SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Wotagei

Wotagei or otagei refers to a type of dancing and cheering gestures performed by wota, fans of Japanese idol singers, involving jumping, arm-waving and chanting slogans. Wotagei is performed at concerts, or at events such as anime and manga conventions and meetings of idol fan groups, it is thought to have developed from the ōendan, organised cheering squads common at sporting events in Japan. Wotagei is associated with fans of Hello! Project and AKB48 idols, as well as fans of anime voice actresses, who perform theme songs for the series in which they appear. There are specific actions associated with "wotagei", such as physical chants; the "Call" is used shout or yell "urya" and "oi" The most used chant is known as the mix, which follows a set rhythm and is shouted during the introduction and instrumental breaks of an idol's song. However, it is considered improper to use it during a slow or emotional song; the mix is not associated with a specific idol group. It consists of three main variations: the Standard Mix, the Japanese Mix, the Ainu Mix.

Some idols have their own specific versions of the Mix unique to them. Standard MixThe Standard Mix is the most used mix of the three, is known as the First Mix as it is heard during the introduction of the song. In English, it follows the order below. "Tiger, Cyber, Diver, Jyaa jyaa!!" "タイガー、ファイヤー、サイバー、ファイバー、ダイバー、バイバー、ジャージャー" Japanese MixThe Japanese Mix is the translated Standard Mix, is heard at the end of the first instrumental break, leading into the second verse of the song. Due to this, the Japanese Mix is sometimes referred to as the Second Mix. "虎、火、人造、繊維、海女、振動、化繊飛除去" "トラ、ヒ、ジンゾウ、センイ、アマ、シンドウ、カセントビョキョ" Oftentimes, "Kasentobijokyo" is abbreviated to "Kasen." Ainu MixThe Ainu Mix is another translated version of the mix. It is known as the Third Mix, but is only used when there is a third instrumental in the song. "チャペ、アペ、カラ、キナ、ララ、トゥスケ、ミョーホントゥスケ" "wotagei" is performed with Glow stick tiger romance kecak Thunder Snake "Wota lota love" by Eric Prideaux, The Japan Times, January 16, 2005.

"J-Pop's dream factory" by Chris Campion, Observer Music Monthly, August 21, 2005. "¿Qué es el wotagei?", Wota.tv, October 23, 2006. "Wotagei & Chant guide" by Turbos86, May 11, 2009

Robert Menaker

Robert Owen Menaker was an American citizen who worked for Soviet intelligence during World War II. Born in Passaic, New Jersey, Menaker was the son of a Russian Jewish immigrant, imprisoned for revolutionary activity in Russia. Menaker's family were noted radicals and one of Menaker's nieces, was married to Victor Perlo, head of the Perlo group, he is named for utopian socialist Robert Owen. Menaker was identified by Arlington Hall cryptographers in sixteen Venona messages. Menaker assisted Floyd Miller's infiltration of the Socialist Workers Party. Several Venona messages are related to Menaker's employer, Michael Burd, for whom Menaker worked at the Midland Export Corporation of New York City. In 1944 and 1945, Menaker traveled to Chile to represent Midland Export. While in Chile he met the Chilean diplomat Christian Casanova Subercaseaux. Burd and Subercaseaux were both Soviet intelligence agents. After returning from his 1944 Chile trip, Burd complained to the New York KGB office that Menaker alienated several companies they did business with.

KGB Officer Pavel Ivanovich Fedosimov reported to Moscow that "allowances should be made working with Menaker since he had not been trained or screened prior to assignment. In a Venona transcript, the KGB speculates about the possibility that Laurence Duggan, another source who had resigned from the U. S. State Department, might do some unspecified work with him. A cable from October references work with Joseph Katz, owner of the Tempus Import Company in Manhattan, one of the KGB's most active agents; the decrypt requests instructions regarding Menaker's salary, noted someone would be paying him thirty thousand dollars but that he might not receive it for a year. Menaker, like his friend Floyd Miller, "apparently cooperated with the FBI to some extent in the 1950s.... His son wrote of the frequent presence in the household in the 1950s of a friendly FBI agent, but his father never spoke about what he did in Mexico, or what he told the FBI."He is the father of author Daniel Menaker, grandfather to Chapo Trap House host Will Menaker.

Menaker, whose code names as deciphered by Arlington Hall cryptographers is BOB and CZECH, is referenced in the following Venona project decryptions: 55 KGB Moscow to New York, 10 January 1943 694 KGB New York to Moscow, 15 May 1943 1044 KGB New York to Moscow, 2 July 1943 1185 KGB New York to Moscow, 21 July 1943 1031 KGB New York to Moscow, 24 July 1944 1143–1144 KGB New York to Moscow, 10 August 1944 1313 KGB New York to Moscow, 13 September 1944 1337 KGB New York to Moscow, 19 September 1944 1430 KGB New York to Moscow, 10 October 1944 1470 KGB New York to Moscow, 17 October 1944 1512 KGB New York to Moscow, 24 October 1944 1522 KGB New York to Moscow, 27 October 1944 1613 KGB New York to Moscow, 18 November 1944 1637 KGB New York to Moscow, 21 November 1944 1716 KGB New York to Moscow, 5 December 1944 77 KGB New York to Moscow, 17 January 1945 Daniel Menaker, The Old Left. Earl M. Hyde, Bernard Schuster and Joseph Katz: KGB Master Spies in the United States, International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, Volume 12, Number 1, 1 March 1999 Vassiliev, Alexander Vassiliev’s Notes on Anatoly Gorsky’s December 1948 Memo on Compromised American Sources and Networks, retrieved 2012-04-21John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America, pgs.

266–267, 284 ISBN 0-300-08462-5