The historical mystery or historical whodunit is a subgenre of two literary genres, historical fiction and mystery fiction. These works are set in a time period considered historical from the author's perspective, the central plot involves the solving of a mystery or crime. Though works combining these genres have existed since at least the early 20th century, many credit Ellis Peters's Cadfael Chronicles for popularizing what would become known as the historical mystery; the increasing popularity and prevalence of this type of fiction in subsequent decades has spawned a distinct subgenre recognized by the publishing industry and libraries. Publishers Weekly noted in 2010 of the genre, "The past decade has seen an explosion in both quantity and quality. Never before have so many historical mysteries been published, by so many gifted writers, covering such a wide range of times and places." Editor Keith Kahla concurs, "From a small group of writers with a specialized audience, the historical mystery has become a critically acclaimed, award-winning genre with a toehold on the New York Times bestseller list."Since 1999, the British Crime Writers' Association has awarded the CWA Historical Dagger award to novels in the genre.
The Left Coast Crime conference has presented its Bruce Alexander Memorial Historical Mystery award since 2004. Though the term "whodunit" was coined sometime in the early 1930s, it has been argued that the detective story itself has its origins as early as the 429 BC Sophocles play Oedipus Rex and the 10th century tale "The Three Apples" from One Thousand and One Nights. During China's Ming Dynasty, gong'an folk novels were written in which government magistrates—primarily the historical Di Renjie of the Tang Dynasty and Bao Zheng of the Song Dynasty —investigate cases and as judges determine guilt and punishment; the stories contained many anachronisms. Robert van Gulik came across the 18th century anonymously-written Chinese manuscript Di Gong An, in his view closer to the Western tradition of detective fiction than other gong'an tales and so more to appeal to non-Chinese readers, in 1949 published it in English as Celebrated Cases of Judge Dee, he subsequently wrote his own Judge Dee stories in the same time period.
The first modern English work that can be classified as both historical fiction and a mystery however is the 1911 Melville Davisson Post story "The Angel of the Lord", which features amateur detective Uncle Abner in pre-American Civil War West Virginia. Barry Zeman of the Mystery Writers of America calls the Uncle Abner short stories "the starting point for true historical mysteries." In the 22 Uncle Abner tales Post wrote between 1911 and 1928, the character puzzles out local mysteries with his keen observation and knowledge of the Bible. It was not until 1943 that American mystery writer Lillian de la Torre did something similar in the story "The Great Seal of England", casting 18th century literary figures Samuel Johnson and James Boswell into Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson roles in what would become the first of her Dr. Sam: Johnson, Detector series of stories. In 1944 Agatha Christie published Death Comes as the End, a mystery novel set in ancient Egypt and the first full-length historical whodunit.
In 1950, John Dickson Carr published the second full-length historical mystery novel called The Bride of Newgate, set at the close of the Napoleonic Wars. In 1970 Peter Lovesey began a series of novels featuring Sergeant Cribb, a Victorian-era police detective, Elizabeth Peters's Amelia Peabody series followed the adventures of the titular Victorian lady/archaeologist as she solved mysteries surrounding her excavations in early 20th century Egypt, but historical mystery stories remained an oddity until the late 1970s, with the success of Ellis Peters and her Cadfael Chronicles, featuring Benedictine monk Brother Cadfael and set in 12th century Shrewsbury. Umberto Eco's one-off The Name of the Rose helped popularize the concept, starting in 1979, author Anne Perry wrote two series of Victorian era mysteries featuring Thomas Pitt and William Monk; however it was not until about 1990 that the genre's popularity expanded with works such as Lindsey Davis's Falco novels, set in the Roman Empire of Vespasian.
For Mike Ashley'sThe Mammoth Book of Historical Detectives, F. Gwynplaine MacIntyre wrote "Death in the Dawntime", a locked room mystery set in Australia around 35,000 BC, which Ashley suggests is the furthest in the past a historical mystery has been set to date. Diana Gabaldon began the Lord John series in 1998, casting a recurring secondary character from her Outlander series, Lord John Grey, as a nobleman-military officer-amateur detective in 18th century England. Using the pen name Ariana Franklin, Diana Norman wrote four Mistress of the Art of Death novels between 2007 and 2010, featuring 12th-century English medical examiner Adelia Aguilar. Publishers Weekly noted in 2010 of the genre, "The past decade has seen an explosion in both quantity and quality. Never before have so many historical mysteries been published, by so many gifted writers, covering such a wide range of times and places." Editor Keith Kahla concurs, "From a small group of writers w
The Tenor Stylings of Bill Barron is the debut album by saxophonist Bill Barron, recorded in 1961 and first released on the Savoy label. The album was reissued on CD combined with Modern Windows in 2000. In his review on Allmusic, Michael G. Nastos called stated "This recording displays all the why's and wherefore's as to his unsung greatness, showcasing his clever compositions and his clear, definite tenor tone that holds allegiance to no peer or predecessor" All About Jazz noted "The Tenor Stylings Of Bill Barron somehow was engineered for sharper and more assertive sound reproduction, clarifying the roles of the instruments within each piece. Furthermore, the compositions on the album are based upon single themes for the most part". All compositions by Bill Barron "Blast Off" – 9:37 "Ode to an Earth Girl" – 7:33 "Fox Hunt" – 7:07 "Oriental Impressions" – 6:24 "Back Lash" – 5:47 "Nebulae" – 6:18 "Desolation" – 5:21 Bonus track on reissue Bill Barron – tenor saxophone Ted Curson – trumpet Kenny Barron – piano Jimmy Garrison – bass Frankie Dunlop – drums
Kosuke Takahashi is a Japanese journalist. He contributes to IHS Jane's Defence, NK News and Toyo Keizai Online among other media by writing in both English and Japanese, he is currently a regular TV commentator of Tokyo MX's Morning Cross program. He worked as the senior online news editor at Thomson Reuters in Tokyo from April 2016 to January 2017, where he focuses on expanding its online news coverage across multiple digital channels, he was appointed editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post Japan in September 2014 where he was in charge of overseeing all of the day-to-day editorial content and operations of the Huffington Post Japan. He has worked as Tokyo correspondent for IHS Jane's Defence Weekly from January 2009 to early September 2014, specializing in Japan's defense and politics as well as East Asian affairs such as on Sino-Japanese relations and Korean Peninsula issues, he has worked for the Asahi Shimbun, Bloomberg News, Dow Jones Japan and The Wall Street Journal Japan as staff writer/editor, Nikkei CNBC Japan as regular TV commentator.
He used the pen name Kosuke Goto at Bloomberg. His work has appeared in the International Herald Tribune, The Guardian, The Straits Times, Institutional Investor magazine, Asia Times Online, The Diplomat, NK News and Japan’s Tokyo Keizai magazine, among other publications, his comments on international affairs have appeared in worldwide articles such as those of the Christian Science Monitor, the Australian, Italy’s daily newspaper Il Foglio, the Taipei Times, the Ukrainian Week, China's Xinhua News Agency and South Korea's JoongAng Ilbo. The news media Takahashi has worked for: Senior Online News Editor of Thomson Reuters, April 1, 2016– January 2017 Editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post Japan, September 8, 2014– March 14, 2016 Tokyo Correspondent for IHS Jane's Defence Weekly, January 2009– September 7, 2014 Editor at Wall Street Journal Japan, Oct 2012 - Dec 2013 Senior Writer at Asia Times Online, May 2004– Sept 2012 TV Commentator at Nikkei CNBC Japan, March 2009– March 2012 Freelancer for Institutional Investor Magazine, January 2009–December 2010 Staff Writer at Bloomberg News, July 2005 - Sept 2008 Staff Writer at RIM Intelligence Co, Feb 2004 - May 2005 Intern at the Tokyo bureau of The New York Times, May- July, 2002 Copy Editor at Dow Jones Japan, 2000–2001 Staff Writer at The Asahi Shimbun, 1993–1999Takahashi graduated from Keio University with a B.
A. in economics in 1993. After working for The Asahi Shimbun and Dow Jones, he studied at Columbia University's Journalism School and School of International and Public Affairs, graduated with Master of Science in Journalism in 2003 and Master of International Affairs in 2004. Prior to joining the Asahi as a reporter in 1993, he worked for Baltimore Economic Development Corporation as an exchange trainee to a sister city program of Kawasaki City, researched trade issues between the United States and Japan, he was awarded an Honorary citizenship of Baltimore for his work in 1988. Personal blog in English Personal blog in Japanese Introducing Kosuke TAKAHASHI by Japan Focus
"Tiempo" is a rock song performed by Argentine band Erreway. It is the opening song and single from their second studio album Tiempo, was written by eminent producer and composer Cris Morena. In January 2003, the song reached number one in Argentina and Israel, was a massive hit throughout Latin America and Europe. "Tiempo" was the opening theme of the television series Rebelde Way during the second season, was performed by Erreway in its final episode. Is the opening single from Tiempo, the second album of Argentine band Erreway. "Tiempo" was written in 2003 by Rebelde Way and Erreway creator Cris Morena for the band's second album Tiempo. Although "Te Soñé" was released before "Tiempo", "Tiempo" served as the opening single for the album, while "Te Soñé" was re–released, it is considered to be the most successful single of Erreway and as one of their signature songs, along with "Para Cosas Buenas" and "Memoria", reaching number one throughout Latin America and Israel. The song was voted out as the second most listened Erreway song at the Last.fm.
"Tiempo" was used as the opening theme for the second season of Rebelde Way, was replaced with "Para Cosas Buenas". It was performed by Erreway members Manuel Aguirre, Pablo Bustamante, Marizza Andrade and Mía Colucci in the final Rebelde Way episode; the song was included on Erreway en Concierto, El Disco de Rebelde Way and Erreway presenta su caja recopilatoria, three compilation albums released by the band. Erreway and Rebelde Way creator Cris Morena directed the music video for "Tiempo", it opens with Felipe Colombo playing the electric guitar. The band performs the song and is heard by corpses, played by Rebelde Way cast members, they rise from their greaves, desiring a new start. Erreway and Rebelde Way actors are dressed in white, dance in the rain. At the end of the video, they lie down. Official Video at the YouTube Erreway at the Last.fm
The Chuncheon International Marathon is an annual marathon race, held in late October in the city of Chuncheon, South Korea. First held in 1946, it is the second oldest marathon in the country after the Seoul International Marathon. Sponsored by The Chosun Ilbo, a major daily newspaper in South Korea, the race is one of two in the country which holds IAAF Silver Label status, along with Gyeongju International Marathon; the 1936 Summer Olympics saw two Koreans win Olympic medals: Sohn Kee-chung took the gold while Nam Sung-yong was the bronze medallist. Both runners had competed in the colours of Japan, as the competition took place when Korea was part of the Japanese empire; when Japan was defeated in World War II, Korea was liberated and the first "Chosun Ilbo Shortened Marathon" was held the following year, building upon the newly free country's running tradition. Suh Yun-bok, a sports coach at Anyang Technical College, won the first race and took victory at the Boston Marathon; the race was extended to the marathon distance for the next year and the event was held on the eleventh anniversary of Sohn's Olympic win.
The race was not held from 1950 to 1953 due to the Korean War, but the annual competition has been uninterrupted since then. Marathon running became less popular in Korea in the 1960–70s and it was not until the 1980s that there was a resurgence of interest in the event, which saw women competing in the programme for the first time. Improving course times resulted in Kim Wan-Ki's South Korean record run of 2:11:02 to win in 1991; the national race turned into an international one in 1995 and top runners from Kenya and Japan became frequent participants. The 1996 event hosted the Asian Marathon Championship race; the course overall is a flat one, with small uphill and downhill sections coming around the 5-kilometre and 30-kilometre marks. The looped course starts near the city centre on the east bank and heads south, following the waterfront, it turns northwards at the 8 km mark as it reaches the city suburbs and traces along the west side of the river for a 20 km stretch. The course crosses the river and heads back towards the finishing point in down-town Chuncheon.
Kim Wan-Ki's 1991 national and course record lasted only three years as Lee Bong-Ju dipped under the two hours, ten minutes mark with a run of 2:09:59. Moses Tanui became the first Kenyan winner in 1997 and knocked a minute off the record; this mark stood for thirteen years, at which point another Kenyan took over a minute more off that time for the current men's course best of 2:07:54. That mark was beaten the following year by Stanley Biwott; the women's record for the course is Kwon Eun-Ju's long-standing time of 2:26:12, a South Korean record. Not much is known of the early winners of the race. Suh Yun-bok won the first race in a time of 1:29:24 on a shortened course estimated to have been around 25 km in length. A university student, Hong Jong-Oh, won the second race, beating a field of 50 runners to complete Chuncheon's first true marathon in a time of 2:57:20; the next documented winner came from after the Korean War, as Lee Chang-Hoon won a shorter 20 km race in 1957. The next known winners after this come from the race's period of growth in the 1980s: Kim Won-Tak won in 1985 in around two hours seventeen minutes, while Kim Jae-Ryong took the 1987 race in a time around three minutes faster than that.
Key: Course record Short course Key: Course record Asian Marathon Championship race List of winnersChosunilbo Chunchon Marathon. Association of Road Racing Statisticians. Retrieved on 2010-10-26. Official website
Martin Andrew Berghammer was a Major League Baseball shortstop who played for four seasons. He played for the Chicago White Sox in 1911 and the Cincinnati Reds from 1913 to 1914, he played for the Pittsburgh Rebels of the Federal League in 1915. Berghammer was a member of the St. Paul Saints club for ten seasons before starting his managerial career, he was obtained by the Saints from the Pittsburgh Feds and played as a shortstop in St. Paul, but shifted to second base in 1918 and developed a reputation as one of the best second sackers in the league. Known as the Tulsa Spitfire, he became the manager of the Milwaukee Brewers in 1929, taking over as director of the club after Jack Lelivelt resigned due to poor health; as manager of the Tulsa club he won two pennants. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference