Hilton Worldwide Holdings Inc. Hilton Hotels Corporation, is an American multinational hospitality company that manages and franchises a broad portfolio of hotels and resorts. Founded by Conrad Hilton in May 1919, the corporation is now led by Christopher J. Nassetta. Hilton is headquartered in Virginia; as of March 31, 2019, its portfolio includes 5,757 properties with 923,110 rooms in 113 countries and territories, including 689 that are managed and 4,947 that are franchised, with the combined managed and franchised properties having a total of 893,494 rooms, in addition to 68 that are owned or leased (including 59 that are wholly owned or leased, one owned by a consolidated non-wholly owned entity, two that are leased by consolidated variable interest entities and six that are owned or leased by unconsolidated affiliates. Prior to their December 2013 IPO, Hilton was ranked as the 36th largest held company in the United States by Forbes. Hilton has 15 brands across different market segments, including Conrad Hotels & Resorts, Canopy by Hilton, Curio - A Collection by Hilton, Hilton Hotels & Resorts, DoubleTree by Hilton, Embassy Suites Hotels, Hilton Garden Inn, Hampton by Hilton, Homewood Suites by Hilton, Home2 Suites by Hilton, Hilton Grand Vacations, Waldorf Astoria Hotels & Resorts, Tru by Hilton, Tapestry Collection by Hilton, Motto by Hilton.
On December 12, 2013, Hilton again became a public company, raising an estimated $2.35 billion in its second IPO. At the time, The Blackstone Group held a 45.8 percent stake in the company. In October 2016, China's HNA Group agreed to acquire a 25 percent equity interest in Hilton from Blackstone; the transaction was expected to close in the first quarter of 2017. Hilton's largest stockholders were until mid 2018 HNA Group and Wellington Management Group, which own 25%, 15.2%, 6.7% of Hilton common stock respectively. Hilton Hotels are now a stand-alone company. Hilton was founded by Conrad Hilton in Cisco, Texas, in 1919 and had its headquarters in Beverly Hills, from 1969 until 2009. In August 2009, the company moved to Tysons Corner, unincorporated Fairfax County, near McLean. In 1919, Conrad Hilton purchased his first hotel, the 40-room Mobley Hotel in Cisco and bought additional Texas hotels as years passed. In 1925, the Dallas Hilton became the first hotel to use the Hilton name. In 1927, Hilton expanded to Waco, where he opened the first hotel with air-conditioning in public areas and cold running water.
In 1943, Hilton purchased the Roosevelt Hotel and the Plaza Hotel, both well-established high-end luxury hotels less than a mile apart in New York City's Midtown Manhattan neighborhood. With this pair of acquisitions Hilton established the first hospitality company to span the contiguous United States; the company incorporated in 1946 as the Hilton Hotels Corporation, subsequently began public trading of shares on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1947, the Roosevelt Hotel became the first hotel in the world to have televisions in its rooms. Hilton International was founded a few years in 1949, with the opening of the Caribe Hilton Hotel in Puerto Rico. Barman Ramon "Monchito" Marreno claimed. Hilton purchased the Waldorf Astoria New York in the same year; the Hotels Statler Company was acquired in 1954 for $111 million in what was the world's most expensive real estate transaction. One year Hilton created the world's first central reservations office, titled "HILCRON"; the reservations team in 1955 consisted of eight members on staff booking reservations for any of Hilton's 28 hotels.
Reservations agents used the "availability board" to track records. The chalk board measured 30 feet by 6 feet and allowed HILCRON to make over 6,000 reservations in 1955. Bookings could be made for any Hilton via telegram, or Teletype. In 1955, Hilton launched a program to ensure every hotel room would include air conditioning. In late 1955, Hilton opened the first post -- World War II property in Turkey. Hilton is credited with pioneering the airport hotel concept with the opening of the San Francisco Airport Hilton in 1959. In 1965, Hilton launched Lady Hilton, the first hotel concept created for women guests. To appeal to female travelers, a number of properties offered floors occupied by only women along with distinct amenities for their usage. In 1969, the first DoubleTree Hotel opened. However, Hilton was not affiliated with the brand until its acquisition of the parent company in 1999. Hilton purchased the Flamingo Las Vegas in 1970, which would become the first in the domestic gaming business to be listed on the NYSE.
In 1979, founder Conrad Hilton died at the age of 91. Hilton Hotels Corporation created the Conrad Hotels brand in honor of Hilton. Hilton Honors, the company's guest loyalty program, was initiated in 1987. In 1994, the Honors surpassed competing hotel loyalty programs by offering members both hotel credit points and airline credit miles; the company has been a sponsor of the United States Olympic Team. The company spun off its international operations into a separately traded company on December 1, 1964, known as "Hilton International Co." It was acquired in 1967 by Trans World Corp. the holding company for Trans World Airlines. In 1986, it was sold to UAL Corp. the holding company for United Airlines, which became Allegis Corp. in an attempt to re-incarnate itself as a full-service travel company, encompassing Westin Hotels and Hertz rental cars in addition to Hilton International and United Airlines. In 1987, after a corporate putsch, the renamed UAL Corp. sold Hilton International to Ladbroke Group plc, a British leisure and gambling company, whic
Maria Giovanna Elmi is an Italian former television announcer, journalist and singer. Born in Rome, Elmi attended the faculty of letter at the university in 1968 she was employed by RAI TV as an announcer, her popularity raised in early seventies, when she hosted the children show Il dirigibile together with the singer Mal, playing the fairy Azzurrina, from which she inherited the nickname "fatina". Elmi hosted two editions of the Sanremo Music Festival, she ranked at first place in two public polls of the most appreciated female television personalities in 1970 and in 1981. In 1970 Elmi became a journalist and publicist, collaborating for three years with the newspaper Il Messaggero and with a large number of magazines and newspapers. In 2005 she took part to the reality show L'Isola dei Famosi. Maria Giovanna Elmi on IMDb Maria Giovanna Elmi at Discogs Maria Giovanna Elmi at AllMusic
The United States Army Special Operations Aviation Command provides command and control, executive oversight, resourcing of U. S. Army Special Operations Command aviation assets and units in support of national security objectives. USASOAC is responsible for component interface. USASOAC was established March 25, 2011 consisting of 135 headquarters soldiers and subordinate units totaling more than 3,300 personnel, include the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, the USASOC Flight Company, the Special Operations Aviation Training Battalion, the Systems Integration Management Office, the Technology Application Projects Office; the first commander of USASOAC was Brig Gen. Clayton M. Hutmacher; as reported on the USASOC official website: Special operations aviation traces its modern roots back to the early 1960s and the formation of special warfare aviation detachments and a task organized helicopter company as Army Special Forces prepared for Vietnam. The 22nd SWAD activated in March 1962 at Fort Bragg, N.
C: In June 1962 the unit was reorganized and redesignated as 22nd Aviation Detachment. The unit supported 5th Special Forces Group, 7th SFG, U. S. Army Special Warfare School, the 1st and 13th Psychological Warfare Battalions; the detachment was inactivated in December 1963. The 23rd SWAD organized in July 1962 and flew the OV-1; the unit deployed to the Nha Trang, Republic of Vietnam in September 1962 to support I Corps and Special Forces with photographic intelligence. On 7 October 1965, the 281st Assault Helicopter Company, Airmobile Light was activated at Fort Benning. By 9 June the following year, the newly formed company set up its headquarters inside the 5th SFG compound at Nha Trang Bay, Republic of Vietnam; the unit's mission was to provide air movement of troops and equipment under the direct supervision of the commanding officer, 5th SFG. The 281st became the first organized special operations helicopter unit in the U. S. Army. Army historians consider the 281st to be the legacy unit for today's 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, abbreviated as 160th SOAR.
The unit earned decorations for Valor and Meritorious Service from the Army and Republic of Vietnam. In the years that followed, the individual SFGs had their own organic aviation detachment; these detachments consisted of 4 UH-1D helicopters, associated crewmen, a limited maintenance capability. As a result of the Desert One failed Iranian hostage rescue in April 1980, the Holloway Commission, chaired by the former Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral James L. Holloway, mandated a re-organization of the nation’s special operations capabilities, including a dedicated Special Operations Aviation force; the Army looked to the 101st Aviation Group at Fort Campbell, the air arm of the 101st Airborne Division, which had the most diverse operating experience of the service's helicopter units, selected elements selected Charlie and Delta companies of the 158th Aviation Battalion, individual members of the 229th Aviation Battalion, Alpha company of the 159th Aviation Battalion to form the basis of the unit.
The chosen pilots entered intensive training in night flying. Dubbed Task Force 160, the new unit was recognized as the Army's premier night fighting aviation force, its only Special Operations Aviation force; as pilots completed training in the fall of 1980, a second hostage rescue attempt, code named Operation Honey Badger, was planned for early 1981. It was called off. In October 1981, the unit was designated the 160th Aviation Battalion; the 160th first saw combat during 1983's Operation Urgent Fury, the U. S. invasion of Grenada. In 1986, the unit was re-designated as the 160th Aviation Group; the modern day 160th SOAR was activated in June 1990. As demand for highly-trained special operations aviation assets grew, the Regiment activated three Battalions, a separate detachment, incorporated one Army National Guard Battalion; the three battalions replaced the separate aviation detachments at the SFGs. In July 2007, the regiment activated a fourth battalion to meet growing special operations forces requirements.
2nd, 3rd, 4th Battalions will be identically organized with two MH-47 companies, a MH-60 company, a maintenance company. In July 2010, a MQ-1C element from Fort Huachuca was assigned to USASOC; the element was deployed to Afghanistan. In 2013, Fort Campbell welcomed the MQ-1C special operations element as E Company, 160th SOAR. On 25 March 2011, USASOC created the U. S. Army Special Operations Aviation Command to organize, train and equip ARSOA units to provide responsive, special operations aviation support to special operations forces and is designed as the USASOC aviation staff proponent; the 160th SOAR has the mission to organize, train and employ Army Special Operations Aviation forces worldwide in support of contingency missions and combatant commanders. Known as "Night Stalkers," these soldiers are recognized for their proficiency in nighttime operations, they are trained and ready to accomplish the toughest missions in all environments, anywhere in the world, day or night, with unparalleled precision.
They employ modified heavy assault versions of the MH-47 Chinook, medium assault and attack versions of the MH-60 Black Hawk, light assault and attack versions of the MH-6 Little Bird helicopters, MQ-1C Gray Eagles