Moonnam Mura is a 1988 Indian Malayalam- language action adventure thriller film directed by K. Madhu and written by S. N. Swamy. Starring Mohanlal, Suresh Gopi, Lalu Alex and Mukesh; the plot deals with a terrorist group kidnapping a group of political individuals who were vacationing, the followed up rescue operation of the police led by Ali Imran. The film was one of the highest-grossing Malayalam films of the year, had a record opening day collection, it did good business in the neighboring states Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, running for over 150 and 100 days respectively. Moonnam Mura was remade in Telugu titled Magadu. A group of high-ranking political officials are on a trip when their bus is hijacked by a group of terrorists headed by Charles, they demand the release of their old colleagues languishing in prison in exchange for safe release of the politicians. DIG Menon is handling the negotiations. Soon things start getting out of control and couple of hostages are killed. That's. Ali is an ex cop who quit the police force out of disgust due to the unfair treatment meted out to him while he was in the force.
This decision is met with some opposition from the Chief of police and his son in law as their politics and attitude prompted Ali to leave the force. Though unwilling at first but after persuaded by DIG Menon, Ali decides to go ahead with the rescue mission. After careful surveillance Ali along with a couple of his friends is able to sneak into the palace where the hostages are bundled up and manages to rescue them and finish off Charles in the end. Moonnam Mura was one of the highest-grossing Malayalam films of the year; the film had a large pre-release hype. On the release day at Jose theatre, Thrissur, 15 people were injured and one died due to mass rush for the film. Moonnam Mura on IMDb
Paliath Achan or Paliyath Achan is the name given to the oldest male member of the Paliam family, a Nair Menon chieftain family from the Indian state of Kerala that figured prominently in the history of the region. The Paliath Achans were hereditary prime ministers to the Rajah of Kingdom of Cochin from 1632 to 1809 and second only to the Rajah in power and wealth in the central Cochin area during that period, their rise was so prominent that the common saying in Cochin became "kochiyil pathi paliyam" meant that half of Cochin belonged to the Paliam family. Paliath Achan was a considerable land owner, one of the largest in the state. Historical records show that the Paliath Achans became major players in Kerala history with the arrival of the Portuguese. In recognition of the Paliath Achan's services, the Kochi Rajah granted him Vypin Island. At about the period, the land of Villarvattom came into his possession as well. In 1681, the Kochi Raja conferred upon him, the title of Sarvadhyakshan, in 1731, the Paliath Komi Achan was appointed to the post of Prime Minister of the Kochi Raja.
Around 1775, the position of the Paliath Achan was recorded by the Dutch as follows: Paliath Achans have figured in many battles against colonial rulers such as the British, staged numerous rebellions for the benefit of the downtrodden in society. The family home Palace is located in Ernakulam district. After the passing of the Land Reform Ordinance, the family lost a lot of land; the ordinance set a ceiling on how much land an family could own. As a result, the family wealth and property was partitioned in 1952; the number of members at the time of partition was 213 and the deed was registered in 1956. In addition to being the largest Joint-Hindu family, the deed was the biggest partition deed of Travancore-Cochin/Kerala; as of 1999, there were 443 members. The family follows matrilineal system. Female members of the family are wed to Namboothiri Brahmins, members of the Cochin Royal family, members of other Royal Families of erstwhile Travancore and Malabar areas, members of other prominent Nair tharavads.
Palakkad royal family head was known by the title Achan. The origins of the Paliam family are not clear. One view is that the Paliam family is descended from the Villarvattom Royal family in Chendamangalam; the family traces its lineage to Kunjikaavu and Kochukutty, two sisters from the town of Elamkunnapuzha who were married into Villarvattom. All members of the Paliam family fall into one of two lineages; the other view is that the Paliam family is linked to the Cochin royal family or Perumpadappu Swarupam. It is thought that when the last Perumal departed, the Chera kingdom of Mahodayapuram split with one segment leaving for Vanneri near Chowghat, it is thought that the powerful feudal chieftain, Paliath Achan left with this segment. Until a "Paliam Parambu" was found there. Quite Paliath Achan moved with the Perumpadappu Swarupam to Thiruvanchikulam due to the Zamorin's invasion; the flood of 1341 brought the Perumpaddappu Swaroopam to Kochi, Paliath Achan may have moved with them as well. The main family tharavadu is 450 years old.
The Kovilakam houses a large number of artefacts including ancient documents, religious sacraments, swords and gifts brought by foreign dignitaries. Several other buildings, like the Paliath Achan's Kovilakam exist adjacent to the tharavadu; the buildings in the area date anywhere from 60 to 300 years. Today few paliath family members are there in thrissur; the Zamorin invaded Cochin in 1757. Due to the diplomatic efforts of the Paliath Achan, the Kingdom of Cochin was saved. During Hyder Ali's conquest of the south of India in 1776, the Paliath Achan was able to effect a treaty between Hyder Ali and the Cochin Raja. In 1808, the British were trying to create divisions between the Raja of Kochi's men, they had succeeded in getting the support of Nadavarambu Kunhikrishna Menon. Paliath Govindan Achan was provoked by this, he took with him 600 Nair soldiers and attacked the headquarters of Colonel Macaulay, the British Resident, forced to flee. Following the attack, Paliath Achan and his men set free prisoners.
The Paliath Achan joined the Travancore alliance of Velu Thampi Dalawa. During 1809 and 1810, Paliath Achan, allied with Velu Thampi Dalawa, fought the British on Travancore soil. However, the British Divide and Rule policy succeeded in isolating him from the rest of the alliance, his family threatened by the British, due to his defeat, the Paliath Achan was forced to surrender, defected to the British side. After the rebellion, the British deported him to Madras, where he was kept prisoner at Fort St. George for 12 years, he was taken to Bombay and remained a prisoner there for 13 years passing away at Benares 1832. Paliath Govindan Achan was the last Paliath Achan to occupy the position of Prime Minister in the Kingdom of Cochin. Another notable Paliath Achan includes Komi Achan I. Komi Achan I resisted the attempts by the Portuguese to impose their power on the Cochin Family, he allied himself with the Dutch. He supported the Dutch against the Portuguese. In recognition of his efforts, the Dutch built him a palace at Chendamangalam.
Between 1730 and 1740 the status of the Cochin kingdom dwindled due consolidation of power in Travancore under Marthanda Varma combined with the waning influence of the Dutch and a large-scale invasion by the Zamorin from the north. Paliath
Government of Kerala
The Government of Kerala headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram is a democratically elected body that governs the Indian State of Kerala. The state government is headed by the Governor of Kerala as the nominal head of state, with a democratically elected Chief Minister as real head of the executive; the state government maintains its capital at Thiruvananthapuram and is seated at the Kerala Government Secretariat or the Hajur Kutcheri. The Government of Kerala was formed on November 1, 1956 after merging of State of Travancore-Cochin with the Malabar district of the Madras state as part of States Reorganisation Act, 1956; the Governor is appointed by the President for a term of five years. The executive and legislative powers lie with the Chief Minister and his council of ministers, who are appointed by the Governor; the Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment.
Governors discharge all constitutional functions such as the appointment of the Chief Minister, sending reports to the President about failure of constitutional machinery in a state, or with respect to issues relating to the assent to a bill passed by legislature, exercise or their own opinion. P Sathasivam is the present governor; the Governor enjoys many different types of powers: Executive powers related to administration and removals. Legislative powers related to the state legislature. Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor; the legislature comprises the governor and the legislative assembly, the highest political organ in state. The governor has the power to close the same. All members of the legislative assembly are directly elected once in every five years by the eligible voters who are above 18 years of age; the current assembly consists of 140 elected members and one member nominated by the governor from the Anglo-Indian Community. The elected members select one of its own members as its chairman, called the speaker.
The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker, elected by the members. The conduct of meeting in the house is the responsibility of the Speaker; the main function of the assembly is to pass rules. Every bill passed by the house has to be approved by the governor before it becomes applicable; the normal term of the legislative assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. But while a proclamation of state of emergency is in operation, the said period will be extended by Parliament by Laws for a period not exceeding one year at a time; the High Court of Kerala is the apex court for the state. It is a court of record and has all the powers of such a court including the authority to punish an individual for contempt of court. Like all other High Courts of India, this court consists of a Chief Justice and other judges who are appointed by the President of India. At present, the sanctioned Judge strength of the High Court of Kerala is 27 Permanent Judges including the Chief Justice H.
L. Dattu and two additional judges; every judge including the Chief Justice is appointed by the President of India by Warrant under his hand and seal. Every permanent and additional judge will continue in office until the age of 62; the High Court of Kerala is located in Kochi and there are courts in every district centres and some municipal centres. Like in other Indian states, the Executive arm of the state is responsible for the day-to-day management of the state, it consists of the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers. The Chief Minister and the council of ministers have been appointed by the governor. Governor summons dissolves the legislature, he can close the legislative assembly on the recommendations by the Chief Minister. Judiciary has been separated from the executive in Kerala like other Indian states; the executive authority is headed by the Chief Minister of Kerala, the de facto head of state and is vested with most of the executive powers. The present Chief Minister is Pinarayi Vijayan, who took office on 25 May 2016.
The winning party decides the chief minister. In many cases, the party focuses a chief ministerial candidate during the election; the Council of Ministers, which answers to the Legislative Assembly, has its members appointed by the Governor. They are collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the State; the winning party and its chief minister chooses the ministers list and submit the list for the Governor's approval. Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 27 revenue divisions,14 District Panchayats, 75 taluks, 152 CD blocks, 1453 revenue villages, 978 Gram panchayats, 6 corporations and 60 municipalities; the business of the state government is transacted through the various secretariat departments based on the rules of business. Each department consists of secretary to government, the official head of the department and such other under secretaries, junior secretaries and staffs subordinate to him/her; the Chief secretary superintending control over the whole secretariat and staff attached to the ministers.
The department is further divided into sections, each of, under the charge of a section officer. Apart from these sections, dealing with the subjects allotted to them, there are other offices sections, assigned with specific duties; when there is more than one secretary in a department, there shall be a clear s
Painting is the practice of applying paint, color or other medium to a solid surface. The medium is applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives and airbrushes, can be used; the final work is called a painting. Painting is an important form in the visual arts, bringing in elements such as drawing, composition, narration, or abstraction. Paintings can be naturalistic and representational, abstract, symbolistic, emotive, or political in nature. A portion of the history of painting in both Eastern and Western art is dominated by religious art. Examples of this kind of painting range from artwork depicting mythological figures on pottery, to Biblical scenes Sistine Chapel ceiling, to scenes from the life of Buddha or other images of Eastern religious origin. In art, the term painting describes the result of the action; the support for paintings includes such surfaces as walls, canvas, glass, pottery, leaf and concrete, the painting may incorporate multiple other materials including sand, paper, gold leaf, as well as objects.
Color, made up of hue and value, dispersed over a surface is the essence of painting, just as pitch and rhythm are the essence of music. Color is subjective, but has observable psychological effects, although these can differ from one culture to the next. Black is associated with mourning in the West; some painters, theoreticians and scientists, including Goethe and Newton, have written their own color theory. Moreover, the use of language is only an abstraction for a color equivalent; the word "red", for example, can cover a wide range of variations from the pure red of the visible spectrum of light. There is not a formalized register of different colors in the way that there is agreement on different notes in music, such as F or C♯. For a painter, color is not divided into basic and derived colors. Painters deal with pigments, so "blue" for a painter can be any of the blues: phthalocyanine blue, Prussian blue, Cobalt blue, so on. Psychological and symbolical meanings of color are not speaking, means of painting.
Colors only add to the potential, derived context of meanings, because of this, the perception of a painting is subjective. The analogy with music is quite clear—sound in music is analogous to "light" in painting, "shades" to dynamics, "coloration" is to painting as the specific timbre of musical instruments is to music; these elements do not form a melody of themselves. Modern artists have extended the practice of painting to include, as one example, which began with Cubism and is not painting in the strict sense; some modern painters incorporate different materials such as sand, straw or wood for their texture. Examples of this are the works of Anselm Kiefer. There is a growing community of artists who use computers to "paint" color onto a digital "canvas" using programs such as Adobe Photoshop, Corel Painter, many others; these images can be printed onto traditional canvas. Jean Metzinger's mosaic-like Divisionist technique had its parallel in literature. I make a kind of chromatic versification and for syllables I use strokes which, variable in quantity, cannot differ in dimension without modifying the rhythm of a pictorial phraseology destined to translate the diverse emotions aroused by nature.
Rhythm, for artists such as Piet Mondrian, is important in painting as it is in music. If one defines rhythm as "a pause incorporated into a sequence" there can be rhythm in paintings; these pauses allow creative force to intervene and add new creations—form, coloration. The distribution of form, or any kind of information is of crucial importance in the given work of art, it directly affects the aesthetic value of that work; this is because the aesthetic value is functionality dependent, i.e. the freedom of perception is perceived as beauty. Free flow of energy, in art as well as in other forms of "techne", directly contributes to the aesthetic value. Music was important to the birth of abstract art, since music is abstract by nature—it does not try to represent the exterior world, but expresses in an immediate way the inner feelings of the soul. Wassily Kandinsky used musical terms to identify his works. Kandinsky theorized that "music is the ultimate teacher," and subsequently embarked upon the first seven of his ten Compositions.
Hearing tones and chords as he painted, Kandinsky theorized that, yellow is the color of middle C on a brassy trumpet. In 1871 the young Kandinsky learned to play the cello. Kandinsky's stage design for a performance of Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition" illustrates his "synaesthetic" concept of a universal correspondence of forms and musical sounds. Music d
Thrippunithura or Tripunithura is a prominent historical and residential region in the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. Located about 8 km from the city centre, Tripunithura was the capital of the erstwhile Kingdom of Cochin; the descendants of the Cochin royal family still live here. The Hill Palace situated in Tripunithura was the palace of Maharaja of Cochin, the ruler of Kingdom of Cochin. In local administration, it is a municipality named Tripunithura Municipality. In the state administrative structure, Tripunithura is part of the Ernakulam District in the state of Kerala; some latter day Sanskrit enthusiasts ascribe the origin of the name to "Poorna Veda Puri" - the town of Vedas in its entirety. Another possible origin to name comes from the meaning "the land on the shores of Poorna river" above doesn't give sense. Thirupunithra = Thiru punitha thara means land which holiness..and pooni refers to the bag used to carry arrows The'Raja nagari' or the royal city is one of the most prominent centers of traditional Kerala cultural heritage.
The erstwhile rulers of Kingdom of Cochin were great patrons of art. This made fine arts and architecture flourish under them in many ways; the town is a prominent centre of learning for classical arts like Carnatic music and Mohiniyattam besides percussion instruments like mridangam and maddalam. Much of this is facilitated by the RLV College of Music and Fine Arts was established here in 1956. Another center of learning is Kalmandalam. Tripunithura has many dedicated centers for stage performances and promotion of art. Poornathrayesa Temple Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple Muthukulangara Temple Pisharikovil Temple Poonithura Sree Subrahmanya Swami Temple There are a few choices in the market area, but in general Tripunithura does not have too wide a selection of restaurants and hotels; the Bharath Cafe near the Sree Poornathrayesa temple offers excellent vegetarian choices, is popular for its sweets. Expect basic service at all places; the Statue Junction of the town is filled with lots of refreshment centres including Restaurants and Juice bars.
The main lodgings available are in Vadakkekota - Prasanth Hotel and many others. The Abhishekam Convention Hall is one of the meeting halls available in Tripunithura. Tripunithura has a population of 92,522. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Thrippunithura has an average literacy rate of 94.34%, higher than the national average of 71.5%: male literacy is 97.37%, female literacy is 91.52%. In Tripunithura, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. Religion Hinduism 82.78%, Christianity 15.28%, Islam 1.35%. Thrippunithura is administered by an elected municipal council headed by the chairperson. LDF is ruling the municipality with Chandrika devi as its chairperson. Tripunithura-Nadama Thekkumbhagam Thiruvankulam Tripunithura has a lot of Educational institutions which makes the place a good haven for education. Primary and Higher Secondary School Education is available in many schools; the Government schools functioning in Tripunithura include the Government Sanskrit High School, Government Girls High School, Palace Girls High School and Government Boys High School as well as private management schools like The Convent School and The Shree Venkiteshwara School.
There are a few managed CBSE schools like Bhavans Vidya Mandir, Chinmaya Vidyalaya,Sree Narayana Vidya Peetam Public School, The Nair Service Society Higher Secondary School and newer schools like The Choice School function in various parts of the town to provide the necessary basics and higher education for children. The landmark of the town is the RLV Music College which provides proteges with training in Classical music and has produced many great singers most notably K. J Yeshudas. Tripunithura has colleges like the Sanskrit College, Chinmaya college of arts commerce and science and the NSS College for Women. Thripunithura is surrounded by stretches of Vembanad Lake and Canals which sustain inland navigation; the Town is situated 8 meters above Mean Sea Level. The Town is extends up to the East Till Thiruvankulam. Tripunithura has a main bus-stand in its main centre with buses going from and coming into from different locations. Furthermore, it has bus-stops in every part of the town which makes travel by bus easier.
Railway transport is available. NH 85 or Old NH 49 passes through Karingachira. Ernakulam-Ettumanoor State Highway passes through Thrippunithura. Tripunithura railway station is a major railway station in Ernakulam to Kottayam route with many passenger trains and express trains having a stop here. Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha Temple
Rama Varma XIV
Sir Rama Varma XIV KCSI was the ruler of the Kingdom of Cochin from 1864 to 1888. He was the first Maharajah of Cochin to be knighted. Rama Varma was an weak monarch and was afflicted by illness throughout his reign; the administration was handled by his Diwans of Prime Ministers T. Sankunni Menon till 1879 and his brother Govinda Menon from 1879 onwards. Rama Varma attended upon the Prince of Wales Albert Edward at Madras in 1876, during his visit to India. Rama Varma built the Puthen Mani Malika at Thrippunithura. Rama Varma died at Thrippunithura in August 1888. In honour of his loyalty to the British Crown, Rama Varma was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India. "List of rulers of Kochin". Worldstatesmen.org