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Hirohito

Hirohito was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned as the emperor of the Empire of Japan from 25 December 1926 until 2 May 1947 and of the state of Japan from 3 May 1947 until his death on 7 January 1989, he was succeeded by the eldest son, Akihito. Emperor Showa and his wife Empress Kojun had two sons and five daughters. In Japan, reigning emperors are known as "the Emperor" and he is now referred to by his posthumous name, Shōwa, the name of the era coinciding with his reign. By 1979, Hirohito was the only monarch in the world with the highest royal title "emperor." Hirohito was the longest-lived and longest-reigning historical Japanese emperor and the second longest-reigning monarch in the world. At the start of his reign, Japan was one of the great powers—the ninth-largest economy in the world, the third-largest naval power, one of the four permanent members of the council of the League of Nations, he was the head of state under the Constitution of the Empire of Japan during Japan's imperial expansion and involvement in World War II.

After Japan's surrender, he was not prosecuted for war crimes as many other leading government figures were, his degree of involvement in wartime decisions remains controversial. During the post-war period, he became the symbol of the state of Japan under the post-war constitution and Japan's recovery, by the end of his reign, Japan emerged as the world's second largest economy. Born in Tokyo's Aoyama Palace on 29 April 1901, Hirohito was the first son of 21-year-old Crown Prince Yoshihito and 17-year-old Crown Princess Sadako, he was the grandson of Yanagihara Naruko. His childhood title was Prince Michi. On the 70th day after his birth, Hirohito was removed from the court and placed in the care of the family of Count Kawamura Sumiyoshi, a former vice-admiral, to rear him as if he were his own grandchild. At the age of 3, Hirohito and his brother Yasuhito were returned to court when Kawamura died – first to the imperial mansion in Numazu, Shizuoka back to the Aoyama Palace. In 1908 he began elementary studies at the Gakushūin.

When his grandfather, Emperor Meiji, died on 30 July 1912, Hirohito's father, assumed the throne, Hirohito became the heir apparent. At the same time, he was formally commissioned in both the army and navy as a second lieutenant and ensign and was decorated with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum. In 1914, he was promoted to the ranks of lieutenant in the army and sub-lieutenant in the navy to captain and lieutenant in 1916. Hirohito was formally proclaimed Crown Prince and heir apparent on 2 November 1916. Hirohito attended Gakushūin Peers' School from 1908 to 1914 and a special institute for the crown prince from 1914 to 1921. In 1920 Hirohito was promoted to the rank of Major in Lieutenant Commander in the navy. From 3 March to 3 September 1921, the Crown Prince made official visits to the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Vatican City; this was the first visit to Europe by the Crown Prince, despite strong opposition in Japan, this was realized by the efforts of elder Japanese statesmen such as Yamagata Aritomo and Saionji Kinmochi.

The departure of Prince Hirohito was reported in newspapers. The Japanese battleship Katori was used and departed from Yokohama, sailed to Naha, Hong Kong, Colombo, Suez and Gibraltar, two months arrived in Portsmouth on 9 May, on the same day they reached the British capital London, he was welcomed in the UK as a partner of the Anglo-Japanese Alliance and met with King George V and Prime Minister David Lloyd George. That evening, a banquet was held at Buckingham Palace and a meeting with George V and Prince Arthur of Connaught. George V said on this night that he treated his father like Hirohito, nervous in an unfamiliar foreign country, that relieved his tension; the next day, he met Prince Edward at Windsor Castle, a banquet was held every day thereafter. In London, he toured the British Museum, Tower of London, Bank of England, Lloyd's Marine Insurance, Oxford University, Army University and Naval War College, enjoyed theater at the New Oxford Theater and the Delhi Theater. At Cambridge University he listened to Professor Tanner's lecture on "Relationship between the British Royal Family and its People" and was awarded an honorary doctorate degree.

He visited Edinburgh, Scotland from the 19th to the 20th, was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws at the University of Edinburgh. He stayed at the residence of 7th Duke of Atholl, for 3 days. "The rise of Bolsheviks won't happen if you live a simple life like Duke Athol."In Italy, he met with King Vittorio Emanuele III and others, attended official banquets in various countries, visited places such as the fierce battlefields of World War I. After his return to Japan, Hirohito became Regent of Japan on 29 November 1921, in place of his ailing father, affected by a mental illness. In 1923 he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the army and Commander in the navy, to army Colonel and Navy Captain in 1925. During Hirohito's regency, a number of important events occurred: In the Four-Power Treaty on Insular Possessions signed on 13 December 1921, the United

Almberg

The 1,139-metre-high Almberg lies about 20 kilometres northeast of Freyung near the border between Germany and Czechia. Its mountainsides are used for skiing. On its eastern side is Mitterfirmiansreut, a village whose main focus is winter sports with five ski lifts, a chair lift and an extensive Nordic skiing network; the Almberg star party takes place annually there. In 2010 on the approach to the village of Alpe an artificial lake was built with a storage volume of about 28,000 cubic metres, used to feed the ski cannon in the ski centre; the summit plateau offers an all-round view over the Bavarian Forest National Park including Rachel and Lusen. On clear autumn days when there is a föhn wind, the Northern Limestone Alps are visible from the Totes Gebirge to the Zugspitze; the surrounding villages of Philippsreut, Hinterfirmiansreut, Mitterfirmiansreut and Vorderfirmiansreut were founded in the 17th century by the Prince Bishops of Lamberg and Firmian. Prior to that the region was uninhabited.

The nearest settlement was Mauth

Lost in Shadow

Lost in Shadow, known as A Shadow's Tale in Australia and Europe and as Kage no Tō in Japan, is a puzzle platforming video game developed for Nintendo's Wii console by Hudson Soft. It was released in Japan in July 2010, in Australia and Europe in October 2010, in North America in January 2011. Lost in Shadow is played in the background of the game environment as the player controls a boy's shadow, which must climb the shadows of a tall tower, rife with puzzles and enemies, he is accompanied by a sylph that can alter the direction of the foreground light sources, altering the alignment of shadows upon which he climbs. There are times in the game when the boy is able to materialize into the 3D world and interact with the objects themselves as opposed to their shadows. Lost in Shadow is a 2D platform game; the player must navigate each level, fighting enemies, using switches and levers to open up paths. Selected platforms can be rotated to provide different routes. At certain points, the player is given control over light sources in the foreground which can be moved to alter the layout of the level.

Lost in Shadow was developed by the team at Hudson Soft that had created Kororinpa and its sequel for the Wii. The original inspiration came from the game shadow tag, the objective of, to step on an opponent's shadow. Director Osamu Tsuchihashi was reminded of his experience with the game as a child when he saw some kids playing tag in a park, he conceived the concept of Lost in Shadow as a result, combining it with an earlier idea of a title revolving around climbing a tower. The atmosphere and setting of the game was based on a disused tower in Tokyo and an abandoned racing track in Negishi, the latter of which Tsuchihashi was intrigued by after he coincidentally came upon a photo of the location. For the lighting of Lost in Shadow, he tried to recreate the horizontal incidence of sunlight while playing shadow tag, the muted color palette used in the title was inspired by ancient Japanese art; the enemies in the levels were made to convey a sense of fear and sadness, were thought of as "it", the current chaser in a game of tag.

The shadow protagonist of the story was left unnamed because Tsuchihashi did not want to over-characterize it. Chief designer Masakazu Echigo kept its shape simple not to obscure it on the various surfaces it is cast on, sound director Shohei Bando was faced with the challenge of creating sounds a shadow would make; the health system of the game, centered around the weight of the shadow, was based on Duncan MacDougall's alleged determination of the human soul weighing 21 grams. Hiromasa Ogura, a character designer of director Hayao Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli and had worked on the anime films Patlabor: The Movie and Ghost in the Shell, was commissioned as the art director for the game and drew the Japanese box cover, as part of a team of seven graphic artists; the music composed by Takasi Watanabe is ambient in nature, is supplemented by the image song "Hinagiku" from artist Gutevolk. The team conceived the easier puzzles in the game with a computer program, though actual toy blocks were used to model more complex ones, resulting in a lot of trial and error.

However, most of the development time of one and a half years was spent on creating and adjusting the shadow engine which posed many unforeseen problems for the game's programmers. Lost in Shadow received mixed to positive reviews. Writing for MSN, Kristan Reed praised the game as "an outside bet for Game of the Year", with his only criticisms being the difficulty level and lack of anti-aliasing. Eurogamer called the game "as insubstantial as its hero.", lamenting that "it's no longer enough to come up with a concept and let it do the heavy lifting for the entire length of a game." Official Australian and European website