Jonathan Niven Cryer is an American actor and television director. Born into a show business family, Cryer made his motion picture debut as a teenaged photographer in the 1984 romantic comedy No Small Affair. In 1998, he wrote and produced the independent film Went to Coney Island on a Mission from God... Be Back by Five. Although Cryer gained fame with his early film roles, it took several years to find success on television. In 2003, Cryer was cast as Alan Harper on the CBS sitcom Two and a Half Men, for which he won two Primetime Emmy Awards in 2009 and 2012. Cryer received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Television in 2011. Cryer's other film appearances include Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, Hiding Out, Hot Shots, Tortured and Hit by Lightning, he has a recurring role in the CBS drama series NCIS, playing Dr. Cyril Taft. After appearing on the podcast Crime Writers On... it was announced Cryer is joining the team at the Undisclosed podcast for their second season. Cryer was born in New York.
His mother, Gretchen Cryer, is a playwright, songwriter and singer. His father, Donald David Cryer, is an actor and singer who studied to be a minister. Cryer's paternal grandfather, Rev. Dr. Donald W. Cryer, was a well-known Methodist minister, he has two sisters and Shelly. When Cryer was twelve years old, he decided; when his mother heard this, she thought he should have a backup plan, joked: "Plumbing is a pretty good career." Cryer attended Stagedoor Manor Performing Arts Training Center for several summers as a teenager, is a 1983 graduate of the Bronx High School of Science. He was classmates with film director Boaz Yakin. To his mother's "great disappointment", Cryer skipped college and went to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, United Kingdom for a summer short course in Shakespeare. Cryer's first professional acting effort was as David in the Broadway play Torch Song Trilogy, replacing Matthew Broderick, whom he "closely resembled". Cryer was an understudy and replacement for Broderick in Neil Simon's Brighton Beach Memoirs in 1989.
At age 19, Cryer appeared in the 1984 romantic comedy film No Small Affair, in the lead role as Charles Cummings, after the original production with Matthew Broderick was shut down due to a heart attack by director Martin Ritt. He went on to have small roles in films and television movies, he made his breakthrough as Phil "Duckie" Demster in the John Hughes-scripted film Pretty in Pink. In an interview with the Daily News, Cryer's mother said that after Pretty in Pink, she started getting calls from teenage girls from all over the world, who would leave hysterical, giggling messages on her answering machine. In 1989, he got the lead role in the TV comedy series The Famous Teddy Z, his performance gained the show was canceled after the first season. A year he starred with Charlie Sheen in the Jim Abrahams comedy Hot Shots!, received positively. Cryer is linked to the Brat Pack. In a March 2009 interview on Anytime with Bob Kushell, Cryer stated that he had auditioned for St. Elmo's Fire but was not cast in a role.
In 1993, he was asked to audition for the role of Chandler Bing on Friends, while doing a play in London. His reading was videotaped by a British casting agent but the tape failed to arrive in the U. S. before the network had made its final decision. In 1995, he was cast as Bob in the sitcom Partners, like his prior show The Famous Teddy Z, was canceled after its first season. In an interview with Time Out New York he stated, "Hey, every show I'm in goes down. Think about this: George Clooney was in 28 pilots, or something, it means nothing". After guest starring on shows such as Dharma & Greg and The Outer Limits, he wrote and produced the film, Went to Coney Island on a Mission from God... Be Back by Five, it gained positive reviews from critics. Leonard Maltin from Playboy Magazine called it "a breath of fresh air"; that same year, Cryer landed in another TV series, the Fox sitcom Getting Personal, alongside Vivica A. Fox and Duane Martin. Although the show was picked up for a second season after its abbreviated spring run, it was canceled that fall, after airing 17 episodes in total.
In 2000, he was cast. For the third time, Cryer starred in a show, canceled after its first season. Cryer's long run of unsuccessful TV projects ended three years later. Against the wishes of CBS executives and due to a friendship with Charlie Sheen, he was cast in 2003 to portray Alan Harper on the hit comedy series Two and a Half Men, he has earned seven Primetime Emmy Award nominations and two wins for his acting work on the show. In a comment on the show's high ratings, he said: "When you’re on a show that's fighting for survival every week, you stop trusting your instincts, because you think, ‘My instincts haven't worked so far.’ But when people like the show and are watching it in great numbers, it takes a huge amount of pressure off you. It allows you to trust your instincts and go with what has worked for you before." After former co-star Charlie Sheen's departure from the series, Cryer's character became the show's main protagonist throughout the final four seasons due to the show
Body Heat is a 1981 American neo-noir erotic thriller film written and directed by Lawrence Kasdan. It stars William Hurt, Kathleen Turner and Richard Crenna, features Ted Danson, J. A. Preston, Mickey Rourke; the film was inspired by Double Indemnity. The film launched Turner's career—Empire magazine cited the film in 1995 when it named her one of the "100 Sexiest Stars in Film History"; the New York Times wrote in 2005 that, propelled by her "jaw-dropping movie debut Body Heat... she built a career on adventurousness and frank sexuality born of robust physicality."The film was the directorial debut of Kasdan, screenwriter of The Empire Strikes Back and Raiders of the Lost Ark. During a intense Florida heatwave, inept lawyer Ned Racine begins an affair with Matty, the wife of wealthy businessman, Edmund Walker. One night Ned arrives at the Walker mansion and playfully propositions a woman who he mistakenly thinks is Matty; the woman is Matty's visiting high school friend. Soon after, Matty tells Ned she wants to divorce Edmund, but their prenuptial agreement would leave her with little money.
Ned suggests murdering Edmund so Matty can inherit his wealth. He consults a shady former client, Teddy Lewis, an expert on incendiary devices, who supplies Ned with a bomb, though he encourages Ned to abandon whatever he is scheming. Ned, aided by Matty, kills Edmund and moves the body to an abandoned building connected to Edmund's business interests. Ned detonates the bomb to look. Soon after, Edmund's lawyer contacts Ned about a new will that Racine drafted for Edmund and was witnessed by Mary Ann Simpson; the new will was improperly prepared, making it null and void, resulting in Matty inheriting Edmund's entire fortune while disinheriting his surviving blood relatives. Matty reveals to Ned that she forged the will, knowing it would be nullified. Two of Ned's friends, assistant deputy prosecutor Peter Lowenstein, police detective Oscar Grace, begin to suspect Ned is involved in Edmund's death, they inform Ned. Mary Ann Simpson has disappeared. Nervous over the mounting evidence implicating him, questioning Matty's loyalty, Ned happens upon a lawyer who once sued him over a mishandled legal case.
The lawyer says that to make amends, he recommended Ned to Matty Walker, admits he told her about Ned's modest legal skills. Lowenstein informs Ned that on the night of the murder, hotel phone records show that repeated calls to Ned's room went unanswered, thereby weakening his alibi. Teddy tells Ned about a woman wanting another incendiary device, that he showed her how to booby trap a door. Matty says Edmund's glasses are in the Walker estate boathouse. Ned arrives that night and spots a long twisted wire attached to the door; when Matty arrives, Ned asks her to retrieve the glasses. Matty disappears from view. A body found inside is identified through dental records as Matty Walker. Now in prison, having realized Matty duped him, tries to convince Grace that she is still alive, he lays out for him the scenario that the woman he knew as "Matty" assumed the real Matty Tyler's identity in order to marry and murder Edmund for his money. The "Mary Ann Simpson" that Ned met had discovered the scheme and was blackmailing Matty, only to be murdered.
Had Ned been killed in the boathouse explosion, the police would have found both suspects' bodies. Ned obtains a copy of Matty's high school yearbook. In it are photos of Mary Ann Simpson and Matty Tyler, confirming his suspicion that Mary Ann assumed Matty's identity becoming Matty Walker. Below Mary Ann's is the nickname "The Vamp" and "Ambition—To be rich and live in an exotic land"; the real Mary Ann is last seen wearing a nonchalant facial expression, while lounging on a tropical beach, alongside a Brazilian Portuguese-speaking man. Kasdan "wanted this film to have the intricate structure of a dream, the density of a good novel, the texture of recognizable people in extraordinary circumstances."A substantial portion of the film was shot in east-central Palm Beach County, including downtown Lake Worth and in the oceanside enclave of Manalapan. Additional scenes were shot on Hollywood Beach, such as the scene set in a band shell. There was more graphic and extensive sex scene footage, but this was only shown in an early premier, including in West Palm Beach, the area it was filmed, was edited out for wider distribution.
In an interview, Body Heat film editor Carol Littleton says, "Obviously, there was more graphic footage. But we felt that less was more." In late 1980, Lawrence Kasdan met with four composers of those works he had admired, but only John Barry told him of ideas which were close to the director's own. 10 demos were recorded on March 31 and Barry wrote the whole score during April and early May 1981. The composer provided several themes and leitmotifs—the most memorable was "Main Theme", heard during the main titles and representing Matty. Barry worked with recording sessions engineer Dan Wallin to mix the soundtrack album, but for several reasons J. S Lasher remixed multitracks himself without Wallin's participation. J. S Lasher's album was released several times: as a 45 RPM in 1983 and as a CD in 1989. Both editions included'Ladd Company Logo' composed and conducted by John Williams. In 1998, Varèse Sarabande released a re-recording by the London Symphony Orchestra; this CD contains several new tracks, but still was not c
Struck by Lightning (2012 film)
Struck by Lightning is a 2012 American coming-of-age comedy-drama film directed by Brian Dannelly and written by and starring Chris Colfer. The film had its world premiere at the Tribeca Film Festival on April 21, 2012, was released theatrically on January 11, 2013, it features the final screen appearance of actress Polly Bergen. On November 20, 2012, Colfer released a young adult novel based on the film, titled Struck by Lightning: The Carson Phillips Journal. High school senior Carson Phillips is randomly struck and killed by lightning and the rest of the film is a flashback of his life, he desires to go to Northwestern University in order to one day become the youngest editor for The New Yorker, but so far is having limited success in making those dreams happen. One day during a writer's club meeting, Malerie Baggs comes in to get advice about her short stories. Carson tells her not to give up, says that she can't find the ideas, the ideas have to find her, he goes to a student council meeting run by head cheerleader Claire Matthews.
Claire, as well as everyone in student council, resorts to ignoring him due to his constant objections to their ideas. While Carson's mother Sheryl is picking up several prescriptions, she makes idle small talk with the cheerful new pharmacist April Adams, six months pregnant. Carson visits his grandmother, the first person who encouraged his writing, but she doesn't know who he is due to Alzheimer's disease, she tells him her grandson used to be so happy and full of life, but was now his own personal rain cloud. As Carson is finishing up the school paper late at night, he accidentally catches wealthy student Nicholas Forbes and flamboyant drama club president Scott Thomas making out in a bathroom stall. Nicholas, begs Carson not to tell anyone since his rich family would disapprove of his homosexuality. Carson agrees on the condition. April and Carson's father, visit Neal's lawyer to straighten out some legal issues. April, who had no knowledge about Carson or Sheryl, storms out when she learns Neal is still married, has a child she never knew about.
Carson's guidance counselor informs him that one way to improve his chances of getting into Northwestern is to submit a literary magazine in order to show he can inspire others to write. He gets permission to start the magazine from his conservative principal, he announces at a school assembly that all entries will be taken, but finds the submission box filled with nothing but trash. When Malerie suggests that others will join because Carson convinced Scott and Nicholas to write for the school paper, Carson tells her the real reason behind their participation, she in turn reveals that she caught Claire having sex with Coach Walker, the older brother of her boyfriend, Justin. Malerie goes on to say how everyone in their school has an embarrassing secret that they wouldn't want to get out. Sheryl has another run-in with April when April recognizes Carson's name on the anti-depressant prescription, she comes home to Neal and demands to meet his son. During the homecoming parade, Carson is forced to pull the writer's club float himself after the cheerleaders take the car they were assigned.
Feeling more humiliated than Carson decides to blackmail several of his peers into writing for the literary magazine. He tricks yearbook president Remy Baker into sending him a dirty picture that could ruin her reputation. Together, he and Malerie blackmail fellow school paper members Dwayne for bringing marijuana to school, goth girl Vicki for taking BDSM-style pictures that her church-going parents would disapprove of. Carson additionally discovers that supposed foreign exchange student Emilio is from San Diego, knows only rudimentary Spanish, is using his faux-exotic charm to seduce women. During a meeting with the other students and Coach Walker, Carson extorts agreements that everyone must offer something to put in the magazine if they want their secrets to stay quiet. Carson tells Claire and Coach Walker that they must have each cheerleader and football player submit something as well, as a way to make the issue more popular among the student body. After school, Carson gets an unexpected call from his father.
Neal tells him about April, the baby, how he wants them to get together soon. When he has dinner with Neal and April, Carson realizes that his father is trying to make himself sound like he has been more present in Carson's life, which results in an argument and Carson storming out. During a student council meeting with the principal, Carson opposes a ban on clothing logos in school; as punishment, the principal revokes all off-campus privileges for students. During another encounter at the pharmacy, Sheryl explains to April that she gave her husband everything, was therefore left with nothing when he decided she wasn't enough for him and that just like April, she had a kid to keep him around, but that didn't change anything. Meanwhile, Carson completes the literary magazine, but it flops due to the backlash from the student body. Carson learns that he was accepted into Northwestern, but since he never confirmed his admission, he must wait to reapply and go to community college in the meantime.
Carson assumes his letter was lost in the mail, but after telling his mother, Sheryl admits she threw away his acceptance letter to protect him from her perceived "reality" that his dreams will never come true. While Carson and Malerie pack up the unread literary magazin
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
CityNews is the title of news and current affairs programming on the Citytv network in Canada. It is a standalone local newscast on the network's Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary and Vancouver stations, while on the remaining City stations it airs as the news headlines segment during each station's Breakfast Television morning show. Before the 2017–2018 relaunch of CityNews nationally, Citytv stations outside Toronto had their midday and evening news programs cancelled in 2006, the remaining news programming on these stations was cancelled in early 2010; the newscast was broadcast in Toronto as CityPulse as a pilot episode on September 28, 1975, as a second pilot episode on September 12, 1976. The first regular episode of CityPulse aired on September 12, 1977. On August 1, 2005, the final CityPulse titled newscast aired and it was renamed CityNews the next day. While the station claims that it was the first news show to abandon the traditional anchor desk, CBS News in the United States had done this as early as the 1950s under Edward R. Murrow.
Its main innovation in television news was to have its reporters play a more participatory role in their stories. By the mid-1980s, the newscast's style, pioneered by Moses Znaimer, was promoted as a "format" for local news shows to copy around North America; the show has been duplicated by other television stations owned by CHUM Limited and its format has been licensed to several television stations around the world, such as Citytv Barcelona and Citytv Bogotá. Other attempts to clone the format with regional changes have been attempted; until 1987, the anchors on CityPulse sat behind an anchor desk in a dark studio with two orange-red-black striped beams and a television set between the two anchors. CityPulse at Six was anchored by Gord Martineau and Dini Petty for most of the years from 1980 to 1987. Weather presenters during that era included CHUM Radio veteran Jay Nelson, Brian Hill, Greg Rist, David Onley. Sports anchors included Jim McKenny, Russ Salzberg, John Saunders, Debbie Van Kiekebelt, Ann Rohmer.
CityPulse Tonight, known as CityPulse News at 10 prior to 1981, was anchored by Bill Cameron by Gord Martineau, Anne Mroczkowski. In 1987, Mroczkowski moved to the supper-hour show to co-anchor with Martineau. J. D. Roberts began his news anchoring career as anchor of CityPulse Tonight after several years as an entertainment reporter and MuchMusic video jockey. On May 4, 1987, CityPulse moved into a newsroom set at 299 Queen Street West in Toronto along with the other station operations, from 99 Queen Street East. After the move, CityPulse began to move the anchors away from a central desk, positioning them around the newsroom, or walking through the newsroom. 24-hour coverage, akin to the 24-Hour News Source format popular in the US at the time, was instituted in the early 1990s to cover the Gulf War. The updates were refined into a regular feature after the end of the war; these were branded as CityPulse NewsFlashes, for shorter updates, or as CityPulse Updates, for longer updates anchored by a CityPulse reporter from the assignment desk, who, in a unique twist, would operate the camera themselves via a control device.
By March 2008, CityNews Toronto was struggling in the ratings, coming in third after Global. On January 21, 2008, CityNews at 5 debuted. In July 2008, Rogers filed an application with the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission to launch a separate 24-hour news station to be affiliated with Citytv Toronto, to be known as CityNews; the application was approved on December 10, 2008. The new station was in direct competition with CP24, launched in October 2008 as CityNews Channel. In December 2008, Citytv laid off the entire CityNews Entertainment unit. Entertainment reporters Larysa Harapyn and Liz West were released, entertainment stories were read by the anchors. In September 2009, Citytv moved into its current newsroom at 33 Dundas Street East in Downtown Toronto. On January 19, 2010, CityNews at Noon, CityOnline and CityNews at Five were cancelled as part of layoffs and restructuring within the Citytv stations. Many long-time CityNews on-air personalities, including Anne Mroczkowski and Laura DiBattista, were let go.
Citytv Toronto reinstated the 6 and 11 p.m. newscasts on Saturday and Sunday evenings on March 5, 2011, with Pam Seatle anchoring the 6 p.m. newscast, Melanie Ng anchoring at 11 p.m. On September 5, 2011, Citytv Toronto reinstated CityNews at Five with anchors Francis D'Souza, Tom Hayes, Avery Haines; the following day on September 6, 2011, Breakfast Television on all five of Citytv's owned-and-operated stations expanded to three-and-a-half hours, from 5:30-9 a.m. Avery Haines l
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper, published in Los Angeles, since 1881. It has the fourth-largest circulation among United States newspapers, is the largest U. S. newspaper not headquartered on the East Coast. The paper is known for its coverage of issues salient to the U. S. West Coast, such as immigration trends and natural disasters, it has won more than 40 Pulitzer Prizes for its coverage of other issues. As of June 18, 2018, ownership of the paper is controlled by Patrick Soon-Shiong, the executive editor is Norman Pearlstine. In the nineteenth century, the paper was known for its civic boosterism and opposition to unions, the latter of which led to the bombing of its headquarters in 1910; the paper's profile grew in the 1960s under publisher Otis Chandler, who adopted a more national focus. In recent decades, the paper's readership has declined and it has been beset by a series of ownership changes, staff reductions, other controversies. In January 2018, the paper's staff voted to unionize, in July 2018 the paper moved out of its historic downtown headquarters to a facility near Los Angeles International Airport.
The Times was first published on December 4, 1881, as the Los Angeles Daily Times under the direction of Nathan Cole Jr. and Thomas Gardiner. It was first printed at the Mirror printing plant, owned by Jesse Yarnell and T. J. Caystile. Unable to pay the printing bill and Gardiner turned the paper over to the Mirror Company. In the meantime, S. J. Mathes had joined the firm, it was at his insistence that the Times continued publication. In July 1882, Harrison Gray Otis moved from Santa Barbara to become the paper's editor. Otis made the Times a financial success. Historian Kevin Starr wrote that Otis was a businessman "capable of manipulating the entire apparatus of politics and public opinion for his own enrichment". Otis's editorial policy was based on civic boosterism, extolling the virtues of Los Angeles and promoting its growth. Toward those ends, the paper supported efforts to expand the city's water supply by acquiring the rights to the water supply of the distant Owens Valley; the efforts of the Times to fight local unions led to the October 1, 1910 bombing of its headquarters, killing twenty-one people.
Two union leaders and Joseph McNamara, were charged. The American Federation of Labor hired noted trial attorney Clarence Darrow to represent the brothers, who pleaded guilty. Otis fastened a bronze eagle on top of a high frieze of the new Times headquarters building designed by Gordon Kaufmann, proclaiming anew the credo written by his wife, Eliza: "Stand Fast, Stand Firm, Stand Sure, Stand True." Upon Otis's death in 1917, his son-in-law, Harry Chandler, took control as publisher of the Times. Harry Chandler was succeeded in 1944 by his son, Norman Chandler, who ran the paper during the rapid growth of post-war Los Angeles. Norman's wife, Dorothy Buffum Chandler, became active in civic affairs and led the effort to build the Los Angeles Music Center, whose main concert hall was named the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in her honor. Family members are buried at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery near Paramount Studios; the site includes a memorial to the Times Building bombing victims. The fourth generation of family publishers, Otis Chandler, held that position from 1960 to 1980.
Otis Chandler sought legitimacy and recognition for his family's paper forgotten in the power centers of the Northeastern United States due to its geographic and cultural distance. He sought to remake the paper in the model of the nation's most respected newspapers, notably The New York Times and The Washington Post. Believing that the newsroom was "the heartbeat of the business", Otis Chandler increased the size and pay of the reporting staff and expanded its national and international reporting. In 1962, the paper joined with The Washington Post to form the Los Angeles Times–Washington Post News Service to syndicate articles from both papers for other news organizations, he toned down the unyielding conservatism that had characterized the paper over the years, adopting a much more centrist editorial stance. During the 1960s, the paper won four Pulitzer Prizes, more than its previous nine decades combined. Writing in 2013 about the pattern of newspaper ownership by founding families, Times reporter Michael Hiltzik said that: The first generations bought or founded their local paper for profits and social and political influence.
Their children enjoyed both profits and influence, but as the families grew larger, the generations found that only one or two branches got the power, everyone else got a share of the money. The coupon-clipping branches realized that they could make more money investing in something other than newspapers. Under their pressure the companies split apart, or disappeared. That's the pattern followed over more than a century by the Los Angeles Times under the Chandler family; the paper's early history and subsequent transformation was chronicled in an unauthorized history Thinking Big, was one of four organizations profiled by David Halberstam in The Powers That Be. It has been the whole or partial subject of nearly thirty dissertations in communications or social science in the past four decades; the Los Angeles Times began a decline with Los Angeles itself with the decline in military production at the end of the Cold War. It faced hiring freezes in 1991-1992. Another major decision at the same time was to cut the range of circulation.
They cut circulation in California's Central Valley, Nevada and the San Diego ed
The 40-Year-Old Virgin
The 40-Year-Old Virgin is a 2005 American sex comedy film directed by Judd Apatow, who co-wrote the screenplay with Steve Carell. The film stars Carell as the titular 40-year-old virgin Andy Stitzer, a stock supervisor at an electronics store and a toy hobbyist whose friends resolve to help him lose his virginity. Catherine Keener and Paul Rudd star, it was the directorial debut of Apatow. The screenplay features a great deal of improvised dialogue; the film was released theatrically in North America on August 19, 2005. It grossed $177 million worldwide. Andy Stitzer is a 40-year-old virgin who lives alone, his apartment filled with his collection of action figures and video games. At a poker game with his co-workers David, Cal and Jay, when conversation turns to past sexual exploits, they learn that Andy is still a virgin, resolve to help him lose his virginity; the men give Andy various and sometimes contradictory pieces of advice, both on his appearance and how to interact with women. Cal advises Andy to "ask questions", which he practices on bookstore clerk Beth, who becomes intrigued by him.
David gives Andy his porn collection, encouraging him to masturbate. Mooj stresses to Andy the importance of love in a relationship. Andy begins to form friendships with his co-workers. David, after running into his ex-girlfriend Amy, has an emotional breakdown at work. Store manager Paula promotes Andy to fill in for him. Jay attempts to quicken the process by tricking Andy into meeting a prostitute; when Andy discovers the hooker is a male transvestite, he insists that his friends stop trying to help him. Andy lands a date with a woman he met on the sales floor. During Andy and Trish's first date, as they are about to have sex, they are interrupted by Trish's teenage daughter Marla. Trish suggests that they postpone having sex, Andy enthusiastically agrees. Andy's friends begin to encounter the consequences of their lifestyles. David, obsessed with Amy, takes a vow of celibacy. Jay, who boasted of his promiscuity, gets into an argument with a customer after his girlfriend breaks up with him over his infidelity.
Jay concedes to Andy. Andy and Trish's relationship grows. Trish encourages Andy's dream of starting a business, suggesting they fund it by selling his collectibles. Andy takes Marla to a group session at a sexual health clinic. Andy, trying to defend her against derision, admits that he is a virgin but is disbelieved and ridiculed. Marla says that she knows Andy is a virgin, but agrees to let him tell Trish himself. On the couple's twentieth date, the limit they agreed for their abstinence, Andy is still resistant, which upsets Trish. Trish demands he explain his reticence, Andy accuses her of trying to change him against his will, he leaves for a nightclub where he meets his friends, gets drunk and praises them for encouraging him to have sex. Andy runs into Beth and they soon leave for her apartment. Marla convinces Trish to make up with Andy. By this time, Andy is having second thoughts, his friends encourage him to go back to Trish. Andy returns to his apartment, he attempts to apologize, but Trish, having found various suspicious items in his apartment, is now afraid that Andy may be some sort of sexual deviant.
Andy tries to defend himself and declares his love for her. Andy chases after her on his bike, but flies through the side of a truck. Trish rushes to his side, Andy confides that he is a virgin as explanation for his behavior. Trish is surprised but relieved, they kiss. Andy and Trish are married in a lavish ceremony with everyone in attendance, with a sidelong mention that Andy's action figures sold for over half a million dollars. Afterwards, they consummate the marriage, the aftermath of which transitions into a musical scene where the characters sing and dance to "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In". Production on the film was nearly halted by Universal Pictures after five days of filming due to concerns that the physical appearance of Carell's character resembled that of a serial killer. Production was started on January 17, 2005, wrapped on April 1, 2005; the production used over a million feet of film, a milestone reached on the last day of filming and recognized with free champagne by Technicolor.
Using the conversion of 90 feet of film per minute, this means that the shooting ratio for the film is 96:1 for the theatrical. On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 85% based on 184 reviews, with an average rating of 7.19/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Steve Carell's first star turn scores big with a tender treatment of its titular underdog, using raunchy but realistically funny comedy to connect with adult audiences." On Metacritic, the film has a score of 73 out of 100 based on 35 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale. Rotten Tomatoes declared it the "Best Reviewed Comedy of 2005."Ebert and Roeper gave the film a "two thumbs up" rating. Roger Ebert said, "I was surprised by how funny, how sweet, how wise the movie is" and "the more you think about it, the better The 40-Year-Old Virgin gets." The pair gave minor criticisms, with Ebert describing "the way she empathizes with Andy" as "almost too sweet to be funny" and Richard Roeper saying that the film was too long, at times frustrating.
Roeper chose the film