Hillsborough County is the most populous county in the U. S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2010 census, the population was 400,721; the population was estimated at 415,247 in 2018. Its county seats are Nashua. Hillsborough is northern New England's most populous county as well as its most densely populated. Hillsborough County comprises the Manchester-Nashua, NH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which in turn constitutes a portion of the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area. Hillsborough was one of the five original counties identified for New Hampshire in 1769, was named for Wills Hill, the Earl of Hillsborough, British Secretary of State for the Colonies at the time; the county was organized at Amherst on March 19, 1771. In 1823 a number of towns were removed to become part of Merrimack County. Over several years ending in 1869, county administrative functions were moved from Amherst first to Milford in 1866 to the current seats of Manchester and Nashua. According to the U.
S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 892 square miles, of which 876 square miles is land and 16 square miles is water; the highest point in Hillsborough county is Pack Monadnock Mountain at 2,290 feet. Merrimack County Rockingham County Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Worcester County, Massachusetts Cheshire County Sullivan County Wapack National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 400,721 people, 155,466 households, 103,959 families residing in the county; the population density was 457.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 166,053 housing units at an average density of 189.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.4% white, 3.2% Asian, 2.1% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 2.1% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.3% of the population. Of the 155,466 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 39.3 years. For the period 2011–2015, 24.8% of the county's population had French ancestry, 20.9% had Irish, 13.1% had English, 10.2% had Italian, 8.2% had German ancestry. For the same time period, the estimated median annual income for a household in the county was $71,244, the median income for a family was $85,966. Male full-time workers had a median income of $60,349 versus $44,270 for females; the per capita income for the county was $35,242. About 5.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Long the most populated county in New Hampshire, Hillsborough County has played a vital role in shaping the state's politics as a whole, although it has shifted in its own leanings over the years. A Republican county going back to the 19th century, the county's more urban population made it receptive to Democrats in the early 20th century at a time when much of New England was solidly Republican.
The county- and the state as a whole- voted Republican in every election since the founding of the Republican Party in 1856 until 1912, when both the county and the state were won by Democrat Woodrow Wilson. Four years Wilson's margin of victory in Hillsborough County enabled him to narrowly win the state as a whole despite losing the majority of counties, making New Hampshire the only state to vote Democratic in New England and the entire Northeast in 1916. In 1928, Hillsborough was the only county in New Hampshire to vote for Democrat Al Smith over Republican Herbert Hoover, in the 1930s Franklin Roosevelt would solidify Democratic dominance there. In 1936, FDR would carry only 3 of New Hampshire's 10 counties, but his strong win in Hillsborough allowed him to narrowly win the state while neighboring Vermont and Maine were the only states in the nation to vote against him. In the 1940s, Roosevelt would take over 60% of the vote Hillsborough County, allowing him to win the state of New Hampshire by more comfortable margins in 1940 and 1944.
The county would vote Democratic in every presidential election that followed until the 1970s, except for a win by Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956, although it was still the only county in the state where Eisenhower failed to break 60% of the vote. In the 1970s, shifting partisan allegiances and the growth of conservative Boston exurbs in southern New Hampshire caused a dramatic shift in Hillsborough County's politics, which caused the state as a whole to become more conservative. Beginning in 1972, the county became reliably Republican in presidential elections, peaking in 1984, when Ronald Reagan would take over 70% of the vote there. Although still one of the more Republican regions of the state, in the following years Democrats have made inroads and today it is an important swing county. Both Republicans George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush would win it twice each, but Democrat Bill Clinton won it in 1996, Barack Obama has won it twice in both 2008 and 2012, bolstering his wins of the state's electoral votes each time.
In the 2012 presidential election, Time had listed Hillsborough as one of five critical counties affecting the outcome in the swing state of New Hampshire. Obama ended up winning with a margin of 50%-49%. Donald Trump narrowly carried the county in 2016; the executive power of Hillsborough County's government is held by three
Vivien Grace Swan was a British archaeologist. She made a significant contribution to the study of Roman pottery. Swan read Archaeology at Cardiff University, graduating in 1965. In December 1965 she was appointed an investigator at the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, was one of the first women to take up such an appointment in any of the Royal Commissions, she learnt to excavate with Leslie Alcock at Dinas Powys hillfort whilst still at school. As an undergraduate, she excavated with Richard J. C. Atkinson at Wayland's Smithy, she was awarded a DLitt from Cardiff University in 2001. Swan was a member of the Study Group for Roman Pottery since its inception in 1971. After formalisation in 1985, she served as its first President until 1990, she was an active participant in every conference and organised six of them. She was a Trustee of the Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautores, an international society dedicated to the study of Roman ceramics. Lifetime achievement award at the British Archaeological Awards in November 2008 at the British Museum.
1984. The pottery kilns of Roman Britain. RCHME. 1988. Pottery in Roman Britain. Shire Archaeology. 1995. Roman Camps in England: the field archaeology. RCHME. 2009. Ethnicity and Recruitment: Two case studies from the Northern Military Provinces. JRA Supplementary Series 72. Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Gossain Ghamandi Gir is the name of a Hindu Saivite monk of a Shankara lineage, said to have founded a Saivite monastery in Bodhgaya in 1590 CE. The occupants of the monastery were of the Giri order, one of the ten Dashanami monastic orders founded by Shankara. However, the Bodh Gaya Giri sect, for which the monastery was headquarters, "has had since its establishment no strong institutional or administrative links with any other ascetic organization". According to the Encyclopedia of Monasticism, Gossain Ghamandi Gir's followers built a small monastery at Bodh Gaya in the early part of the 17th century that has since been continuously occupied by a lineage of Saiva priests; this monastery's status is minor within the Saiva monastic system - according to oral tradition is ranked 36th among the 52 major Saivite maths - but it has served as an important anchor for Hindu pilgrims who visit Bodh Gaya in conjunction with visits to nearby Gaya.... An active Saiva monastic presence still exists at Bodh Gaha.
Gossain Ghamandi Gir is reported to have been the first mahanth of the monastery. The following succession of abbots for the monastery through the 1890s was listed in 1893 by Grierson: Ghamandi Gir Chaitanya Gir Mahadeva Gir Lala Gir Keshav Gir Raghav Gir Ram Hit Gir Balak Gir Siv Gir Bhaipati Gir Hem Narayan Gir Krishna Dayal Gir According to Trevitich, What most distinguishes the Bodh Gaya Giris from the more "orthodox" Dasanami orders is the method they employ in electing their Mahants. Among the more "pure" sects, a new Mahant is chosen by a nominating board, theoretically answerable to the entire body of monks; the head of this board is chosen at the Kumbh Mela - a great gathering of ascetics held every six years.... The Mahants of Bodh Gaya are not elected in this manner.... At the death of the Mahant, the "general body of disciples" nominated, at Bodh Gaya, five electors.... It must be said, that... general Hindu opinion, as indexed by newspaper articles and by public statements from religious leaders, was that the Giris were unambiguously "sanatan" or orthodox
This list of the largest evangelical megachurches contains only evangelical Christian megachurches related to the following currents: baptism, evangelical charismatic movement, neo-charismatic movement and Nondenominational Christianity, in a single place, not the assistance of affiliated campuses. Large churches from other denominations, like catholic, are not included as they are not deemed to belong to the megachurch phenomeNo which by definition is part of Protestantism; the list is not exhaustive, there are large annual changes, there are difficulties to compare the churches as different methods to count can be used. The term megachurch is used for churches with regular attendance of 2,000 people; when it has more than 10,000 people who gather together, the term gigachurch is sometimes used. Church Growth Today is a research center which publishes annually lists of evangelical Christian megachurches in USA and the world. Lifeway research is a research center which publishes annually a list of evangelical Christian megachurches in USA.
The Leadership Network contains a directory of all Christian megachurches of the world. This global list has over 270 megachurches; the Hartford Institute has compiled directories in Canada and the USA. The US list has more than 1,668 megachurches and the Canadian list 22; the numbers reported are not accurate by any means, as attendance and membership may be defined differently. Attendance may include people that are not members of the church, not baptised, No-believers and may belong to other churches; some churches include their, sometimes loosely, affiliated churches in other places and people that attend by electronic media. As many have several services on one day, there may be some overlap, with people attending more than one service; the exact number of people is counted, thus estimation errors can occur. There is an obvious psychological boost from reporting growing numbers, "success", for enhanced credibility and motivation to support the work; the megachurches may quite be different from traditional evangelical congregations where clear membership records are maintained, to define who has legal right to vote in the church assembly, who can be appointed to public offices and who belongs to the flock under direct pastoral care, the pastor can be replaced.
The megachurches are formed around a strong leader that stays in charge for decades, it is like his "own personal enterprise", many times with limited economic transparency, a tendency, questioned in various countries. In notable cases the headship has been passed on from father like in Lakewood Church. Many megachurches have had an affiliation to a denomination, but have become Indiapendent, thus outside the denominational supervision, common for No-Indiapendent congregations. Thus, in cases of irregularities, a pastor may continue without disciplinary measures, due to their sheer power, any disappointed members may leave but new people keep coming in, with reduced effect on attendance. Hence, due to inaccuracies, the same church can sometimes be reported to have attendance and membership counts that differ 5-10 times, depending on how reporting is done and, doing it, e.g. Yoido Full Gospel Church can sometimes be mentioned with attendance numbers over 800,000; the list below is of the largest Evangelical megachurches with weekly attendance of more than 30,000 persons.
List of the largest evangelical church auditoriums List of megachurches in the United States Worship service Content on this page has been translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at fr:Liste de megachurches évangéliques. Sébastien Fath, Dieu XXL, la révolution des mégachurches, Édition Autrement, France, 2008
God's Counting on Me, God's Counting on You is a 2012 single by Pete Seeger featuring Lorre Wyatt & Friends and arranged by Richard Barone and Matthew Billy, released by Billy Barone Productions. Recorded in 2010 aboard the Hudson River Sloop Clearwater, the song was written after that year's massive BP Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico; the spill is referenced in the lyrics. It was Seeger's final single release; the recording session was filmed live while sailing up and down the Hudson River. The music video, directed by Damien Drake, can be viewed on YouTube: It is one of the few, in not only music video sanctioned and planned with Seeger and filmed to accompany one of his songs; the single is available for download on iTunes, Amazon.com, all digital retailers. The song and video were released on Election Day, November 6, 2012. God's Counting on Me, God's Counting on You Written by Pete Seeger and Lorre Wyatt Produced by Richard Barone and Matthew BillyPete Seeger – lead vocals and banjo Lorre Wyatt – vocals and acoustic guitar Richard Barone – background vocals, acoustic guitar, producer Matthew Billy – harmonica, producer Deni Bonet – violin Steve Holley – drums, percussion Tim Luntzel – bass Terre Roche - featured backing vocals Janice Pendarvis - featured backing vocalsChorus – crew and passengers aboard the Hudson River Sloop Clearwater including Roland Mousaa and Princess Wow.
Seeger, Pete Seeger music, Facebook. Seeger, Pete Seeger official, YouTube
In cryptography, a scytale is a tool used to perform a transposition cipher, consisting of a cylinder with a strip of parchment wound around it on, written a message. The ancient Greeks, the Spartans in particular, are said to have used this cipher to communicate during military campaigns; the recipient uses a rod of the same diameter. It has the advantage of being fast and not prone to mistakes—a necessary property when on the battlefield, it can, however, be broken. Since the strip of parchment hints at the method, the ciphertext would have to be transferred to something less suggestive, somewhat reducing the advantage noted. Suppose the rod allows one to write four letters around in a circle and five letters down the side of it; the plaintext could be: "I am hurt badly help". To encrypt, one writes across the leather: _____________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | I | a | m | h | u | | __| r | t | v | e | r |__| | | y | b | a | d | l | | | y | h | e | l | p | | | | | | | | _____________________________________________________________ so the ciphertext becomes, "Iryyatbhmvaehedlurlp" after unwinding.
To decrypt, all one must do is read across. The ciphertext is: "Iryyatbhmvaehedlurlp" Every fifth letter will appear on the same line, so the plaintext becomes: "I am hurt badly help". From indirect evidence, the scytale was first mentioned by the Greek poet Archilochus, who lived in the 7th century BC. Other Greek and Roman writers during the following centuries mentioned it, but it was not until Apollonius of Rhodes that a clear indication of its use as a cryptographic device appeared. A description of how it operated is not known from before Plutarch: The dispatch-scroll is of the following character; when the ephors send out an admiral or a general, they make two round pieces of wood alike in length and thickness, so that each corresponds to the other in its dimensions, keep one themselves, while they give the other to their envoy. These pieces of wood they call scytalae. Whenever they wish to send some secret and important message, they make a scroll of parchment long and narrow, like a leathern strap, wind it round their scytale, leaving no vacant space thereon, but covering its surface all round with the parchment.
After doing this, they write what they wish on the parchment, just as it lies wrapped about the scytale. He, when he has received it, cannot otherwise get any meaning out of it,--since the letters have no connection, but are disarranged,--unless he takes his own scytale and winds the strip of parchment about it, so that, when its spiral course is restored and that which follows is joined to that which precedes, he reads around the staff, so discovers the continuity of the message, and the parchment, like the staff, is called scytale, as the thing measured bears the name of the measure.—Plutarch, Lives, ed. Bernadotte Perrin. Due to difficulties in reconciling the description of Plutarch with the earlier accounts, circumstantial evidence such as the cryptographic weakness of the device, several authors have suggested that the scytale was used for conveying messages in plaintext and that Plutarch's description is mythological. An alternative hypothesis is that the scytale was used for message authentication rather than encryption.
Only if the sender wrote the message around a scytale of the same diameter as the receiver's would the receiver be able to read it. It would therefore be difficult for enemy spies to inject false messages into the communication between two commanders. Caesar cipher