Hockey Hall of Fame

The Hockey Hall of Fame is an ice hockey museum located in Toronto, Canada. Dedicated to the history of ice hockey, it is a hall of fame, it holds exhibits about players, National Hockey League records, memorabilia and NHL trophies, including the Stanley Cup. Founded in Kingston, the Hockey Hall of Fame was established in 1943 under the leadership of James T. Sutherland; the first class of honoured members was inducted in 1945, before the Hall of Fame had a permanent location. It moved to Toronto in 1958 after the NHL withdrew its support for the International Hockey Hall of Fame in Kingston, due to funding issues, its first permanent building opened at Exhibition Place in 1961. The hall was relocated in 1993, is now in Downtown Toronto, inside Brookfield Place, a historic Bank of Montreal building; the Hockey Hall of Fame has hosted International Ice Hockey Federation exhibits and the IIHF Hall of Fame since 1998. An 18-person committee of players and others meets annually in June to select new honourees, who are inducted as players, builders or on-ice officials.

In 2010, a subcategory was established for female players. The builders' category includes coaches, general managers, team owners and others who have helped build the game. Honoured members are inducted into the Hall of Fame in an annual ceremony held at the Hall of Fame building in November, followed by a special "Hockey Hall of Fame Game" between the Toronto Maple Leafs and a visiting team; as of 2018, 280 players, 109 builders and 16 on-ice officials have been inducted into the Hall of Fame. The Hall of Fame has been criticized for focusing on players from the National Hockey League and ignoring players from other North American and international leagues; the Hockey Hall of Fame was established through the efforts of James T. Sutherland, a former President of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. Sutherland sought to establish it in Kingston, Ontario as he believed that the city was the birthplace of hockey. In 1943, the NHL and CAHA reached an agreement. Called the "International Hockey Hall of Fame", its mandate was to honour great hockey players and to raise funds for a permanent location.

The first nine "honoured members" were inducted on April 30, 1945, although the Hall of Fame still did not have a permanent home. The first board of governors consisted of Red Dutton, Art Ross, Frank Sargent, Lester Patrick, Abbie E. H. Coo, Wes McKnight, Basil E. O'Meara, J. P. Fitzgerald and W. A. Hewitt. Kingston lost its most influential advocate as permanent site of the Hockey Hall of Fame when Sutherland died in 1955. By 1958, the Hockey Hall of Fame had still not raised sufficient funds to construct a permanent building in Kingston. Clarence Campbell President of the NHL, grew tired of waiting for the construction to begin and withdrew the NHL's support to situate the hall in Kingston. In the same year, the NHL and the Canadian National Exhibition reached an agreement to establish a new Hall of Fame building in Toronto, in the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame located at Exhibition Place; the temporary Hockey Hall of Fame opened as an exhibit within the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in August 1958, 350,000 people visited it during the 1958 CNE fair.

Due to the success of the exhibit, NHL and CNE decided that a permanent home in the Exhibition Place was needed. The NHL agreed to fund the building of the new facility on the grounds of Exhibition Place, construction began in 1960; the first permanent Hockey Hall of Fame, which shared a building with the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame, was opened on August 26, 1961, by Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker. Over 750,000 people visited the Hall in its inaugural year. Admission to the Hockey Hall of Fame was free until 1980, when the Hockey Hall of Fame facilities underwent expansion. By 1986, the Hall of Fame was running out of room in its existing facilities and the Board of Directors decided that a new home was needed; the Hall vacated the Exhibition Place building in 1992, its half was taken over by the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame. (The building was demolished. Development of the new location in the BCE Place complex, featuring the former Bank of Montreal at the corner of Yonge and Front Streets in Toronto, began soon after.

The design was by S. George Curry; the new Hockey Hall of Fame opened on June 18, 1993. The new location has 4,700 m2 of exhibition space, seven times larger; the Hockey Hall of Fame now hosts more than 300,000 visitors each year. The first curator of the new Hall of Fame was Bobby Hewitson. Following Hewitson's retirement in 1967, Lefty Reid was appointed to the position. Reid was curator of the Hockey Hall of Fame for the next 25 years, retiring in 1992. Following Reid's retirement, former NHL referee-in-chief Scotty Morrison, the president of the Hockey Hall of Fame since 1986, was appointed curator. Morrison supervised the relocation of the Hall of its exhibits; the current curator is Phil Pritchard. The Hockey Hall of Fame is led by Lanny McDonald, Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Jeff Denomme, it is operated as a non-profit business called the "Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum", independent of the National Hockey League. The Hall of Fame was sponsored by the NHL and Hockey Canada and reven

List of songs recorded by Elvis Presley

This is a list of the songs recorded by Elvis Presley between his first demos at the Sun Studios in 1953 and his final concert on June 26, 1977 at the Market Square Arena in Indianapolis, Indiana. Notes: The recorded date is the first known date. Album debut refers to each track's first appearance on LP. Many tracks had their first commercial release on EP releases, which are not noted. Only the first RCA-licensed release is noted, as opposed to earlier release on unauthorized bootlegs. From the late 1960s through the 1970s, several songs were recorded only in concert with no known formal studio recordings. Of the multiple live versions released on various albums, the LP debut of the first known concert recording is indicated. If a track was recorded both in the studio and in concert, the album debut of the studio version is indicated. Tracks re-recorded in the studio are not included. Songs for which Elvis was only recorded singing a line or two are not included. Rumored recordings, or recordings believed to exist but that for whatever reason have yet to be made public are not included.

"Elvis Presley – Songs". Allmusic. Retrieved May 15, 2011."Elvis Presley – The Originals". David Neale. Retrieved May 15, 2011

Disentis Abbey

Disentis Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in the Canton of Graubünden in eastern Switzerland, around which the present town of Disentis grew up. The date of the foundation of this abbey, attributed to the local saints Placidus and Sigisbert, was held to be 614; the tradition further states that this monastery was destroyed by the Avars in 670, when the abbot and thirty monks were martyred. The abbey, dedicated to Saint Martin, was supposedly rebuilt by Charles Martel and Saint Pirmin in about 711; the second and current view, based on more substantial research, is however that the foundation did not take place until the early 8th century. This is corroborated by archaeological investigation showing that the first traceable structure on the site was built in or about 700 and was destroyed in about 940, attributed to raiding Saracens; the account of Sigisbert, as dramatised in the 12th century work, the "Passio Placidi", is that he was a wandering Frankish monk, inspired by the ideals of Columbanus and Luxeuil, who set up a cell here, under the protection of Saint Martin.

Placidus was a local magnate and landowner, who supported Sigisbert, and, murdered by Victor, the praeses of Chur, in an attempt to prevent the loss of independence involved in the transfer of a large amount of land to the church. One of the earliest surviving documents relating to Disentis is the so-called "Testament of Tello", Bishop of Chur, dated 765 and records the very extensive properties owned by the monastery; the story of the "Passio Placidi" makes Tello the son of Viktor, the properties a guilt offering for the murder of Placidus. Whether or not this is so, the abbey had acquired a large estate by this date. Charlemagne visited the re-built abbey on his return journey from Rome in 800 and made many benefactions to it, it was a "Reichskloster" from early in its existence. Disentis' claim to imperial interest was its strategic position on a vulnerable mountain pass, successive abbots were able to capitalise on this to the advantage of the abbey. Udalric I was the first abbot to be made a prince of the empire.

The subjects of Disentis Abbey first used their own seal in 1285. They had their own Landammann from 1371. Cadi became an autonomous commune of the Grey League in 1401. From 1472, the mistral was elected from a ticket of three candidates submitted by the abbot, from the 17th century in free elections; until 1851, Cadi was divided into four jurisdictions Disentis, Brigels with Medel, Trun with Sumvitg. In 1581 the abbey was honoured by a visit from Saint Charles Borromeo. In 1617 it became a member of the newly formed Swiss Congregation; the buildings were refurbished in the Baroque style around the end of the 17th century. In 1799 the abbey was burned and plundered by the soldiers of Napoleon's army, many valuable items and archives were destroyed, including a 7th-century manuscript chronicle; the printing press, set up in 1729 was destroyed at the same time, but much of the melted type and other metal was saved and from it were made the pipes of the organ of the church of St. Martin's in Disentis, still in use.

Most of what was not destroyed was confiscated to fund the war effort. The abbey lost half of its estates, it was rebuilt by Abbot Anselm Huonder, the last of the abbots to enjoy the rank and title of Prince of the Empire. The feudal territory of the Abbey, which had held wide-ranging autonomy since the 15th century and which had purchased their freedom from abbey thithes in the 18th century, was formally abolished under the Helvetic Republic, in 1799, although the traditional system of governance was retained until the new cantonal constitution of 1851. Although Disentis managed to escape the dissolution, the fate of most religious houses at that time, the 19th century was a difficult and precarious period, with dangerously diminished material resources coupled with a loss of morale and spiritual discipline so severe that the abbey was not expected to survive. In desperation, Abbot Paul Birker of St. Boniface's Abbey, was sent in to attempt to turn the situation around, but with so little success that in 1861 he left Disentis and returned to Munich as a simple monk.

Despite all the signs to the contrary, the abbey did survive. In 1880, with the restoration of religious houses in Switzerland, Disentis opened a secondary school, which continues to this day, by the end of the 19th century had regained its spiritual and material health; the abbey continues as a religious community and as the home of a regarded secondary school. Raetia Curiensis Cadi Condrau, G. 1996. Disentis/Mustér: Geschichte und Gegenwart. Jacobsen. W. et al. 1991. Vorromische Kirchenbauten, pp. 93–95. Müller, I. 1971. Geschichte der Abtei Disentis von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Müller, I. 1986. Die Frühzeit des Klosters Disentis in BM, 1-45, HS III/1, pp. 474–512. Disentis in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Disentis Abbey". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Media related to Disentis Abbey at Wikimedia Commons Official website