click links in text for more info

Himalayan tahr

The Himalayan tahr is a large even-toed ungulate native to the Himalayas in southern Tibet, northern India and Nepal. It is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, as the population is declining due to hunting and habitat loss. A recent phylogenetic analysis indicates that the genus Hemitragus is monospecific, that the Himalayan tahr is a wild goat; the Himalayan tahr has been introduced to Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa and the United States. Tahrs belong to the subfamily Caprinae in the order Artiodactyla, their closest relatives in the subfamily Caprinae are sheep and goats. A subspecies, the Eastern Himalayan tahr or shapi, was described in 1944; this classification is not considered valid anymore, no subspecies are recognized. The word "tahr" is derived from the Nepali word thār and was first used in English writings in 1835; the genus name Hemitragus is derived from the Greek words hēmi- meaning "half" and trágos meaning "goat". The Himalayan tahr has a small head, small pointed ears, large eyes, horns that vary between males and females.

Their horns reach a maximum length of 46 centimetres. Himalayan tahrs are sexually dimorphic, with females being smaller in weight and in size and having smaller horns; the horn is curved backwards, preventing injury during mating season when headbutting is a common mating ritual among males. The average male tahr weighs around 73 kg, with females averaging 36 kg and is shorter in height than in length The exterior of a tahr is well adapted to the harsh climate of the Himalayans, they sport thick, reddish wool coats and thick undercoats, indicative of the conditions of their habitat. Their coats becomes lighter in color; this shedding is an adaptation that allows their internal body temperatures to adjust to the harsh temperatures of the Himalayan Mountains. As a member of the ungulate group of mammals, the Himalayan tahr possesses an number of toes, they have adapted the unique ability to grasp both smooth and rough surfaces that are typical of the mountainous terrain on which they reside. This useful characteristic helps their mobility.

The hooves of the tahr have a rubber-like core which allows for gripping smooth rocks while keratin at the rim of their hooves allow increased hoof durability, important for traversing the rocky ground. This adaptation allows for swift maneuvering of the terrain; the lifespan of a Himalayan tahr ranges around 14 or 15 years, with females living longer than males. The oldest known Himalayan tahr lived to 22 years old in captivity. Tahrs are polygynous, males are subject to stiff competition for access to females. Young reproductive males roam and mate opportunistically, while more mature males will engage in ritualistic behavior and fighting to secure mates. During mating season, reproductive males lose much of their fat reserves, while females and nonreproductive males do not, indicating a substantial cost to these behaviors. Factors that contribute to which males dominate include size and testosterone levels. Coat color can have an effect. Females have a gestation period of 180–242 days with a litter size of only one kid.

This indicates sexual selection can be important to the fitness of males. The herbivorous diets of the Himalayan tahrs leave them spending most of their time grazing on grasses and browsing on leaves and some fruits, their short legs allow them to balance while reaching for the leaves of small trees. The tahr consumes more woody plants than herb species with as much as 75% of the tahr diet consisting of natural grasses; the tahr, like most members of the bovid family, have complex digestive systems. A multi-chambered stomach allows the tahr to regurgitate its food, chew it, obtain nutrients from otherwise indigestible plant tissues; the Himalayan tahr is adapted to life in a cool climate with rocky terrain, which allows them to be found in mountainous areas. In the Himalayas, they are found on slopes ranging from 2,500 to 5,000 m. Himalayan tahr can eat a wide variety of plants, they most inhabit locations in where vegetation is exposed for browsing and grazing. During the winter, they are found on lower-altitude slopes.

During the rut, male Himalayan tahrs compete with other males for access to females. Factors that contribute to reproductive success include large body size, large horn size, high aggression. Coat color is a factor that determines rank among Himalayan tahrs, males with light coats mate more often. In addition, the horns of the male are used in the ritual process to court female tahrs, although these horns can serve as a defense mechanisms against potential predators. Other ungulate herbivores with overlapping natural ranges include bharal and goral. Removal experiments have not been conducted to determine empirically that competition is occurring, but the animals do share food resources. Competition can occur when two or more species share a limited resource, such as particular food sources, in a given area. Since the Himalayan tahr and the other ungulates are eating the same foods, competition is occurring among them. Tahr are preyed upon by snow leopards; the snow leopards eat the other ungulate species in the area, which c

Aurora, South Dakota

Aurora is a town in Brookings County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 532 at the 2010 census. Aurora was platted in 1880, it was named after Illinois, by a settler from that place. Aurora is located at 44°17′0″N 96°41′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.46 square miles, all of it land. Aurora has been assigned the ZIP code 57002, the FIPS place code 02780. AT&T network limited speed test results can be seen below on the right; the signal survey map shows less than optimal coverage in downtown Aurora. The speed test was performed on the southwest part of town. Speed test results are: download speed of 26.1 Megabits per second, an upload speed of 4.16 Megabits per second. Results may vary; as of the census of 2010, there were 532 people, 233 households, 144 families living in the town. The population density was 1,156.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 256 housing units at an average density of 556.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 2.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.7% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population. There were 233 households of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 38.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age in the town was 33.8 years. 23.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 47.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 500 people, 205 households, 136 families living in the town; the population density was 1,090.5 people per square mile. There were 221 housing units at an average density of 482.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 1.40% Native American, 0.60% from two or more races. There were 205 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families.

27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.03. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $38,456, the median income for a family was $43,500. Males had a median income of $26,953 versus $20,089 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,819. None of the families and 2.4% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 8.8% of those over 64. The sole two sports teams in Aurora are both baseball teams, American Legion Baseball Post 230 & the Aurora A's. Both exist under the Aurora Baseball Association and play their home games at Aurora Field, located two blocks west of the city water tower.

Although Post 230 is classified as a district 1A team, it plays the majority of its games against "B" division opponents. However, if it wishes to compete at the district tournament, it must compete against its intra-district 1 opponents, which are Brookings, Aberdeen and Huron; the reason Post 230 is considered a district 1A team is because it plays within the area designated as district 1 and obtains at least a portion of its players from neighboring Brookings High School. The team has been an installation in Aurora since 2002 and its colors are blue and white, and/or black; the Aurora A's amateur baseball team began in 2000 and competes in the Eastern Dakota League — a league within the South Dakota Amateur Baseball Association. The team competed in Class B until the 2012 season; the team's colors are athletic gold. List of towns in South Dakota Official website

British Rail Class 387

The British Rail Class 387 is a type of electric multiple unit passenger train built by Bombardier Transportation, as part of the Electrostar family. A total of 107 units were built, with the first train entering service on Thameslink in December 2014; the trains are in service with Great Western Railway, Govia Thameslink Railway and C2c. The Class 387 is a variation of Bombardier’s Class 379 Electrostar with a higher maximum speed of 110 mph and unlike the 379, the 387 is dual voltage, which means this train can go into the Southern Region's Third Rail network; the first Class 387/1s were ordered for the Thameslink route, which enabled the existing Class 319s to be transferred to Northern Rail for use on the newly electrified Manchester Victoria to Liverpool via Newton-le-Willows route. On behalf of the Department for Transport, Southern issued an OJEU notice in December 2012 with proposals received in January 2013; the invitation to tender for the fleet was released the following month with final offers being submitted by 18 June 2013.

Southern announced. The deal included an option for 140 carriages which have since been taken up with 108 for Gatwick Express and 32 for Great Western Railway. In October 2015, Porterbrook placed a speculative order for 80 carriages. Fifty-six were leased to Great Western Railway and the remaining 24 to c2c as 387/3s; as part of Govia's bid for the Thameslink and Great Northern franchise, 27 four-carriage units were ordered to replace Class 442s on the Gatwick Express service, using some of the optional 140 extra carriages. The order was announced in November 2014 with the first units on test in July 2015 and they began to enter service on 29 February 2016; the deployment was disrupted by unionised drivers refusing to take passengers, claiming that the twelve coach Class 387 trains are not covered by their driver only operation agreement, limited to ten coaches, that running them without a conductor would be unsafe. In April 2016, c2c announced. Class 387 units began to replace the Class 442 EMUs from mid-2016, until the final 442 ran on 10 March 2017.

The Class 442s were stored. The first Great Western Railway unit entered service on 5 September 2016 running between London Paddington and Hayes & Harlington in peak hours to relieve congestion on some of the country's most crowded trains. In January 2017 GWR began running a half-hourly Paddington to Hayes and Harlington service using pairs of these 387/1s. On 22 May 2017 Class 387/1 EMUs began operating suburban services between London Paddington and Maidenhead. On 1 January 2018, following further electrification work, Class 387/1 EMUs began operating suburban services between London Paddington and Didcot Parkway, replacing GWR Class 165 DMUs on these services. Due to electrification being suspended from Didcot Parkway to Oxford, the previous Oxford suburban service from London Paddington was cut back to Didcot Parkway to allow electric trains to operate this service. Oxford is still served by the fast services from London Paddington, a DMU service from Didcot Parkway. In January 2019, Class 387/1 EMUs began operating between Reading and Newbury after electrification works on the Reading to Taunton line had been finished.

The first c2c Class 387 was delivered in October 2016 and entered service in November 2016. These trains were built as stock units; the units were leased pending delivery of newer rolling stock. They will be replaced by Class 720/6 in 2021. From late 2016, 29 of the Class 387/1s operating on Thameslink were displaced by the delivery of Class 700 Desiro City units, were transferred to Great Northern, they operate on the Kings Cross–Cambridge–King's Lynn route, though they can be seen on other services. These units were delivered with Southern green doors and Southern moquette. Unit 387105 has been transferred to Gatwick Express on a permanent basis, but has not been relivered into Gatwick Express red. Great Northern Class 387s are allowed to be used at 110 mph but must observe the usual speed restrictions. In March 2018, it was announced that Heathrow Airport Ltd, the owner and operator of Heathrow Express, had come to an agreement with Great Western Railway for the latter to take over Heathrow Express' running of the service between London Paddington and Heathrow Airport, beginning in August 2018.

From May 2020, GWR will run the service using a dedicated pool of twelve modified Class 387 units from its own fleet. These Electrostar units will be modified at Ilford HM Depot by Bombardier Transportation; the first Thameslink unit entered service in December 2014 with all in service by July 2015. They were operated by Thameslink on services between Brighton. During Summer 2016, several of Gatwick Express’ 387/2 units entered service with Thameslink prior to introduction on Gatwick Express services due to the delay of the Class 700 units, although these returned to service with Gatwick Express after a few months; the 387/1s have now been transferred to Great Northern working services from Kings Cross to Peterborough and Cambridge/King's Lynn. 387 117 collided with the buffer stops on platform 9 at London King's Cross station, on 15 August 2017. 387 146 derailed near West Ealing railway station, on 27 November 2018. One unit so far has been named: 387124 - "Paul McCann" Media related to British Rail Class 387 at Wikimedia Commons

James Nelligan

James "Jim" Leo Nelligan was a Republican member of the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania. Nelligan was born in Pennsylvania, he attended James M. Coughlin High School, graduating in 1946, King's College in Wilkes-Barre, graduating in 1951, he served in the United States Army, worked as an accountant. From 1951-67 he was a staff member of the United States General Accounting Office in Washington, D. C.. He served on the staff for the United States House of Representatives Committee on Government Operations from 1967-70, he was the director of the Finance and Grants Management Division of the United States Office of Economic Opportunity from 1970–73, director of the Office of Property Management, Office of Federal Management Policy, United States General Services Administration from 1973-75. He served as operations director for the United States House of Representatives Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce from 1975-79, he was elected in 1980 as a Republican to the 97th United States Congress but was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1982.

After his term in Congress he became the Deputy Secretary of Revenue of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from 1983-85. United States Congress. "James Nelligan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

The Remix Collection (Kim Wilde album)

The Remix Collection is a remix album by Kim Wilde. The album was released in 1993 in Japan and in Australia, it contains some of her hits in long versions. For the first time available on CD are "The Second Time" U. S. Mix, "Never Trust a Stranger" Sanjazz Mix, "Four Letter Word" Late Night Mix. A techno-style mix of "Kids in America" is included. To promote the album, "Kids in America 1994" was released as a single in May 1994 in several European countries, which featured remixes by Italian Eurodance project Cappella; the remix was not included on the album itself. The album peaked at No. 64 on the Australian ARIA albums chart in March 1994. "If I Can't Have You" – 4:36 "Kids in America" – 5:06 "The Second Time" – 5:23 "Rage to Love" – 5:59 "You Keep Me Hangin' On" – 9:03 "Another Step " – 5:51 "You Came" – 6:41 "Never Trust a Stranger" – 5:44 "Four Letter Word" – 3:55 "Love Is Holy" – 4:44 "If I Can't Have You" – 6:29 "In My Life" – 4:57 The Remix Collection at AllMusic

Jim Power (economist)

Jim Power is Chief Economist at Friends First, a subsidiary of insurance multinational Achmea. From Waterford, Ireland, he has children. Power attended University College Dublin, he has worked for the Bank of Ireland as its Chief Economist, for Allied Irish Banks as its Treasury Economist. He teaches at UCD's Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School, his weekly column features in the Irish Examiner, he is to be seen commentating in Ireland's media, in newspapers, on radio and on television programmes such as Tonight with Vincent Browne. He edits Friends First's Quarterly Economic Outlook. In April 2007, Power appeared on Prime Time where he vehemently opposed UCD Professor of Economics Morgan Kelly's warning that Ireland was heading for economic disaster. Power insisted that the Irish property bubble would become "more sustainable in the long term", that it would not burst, that "the reality is that those things are unlikely to happen". Within months it had. Power took to writing about the financial crisis.

His first book, Picking Up the Pieces, appeared in 2009. Dublin Central TD Paschal Donohoe said - "humane thought provoking book."