Hilliard Towers Apartments

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Hilliard Towers Apartments
Raymond M Hilliard Center Historic District A Chicago IL.jpg
Hilliard Towers Apartments is located in Chicago
Hilliard Towers Apartments
Hilliard Towers Apartments is located in Illinois
Hilliard Towers Apartments
Hilliard Towers Apartments is located in the US
Hilliard Towers Apartments
Location 2013 South Clark Street, Near South Side, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Coordinates 41°51′14.1″N 87°37′42.6″W / 41.853917°N 87.628500°W / 41.853917; -87.628500Coordinates: 41°51′14.1″N 87°37′42.6″W / 41.853917°N 87.628500°W / 41.853917; -87.628500
Built 1966 (1966)
Architect Bertrand Goldberg
Architectural style Modern Movement
NRHP reference # 99001072
Added to NRHP September 13, 1999

Hilliard Towers Apartments, formerly known as the Raymond Hilliard Homes CHA housing project, is a residential high-rise development in the near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It was designed by Bertrand Goldberg and is located between Clark Street, State Street, and Cermak Road. In 1999, it was placed on the National Register of Historic Places[1] as the Raymond M. Hilliard Center Historic District.

Historical background[edit]

The Hiliard Towers are built on top of what was once The Levee, a "wide-open" urban district on the South Side of Chicago. Close to railroad stations and railroad yards, the district was informally set aside for purposes of organized prostitution until its closure in the 1910s, the shutdown of the Levee was spurred by a citywide crusade against human trafficking.

Construction[edit]

Design began in 1963, with the increasing demand for affordable public housing and urban renewal projects growing in popularity throughout the country. Goldberg designed the structure to be supported almost exclusively by the outer shell, as opposed to Marina City, which was supported by its core,[2] his opinion of other public housing projects was that they were developed in such a way as to punish residents for being poor; Goldberg wanted to design a home that residents would be proud of.[2] Residents were vetted carefully and as a result, crime and social problems at Hilliard Homes were considerably lower than at other CHA housing projects, it was the only project never to require a uniformed police detail.[3] The twin cylindrical towers were reserved for seniors and the two adjoining half-circle buildings were reserved for low-income families.

Redevelopment[edit]

By the early 1990s, the buildings had fallen into disrepair; in 1997, the CHA initiated a process of financing and redevelopment that would span 9 years, ending in 2006.[4] The property is currently mixed-income, with a combination of middle-class residents paying market rate, plus low-income families and senior citizens with Section 8 vouchers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Property Details: HILLIARD HOMES". Chicago Housing Authority. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Raymond Hilliard Homes". bertrandgoldberg.org. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Interpretive Resource: 02. Hilliard, Raymond, Homes. Site plan, c.1964-1965.". Art Institute of Chicago. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  4. ^ Yang, Tony C. (October 22, 2006). "New Hilliard Homes debut". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2015.