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Hillsborough disaster

The Hillsborough disaster was a fatal human crush during an association football match at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, on 15 April 1989. It occurred during an FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest in the two standing-only central pens in the Leppings Lane stand allocated to Liverpool supporters. Shortly before kick-off, in an attempt to ease overcrowding outside the entrance turnstiles, the police match commander David Duckenfield ordered exit gate C opened, leading to an influx of more supporters to the pens; this led to a crowding in the crush. With 96 fatalities and 766 injuries, it remains as of 2016 the worst disaster in British sporting history. Ninety-four people died on the day; the match was abandoned but was played in May 1989 with Liverpool winning and going on to win the FA Cup. In the following days and weeks police fed the press false stories suggesting that hooliganism and drunkenness by Liverpool supporters had caused the disaster. Blaming of Liverpool fans persisted after the Taylor Report of 1990, which found that the main cause was a failure of control by South Yorkshire Police.

Following the Taylor report, the Director of Public Prosecutions ruled there was no evidence to justify prosecution of any individuals or institutions. The disaster led to a number of safety improvements in the largest English football grounds, notably the elimination of fenced standing terraces in favour of all-seater stadiums in the top two tiers of English football; the first coroner's inquests into the Hillsborough disaster, completed in 1991, ruled all the deaths accidental. Families rejected the findings, fought to have the case re-opened. In 1997, Lord Justice Stuart-Smith concluded. Private prosecutions brought by the Hillsborough Families Support Group against Duckenfield and his deputy Bernard Murray failed in 2000. In 2009, a Hillsborough Independent Panel was formed to review the evidence. Reporting in 2012, it confirmed Taylor's 1990 criticisms and revealed details about the extent of police efforts to shift blame onto fans, the role of other emergency services, the error of the first coroner's inquests.

The panel's report resulted in the previous findings of accidental death being quashed, the creation of new coroner's inquests. It produced two criminal investigations led by police in 2012: Operation Resolve to look into the causes of the disaster, by the Independent Police Complaints Commission to examine actions by police in the aftermath; the second coroner's inquests were held from 1 April 2014 to 26 April 2016. They ruled that the supporters were unlawfully killed due to grossly negligent failures by police and ambulance services to fulfil their duty of care; the inquests found that the design of the stadium contributed to the crush, that supporters were not to blame for the dangerous conditions. Public anger over the actions of their force during the second inquests led to the suspension of SYP chief constable David Crompton following the verdict. In June 2017, six people were charged with offences including manslaughter by gross negligence, misconduct in public office and perverting the course of justice for their actions during and after the disaster.

The Crown Prosecution Service subsequently dropped all charges against one of the defendants. Hillsborough Stadium had been constructed in 1899 to house Sheffield Wednesday, it was selected by the Football Association as a neutral venue to host the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest football clubs. Kick-off was scheduled for 3:00 pm on 15 April, fans were advised to take up positions 15 minutes beforehand. At the time of the disaster, most English football stadiums had high steel fencing between the spectators and the playing field in response to pitch invasions. Hooliganism had affected the sport for some years, was virulent in England. From 1974, when these security standards were put in place, crushes occurred in several English stadiums. A report by Eastwood & Partners for a safety certificate for the stadium in 1978 concluded that although it failed to meet the recommendations of the Green Guide, a guide to safety at sports grounds, the consequences were minor, it emphasised.

Sheffield Wednesday were criticised for neglecting safety in the stadium after an incident in the semi-final of the 1981 FA Cup. The Leppings Lane end of the ground did not hold a valid safety certificate at the time of the disaster. Risks associated with confining fans in pens were highlighted by the Committee of Inquiry into Crowd Safety at Sports Grounds after the Bradford City stadium fire in May 1985, it made recommendations on the safety of crowds penned within fences, including that "all exit gates should be manned at all times... and capable of being opened from the inside by anyone in an emergency". Hillsborough hosted five FA Cup semi-finals in the 1980s. A crush occurred at the Leppings Lane end of the ground during the 1981 semi-final between Tottenham Hotspur and Wolverhampton Wanderers after hundreds more spectators were permitted to enter the terrace than could safely be accommodated, resulting in 38 injuries, including broken arms and ribs. Police believed there had been a real chance of fatalities had swift action not been taken, recommended the club reduce its capacity.

In a post-match briefing to discuss the incident, Sheffield Wednesday chairman Bert McGee remarked: "Bo

2012–13 Mumbai F.C. season

The 2012–13 Mumbai F. C. season will be the club's sixth season since their formation in 2007 and their fifth season in the I-League, India's top football league. The club played their first season in the I-League during the 2008–09 I-League season; the club played their first I-League match against historic club Mohun Bagan on 27 September 2008 in which Abel Hammond scored the first I-League goal for Mumbai FC as Mumbai went on to win 2–1 at the Barasat Stadium. Mumbai completed a double against the two giant Kolkata clubs after they defeated East Bengal F. C. at the Salt Lake Stadium 1–0 with Felix Aboagye scoring the only goal. Mumbai played their first home match in their history at the Cooperage Ground on 11 October 2008 with Kalia Kulothungan scoring the only goal in the match. Half-way through the season Mumbai was placed in sixth place in the table; the club, could not last in the I-League and finished in 7th place which remains their best position to date. Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Mumbai entered the 2012 Indian Federation Cup automatically as they were in the I-League, they were placed in Group A along with defending I-League champions Dempo, Pailan Arrows, Shillong Lajong and their matches were played in Jamshedpur. The tournament did not end well for Mumbai as they lost two of their matches and drew one, finishing with 1 point, 3 goals scored and 7 conceded. Mumbai began their first I-League game of 2012–13 away from home on 6 October 2012 against Pailan Arrows in which the team lost 3–2; the next match was not any better as Mumbai lost 3–2 to Pune at the Balewadi Sports Complex in Pune on 11 October 2012. After the defeat Mumbai had a two-week break before their next match on 27 October 2012 against Churchill Brothers at the Fatorda Stadium in Margao, Goa but when the match came Mumbai failed to secure yet another point as they lost their third game on the trot by a score of 3–1 with Ghanaian Yusif Yakubu scoring his first goal for Mumbai.

Mumbai started November with yet another lost as they stumbled to former champions Salgaocar at the Balewadi Sports Complex 1–0 after a 9th-minute goal for Francis Fernandes. This was Mumbai's fourth loss in a row and thus meant that after the first four matches of season, Mumbai had managed to win 0 points; however Mumbai won their first match of the season in their fifth attempt as they came back from 2–0 down to win 3–2 on 9 November 2012 at the Balewadi Sports Complex with Gabriel Fernandes, Justin Stephen, Afghani international Zohib Islam Amiri scoring the goals for Mumbai. Mumbai won their second game in a row on 17 November 2012 against Sporting Clube de Goa at the Balewadi Sports Complex Nicholas Rodrigues, Gabriel Fernandes, Justin Stephen, David Opara providing the goals for Mumbai. Mumbai drew their first match of the season in a surprising 1–1 draw on 25 November 2012 with Mohun Bagan at the Balewadi Sports Complex after former Indian international Abhishek Yadav scored the equalizer for Mumbai in the 62nd minute after three-time I-League top scorer Odafe Onyeka Okolie gave Bagan the lead in the 21st minute.

The club ended the month of November with their third win in four games on 28 November 2012 against ONGC F. C. at the Balewadi Sports Complex after Ghanaian Evans Quao gave Mumbai the winner in the 73rd minute. The club began the month of December with a major upset over new rich-boys Prayag United S. C. at the Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata after Evans Quao scored a 52nd-minute equalizer for Mumbai after Ranti Martins gave Prayag the lead in the 29th minute. The club went from major upsetters to the team, getting the upset against them after the club lost 4–1 to relegation fighters Air India FC at the Balewadi Sports Complex; this was Mumbai's first loss in 6 games. The club regrouped and went back onto the winning track after they defeated newly promoted side United Sikkim at the Balewadi Sports Complex on 15 December 2012 with David Opara being the only goalscorer for Mumbai in the 45th minute as the club won 1–0; the club came up as the surprise winners again after they defeated Kolkata giants East Bengal F.

C. at the Balewadi Sports Complex 2–1 thanks to goals from Gabriel Fernandes and Yusif Yakubu in the 64th and 94th minutes respectively. Mumbai ended the month of December and 2012 with a draw against the reigning champions of the I-League, Dempo S. C. at the Balewadi Sports Complex on 30 December 2012. To begin the month of January and the year 2013 Mumbai took on United Sikkim at the Paljor Stadium on 9 January 2013 in Round 15 after their Round 14 clash with Mohun Bagan was canceled due to Bagan being expelled from the league. Mumbai drew the match late on by a score of 2–2 after Yusif Yakubu scored the equalizer for the club four minutes into second half stoppage time but not before he gave Mumbai the lead in the 11th minute before United Sikkim scored two goals in the 15th and 18th minutes of the match; the club succumbed to their first loss of the season on 13 January 2013 when the club lost to East Bengal at the Kalyani Stadium in West Bengal by a score of 2–0 with Edeh and Lalrindika Ralte scoring the goals for East Bengal.

However Mumbai did not let that loss get to them as they went back to winning ways on 19 January 2013 against Prayag United at the Balewadi Sports Complex when the club beaten them

2003 Monte Carlo Masters

The 2003 Monte Carlo Masters was a men's tennis tournament played on outdoor clay courts. It was the 97th edition of the Monte Carlo Masters and was part of the Tennis Masters Series of the 2003 ATP Tour, it took place at the Monte Carlo Country Club in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin in France from 14 April through 20 April 2003. The men's field was headlined by Carlos Moyá and Andy Roddick. Other top seeds in the field were Albert Costa, Jiří Novák, David Nalbandian, Paradorn Srichaphan and Rainer Schüttler. Rafael Nadal aged 16, made his tournament debut in this year, losing to Guillermo Coria in the Round of 16; this would be the last time in which he would be defeated at the event until 2013. Juan Carlos Ferrero defeated Guillermo Coria 6–2, 6–2 It was Ferrero's 1st title of the year and the 8th of his career, it was his 1st Masters title of his 8th overall. It was his 2nd consecutive win at the event. Mahesh Bhupathi / Max Mirnyi defeated Michaël Llodra / Fabrice Santoro 6–4, 3–6, 7–6 It was Bhupathi's 2nd title of the year and the 28th of his career.

It was the 17th of his career. Official website ATP tournament profile ITF tournament edition details