The Willis Tower, built as and still referred to as the Sears Tower, is a 110-story, 1,450-foot skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. At completion in 1973, it surpassed the World Trade Center in New York to become the tallest building in the world, a title it held for nearly 25 years; the building is considered a seminal achievement for architect Fazlur Rahman Khan. The Willis Tower is the second-tallest building in the United States and the Western hemisphere – and the 16th-tallest in the world. More than one million people visit its observation deck each year, making it one of Chicago's most popular tourist destinations; the structure was renamed in 2009 by the Willis Group as a term of its lease. As of April 2018, the building's largest tenant is United Airlines, which moved its corporate headquarters from the United Building at 77 West Wacker Drive in 2012, occupying around 20 floors. Other major tenants include the building's namesake Willis Group and law firms Schiff Hardin and Seyfarth Shaw.
Morgan Stanley plans to move to the building in 2019 and become its fourth-largest tenant by 2020. In 1969, Roebuck & Co. was the largest retailer in the world, with about 350,000 employees. Sears executives decided to consolidate the thousands of employees in offices distributed throughout the Chicago area into one building on the western edge of Chicago's Loop. Sears asked its outside counsel, Gluck, Weitzenfeld & Minow to suggest a location; the firm consulted with local and federal authorities and the applicable law offered Sears two options: the Goose Island area northwest of downtown, a two-block area bounded by Franklin Street on the east, Jackson Boulevard on the south, Wacker Drive on the west and Adams Street on the north, with Quincy Street running through the middle from east to west. After selection of the latter site, permits to vacate Quincy Street were obtained. Attorneys from the Arnstein firm, headed by Andrew Adsit, began buying the properties parcel by parcel. Sears purchased 15 old buildings from 100 owners and paid $2.7 million to the City of Chicago for the portion of Quincy Street the project absorbed.
Sears, which needed 3,000,000 square feet of office space for its planned consolidation and predicted growth, commissioned architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill. Their team of architect Bruce Graham and structural engineer Fazlur Rahman Khan designed the building as nine square "tubes", clustered in a 3×3 matrix forming a square base with 225-foot sides. All nine tubes would rise up to the 50th floor of the building, where the northwest and southeast tubes terminate; the northeast and southwest tubes reach the 66th floor. The remaining west and center tubes reach 108 floors; the Sears Tower was the first building to use this innovative design. It was both structurally efficient and economic: at 1,450 feet, it provided more space and rose higher than the Empire State Building and cost much less per unit area; the system would prove influential in skyscraper construction and has been used in most supertall buildings since, including the world's current tallest building, the Burj Khalifa. To honor Khan's contributions, the Structural Engineers Association of Illinois commissioned a sculpture of him for the lobby of the Willis Tower.
Sears decided to focus their initial occupancy on housing their merchandise group, renting out the remaining space to other tenants until needed. The latter floor areas had to be designed to a smaller footprint with a high window-space to floor-space ratio to be attractive to prospective lessees. Smaller floorplates required a taller structure to yield sufficient square footage. Skidmore architects proposed a tower with large, 55,000-square-foot floors in the lower part of the building with tapered floorplates in a series of setbacks, which would give the tower its distinctive look; as Sears continued to offer optimistic projections for growth, the tower's proposed floor count increased into the low hundreds, surpassing the height of New York's unfinished World Trade Center to become the world's tallest building. The height was restricted by a limit imposed by the Federal Aviation Administration to protect air traffic; the financing of the tower was provided by Sears. It was topped with two antennas for radio broadcasting.
Sears and the City of Chicago approved the design and the first steel was put in place in April 1971. The structure was completed in May 1973; the construction cost about US$150 million, equivalent to $850 million in 2019 dollars. By comparison, Taipei 101, built in 2004, cost the equivalent of US$2.21 billion in 2018 dollars. Black bands appear on the tower around the 29th–32nd, 64th–65th, 88th–89th, 104th–108th floors; these elements are louvres to ventilate the building's environmental support systems and obscure its belted trusses. Though regulations did not require a fire sprinkler system, the building was equipped with one from the beginning. There are around 40,000 sprinkler heads in the building, installed at a cost of $4 million. In February 1982, two television antennas were added to the structure, increasing its total height to 1,707 feet; the western antenna was extended, bringing the overall height to 1,729 feet on June 5, 2000, to improve reception of local NBC station WMAQ-TV. As the construction of the building neared the 50th floor, lawsuits for an injunction were filed seeking to stop the building from exceeding 67 floors.
The suits alleged that above that point television receptio
Target Corporation is the eighth-largest retailer in the United States, is a component of the S&P 500 Index. Founded by George Dayton and headquartered in Minneapolis, the company was named Goodfellow Dry Goods in June 1902 before being renamed the Dayton's Dry Goods Company in 1903 and the Dayton Company in 1910; the first Target store opened in Roseville, Minnesota in 1962 while the parent company was renamed the Dayton Corporation in 1967. It became the Dayton-Hudson Corporation after merging with the J. L. Hudson Company in 1969 and held ownership of several department store chains including Dayton's, Hudson's, Marshall Field's, Mervyn's. Target established itself as the highest-earning division of the Dayton-Hudson Corporation in the 1970s; the company has found success as a cheap-chic player in the industry. The parent company was renamed the Target Corporation in 2000 and divested itself of its last department store chains in 2004, it suffered from a massive and publicized security breach of customer credit card data and the failure of its short-lived Target Canada subsidiary in the early 2010s but experienced revitalized success with its expansion in urban markets within the United States.
As of February 2, 2019, Target operates 1,844 stores throughout the United States. The company is ranked No. 39 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Their retail formats include the discount store Target, the hypermarket SuperTarget, "flexible format" stores named CityTarget and TargetExpress before being consolidated under the Target branding. Target is recognized for its emphasis on "the needs of its younger, image-conscious shoppers", whereas its rival Walmart more relies on its strategy of "always low prices"; the Westminster Presbyterian Church in downtown Minneapolis burned down during the Panic of 1893. Without insurance coverage to cover the financial loss, the congregation found itself unable to rebuild; the church appealed to parishioner George Dayton to purchase an empty corner lot adjacent to the original church in its possession. Dayton convinced the Reuben Simon Goodfellow Company to move its nearby Goodfellows department store into the newly erected building in 1902, although its owner retired altogether and sold his interest in the store to Dayton.
The store was renamed the Dayton Dry Goods Company in 1903, was shortened to the Dayton Company in 1910. The company made its first expansion with the acquisition of the Minneapolis-based jeweler J. B. Hudson & Son right before the Wall Street Crash of 1929. Dayton died in 1938 and was succeeded by his son Nelson as the president of the $14 million business. Nelson died in 1950 and was replaced by his own son Donald, who with his cousins replaced the Presbyterian guidelines set by his predecessors with a more secular approach; the company acquired the Lipman's department store company during the 1950s and operated it as a separate division. John F. Geisse developed the concept of upscale discount retailing while working for the Dayton Company. Using his concepts, the company opened its first Target discount store at 1515 West County Road B in the Saint Paul suburb of Roseville, Minnesota; the name "Target" originated from publicity director Stewart K. Widdess, was intended to prevent consumers from associating the discount store with the department store.
It opened three additional units in the first year, reported its first gain in 1965 with sales reaching $39 million. That decade, B. Dalton Bookseller was formed as a subsidiary of the Dayton Company; the parent company acquired the jewelers Shreve & Co. and J. E. Caldwell, the Pickwick Book Shops, the electronics and appliances chain Lechmere, it went public with its first offering of common stock, built its first distribution center in Fridley, Minnesota. In 1969, the Dayton Company itself merged with the Detroit-based J. L. Hudson Company, together formed the Dayton-Hudson Corporation; the new company, at the time the 14th-largest retailer in the United States, consisted of Target and the department stores Dayton's, Diamond's, Hudson's, John A. Brown, Lipman's. Target reached $200 million in sales while Dayton-Hudson acquired Team Electronics and the jewelers C. D. Peacock, Inc. and Jessop and Sons in the 1970s. Target reported a decrease in profits in 1972, due to the rapid pace of expansion with the purchase and conversion of several former Arlan's department store locations.
New management marked down merchandise to reduce its overstock and only opened one new location that year, Target became Dayton-Hudson's top revenue producer in 1975. Dayton-Hudson was established as the seventh-largest general merchandise retailer in the United States with its acquisition of Mervyn's in 1978. Dayton-Hudson sold Lipman's to Marshall Field's and acquired the discount store chain Ayr-Way in 1980, expanded into the West Coast market with the purchase and conversion of several FedMart stores in 1982, it sold the Dayton-Hudson Jewelers subsidiary to Henry Sons of Montreal. The company founded the Plums off-price clothing store with four locations in the Los Angeles area in 1983. In 1985, the company started R. G. Branden's, a chain that
AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas. It is the world's largest telecommunications company, the second largest provider of mobile telephone services, the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United States through AT&T Communications. Since June 14, 2018, it is the parent company of mass media conglomerate WarnerMedia, making it the world's largest media and entertainment company in terms of revenue; as of 2018, AT&T is ranked #9 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. AT&T began its history as Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, a subsidiary of the Bell Telephone Company, founded by Alexander Graham Bell in 1880; the Bell Telephone Company evolved into American Telephone and Telegraph Company in 1885, which rebranded as AT&T Corporation. The 1982 United States v. AT&T antitrust lawsuit resulted in the divestiture of AT&T Corporation's subsidiaries or Regional Bell Operating Companies, resulting in several independent companies including Southwestern Bell Corporation.
In 2005, SBC purchased its former parent AT&T Corporation and took on its branding, with the merged entity naming itself AT&T Inc. and using its iconic logo and stock-trading symbol. In 2006, AT&T Inc. acquired BellSouth, the last independent Baby Bell company, making their joint venture Cingular Wireless wholly owned and rebranding it as AT&T Mobility. The current AT&T reconstitutes much of the former Bell System, includes ten of the original 22 Bell Operating Companies along with the original long distance division. AT&T can trace its origin back to the original Bell Telephone Company founded by Alexander Graham Bell after his patenting of the telephone. One of that company's subsidiaries was American Telephone and Telegraph Company, established in 1885, which acquired the Bell Company on December 31, 1899, for legal reasons, leaving AT&T as the main company. AT&T established a network of subsidiaries in the United States and Canada that held a government-authorized phone service monopoly, formalized with the Kingsbury Commitment, throughout most of the twentieth century.
This monopoly was known as the Bell System, during this period, AT&T was known by the nickname Ma Bell. For periods of time, the former AT&T was the world's largest phone company. In 1982, U. S. regulators broke up the AT&T monopoly, requiring AT&T to divest its regional subsidiaries and turning them each into individual companies. These new companies were known as Regional Bell Operating Companies, or more informally, Baby Bells. AT&T continued to operate long distance services, but as a result of this breakup, faced competition from new competitors such as MCI and Sprint. Southwestern Bell was one of the companies created by the breakup of AT&T Corp; the architect of divestiture for Southwestern Bell was Robert G. Pope; the company soon started a series of acquisitions. This includes the 1987 acquisition of Metromedia mobile business and the acquisition of several cable companies in the early 1990s. In the half of the 1990s, the company acquired several other telecommunications companies, including some Baby Bells, while selling its cable business.
During this time, the company changed its name to SBC Communications. By 1998, the company was in the top 15 of the Fortune 500, by 1999 the company was part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In 2005, SBC purchased AT&T for $16 billion. After this purchase, SBC adopted the better-known AT&T name and brand, with the original AT&T Corp. still existing as the long-distance landline subsidiary of the merged company. The current AT&T claims the original AT&T Corp.'s history as its own, though its corporate structure only dates from 1983. It retains SBC's pre-2005 stock price history, all regulatory filings prior to 2005 are for Southwestern Bell/SBC, not AT&T Corp. In September 2013, AT&T Inc. announced it would expand into Latin America through a collaboration with América Móvil. In December 2013, AT&T announced plans to sell its Connecticut wireline operations to Stamford-based Frontier Communications. AT&T purchased the Mexican carrier Iusacell in late 2014, two months purchased the Mexican wireless business of NII Holdings, merging the two companies to create AT&T Mexico.
In July 2015, AT&T purchased DirecTV for $48.5 billion, or $67.1 billion including assumed debt, subject to certain conditions. AT&T subsequently announced plans to converge its existing U-verse home internet and IPTV brands with DirecTV, to create AT&T Entertainment. In an effort to increase its media holdings, on October 22, 2016, AT&T announced a deal to buy Time Warner for $108.7 billion. AT&T owns a 2% stake in Canadian-domiciled entertainment company Lionsgate. On July 13, 2017, it was reported that AT&T would introduce a cloud-based DVR streaming service as part of its effort to create a unified platform across DirecTV and its DirecTV Now streaming service, with U-verse to be added soon. In October 2018, it was announced that the service Is set to launch in 2019On September 12, 2017, it was reported that AT&T planned to launch a new cable TV-like service for delivery over-the-top over its own or a competitor's broadband network sometime next year. On November 20, 2017, Assistant Attorney General Makan Delrahim filed a lawsuit for the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division to block the merger with Time Warner, saying it "will harm competition, result in higher bills for consumers and less innovation."
In order for AT&T to acquire Time Warner, the Department of Justice stated that the company must
Barack Hussein Obama II is an American attorney and politician who served as the 44th president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he was the first African American, he served as a U. S. senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008. Obama was born in Hawaii. After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he became a civil rights attorney and an academic, teaching constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004, he represented the 13th district for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 until 2004 when he ran for the U. S. Senate, he received national attention in 2004 with his March primary win, his well-received July Democratic National Convention keynote address, his landslide November election to the Senate. In 2008, he was nominated for president a year after his campaign began and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton.
He was elected over Republican John McCain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009. Nine months he was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Regarded as a centrist New Democrat, Obama signed many landmark bills into law during his first two years in office; the main reforms that were passed include the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, Job Creation Act of 2010 served as economic stimulus amidst the Great Recession. After a lengthy debate over the national debt limit, he signed the Budget Control and the American Taxpayer Relief Acts. In foreign policy, he increased U. S. troop levels in Afghanistan, reduced nuclear weapons with the United States–Russia New START treaty, ended military involvement in the Iraq War. He ordered military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi.
He ordered the military operations that resulted in the deaths of Osama bin Laden and suspected Yemeni Al-Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki. After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013. During this term, he promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, his administration filed briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional. He advocated for gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, indicating support for a ban on assault weapons, issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning climate change and immigration. In foreign policy, he ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U. S. combat operations in Afghanistan in 2016, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, normalized U.
S. relations with Cuba. During his term in office, America's reputation in global polling improved. Evaluations of his presidency among historians, political scientists, the general public place him among the upper tier of American presidents. Obama left office and retired in January 2017 and resides in Washington, D. C. A December 2018 Gallup poll found Obama to be the most admired man in America for an unprecedented 11th consecutive year, although Dwight D. Eisenhower was selected most admired in twelve non-consecutive years. Obama was born on August 4, 1961, at Kapiolani Medical Center for Women and Children in Honolulu, Hawaii, he is the only president, born outside of the contiguous 48 states. He was born to a black father, his mother, Ann Dunham, was born in Kansas. His father, Barack Obama Sr. was a Luo Kenyan from Nyang'oma Kogelo. Obama's parents met in 1960 in a Russian language class at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where his father was a foreign student on a scholarship; the couple married in Hawaii, on February 2, 1961, six months before Obama was born.
In late August 1961, Barack and his mother moved to the University of Washington in Seattle, where they lived for a year. During that time, the elder Obama completed his undergraduate degree in economics in Hawaii, graduating in June 1962, he left to attend graduate school on a scholarship at Harvard University, where he earned an M. A. in economics. Obama's parents divorced in March 1964. Obama Sr. returned to Kenya in 1964, where he married for a third time and worked for the Kenyan government as the Senior Economic Analyst in the Ministry of Finance. He visited his son in Hawaii only once, at Christmas time in 1971, before he was killed in an automobile accident in 1982, when Obama was 21 years old. Recalling his early childhood, Obama said, "That my father looked nothing like the people around me – that he was black as pitch, my mother white as milk – registered in my mind." He described his struggles as a young adult to reconcile social perceptions of his multira
Indramat GmbH, now part of Bosch Rexroth, was an industrial control firm founded in 1958, based in Neuwied, Germany. Its name is a German abbreviation meaning “Gesellschaft zur INDustrialisierung-RAtionalisierung und AutoMATisierung“; the core business was the production of industrial servo drives and motion controls for use on machine tools, machine presses, printing presses, food packaging machinery, as well as assembly lines and material handling equipment. Indramat was acquired by the hydraulic concern Rexroth in 1965, for Rexroth to gain competence in machine control. At that time, Indramat was moved to the German town of Rexroth's headquarters. In 1968 Rexroth, including Indramat GmbH, was taken over by Mannesmann AG. In 2001, after the hostile takeover of Mannesmann by Vodafone, the industrial portion of Mannesmann was acquired by Robert Bosch GmbH, including Rexroth and Indramat; the new entity was named Bosch Rexroth, Indramat GmbH became the Electric Drives and Controls Technology Group under Bosch Rexroth.
The name Indramat was no longer used, however Bosch Rexroth Electric Drives and Controls continues to produce and support products marketed under the Indramat brand, newer product families such as the IndraDrive, IndraDyn, IndraControl are named in recognition of their heritage. In 2001 Indramat employed 1,500, with a turnover of 261 million Euro. Exports constituted 52% of the business. Indramat gained recognition in Germany and Central Europe starting in the 1970s as a supplier of DC servo drives and control systems in the areas of sheet steel processing, 3-dimensional tracing controls. A key feature of the Indramat servo is the programming module, which contained all variable settings required to match the servo amplifier with a given motor; this feature simplified the commissioning process. In 1979 Indramat released a brushless drive servo system, which it branded as an “AC Servo”; this product gained acceptance in automotive industry Powertrain manufacturing, bringing Indramat global recognition.
Indramat is recognized for distributed CNCs for automotive Powertrain manufacturing, electronic line shaft technology for commercial printing presses. Bosch Rexroth Electric Drives and Controls
Interstate 90 in Illinois
Interstate 90 in the U. S. state of Illinois runs northwest-to-southeast through the northern part of the state. From the Wisconsin state line at South Beloit, it heads south to Rockford before heading east-southeast to the Indiana state line at Chicago. I-90 traverses 108 miles through a variety of settings, from farmland west of the Fox River Valley through the medium-density suburbs west of O'Hare International Airport, through downtown Chicago, through the heart of the industrial southeast side of Chicago before entering Indiana. I-90 comprises several named highways; the Interstate runs along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway from South Beloit to O'Hare Airport, the Kennedy Expressway runs from O'Hare to the Chicago Loop, the Dan Ryan Expressway from the Loop to the Chicago Skyway, the Skyway to the Indiana state line. The Jane Addams and Chicago Skyway are toll roads maintained by the Illinois State Toll Highway Authority and Skyway Concession Company, respectively; the remainder of the highway is maintained by the Illinois Department of Transportation.
The Chicago Skyway known as Chicago Skyway Toll Bridge System, is a 7.8-mile-long toll road in Chicago carrying I-90 from the Indiana Toll Road to the Dan Ryan Expressway on Chicago's South Side. The main feature of the Skyway is a 1⁄2-mile-long steel truss bridge, known as the "High Bridge"; the toll bridge spans a major harbor for industrial ships. The main span is 650 feet long, provides for 125 feet of vertical clearance, is the highest road in Chicago. Between 2001 and 2004, authorities spent $250 million to rebuild much of the Chicago Skyway; the Jane Addams Tollway was built in early 1960s as the Northwest Tollway. It was renamed in 2007 after Jane Addams, the Nobel laureate and founder of the Settlement House movement in the United States. I-90 enters from Beloit, Wisconsin with I-39. At the Rockton Road exit, I-39/I-90 becomes the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway; the two Interstates run concurrently south to Rockford, where I-39 continues as a freeway south to Bloomington–Normal. I-90 continues east-southeast to Elgin on the way through the Chicago area.
In Schaumburg, I-90 meets the western end of the only loop from I-90 in Illinois. The Jane Addams Memorial Tollway features an Illinois Tollway oasis in Belvidere, an over-highway oasis; this unique rest stop provides several vendors and allows tollway travelers to rest and eat without having to exit the tollway. Another oasis was sited in Des Plaines near O'Hare, but it was closed and demolished in 2014 to make room for the widening of I-90 and the O'Hare West Bypass. I-90 passes north of O'Hare International Airport, where I-190 branches west to the airport terminals. I-90 meets I-294 at this junction with I-190. I-90 continues southeast as the Kennedy Expressway and is joined with eastbound I-94. I-90 and I-94 head toward the Loop, intersecting the eastern end of I-290. South of I-290, the highway is given the name of the Dan Ryan Expressway. On Chicago's South Side, the Dan Ryan passes I-55 before I-90 splits off from I-94 just south of 63rd Street, becomes the Chicago Skyway, again becoming a toll road.
I-90 runs directly southeast to the Indiana state line, becomes the Indiana Toll Road at the state line. Along the Jane Addams Tollway, there are four mainline toll barriers in each direction—two one-way plazas and two full plazas; the barriers are located around the O'Hare International Airport area, in Elgin, near Marengo, in Belvidere, in South Beloit. I-39 travelers exiting or entering at Rockford paid at the Cherry Valley toll plaza, but that toll plaza has been decommissioned southbound in 2003 and northbound in 2004 due to traffic congestion. In February 2006, the Marengo westbound and the Belvidere eastbound. Two two-toll plazas near O'Hare and the one in Elgin each charge cash tolls of $1.50 and I-Pass tolls of 75 cents for a two-axle passenger vehicle. The South Beloit toll plaza near the Illinois and Wisconsin state line is $1.90 and 95 cents for I-Pass users. Eastbound traffic does not pay a toll at Belvidere because of the removal of the eastbound Belvidere plaza, but pays $3.00 at Marengo.
On the other hand, westbound traffic pays $3.00 at Belvidere. This change was done to accommodate open road tolling construction. A ticket system was used to compute tolls on the segment between Beloit and Elgin with each driver receiving a Hollerith card upon entering and paying upon exiting, but it was replaced with a cash barrier system in the late 1970s, it was the only portion of the Illinois Tollways to use a ticket system. The current rate for passenger cars and other two-axle vehicles on the Chicago Skyway is $5.20. A discount is given during the overnight hours for vehicles with three or more axles; the Skyway's official name, referring to it as a "toll bridge" rather than a "toll road", is the result of a legal quirk. At the time of its construction, the city charter of Chicago did not provide the authority to construct a toll road. However, the city could build toll bridges, it was found that there was no limit to the length of the approaches to the bridge. Therefore, the Skyway is technically a toll bridge with a six-mile-long approach.
This is part of the reason that there are no exits available until after one has crossed the bridge and paid the toll. The 76-mile Northwest
The Sears Centre is an 11,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Hoffman Estates, Illinois, a northwest suburb, 25 miles from Chicago. The arena has 43 luxury suites on two separate levels, it was estimated to attract over 750,000 visitors annually. The arena is home to the Windy City Bulls, the Chicago Bulls' affiliate in the NBA G League; the Sears Centre is located near the former site of the Poplar Creek Music Theater. Food services are provided by Levy Restaurants. In 2011, the Village of Hoffman Estates took over ownership of the arena after Ryan Companies US, Inc. walked away from the arena due to the arena's lack of success. However, since the village took over the arena and hired Global Spectrum to manage it, the arena has shown improvements; the venue opened on October 2006, with performances by Duran Duran and Bob Dylan. In 2008 and from 2010 until present, the Illinois Recreational Cheerleading Association hold their annual state championship at the facility; the fourth annual TNA Bound for Glory Professional wrestling pay-per-view event – October 12, 2008, TNA's first PPV event in the Chicago area.
The arena was the venue which featured TNA's first Impact Wrestling outside of Orlando, Florida, on March 14, 2013. On May 19 and 20, 2011, it played host to the Chicago audition stages in the first season of the Fox singer search program The X Factor. In 2009 and 2011, it played host to Strikeforce events. September 12–14, 2014: Played host to the Davis Cup, hosting matches between the United States and Slovakia. 2014 Skate America The 2017 and 2018 Ken Kraft Midlands Championships, hosted by Northwestern University's wrestling program, have been hosted at the Sears Centre. September 1, 2018: All In, the largest independent professional wrestling event presented by Cody Rhodes and The Young Bucks, featuring the top names in the indies and certain wrestlers from NJPW, like Kenny Omega and Kazuchika Okada. USA Gymnastics 2013 U. S. Challenge 2013 U. S. Classic 2014 U. S. Classic 2015 U. S. Classic 2017 U. S. Classic Sears Centre Chicago Sears Centre Arena Chicago show guide to Chicago