's 2004 film Million Dollar Baby, a role for which she underwent extensive training in the ring and weight room, aided by professional trainer Grant L. Roberts, gaining 19 pounds of muscle. With her second Oscar, she had joined the ranks of Vivien Leigh, Sally Field and Luise Rainer as the only actresses to have been nominated for Academy Awards for Best Actress twice and won both times. After winning her second Oscar, she said, "I don't know. I'm just a girl from a trailer park who had a dream."In 2006, Swank signed a thr
Bryan J. Cuevas is an American Tibetologist and historian of religion, he is John F. Priest Professor of Religion and Director of Buddhist and Tibetan Studies at Florida State University, where he specializes in Tibetan Buddhist history and culture, his research focuses on Tibetan history and historiography and biographical literature, Buddhist popular religion, the literary history of death narratives and death-related practices, the politics of magic and ritual power in premodern Tibetan societies, from the eleventh through the early eighteenth centuries. Cuevas was born in Georgia, he received his B. A. degree in Philosophy in 1989 from Emory University, his M. A. and Ph. D. degrees in History of Religions and Buddhist and Tibetan Studies from the University of Virginia. In addition to his current position at FSU, Cuevas has been a Member of the Institute For Advanced Study and has held visiting appointments at the University of California and Princeton University, he has served on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Academy of Religion and has been book review editor for the Journal of the International Association of Tibetan Studies.
His work has received fellowship support from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Center for the Study of Religion at Princeton University, the American Institute of Indian Studies. The All-Pervading Melodious Drumbeat: The Life of Ra Lotsawa. Translation with introduction and notes. New York: Penguin Classics, 2015. Travels in the Netherworld: Buddhist Popular Narratives of Death and the Afterlife in Tibet. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008; the Buddhist Dead: Practices, Representations. Co-edited with Jacqueline I. Stone. Kuroda Studies in East Asian Buddhism Series 20. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2007. Power and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Co-edited with Kurtis R. Schaeffer. Leiden: Brill, 2006; the Hidden History of the Tibetan Book of the Dead. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003
Enrico Alberto d'Albertis was an Italian navigator, philologist and philanthropist. His cousin Luigi Maria d'Albertis was an explorer and naturalists. Born at Voltri, now part of Genoa, d'Albertis enlisted in the Royal Italian Navy and took part in the Battle of Lissa, he served on the battleships Ancona and Formidabile. He moved to the Merchant Navy, was the commander of Emilia, the lead ship of the first Italian convoy in the Suez Canal. Starting from 1874, he dedicated his life to yachting. After founding the first Italian Yacht Club in 1879, he recreated Christopher Columbus' journey to San Salvador by sailing two cutters, the Violante and the Corsaro, using nautical instruments he had handcrafted, modeled on the ones used by Columbus. In addition, D'Albertis traveled around the world three times, circumnavigated Africa once, carried out archaeological digs with Arturo Issel. During World War I, he patrolled as a volunteer in Tyrrhenian Sea. D'Albertis designed the Castello d'Albertis, his residence in Genoa, where he showed his personal collection, among the others, weapons from his trips to Malaysia, Turkey and Spain.
Some rooms were in typical yachts design. D'Albertis died at Genoa in 1932, his castle and collections were donated to the city of Genoa, who turned them into the Museum of World Cultures. The figure of the captain d'Albertis was that of an original person, animated by a taste for challenges and exploration. In 1872 at only twenty-six years of age he traveled the distance between his city and Turin using a wooden velocipede with metal wheels. Around the same time, the journey between the Ligurian capital and Nice was covered on foot and in record time, his first trip around the world - which would open a series of memorable circumnavigations in the Mediterranean Sea and along the coasts of Europe - did it in 1877. The crossing that would have made him famous in the world of navigators organized it in 1891, the year before the four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America by Cristoforo Colombo. In twenty-seven days of navigation, using the same equipment used by his great predecessor, he reached the coasts of San Salvador.
The jump from the island of Caribbean to New York, to receive the official greeting of the US authorities, was brief. The journey back to the old continent was not as comfortable for d'Albertis as it had been, after all, the one going, although it happened on one of the four school ships of the Naval Academy of Livorno that were at anchor in the bay of San Lorenzo; the ship on which the captain was staying, in fact, ran into a storm that caused waves ten meters high while he was off the island of Terranova and only after a few days of navigation he managed to get out of the storm. Returning to his city, d'Albertis began to frequent the group of explorers and naturalists who had gathered around the Marquis Giacomo Doria. An explorer, but a scientist at home, he conducted excavation campaigns with Arturo Issel in some of the many caves of which Liguria was and still is scattered. A suggestive - and reliable - description of Captain Enrico Alberto d'Albertis, is that provided by the unknown chronicler of Caffaro - one of the most sold Genoese newspapers in Genoa at the end of the nineteenth century - who had the privilege of visiting the Castello d'Albertis residence for the first time, meeting the explorer.
Thus the chronicler - the author of a vignette depicting the captain - recalls the meeting in the supplement to the Caffaro on 1 May 1892: The Captain of Albertis... is one of the most beautiful sailor figures I have known. He was dressed in this way, of a leather jacket of seal and with the cap of wool, a day of snow in which, struck down by wind and frozen by cold, he hosted me at Monte Galletto. Large, the skin tanned by long cruises, the bushy and bristly beard, the hair abandoned in a nice nonchalance, the eyebrows are thick and their two eyes are bright, and he adds: Of few words, frank, at times rude, it abandons all the conventional offshoots of the label, but by approaching it one cannot unless one appreciates that frank and loyal character, from which all the raw sturdiness of the sea. In all his writings he reveals an extraordinary competence in the things of the sea, of the needs of our military and merchant marine, of our businesses. D'Albertis in his travels collected a important collection of weapons from Malaysia, Turkey and Spain: spears, crossbows of every kind and size, many costumes and an infinite number of exotic tools, now collected in Museum of World Cultures of Genoa.
In this case the anonymous chronicler of the Caffaro'is of help', who recalls that to arouse his curiosity, during a visit to the Castle of Albertis, were in particular a dried siren"and a"gong". «The art beautiful and dazzling - the chronicler adds - is represented by " Colombo Giovinetto " by Giulio Monterverde and archeology from the armor of Fabrizio del Carretto of Ithodio magistro. » Tenacior catenis is the motto of captain Enrico d'Albertis, who on the summit of Monte Galletto, in just over two years, raised - continues the prose of Caffaro - "th