Hammarby IF Ishockeyförening is an ice hockey club founded as "Bajen Fans IF" in 2008 by supporters of the previous incarnation of Hammarby Hockey which went bankrupt that same year. The club has played in Hockeyettan, the third tier of Swedish men's ice hockey, since the 2013–14 season. In its first five seasons, the club was promoted three times. Prior to the 2013–14 season, the club had failed only once to achieve promotion to a higher league in the Swedish ice hockey system when it was available, as league restructuring prior to the 2010–11 season prevented their immediate rise to Division 2 for that season. Given this success, the club chose to rejoin the Hammarby IF umbrella organization and retake the name "Hammarby IF"; this change was approved on 30 May 2013. The club uses MB Hockey's home ice, LW-Hallen, but has played home matches at Zinkensdamms IP on Södermalm and Kärrtorps IP in the southern suburbs, currently plays one game annually at Hovet, the 8,094-seat arena which the former Hammarby Hockey for many years called their home arena.
Before its bankruptcy, Hammarby Hockey was searching for a place to run all of its professional and youth programs under one roof. That search continues for the new Hammarby Hockey club, which has submitted papers to municipal authorities to build its own rink in the southern suburb of Kärrtorp, to avoid the difficulties of sharing ice time with many other clubs in other places. Aside from its main supporter club, Bajen Fans, other supporter clubs of Hammarby Hockey include Bamsingarna, Ultra Boys, Hammarby Ultras, Söder Bröder, Bara Bajare. Hammarby IF began playing ice hockey in February 1921, though at first the hockey team consisted of members of Hammarby's bandy club; that club would become a giant in early Swedish ice hockey, winning the Swedish championships 8 times and playing 42 seasons in Sweden's highest hockey league. The club through its entire history played in the first two tiers of Swedish ice hockey. Hammarby's final season before the bankruptcy in 2008 was played in HockeyAllsvenskan.
In the 2000s, the club flirted with demotion from HockeyAllsvenskan several times. They had experienced arena-trouble. In October 2007, the club had racked up a debt of over 4 million SEK. By February 2008, the choice was to play in the third-tier league or file for bankruptcy, as the club was in a demotion spot in the standings and they announced that they were in no position to participate in the Kvalserien tournament to defend their spot in HockeyAllsvenskan. At that point, Nacka HK, a hockey club from the nearby Stockholm suburb of Nacka, was considering joining the Hammarby IF organization. Hammarby IF Hockey declared bankruptcy on 14 April 2008, after 87 years of hockey under the name of "Hammarby IF". At the same time, a group of supporters were planning on starting a new hockey club named "Bajen Hockey IF", that would rebuild from the bottom of the Swedish hockey system; the idea of saving Hammarby's hockey legacy by starting a new supporter-based club was started during a car ride home from one of Hammarby's last away matches.
The club began play in the 2008–09 season, starting in the Division 4, the lowest tier of Swedish ice hockey for men. Bajen Fans Hockey won 15 out of 16 games in their inaugural season and promoted to the Division 3 as they won their division; the team spent 2009 -- 10, in the Stockholm södra section. The team won all their 24 games and thus ended first in their section, which would have meant a promotion to division 3 A. For quite some years division 3 in practical terms had been divided into "two divisions in one", consisting of division 3 A with the twelve best teams and division 3 north and south with twelve more teams each below, with promotion and relegation in between; this was, the last season with this system. Had it been kept, Bajen Fans would have been promoted to the division 3 A, but due to this league restructuring the remaining teams in the league were now only to be divided into a north and a south section, with Bajen Fans now in the northern one; the team once again won all their games and their section, as a result, they reached the 2011 Kvalserien qualification tournament for the Division 2.
With 4 wins and an undefeated streak in 6 games, the team promoted to the fourth-tier league Division 2 prior to the 2011–12 season. The team was placed in the Stockholm södra section of the Division 2, they failed to promote to the third-tier Division 1 in 2011–12, but managed to do so in the 2012–13 season. Following the successful promotion to Division 1, the level of hockey which the former Hammarby club would have been playing following the bankruptcy, the club rejoined the Hammarby IF umbrella organization and retook the name "Hammarby Hockey" in May 2013; the club's first season back in upper-tier hockey playing as Hammarby finished modestly, with a 7th-place finish in the 10-team group D in the autumn, followed by a 3rd-place finish in the 6-team spring series. The team managed to avoid relegation in a season. In the 2014 off-season, Division 1 was reorganized as HockeyEttan. Hammarby started inaugural season of HockeyEttan East in the gutter with 2 points in their first 5 games, just 2 wins in their first 13 games.
This included a 4–2 opening night loss to Visby/Roma at Hovet in front of 3,482 spectators. The team finished however with four-straight regulation wins to finish 9th of 12 teams, with an 8–3–11 record. Since their first season as Bajen Fans IF, the club has played one game annually in the spring at Hovet (known as "Bajen
Swedish Hockey League
The Swedish Hockey League is a professional ice hockey league, the highest division in the Swedish ice hockey system. The league consists of 14 teams; the league was founded in 1975, while Swedish ice hockey champions have been crowned through various formats since 1922, the title, as well as the Le Mat Trophy, have been awarded to the winner of the SHL playoffs since the league's inaugural 1975–76 season. As of 2010–11, the SHL was the world's most evenly matched professional ice hockey league. During the 2011–12 season, the SHL was the most well attended ice hockey league in Europe, averaging 6,385 spectators per game, however in 2013–14, the SHL was third best in Europe, with an attendance average of 5,978. SHL was the second most popular sports team league within Sweden, after the football league Allsvenskan, which in the 2013 season had an average attendance of 7,627; the league was founded in 1975 as Elitserien, featured 10 teams, though this was expanded to 12 for the 1987–88 season. The league was renamed the SHL in 2013, in 2014, a number of format changes were announced, including an expansion to 14 teams to be finalized prior to the 2015–16 season, a new format for promotion from and relegation to HockeyAllsvenskan, the second tier league.
The Swedish Ice Hockey Championship was awarded for the first time in 1922, only two years after ice hockey was introduced in Sweden by the American film director Raoul Le Mat. At this point, the Swedish Championships were held as a separate tournament, it was not until the 1952–53 season that the championship was awarded to the winner of the top-tier hockey league, which at the time was Division I. The inaugural Elitserien season began on 5 October 1975, with the league consisting of 10 teams, each playing a regular season consisting of 36 games. There has been extensive discussion about the number of teams in the SHL; the league has had 12 teams since an expansion from 10 teams in 1987, there has been general agreement among hockey experts that the league needs to be expanded by at least two more teams. They mean that, apart from just the economic situation for some of the clubs, the competition from HockeyAllsvenskan has shown that more teams are needed in the top-tier league SHL. On 13 March 2014, the SHL and HockeyAllsvenskan announced that the SHL will be expanded to 14 teams, starting in the 2015–16 season.
To make this change happen, at least two HockeyAllsvenskan teams will be promoted to the SHL in the 2014–15 season. In 2009, Håkan Loob, the general manager of Färjestad BK, sent a letter to Alexander Medvedev, the owner and president of the Russian Kontinental Hockey League, on behalf of five SHL teams – Färjestad, Frölunda, Djurgården, Linköping and HV71 – that were "interested in discussing the future of European hockey", it was believed. The teams formed an interest group to investigate the possibility of forming a continental hockey league spanning several European countries; these plans were abandoned in November 2011, with Frölunda's chairman expressing hopes for the future of the European Trophy. On 17 June 2013, the league was renamed "Svenska hockeyligan", since this would allow for an easy English translation and a common abbreviation between the two languages, all of, considered to be a better brand identity to invest in; each regular season SHL game is composed of three 20-minute periods, with an intermission of a maximum of 18 minutes between periods.
If the game is tied following the 60-minute regulation time, a five-minute three-on-three sudden death overtime period is played. If a game still is tied after the overtime period, a shootout decides the game. In a shootout, the team that scores the most penalty shots out of three attempts wins the game. If the game is still tied after the first three penalty-shot rounds, the shootout continues round by round, until one team scores while the other team fails to score. In the event of a tied game during the playoffs, additional 20-minute overtime periods are played perpetually until one team scores. Unlike in the regular season, playoff overtime periods are played five-on-five. Only one game in Sweden has surpassed four full overtime periods, no SHL games have surpassed three full overtime periods; the longest SHL game was the first game of the 1997 Swedish Championship semifinals, played on 23 March 1997 between Leksands IF and Färjestad BK. 6,012 spectators saw Andreas Karlsson score the game-winning goal for Leksand after 59 minutes of overtime.
See Longest ice hockey games in Sweden for other games. SHL games are played on an ice hockey rink, rectangular ice rink with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall, it measures 30 by 60 meters. Counting from the formation of the SHL in 1975, Färjestad BK is the most successful team with nine Swedish Championship titles. Brynäs IF and Djurgårdens IF are tied for the second most successful team with six championship titles. Counting from 1922, when the first Swedish championships were played, Djurgårdens IF is the most successful team with sixteen championship titles, followed by Brynäs IF with thirteen, as well as Färjestad BK and IK Göta with nine; the SHL season is divided into a regular season from late September through the beginning of March, when teams p
Frölunda Hockey Club known as the Frölunda Indians, is a Swedish professional ice hockey club based in Gothenburg. They play in the highest Swedish league, Swedish Hockey League, where they have played the majority of the seasons during the club's existence; the last time they played in the lower division, was in 1995. Frölunda have won the national championship title four times, in 1965, 2003, 2005 and 2016; the club was founded on 3 February 1938, as an ice hockey section in Västra Frölunda IF and became independent on 29 March 1984. On 16 June 2004, the club shortened the name from Västra Frölunda Hockey Club to Frölunda Hockey Club. Frölunda's home venue is the Scandinavium arena in central Gothenburg, which has a capacity of 12,044 people. Frölundaborg is used. Frölunda's average home attendance has been the highest in the league for over a decade. In 2003 Frölunda became the champions after a 38-year hiatus; the final game in Scandinavium on 7 April against Färjestad BK was ended by late season recruit Tomi Kallio in the third overtime period.
In the 2004–05 season, the club's 60th anniversary and 20th as independent club, the team won the league title, by having the best record during the regular season, the Swedish Championship. That particular year was notable because the National Hockey League had a labour stoppage due to negotiations between the league and the players association. Many professional hockey players who could not play in the NHL chose to play in European or North American leagues; the largest number of professional NHL players were in Sweden during the season, including Gothenburg native Daniel Alfredsson, who joined his hometown club for the season. This increased the quality of play and many observers said that Elitserien was the best league in the world during 2004–05. Frölunda set a new Elitserien record on 6 April 2006, by winning the Elitserien playoff semifinals against Linköpings HC 4–3 after trailing the series 1–3; the season ended with a 2–4 defeat against Färjestads BK in the finals. The second game in the finals Ronnie Sundin played his 685th game for Frölunda becoming the player with most career games for the club.
Frölunda is the biggest winner of the Champions Hockey League, with three titles in 2015–16, 2016–17 and 2018–19. This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by Frölunda. For the full season-by-season history, see Frölunda HC seasons. Updated May 11, 2017. Most games played: Ronnie Sundin, 739 Most seasons played: Ronnie Sundin,16 and Stefan Larsson, 16 Most points scored: Niklas Andersson, 540 Most goals scored: Niklas Andersson, 201 Most assists: Niklas Andersson, 339 Most goals in a season: Magnus Kahnberg, 33 Most assists in a season: Niklas Andersson, 38 Most points in a season: Kristian Huselius, 67 Most penalty minutes in a season: Patric Blomdahl, 116 Most points in a season, defenceman: Magnus Johansson, 35 Most points in a season, rookie: Patrik Carnbäck, 54 Most shutouts in a season: Frederik Andersen, 8 Most power play goals in a season: Jonas Johnson, 12 Most short handed goals in a season: Kristian Huselius, 5 Most goals in a playoff season: Daniel Alfredsson, 12 Most goals by a defenseman in a playoff season: Ronnie Sundin, 6 Most assists in a playoff season: Jonas Johnson, 11 Most points in a playoff season: Artturi Lehkonen, 19 Most points by a defenceman in a playoff season: Ronnie Sundin.
Figures are updated. * indicates a player still active with Frölunda. Note: GP = Games Played, G = Goals, A = Assists, Pts = Points Frölunda Hockey have retired the numbers of four players, all on 3 March 2002; the number retired were. The number 14 worn by Ronald "Sura Pelle" Pettersson, who spent seven seasons with Frölunda before suffering a career-ending injury on 14 December 1967; the duo of Lundvall and Pettersson was one of the reason behind Frölunda's success in the 60's and secured that hockey got a strong foothold in Gothenburg. The number 19 worn by Jörgen Pettersson during his two stints with Frölunda. Pettersson joined the club in 1970 and played ten seasons for the club before joining the St. Louis Blues of the NHL. After five seasons in the NHL he played another three seasons for the club; the number 29 worn by Stefan Larsson during his sixteen seasons with Frölunda. With the exception of two seasons, Larsson played for Frölunda his entire professional career. Two Frölunda players have been inducted into the International Ice Hockey Federation's Hall of Fame.
Forward Ulf Sterner, played three seasons for Frölunda before becoming the first European-trained player to play in the NHL during his short sojourn with the New York Rangers during the 1964–65 NHL season. Forward Ronald "Sura Pelle" Pettersson, represented team Sweden in three olympic games and ten IIHF World Championships, totaling 252 games played for the national team. In 2003, former Frölunda players Christian Ruuttu and Jorma Salmi were inducted
Nybro Vikings IF is an ice-hockey club from Nybro in Sweden. The team was playing in the highest league in Sweden for two seasons 1968–69 and 1969–70 and the second highest league during the 70s and 80s and again for seven years from 2002 to 2009 in Hockeyallsvenskan; the team was relegated to the third division, Division 1, during the 2008-2009 season after finishing only 15th in the regular season and only third in the following qualification series with six teams, two from Hockeyallsvenskan and four from Division 1. The team plays in Liljas arena, which takes about2,400 spectators. Victoriahallen is the fourth oldest ice hockey arena in Sweden, finished 1963. 1984 the arena was rebuilt. The ice hockey club in Nybro was founded 1939 as "IK Ymer", which 1955 joined the same organisation as the general sports club Nybro IF, therefore carried that name until 1998 when it became independent as Nybro IF Hockey; the name changed to Nybro Vikings IF in 2002. Among many seasons in the Swedish second division, the club has played two seasons in the highest league during 1968–69 and 1969–70.
Club chairman Evald Carlsson was during the 50s and 60s an important personality in Swedish ice hockey and among other things was the driving force behind Nybro getting the fourth indoor hockey arena in Sweden in 1963. In modern days the most famous player starting his career with Nybro is Stanley Cup-winner Fredrik Olausson. Another famous player from Nybro is Björn "Böna" Johansson who played 113 games for the Swedish national team between 1972 and 1976 and is therefore the player with the 87th most games for the Tre Kronor. During his national career he played 5 1 Canada Cup, he played for Nybro IF from 1968 to 1971, after which he played 6 seasons for Södertälje SK in Elitserien and in 1977 returned to Nybro where he ended his career in 1983. Other notable players who have represented the club include Swedish national player Finn Lundström. Nybro plays in Hockeyettan in Sweden; the supporter club of Nybro Vikings is called Viking Support. "Nybro Vikings IF on HockeyAllsvenskan". AHF HockeyAllsvenskan AB.
Archived from the original on January 5, 2007. Retrieved January 20, 2007. Official homepage Official homepage of the supporter club
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Lars-Eric Lundvall is a retired Swedish ice hockey player and coach. Between 1956 and 1965 he scored 79 goals. During this period he won 5 world and 10 European championship medals, including world and European titles in 1957 and 1962. Domestically Lundvall won two Swedish titles: with Södertälje SK in 1956 and with Västra Frölunda IF in 1965, he was selected to the Swedish all-star team in 1959 and 1960. After retiring from competitions in 1968, Lundvall stayed as a coach with his last club Västra Frölunda IF, he ran a gas station with his long-term teammate Ronald Pettersson. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com