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The Holga is a medium format 120 film camera, made in Hong Kong, known for its low-fidelity aesthetic. The Holga's low-cost construction and simple meniscus lens yields pictures that display vignetting, light leaks, other distortions; the camera's limitations have brought it a cult following among some photographers, Holga photos have won awards and competitions in art and news photography. As of November 2015, production of this camera has ceased; the Holga camera was designed by Lee Ting-mo in 1982. It first appeared outside China in 1982 in Hong Kong. At the time, 120 roll film in black-and-white was the most available film in mainland China; the Holga was intended to provide an inexpensive mass-market camera for the Chinese working-class in order to record family portraits and events. However, the rapid adoption of the 35 mm film format, due to new foreign camera and film imports eliminated the consumer market for 120 roll film in China. Seeking new markets, the manufacturer sought to distribute the Holga outside mainland China.

Within a few years after the Holga's introduction to foreign markets, some photographers began using the Holga for its surrealistic, impressionistic scenes for landscape, still life and street photography. These owners prized the Holga for its lack of precision, light leaks, inexpensive qualities, which forced the photographer to concentrate on innovation and creative vision in place of expensive camera technology. In this respect, the Holga became the successor to the Diana and other toy cameras used in such work. A Holga photograph by photojournalist David Burnett of former vice-president Al Gore during a 2000 campaign appearance earned a top prize in a 2001 White House News Photographers' Association Eyes of History award ceremony; the Holga has experienced renewed consumer interest outside China due to the increasing popularity of toy cameras, a continuing counterculture response to the increasing complexity of modern cameras. In late November 2015, Freestyle Photographic Supplies COO Gerald H. Karmele confirmed that Tokina had shut down the factory that produced Holga cameras and related accessories, ending the production of these toy cameras.

A revitalized, but saturated, toy camera market led to waning sales. However, as of July 2017, Freestyle reported that the molds had been tracked down, put back into production, the Holgas were once again available. Holga 120S – The original Holga, since discontinued. Fixed shutter speed at 1/100s, adjustable focus from 3 feet to infinity, plastic 60 mm f/8 meniscus lens, two-position f-stop switch which stops the lens to f/11, hot shoe, 6x4.5 cm film mask. WOCA – A Holga 120S with a Japanese-supplied glass meniscus lens, since discontinued and replaced by the Holga 120GN, which recalled the lens nomenclature for meniscus. Holga 120N – Updated version with plastic 60 mm f/8 lens, tripod mount, bulb exposure mode, improved film counter window switch, foam inserts to provide film spool tensioning, an additional 6x6 cm film mask Holga 120SF – A standard Holga 120S, with built-in flash Holga 120FN – A Holga 120N with built-in flash Holga 120CFN – A Holga 120FN with built-in color flash Holga 120GN – A Holga 120N with glass lens Holga 120GFN – A Holga 120FN with glass lens and built-in flash Holga 120GCFN – A Holga 120FN with color flash and glass lens Holga 120TLR – A Holga 120CFN with a twin-lens reflex viewfinder in lieu of the standard viewfinder, with a relocated color flash Holga 120GTLR – A Holga 120TLR with glass lens Holga 120PC – A pinhole version of the 120N using 6x4.5 cm or 6x6 cm format Holga 120WPC – A wide pinhole version of the 120N using 6x9 or 6x12 cm format Holga 120-3D Stereo Camera – Two lenses in a wide body Holga 120 3D Stereo Pinhole Camera – Two pinhole lenses in a wide body Holga 120 Pan Panoramic Camera – This is a wide angle panoramic camera.

It is possible to capture scenes spanning from left to right close to 180-degree. Holga Micro 110 – Standard 26 mm 110 holga Holga 110 TFS – A 110 camera with a switchable standard, telephoto format Holga 135 – A Holga with 35 mm film Holga 135BC – A Holga made for 35 mm film, plastic lens and the same lens mount of the Holgas 120 but with 47 mm lens, f1:8 or 1:11 and shutter speed 1/100. "BC" means "Black Corners". Holga K200N – A 35 mm film point-and-shoot Holga with colour flash and a dismountable fisheye. Holga K200NM – The K200N plus a fisheye viewer and a multiple exposure button. Holga 135TIM – A half-frame 35 mm Holga. Holga 135TLR – A Holga 35 mm twin lens reflex. Holga 135PAN – A Holga 35 mm Panoramic camera. Holga HL-C – A 60 mm f/8 Holga lens with Canon EF-mount. Holga HL-N – A 60 mm f/8 Holga lens with Nikon F-mount. Holga HL-O – A 60 mm f/8 Holga lens with Four-Thirds mount, for Olympus DSLR cameras. Holga HL-P – A 60 mm f/8 Holga lens for Pentax DSLR cameras with K-mount. Holga HL-S – A 60 mm f/8 Holga lens for Konica Minolta/Sony DSLR cameras with A-mount.

Holga HL-OP – A 25 mm f/8 Holga lens with Micro Four-Thirds mount, with lettering for Olympus PEN cameras. Holga HL-PLG – A 25 mm f/8 Holga lens with Micro Four-Thirds mount, with lettering for Panasonic Lumix G cameras. Holga HL-SN – A 25 mm f/8 Holga lens with Sony E-mount. Holga HL-SSN – A 25 mm f/8 Holga lens with Samsung NX-mount. Most Holga cameras use a single-piece plastic meniscus lens with a focal length of 60 millimeters and utilize a zone-focus system that can adjust fro

Elmer Kelton

Elmer Stephen Kelton was an American journalist and writer, known for his Western novels. His pseudonyms are: Tom Early, Alex Hawk, Lee McElroy Kelton was born at a place called Horse Camp on the Five Wells Ranch, owned by the Scharbauer Cattle Company, in Andrews County — just east of the city of Andrews, Texas, his parents were Robert William "Buck" Kelton- and Neta Beatrice "Bea". 15 May 1904 – 27 April 1993) Kelton. When Kelton was three years old, his family moved to the McElroy Ranch located in the counties of Crane and Upton, near the city of Crane, south-southwest of Midland, he spent the rest of his childhood at three different homesteads on the McElroy Ranch, where his father was employed for 36 years. After graduation from Crane High School, Kelton attended the University of Texas at Austin, in 1942–1944 and again from 1946–1948, when he earned a bachelor of arts degree in journalism. From 1944 to 1946, Kelton had served in the U. S. Army, with combat infantry experience in Europe during World War II.

From 1948-1963, Kelton was the farm-and-ranch editor for the San Angelo Standard-Times in the Harte-Hanks chain. For five years, he was editor of Sheep and Goat Raiser Magazine and another 22 years he was editor of Livestock Weekly, from which he retired in 1990, his memoir, Sandhills Boy, was published in 2007. Three of his novels have been featured in Reader's Digest Condensed Books. Eight Kelton novels, Buffalo Wagons, The Day the Cowboys Quit, The Time It Never Rained, Eyes of the Hawk, The Far Canyon, Many a River, The Way of the Coyote, have won Spur Awards from the Western Writers of America. Peers in the WWA named him as the greatest Western writer of all time. Three others, City: The Time It Never Rained, The Good Old Boys, The Man Who Rode Midnight, have received Western Heritage Awards from the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; the Good Old Boys was made into the Turner Network Television TV movie named The Good Old Boys starring Tommy Lee Jones.

In 1977, Kelton received an Owen Wister Award for lifetime achievement. In April 1997, the Texas State Legislature proclaimed "Elmer Kelton Day". In 1998, he received the first Lone Star Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Larry McMurtry Center for Arts and Humanities at Midwestern State University in Wichita Falls. Kelton received honorary doctorates from Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene and Texas Tech University at Lubbock. Kelton received a lifetime achievement award from the National Cowboy Symposium in Lubbock, he is honored with a star in the sidewalk at the Fort Worth Stockyards in Fort Worth. Kelton was married to a native of Austria, they had three children. One son, Gerhard of Plainview, is Anni's son, adopted by Kelton; the other son and a daughter are both of San Angelo. He had three brothers, Merle Kelton and his wife, Ann, of May, Texas. Kelton was working on another book, but was facing several health problems in early 2009; the book had not been completed before he died on August 2009, from natural causes.

His funeral was held on August 2009, at the First United Methodist Church in San Angelo. A life-sized statue of Kelton by Raul Ruiz is displayed at the Stevens Central Library in San Angelo. Beginning in 2014, the Academy of Western Artists, based in Gene Autry, awarded the first of its annual Elmer Kelton book awards to successful authors in the categories of fiction and nonfiction; the runner-up was Kelton's understudy Patrick Dearen of Midland, for his 2012 novel To Hell or the Pecos. Partial list of works: Texas Ranger Novels: Museum of the Desert Southwest, which has an exhibit on Kelton, Kelton's official website Elmer Kelton's page. - The Story of Elmer Kelton Kelton's papers, 1948-1985. - Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University Wall Street Journal on Elmer Kelton Elmer Kelton interview with Bradley D. Pettit. - Texas Rangers Audiobooks -

Visage discography

The discography of the British new wave band Visage consists of five studio albums, six compilation albums and numerous singles. Formed in 1978, the band released their first single "Tar" on the short-lived Radar Records label in 1979, before signing to Polydor Records in 1980, their second single, "Fade To Grey", became an international hit. After three studio albums and several personnel changes, the group disbanded in 1985 though a new line-up emerged in the 2000s, again led by vocalist Steve Strange. In 2013, the band released a new album and Knives, the first new Visage album for 29 years; the following year, the band released Orchestral, a live album featuring various classic Visage songs remade with a symphony orchestra. The band's final studio album, Demons to Diamonds, was released in November 2015. ^ – "Moon Over Moscow" and "Whispers" were released as singles only in Japan. ^ – A remix of "The Anvil" was released as the B-side of the "Pleasure Boys" single, but became a popular dancefloor track in 1982.

A single-sided 7" single was pressed (believed to be either a promo or a test pressing, as it had the same catalogue number as "Pleasure Boys", a German-language version, "Der Amboss", was released as a 12" promo. 1986: Visage Visage on AllMusic Visage on Discogs Visage on Rate Your Music

Kuchuk Hanem

Kuchuk Hanem was a famed beauty and Ghawazee dancer of Esna, mentioned in two unrelated nineteenth-century accounts of travel to Egypt, the French novelist Gustave Flaubert and the American adventurer George William Curtis. Kuchuk Hanem became a key symbol in Flaubert's Orientalist accounts of the East. Flaubert visited her during his sojourn in Egypt on his journey to the East in 1849-51 accompanied by Maxime Du Camp; the orientalist themes that pervade his work depended on his experiences in Egypt and his sexual liaison with Kuchuk Hanem. Dancers in two of his novellas and Temptation of Saint Anthony, evoke a woman dancer who performs scenes from Salome and the Queen of Sheba. Both of these dances were standards of the repertoire of dancers of this period a dance step known as "the bee" or "the wasp," with the dancer standing musing in a pensive posture until a buzzing insect flies into her clothing and she "flees" in terror and removing articles of clothing in the manner of a provocative strip-tease.

Kuchuk Hanem was the subject of an 1851 poem by Louis Bouilhet, "Kuchuk-Hanem, Souveneer", inspired by Flaubert's accounts from letters. Louise Colet, a mistress of Flaubert, is said to have sought out the aging dancer on a trip to Egypt at the time of the opening of the Suez Canal, in order to report back to Flaubert the ravages that time had wrought on the woman he so admired, it seems certain that she was an influence on George William Curtis, suggesting that she was one of the most sought-after entertainers in Upper Egypt during the colonial period. Comparisons of the two narratives demonstrate a house with a courtyard, a stairway in poor repair leading to an upper room furnished with two divans, a young female attendant named Zeneb, an old man playing a rebaba, an old woman who kept time on the tar."Kuchuk Hanem" is not a proper name and means "little lady" in Turkish. It might be a term of endearment applied to a lover, or a famous dancer. Flaubert reports that she was from Damascus, but it remains unclear if this was a name chosen by the woman to represent herself to the colonial tourists or if this is a casual shorthand name used by the two writers to describe her.

The sensationalized and eroticized presence of Kuchuk Hanem within the literature of this period underscores early misrepresentations of non-western women in the imagination of the West. Dance of the bee Dance of the seven veils From Egypt to Chicago Review of Flaubert: a Life by Geoffrey Wall Account of the ghawazee of Esna The dancer of Esna, by William H. Peck

Familia (film)

Familia is a 2005 French-language Canadian drama film. It was written by Louise Archambault; the story revolves around two main characters: Michèle, a free-spirited aerobics instructor with a penchant for gambling, Janine, a suburban housewife and home decorator with a cheating husband. The lives of these two longtime friends intersect when Michele goes to live with Janine to escape an abusive boyfriend. Tensions abound as Michele's daughter Marguerite introduces Janine's daughter Gabrielle to a world of boys and alcohol. Meanwhile, Michele can't quite kick her gambling addiction - no matter how many people she seems to hurt and deceive. Things come to a head when Janine confronts her adulterous husband and Marguerite discovers she's pregnant. Archambault won the 2005 Claude Jutra Award for the best feature film by a first-time film director in Canada. In December 2005, the film was named to the Toronto International Film Festival's annual Canada's Top Ten list of the year's best films. Familia on IMDb

Sperry, Oklahoma

Sperry is a town in Tulsa County, United States. The population was 1,205 in the 2010 U. S. census, compared to 1,351 at the 2000 census. It is a bedroom community since about 85 percent of the employed residents commute to work in Tulsa and other nearby towns. Sperry has an active retirement community. Native American activity in the area predates the establishment of the town. Of note during the American Civil War was the Battle of Chusto-Talasah about 9 miles southeast on the “Caving Banks” bend of Bird Creek, where on December 9, 1861, Opothleyahola’s Union-allied Indians met the forces of Col. D. H. Cooper’s Confederate troops. Sperry was known as Beuhler Switch, it was named after an employee of the Midland Valley Railroad. The Sperry post office in the Cherokee Nation was established on May 17, 1902 to serve a rural community between Hominy and Delaware Creeks; the post office was located in the Carson Ranch house. The origin of the name Sperry is not clear. One source claims that the name was derived from the surname of a local landowner named Henry Spybuck.

The Midland Valley Railroad built a line from Arkansas to Eastern Kansas that reached Sperry in March 1905. The route no longer exists, but has been converted from rail into the 14.5 mile Osage Prairie Trail linking Sperry with Tulsa to the south and Skiatook to the north. Exploration for oil brought prosperity between 1905 and 1910. Sperry incorporated in 1920, when the census recorded a population of 487. Two communities joined to form present-day Sperry. One was known as "Buehler Switch." This was the larger community, the location of the railroad and depot, centered around 96th Street North and S. H. 11. The smaller community, consisting of only two or three homes and a general store/post office housed in the same building, was known as Sperry, it was on Hominy Creek near 106th Street North Peoria. When statehood occurred in 1907, the post office was renamed Sperry and was moved from the general store to a new grocery store near the depot. From 1982 to 1989, the Sperry WPA armory served as headquarters to the newly organized Oklahoma Army National Guard 45th Special Operations Aviation Regiment.

The "Lords of Darkness" specialized in operating the OH-6 Little Bird helicopter while using night vision goggles. Aircraft were kept a short distance from the Tulsa Air National Guard Base; the unit evolved into the 1-245th Aviation Regiment, now housed at the Tulsa Army National Guard Aviation Complex near 46th St N and Highway 169, built 1988. Sperry is located at 36°17′43″N 95°59′24″W, it is about 10 miles north of downtown Tulsa. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,351 people, 375 households, 78 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,118.3 people per square mile. There were 406 housing units at an average density of 462.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 70.64% White, 0.51% African American, 18.86% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 1.94% from other races, 7.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.75% of the population. There were 375 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families.

25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.14. In the town, the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,713, the median income for a family was $30,192. Males had a median income of $26,167 versus $18,542 for females; the per capita income for the town was $11,767. About 15.1% of families and 89.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. Sperry Public Schools is an independent school district in Sperry, Oklahoma serving grades K-12; the Elementary and High School buildings share a campus on the western edge of Sperry