The Hocking Hills is a dissected area of the Allegheny Plateau in Ohio in Hocking County, that features cliffs, rock shelters, waterfalls. The extreme topography in this area is due to the Blackhand Sandstone, a particular formation, thick and weather-resistant, so forms high cliffs and narrow, deep gorges. Most of the more scenic areas of the region are under state ownership, including: Hocking Hills State Park Hocking State Forest Conkle's Hollow State Nature Preserve Sheick Hollow State Nature Preserve Little Rocky Hollow State Nature Preserve Kessler Swamp State Nature Preserve Lake Logan State Park Wayne National Forest Rockbridge State Nature PreserveThe core area includes two owned preserves, Crane Hollow and Camp Oty-Okwa; the geological series that forms the Hocking Hills extends south and west diminishing but still forming impressive bluffs and gorges in: Clear Creek Metro Park, part of the Columbus and Franklin County Metropolitan Park District Rising Park in Lancaster Wahkeena Memorial State Nature Preserve in Fairfield County Christmas Rocks State Nature Preserve in Fairfield County Rhododendron Cove State Nature Preserve in Fairfield County Shallenberger State Nature Preserve in Fairfield County Saltpetre Cave State Nature Preserve in Hocking County Boch Hollow State Nature Preserve in Hocking County Lake Katharine State Nature Preserve in Jackson County Blackhand Gorge State Nature Preserve in Licking County Liberty Wildlife Area in Jackson CountyThe Buckeye Trail, along with the North Country Trail and the American Discovery Trail, passes through the Hocking Hills region.
Nearby are: Lake Hope State Park Zaleski State Forest Camp Wyandot Tar Hollow State Park Tar Hollow State Forest Camp Akita The region has mild weather with an average rainfall of 40.3 inches per year and an average of about 175 sunny days per year. The average July high is 84.8 degrees Fahrenheit and the average January low is 19.3 degrees Fahrenheit. The region was first settled by Christian Eby and was named from a shortened version of the Hockhocking River by the Shawnee Indian tribe. "Hockhocking", in the Delaware tongue, signifies a bottle. The Shawnee people thought that a narrow and straight creek above the waterfall on the Hockhocking River resembled a bottle's neck. Other notable settlers were Moses Dolson; the first election on county matters was held in Eby’s mill near Queer Creek. The first post office in the area was called the "Rockhouse" and was located in Herschel Badford’s home. Hocking County was formed on March 1, 1818, from Ross, Athens and Logan; the county's boundaries and townships have not been altered since 1851.
Due to its natural surroundings, it has become a tourist attraction. Visitors can experience Hocking Hills through outdoor activities year round, including farmers' markets, wine tastings and train rides. Activities include: Athens Farmers Market Earth, Rock: Outdoor Adventures Hocking Hills Canopy Tours Happy Hills Fun Park Hocking Hills Gem Mine Hocking Hills Marina at Lake Logan Hocking Hills Primal Trek Hocking Hills Adventures Hocking Peaks Hocking Valley Scenic Railway Hunting at Hocking Hills Cabins Shade Winery Sharp Farms Pumpkins & Corn Maze The Buckeye Trail Touch the Earth Adventures Valley Zipline Tours Walker Farm Wayne National Forest Nelsonville's Historic Public Square Hocking County offers miles of trails that vary in length and difficulty depending on location; some trails are pet friendly. Old Man's Cave: 1 mile Ash Cave Gorge: ¼ mile, wheelchair accessible Ash Cave Rim: ½ mile Cedar Falls: ½ mile Rock House: 1 mile Cantwell Cliffs: various trails, around 3 miles Conkle’s Hollow: 1 mile, wheelchair accessible Conkle’s Hollow Rim: 2½ miles Buckeye Trail: Cedar Falls – Ash Cave: 3 miles, Old Man’s Cave – Cedar Falls: 3 mile.
The Hocking Hills area harbors a number of rare plants, including Huperzia porophila, the rock firmoss. Appalachian Ohio Ohio public lands Hocking Hills at American Byways Hocking Hills State Park Hocking Hills Tourism Association Hocking Hills Tourism Website Hocking Hills tourist information and maps
Sunday Creek (Ohio)
Sunday Creek is a tributary of the Hocking River, 27.2 miles long, in southeastern Ohio in the United States. Via the Hocking and Ohio Rivers, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River, draining 139 square miles in a rural area of the Allegheny Plateau region, its name is locally said to derive from early white settlers who in 1802 reached the creek on a Sunday, so named it after the day of their discovery. Sunday Creek rises in southeastern Perry County and flows southwardly into northern Athens County, passing through the communities of Rendville, Glouster, Trimble and Millfield, to Chauncey, where it flows into the Hocking River. In Athens County north of Glouster it collects the East Branch Sunday Creek, 15.5 miles long, which rises in Perry County and passes through Morgan County. Tom Jenkins Dam, constructed on the East Branch in Athens County in 1950 by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, forms Burr Oak Lake, the site of Burr Oak State Park. In Glouster, Sunday Creek collects the West Branch Sunday Creek, 14 miles long, which rises in Perry County and flows southwardly.
Other significant Tributaries include Greens Run, Mud Fork, Johnson Run, all perennial streams draining the area to the west of the creek. A predominant land use in the watershed of Sunday Creek has been coal mining, with both underground and surface mines in the area. A 1997 study by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency identified the lowermost thirteen miles of Sunday Creek as having been "irretrievably damaged to the extent that no appreciable aquatic life can be supported" due to the creek's low pH, caused by acid mine drainage; the lower areas of the creek are colored orange from the effects of acid-mine drainage during times of low water. As of 2012, an organization called the Sunday Creek Watershed Group operates with the intention of addressing water quality and ecosystem-related matters in the watershed, it is sponsored by a non-profit organization in southeastern Ohio. Palos Covered Bridge, which spans the creek and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places List of rivers of Ohio Monday Creek
Perry County, Ohio
Perry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,058, its county seat is New Lexington. Founded on March 1, 1818, from parts of Fairfield and Muskingum counties, it was the 55th county to be formed in Ohio; the county is named for Oliver Hazard Perry, a hero of the War of 1812. Perry County is included in OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. One of the poorest counties in the state, this is where the lawsuit challenging Ohio's school funding system, DeRolph v. State, began. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles, of which 408 square miles is land and 4.5 square miles is water. Licking County Muskingum County Morgan County Athens County Hocking County Fairfield County Wayne National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 34,078 people, 12,500 households, 9,350 families residing in the county; the population density was 83 people per square mile. There were 13,655 housing units at an average density of 33 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 98.54% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. 0.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,500 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.2% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.13. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,383, the median income for a family was $40,294.
Males had a median income of $31,664 versus $21,147 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,674. About 9.4% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,058 people, 13,576 households, 9,738 families residing in the county; the population density was 88.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,211 housing units at an average density of 37.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 25.4% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 10.4% were English, 9.6% were American. Of the 13,576 households, 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,388 and the median income for a family was $50,489. Males had a median income of $39,305 versus $31,112 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,916. About 14.2% of families and 18.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. New Lexington https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites Rose Farm Thornport Dicksonton San Toy National Register of Historic Places listings in Perry County, OhioMedia Perry County has its own newspaper called the Perry County Tribune. Perry County Official Website Perry County Chamber of Commerce Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. 1928
Morgan County, Ohio
Morgan County is a county located in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,054, making it the fourth-least populous county in Ohio, its county seat is McConnelsville. The county was created in 1817 and organized in 1819, it is named for an officer in the American Revolutionary War. Morgan County was formed on December 29, 1817, from portions of Guernsey and Washington counties, it was named after Daniel Morgan, a member in the Congress from Virginia, general in the American Revolutionary War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 422 square miles, of which 416 square miles is land and 5.4 square miles is water. Muskingum County Noble County Washington County Athens County Perry County Wayne National Forest Burr Oak State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 14,897 people, 5,890 households, 4,176 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile. There were 7,771 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 93.66% White, 3.41% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.26% from other races, 2.24% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,890 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.10% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 96.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,868, the median income for a family was $34,973.
Males had a median income of $30,411 versus $21,039 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,967. About 15.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,054 people, 6,034 households, 4,140 families residing in the county; the population density was 36.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,892 housing units at an average density of 19.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 2.9% black or African American, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were German, 12.9% were English, 12.7% were Irish, 9.8% were American. Of the 6,034 households, 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 42.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $34,962 and the median income for a family was $40,440. Males had a median income of $37,173 versus $30,176 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,777. About 15.7% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. Chesterhill Malta McConnelsville Stockport https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites Rose Farm National Register of Historic Places listings in Morgan County, Ohio Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co. 1928. Official website Morgan County Library website The Morgan County Ohio Historical Society Morgan County Ohio Chamber Of Commerce
The smallmouth bass is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family of the order Perciformes. It is the type species of its genus. One of the black basses, it is a popular game fish sought by anglers throughout the temperate zones of North America, has been spread by stocking—as well as illegal introductions—to many cool-water tributaries and lakes in Canada and more so introduced in the United States; the maximum recorded size is 27 inches and 12 pounds. The smallmouth bass is native to the upper and middle Mississippi River basin, the Saint Lawrence River–Great Lakes system, up into the Hudson Bay basin, its common names include smallmouth, brown bass, smallie, bronze bass, bareback bass. The smallmouth bass is brown, appearing sometimes as black or green with red eyes, dark brown vertical bands, rather than a horizontal band along the side. There are 13–15 soft rays in the dorsal fin; the upper jaw of smallmouth bass extends to the middle of the eye. The smallmouth's coloration and hue may vary according to environmental variables such as water clarity or diet.
Males are smaller than females. The males tend to range around two pounds, their average sizes can differ, depending on. Their habitat plays a significant role in their color and shape. River water smallmouth that live in dark water tend to be rather torpedo-shaped and dark brown to be more efficient for feeding. Lakeside smallmouth bass, that live in sandy areas, tend to be a light yellow-brown and are more oval-shaped, they have been seen eating tadpoles, aquatic insects, crayfish. There are the Northern smallmouth bass and the Neosho smallmouth bass; the smallmouth bass is found in clearer water than the largemouth streams and the rocky areas and stumps and sandy bottoms of lakes and reservoirs. The smallmouth prefers cooler water temperatures than its cousin the largemouth bass, may be found in both still and running water; because it is intolerant of pollution, the smallmouth bass is a good natural indicator of a healthy environment, though it can better adjust to changes in water condition than most trout species.
Carnivorous, its diet comprises crayfish and smaller fish. The female can lay up to 21,100 eggs; when the weather gets colder, the water temperature drops below 15 C, smallmouth will migrate in search of deeper pools in which they enter a semi-hybernation state, moving sluggishly and feeding little until the warm season returns. The migration patterns of smallmouth have been tracked and it is not unusual for a smallmouth to travel 12 miles in a single day in a stream, creek or river; the overall migration can exceed 60 miles. In the United States, smallmouth bass were first introduced outside of their native range with the construction of the Erie Canal in 1825, extending the fish's range into central New York state. During the mid-to-late 19th century, smallmouth were transplanted via the nation's rail system to lakes and rivers throughout the northern and western United States, as far as California. Shippers found that smallmouth bass were a hardy species that could be transported in buckets or barrels by rail, sometimes using the spigots from the railroad water tanks to aerate the fingerlings.
They were introduced east of the Appalachians just before the Civil War, afterwards transplanted to the states of New England. With increased industrialization and land use changes, many of the nation's eastern trout rivers were polluted or experienced elevated water temperatures, reducing the range of native brook trout. Smallmouth bass were introduced to northern rivers with increased water temperatures and became a popular gamefish with many anglers. Adaptable to large, cool-water impoundments and reservoirs, the smallmouth spread far beyond its original native range. Smallmouth populations began to decline after years of damage caused by overdevelopment and pollution, as well as a loss of river habitat caused by damming many wild rivers to form lakes or reservoirs. In recent years, a renewed emphasis on preserving water quality and riparian habitat in the nation's rivers and lakes, together with stricter management practices benefited smallmouth populations and has caused a resurgence in their popularity with anglers.
Today, smallmouth bass are popular game fish sought by anglers using conventional spinning and bait casting gear, as well as fly fishing tackle. The smallmouth bass is one of the toughest fighting freshwater fish in North America. In addition to wild populations, the smallmouth bass is stocked in cool rivers and lakes throughout Canada and the United States. In shallow streams, it is a wary fish, though not to the extent of most trout; the smallmouth is regarded for its topwater fighting ability when hooked – old fishing journals referred to the smallmouth bass as "ounce for ounce and pound for pound the gamest fish that swims". Smallmouth bass are taken with filets of white, firm flesh when cooked. Today, many fishermen practice catch-and-release fishing to improve fish populations; the current all-tackle world record for a smallmouth bass is 11 lb 15 oz, caught by David Hayes in the Dale Hollow Reservoir, on the Kentucky/Tennessee border, in 1955. In conventional fishing, smallmouth may be successfully
Rock Mill Covered Bridge
The Rock Mill Covered Bridge, on State Route 41 at Rock Mill, Ohio in Bloom Township, Fairfield County, Ohio, is a Queen Post truss bridge. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976, it is a single-span wooden covered bridge spanning a deep gorge of the Hocking River. Media related to Rock Mill Covered Bridge at Wikimedia Commons
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. Common meanings of the term are limited to. Broader meanings include when it is combined with other activities such as canoe camping, or where canoeing is a transportation method used to accomplish other activities. Most present-day canoeing is done as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an Open canoe. A few of the recreational forms of canoeing are canoe canoe racing. Other forms include a wide range of canoeing on lakes, oceans and streams. Canoeing is an ancient mode of transportation. Modern recreational canoeing was established in the late 19th century. In 1924, canoeing associations from Austria, Germany and Sweden founded the Internationalen Representation for Kanusport, forerunner of the International Canoe Federation. Canoeing became part of the Olympic Games in the summer of 1936; the main form of competitive sport was canoe sprint using a sprint canoe.
Others include canoe polo, whitewater canoeing, canoe marathon, ICF canoe marathon, playboating. National canoe associations include the American, British and Welsh. Most present-day canoeing is done as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an Open canoe. A few of the recreational forms of canoeing are canoe camping and canoe racing such as canoe sprint and canoe marathons. Other forms include a wide range of canoeing on lakes, oceans and streams; the summer Olympics include canoeing competitions. Canoe slalom is a competitive sport with the aim to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging downstream or upstream gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible, it is one of the two kayak and canoeing disciplines at the Summer Olympics, is referred to by the International Olympic Committee as Canoe/Kayak Slalom. The other Olympic canoeing discipline is canoe sprint. Outline of canoeing and kayaking Whitewater canoeing Canoe paddle strokes International Canoe Federation