SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hjaðningavíg

Hjaðningavíg, the legend of Heðinn and Hǫgni or the Saga of Hild is a Scandinavian legend from Norse mythology about a never-ending battle, documented in Sörla þáttr, Ragnarsdrápa, Gesta Danorum, Skíðaríma and in Skáldskaparmál. It is held to appear on the image stone at Stora Hammar on Gotland. Moreover, it is alluded to in the Old English poems Deor and Widsið, in the Old Norse Háttalykill inn forni, a version of it survived down to the 18th century in the traditional Norn language ballad "Hildina". An altered version of the saga is found in the Middle High German poem Kudrun, as a prologue to the story of Kudrun herself, yet another version is found in the Old Yiddish Dukus Horant. Like the names Heðinn and Hǫgni, the legend is believed to have continental Germanic origins. In the Skáldskaparmál and in Ragnarsdrápa, it is related that once when Hǫgni was away, his daughter Hildr was kidnapped by a prince named Heðinn, the son of Hjarrandi; when Hǫgni came back, he started to search for her.

In the older poem Ragnarsdrápa, Hǫgni found her and the island where Heðinn waited with his army. This island is explained as the island of Hoy in Orkney by Snorri Sturluson in Skáldskaparmál. Hildr offered him peace and a necklace on behalf of Heðinn. However, Hǫgni had unsheathed his sword Dáinsleif, which gave wounds that never healed and like Tyrfing always killed a man once it had been unsheathed. A battle ensued and they fought all day and many died. In the evening Heðinn and Hǫgni returned to their camps, she resurrected them with incantations and the fallen soldiers started to fight anew, this went on until Ragnarök. Sörla þáttr is a short story in Flateyjarbok, a collection of tales about Norwegian kings written by two Christian priests in the 15th century, owned by a family from Flatey island. Sörla þáttr is about King Olaf I of Norway, the first to encourage Christianity in Norway and Iceland; the story borrowed parts of Heimskringla, parts of the poem Lokasenna, parts of the Húsdrápa poem, the eternal battle Hjaðningavíg.

In the end of the story, the arrival of Christianity dissolves the old curse that traditionally was to endure until Ragnarök. In Skíðaríma, the war threatens to destroy Valhalla itself, so Odin sends Thor to fetch Skíði, a pathetic beggar, so that he can stop the war. Skíði manages to stop the fight by asking to marry she consents. Saxo Grammaticus relates that Hithinus was the prince of a small man. Hithinus fell in love with Hilda, the daughter of Höginus, a built Jutish chieftain. Hithinus and Hilda had in fact been so impressed with each other's reputation that they had fallen in love before meeting. In spring, Hithinus and Höginus went pillaging together, Höginus betrothed his daughter to Hithinus promising each other that they would avenge one another if anything happened. However, evil tongues spread the rumour. Höginus believed the false rumour and attacked Hithinus, but Höginus was beaten and returned to Jutland. King Frotho of Denmark had to decide that the matter be settled in a holmgang.

During the combat Hithinus was wounded, started losing blood. Höginus decided to have mercy on Hithinus, because among the old Scandinavians it was considered shameful to kill someone, weaker, so Hithinus was taken home by his men. For of old it was accounted shameful to deprive of his life one, ungrown or a weakling. So Hedin, with the help of his men, was taken back to his ship, saved by the kindness of his foe. Saxo book 5,2 After the two men started to fight again but both died from their wounds. But, Hilda loved both so much, so that she used spells to conjure up the dead each night, so the battle went on and on; the battle is alluded to in the Old English 10th century poem Deor. The poet explains that he served the Heodenings until Heorrenda a more skilled poet replaced him: The Heodenings and Heorrenda are mentioned in Deor to add a level of irony or humour. Being eternal, the tragedy of the Heodenings would not "go by". Online publication of Gesta Danorum Henrikson, Alf: Stora mytologiska uppslagsboken.

A translation of Sörla þáttr in English A translation of the legend from Skáldskaparmál

2013–14 SIU Edwardsville Cougars men's basketball team

The 2013–14 SIU Edwardsville Cougars men's basketball team represented Southern Illinois University Edwardsville during the 2013–14 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The Cougars, led by seventh year head coach Lennox Forrester, played their home games at the Vadalabene Center and were members of the West Division of the Ohio Valley Conference, they finished the season 11–20, 7–9 in OVC play to finish in a tie for third place in the West Division. They lost in the first round of the Ohio Valley Tournament to Tennessee Tech. Five players returned from the 9–18 team of 2012–13. During the summer of 2013, Kris Davis and Donivine Stewart, along with assistant coach Deryl Cunningham, were part of a goodwill tour sponsored by Global Sports Academy that spent eight days in Europe, playing games in Belgium and the Netherlands. After three eligible junior class lettermen did not return for the Fall semester, open tryouts were held on September 13 to fill out the roster with walk-on players. Juniors Akintoye Okunrinboye and Keaton Scheer were added to the team.

During the early season, the Cougars were blown out by some strong teams such as St. Louis and Arkansas, played close, but lost to more evenly matched opponents; when OVC play began, they came together and became a tough match, gaining upset wins at home over eventual division champion Murray State and OVC tournament champ Eastern Kentucky to go with a couple of road wins. But, as the season wound down, they lost three of the last four while still qualifying for their first OVC tournament, which ended with a first round loss. At the conclusion of the regular season, Cougars point guard Donivine Stewart was named to the Ohio Valley Conference All-Newcomer Team. Source = Pink background indicates returning players from 2012–13 Source =

Point of Rocks, Maryland

Point of Rocks is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Frederick County, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,466, it is named for the striking rock formation on the adjacent Catoctin Mountain, formed by the Potomac River cutting through the ridge in a water gap, a typical formation in the Appalachian Mountains. The formation is not visible from the town and can only be seen from boats on the river, or from the southern bank of the river in Virginia. For centuries before European settlers arrived in the Point of Rocks area, indigenous populations inhabited the region; the Piscataway Nation was one of the Native American cultures to live in Point of Rocks, inhabiting an island in the Potomac River today known as Heater's Island. Forced from their homelands in modern-day Prince George's County by English settlement in the mid-18th century, the Piscataway migrated to Heater's Island around 1699, though their population was decreased by an outbreak of smallpox in 1704.

The Piscataways remained on the island for a few more years before migrating north into Pennsylvania and New York. About a decade after the Piscataway abandoned their settlement on Heater's Island, the first European settler in Point of Rocks, Arthur Nelson, received a patent for a tract of land called "Nelson's Island." The Nelson Family retained their status as prominent landholders in Point of Rocks in the early-18th century, developing several plantations on which tobacco was grown. Commercial interests in the region led the Nelsons to petition for a road to be built connecting Frederick and "Nelson's Ferry," the first English name assigned to the village that became Point of Rocks; this road was constructed and became known as Ballenger Creek Pike. In the early-19th century, the arrival of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad led to an increase in settlement and industry in the Point of Rocks area; the village became a temporary terminus for both the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad in 1828 when the companies went to court to determine which would control the right of way through the narrow passage between the Potomac River and Catoctin Mountain west of Point of Rocks.

After six years of court battles, the companies agreed to compromise and share the right of way, the B&O Railroad constructing a tunnel through the mountain to broaden its lines through the narrow water gap. With the construction of the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad and its strategic location on the Potomac River, Point of Rocks was poised to become a regional transportation hub and center of industrial activity. In 1835, Charles Johnson, the owner of the land on which Point of Rocks was built, had lots surveyed and streets laid out for a new town. From the earliest days of European settlement in Point of Rocks, forced labor through indentured servitude and enslavement of African Americans drove the local economy. Tobacco plantations in the fertile lands of the lower Monocacy Valley were operated based on the labor of enslaved men and women; the plantation owners used their slaves to build houses, places of business, public buildings, such as St. Paul's Episcopal Church, completed in 1841 using the labor of enslaved men and women from the Duval Plantation.

Nearby Licksville, a small community located near Noland's Ferry crossing the Potomac River was the site of an active slave market. Situated on the border between Maryland and the seceded state of Virginia, Point of Rocks was the site of several small skirmishes and military actions during the Civil War; the B&O Railroad and C&O Canal were important targets for Confederate raiders across the Potomac River. In 1861 Colonel Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson led a raid at Point of Rocks, shutting off the rail lines east of the town and capturing 56 locomotives and 300 rail cars. Neighboring Loudon County was home to several small pockets of Union supporters, including Quakers who lived in villages like Waterford and Lincoln who did not support secession or the Confederate cause for defending the institution of slavery. Point of Rocks became a haven for those families. In 1862, Captain Samuel C. Means, a native of Waterford, but living in Point of Rocks where he was a merchant and the B&O Railroad station manager, raised a cavalry unit called the Loudoun Rangers, the only organized unit from Virginia to fight for the Union.

The Loudoun Rangers spent most of 1862 and 1863 fighting alongside Cole's Maryland Cavalry to protect the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad from frequent Confederate raids. Cole's Maryland Cavalry encamped at Point of Rocks, occupying St. Paul's Episcopal Church where they burned the interior furnishings. Lt. Col. John S. Mosby and his 43rd Battalion of Virginia Cavalry, known as "Mosby's Raiders", crossed the Potomac and attached Union garrison forces at Point of Rocks in 1864 in a brief campaign called the "Calico Raid." The area was the scene of military maneuvers and brief skirmishes during Valley Campaigns of 1864 and the Battle of Monocacy on July 9, 1864. In the years after the Civil War, Point of Rocks remained a place of conflict. In 1879, James Carroll was lynched in Point of Rocks after being accused of breaking into the home of Richard Thomas and raping his wife. Having fled down the C&O Canal towpath to Georgetown, Carroll was apprehended on April 16, 1879. While being transported to Frederick for trial, a mob swarmed the train as it approached the station in Point of Rocks, removed Carroll from police custody, hanged him in an adjacent field.

The death of Carroll, whose alleged crimes have never been proven or disproven, was one of three recorded lynchings to take place in Frederick County. In 1873, the B&O Railroad opened its Metr