Champions on Ice
Champions on Ice was a touring ice show in the United States. The show featured a large cast of both professional and Olympic-eligible figure skaters along with novelty acts such as skating acrobats; the shows were focused on solo performances by the skaters rather than ensemble work or acting out stories. The tour was run by Tom Collins Enterprises. Collins first organized the tour following the 1969 World Figure Skating Championships, it was known as the "Tour of World Figure Skating Champions", featured top amateur skaters who performed under an arrangement with the International Skating Union. When the ISU liberalized its amateur status rules in 1990, Collins began to add professional skaters to the tour, as well as active eligible competitors; the tour adopted the name of "Champions on Ice" in 1998. In November 2006, Anschutz Entertainment Group and Sergio Cánovas purchased Champions on Ice. AEG is the owner of Champions on Ice U. S. A. while Sergio Cánovas owns the brand in the rest of the world.
In 2008, Champions on Ice formed a partnership with Stars on Ice. In 2012, Sergio Cánovas's new Champions on Ice began touring internationally, headlined by Evgeni Plushenko. Skaters who had a long association with the tour include Brian Boitano, Viktor Petrenko, Michelle Kwan, Todd Eldredge
Indiana Farmers Coliseum
The Indiana Farmers Coliseum is an indoor multi-use arena, located on the Indiana State Fairgrounds in Indianapolis. The Indiana Farmers Coliseum is home to both the Indy Fuel, of the ECHL and the IUPUI Jaguars, of the NCAA. Opened in 1939 as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Works Progress Administration, the Coliseum has hosted numerous historical events, including the only performances held in Indiana by The Beatles, in 1964. On October 26, 2012, the Coliseum closed for renovations. On April 24, 2014, after a 17-month, $53 million renovation, the Coliseum re-opened. In December 2014, the Indiana Farmers Mutual Insurance Company entered into a ten-year agreement with the Indiana State Fair Commission to re-christen the arena as the Indiana Farmers Coliseum. On October 31, 1963, during a Holiday on Ice show, a propane leak at a concession stand caused an explosion which killed 74 people. A memorial plaque was dedicated 40 years in the building, but it has since been removed. Another plaque honoring the explosion victims hangs inside the building's lobby.
The venue was home to the Indiana Pacers of the American Basketball Association from 1967 to 1974. The Pacers were successful in their tenure at the Coliseum, winning three ABA Championships, they captured the ABA titles in 1969–70, defeating the Los Angeles Stars in 6 games, in 1971–72, defeating the New York Nets in 6 games, in the 1972–73 season, defeating the Kentucky Colonels in 7 games. The team moved to Market Square Arena in 1974. In 1976, the Pacers became a franchise in the National Basketball Association when the ABA merged with the NBA; the Pacers returned for a night when they played their first pre-season game of the 2008–09 season at the Pepsi Coliseum on October 8, 2008, hosting the then-New Orleans Hornets. 7,439 people watched the Pacers lose to the Hornets 105–71. The Pacers wore uniforms based on the 1967 to 1971 uniform design. Former ABA Pacers George McGinnis, Darnell Hillman, Bob Netolicky, Don Buse, Jerry Harkness, Steve Green, Tom Thacker, Bill Newton, Wayne Pack, attended the game and were recognized during a halftime ceremony.
During the game's first quarter, former Championship Pacers coach and current radio commentator Slick Leonard sat on the Pacers' bench as head coach, while then-head coach Jim O'Brien joined Mark Boyle for the radio broadcast. The Indianapolis Capitals of the American Hockey League played at the Coliseum from 1939 to 1952, winning the Calder Cup in 1942 and 1950; the Indianapolis Chiefs of the International Hockey League played at the Coliseum from 1955 to 1962, winning the Turner Cup in 1958. The Indianapolis Checkers of the Central Hockey League and International Hockey League played at the Coliseum from 1981 to 1985, winning back-to-back Adams Cup Championships in 1982 and 1983; the Indianapolis Ice of the International Hockey League and CHL played in the Coliseum from 1989 to 1994, again from 1998 to 2004, winning the 1990 Turner Cup and 2000 Ray Miron Cup championships. The Indiana Ice of the United States Hockey League played at the Coliseum from 2004 to 2012, leaving due to the renovation.
The Ice won the USHL's Clark Cup in 2009 while playing in the building. They did not return to the Coliseum upon the venue reopening, opting for withdrawal from competition or dormancy until another venue could be secured. Since 2014 the Indy Fuel hockey team has played in the arena; the Fuel are an ECHL team affiliated with the Chicago Blackhawks. The Coliseum hosted the American Hockey League's Calder Cup Final in 1942, 1943 and 1950. Eight of Indianapolis' nine hockey championship teams called the Coliseum home; the other was the 2014 Indiana Ice, who split their schedule between Bankers Life Fieldhouse and Pan Am Pavilion. The finals of the 1942–43 – 1944–45 Indiana High School Boys Basketball Tournaments were held at the Coliseum; the Coliseum hosts Budweiser Fight Night Boxing. On April 27, 2016, Donald Trump held a rally for his presidential campaign in the Coliseum. During the winter months, public ice skating is offered at the Coliseum. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Official Site Photos from Indiana Ice games Photo gallery of Pacers highlights at Coliseum Indianapolis, IN Coliseum Explosion, Oct 1963
An ice show is an entertainment production, performed by ice skaters. Such shows may be skating exhibitions, or may be musical and/or dramatic in nature, using skating as a medium in order to accompany a musical work or to present a story; the term excludes skating competitions in sports. Many companies produce fixed or touring ice shows, which are performed for the general public in facilities such as multipurpose arenas or skating rinks which can accommodate spectators, or in theatres with a temporary ice surface installed on the stage. Ice shows are featured as entertainment in amusement parks and on some large cruise ships. Broadway on Ice is an ice-based revue of Broadway show tunes. Champions on Ice and Stars on Ice are touring ice shows which focus on skating exhibitions using well-known competitive skaters. Disney on Ice produces ice shows geared towards children, based on Disney films and characters. Holiday on Ice is a musical ice show which performs in Europe and South America. Well-known defunct ice shows include Ice Capades and Ice Follies.
Media related to Ice shows at Wikimedia Commons
Bugs Bunny is an animated cartoon character, created in the late 1930s by Leon Schlesinger Productions and voiced by Mel Blanc. Bugs is best known for his starring roles in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated short films, produced by Warner Bros. Though a similar character debuted in the WB cartoon Porky's Hare Hunt and appeared in a few subsequent shorts, the definitive character of Bugs is credited to have made his debut in director Tex Avery's Oscar-nominated film A Wild Hare. Bugs is an anthropomorphic gray and white rabbit, famous for his flippant, insouciant personality, he is characterized by a Brooklyn accent, his portrayal as a trickster, his catch phrase "Eh... What's up, doc?" Due to Bugs' popularity during the golden age of American animation, he became an American cultural icon and the official mascot of Warner Bros. Entertainment, he can thus be seen in the older Warner Bros. company logos. Since his debut, Bugs has appeared in various short films, feature films, compilations, TV series, music records, video games, award shows, amusement park rides, commercials.
He has appeared in more films than any other cartoon character, is the ninth most-portrayed film personality in the world, has his own star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. According to Chase Craig, who wrote and drew the first Bugs Bunny comic Sunday pages and the first Bugs comic book, "Bugs was not the creation of any one man. In those days, the stories were the work of a group who suggested various gags, bounced them around and finalized them in a joint story conference." A rabbit with some of the personality of Bugs, though looking different, was featured in the film Porky's Hare Hunt, released on April 30, 1938. It was co-directed by an uncredited Cal Dalton; this cartoon has an identical plot to Avery's Porky's Duck Hunt, which had introduced Daffy Duck. Porky Pig is again cast as a hunter tracking a silly prey, more interested in driving his pursuer insane and less interested in escaping. Hare Hunt replaces the little black duck with a small white rabbit; the rabbit introduces himself with the odd expression "Jiggers, fellers," and Mel Blanc gave the character a voice and laugh much like those he would use for Woody Woodpecker.
The rabbit character was popular enough with audiences that the Termite Terrace staff decided to use it again. According to Friz Freleng and Dalton had decided to dress the duck in a rabbit suit; the white rabbit had a shapeless body. In characterization, he was "a rural buffoon", he was loud, zany with a guttural laugh. Blanc provided him with a hayseed voice; the rabbit comes back in Prest-O Change-O, directed by Chuck Jones, where he is the pet rabbit of unseen character Sham-Fu the Magician. Two dogs, fleeing the local dogcatcher, enter his absent master's house; the rabbit harasses them but is bested by the bigger of the two dogs. This version of the rabbit was cool and controlled, he was otherwise silent. The rabbit's third appearance comes in Hare-um Scare-um, directed again by Hardaway; this cartoon—the first in which he is depicted as a gray bunny instead of a white one—is notable as the rabbit's first singing role. Charlie Thorson, lead animator on the film, gave the character a name, he had written "Bugs' Bunny" on the model sheet.
In promotional material for the cartoon, including a surviving 1939 presskit, the name on the model sheet was altered to become the rabbit's own name: "Bugs" Bunny. In his autobiography, Blanc claimed that another proposed name for the character was "Happy Rabbit." In the actual cartoons and publicity, the name "Happy" only seems to have been used in reference to Bugs Hardaway. In Hare-um Scare-um, a newspaper headline reads, "Happy Hardaway." Animation historian David Gerstein disputes that "Happy Rabbit" was used as an official name, believing that the only usage of the term was from Mel Blanc himself in humorous and fanciful tales he told about the character's development in the 1970s and 1980s. Thorson had been approached by Tedd Pierce, head of the story department, asked to design a better rabbit; the decision was influenced by Thorson's experience in designing hares. He had designed Max Hare in Toby Tortoise Returns. For Hardaway, Thorson created the model sheet mentioned, with six different rabbit poses.
Thorson's model sheet is "a comic rendition of the stereotypical fuzzy bunny". He had a pear-shaped body with a protruding rear end, his face had large expressive eyes. He had an exaggerated long neck, gloved hands with three fingers, oversized feet, a "smart aleck" grin; the end result was influenced by Walt Disney Animation Studios' tendency to draw animals in the style of cute infants. He had an obvious Disney influence, but looked like an awkward merger of the lean and streamlined Max Hare from The Tortoise and the Hare, the round, soft bunnies from Little Hiawatha. In Jones' Elmer's Candid Camera, the rabbit first meets Elmer Fudd; this time the rabbit looks more like the present-day Bugs and with a similar face—but retaining the more primitive voice. Candid Camera's Elmer character design is different: taller and chubbier in the face than the modern model, though A
Knoxville is a city in the U. S. state of Tennessee, the county seat of Knox County. The city had an estimated population of 186,239 in 2016 and a population of 178,874 as of the 2010 census, making it the state's third largest city after Nashville and Memphis. Knoxville is the principal city of the Knoxville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which, in 2016, was 868,546, up 0.9 percent, or 7,377 people, from to 2015. The KMSA is, in turn, the central component of the Knoxville-Sevierville-La Follette Combined Statistical Area, which, in 2013, had a population of 1,096,961. First settled in 1786, Knoxville was the first capital of Tennessee; the city struggled with geographic isolation throughout the early 19th century. The arrival of the railroad in 1855 led to an economic boom. During the Civil War, the city was bitterly divided over the secession issue, was occupied alternately by both Confederate and Union armies. Following the war, Knoxville grew as a major wholesaling and manufacturing center.
The city's economy stagnated after the 1920's as the manufacturing sector collapsed, the downtown area declined and city leaders became entrenched in partisan political fights. Hosting the 1982 World's Fair helped reinvigorate the city, revitalization initiatives by city leaders and private developers have had major successes in spurring growth in the city the downtown area. Knoxville is the home of the flagship campus of the University of Tennessee, whose sports teams, called the "Volunteers" or "Vols", are popular in the surrounding area. Knoxville is home to the headquarters of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for East Tennessee and the corporate headquarters of several national and regional companies; as one of the largest cities in the Appalachian region, Knoxville has positioned itself in recent years as a repository of Appalachian culture and is one of the gateways to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The first people to form substantial settlements in what is now Knoxville arrived during the Woodland period.
One of the oldest artificial structures in Knoxville is a burial mound constructed during the early Mississippian culture period. The earthwork mound is now surrounded by the University of Tennessee campus. Other prehistoric sites include an Early Woodland habitation area at the confluence of the Tennessee River and Knob Creek, Dallas Phase Mississippian villages at Post Oak Island, at Bussell Island. By the 18th century, the Cherokee had become the dominant tribe in the East Tennessee region, although they were at war with the Creek and Shawnee; the Cherokee people called the Knoxville area kuwanda'talun'yi, which means "Mulberry Place." Most Cherokee habitation in the area was concentrated in the Overhill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, southwest of Knoxville. The first white traders and explorers were recorded as arriving in the Tennessee Valley in the late 17th century, though there is significant evidence that Hernando de Soto visited Bussell Island in 1540; the first major recorded Euro-American presence in the Knoxville area was the Timberlake Expedition, which passed through the confluence of the Holston and French Broad into the Tennessee River in December 1761.
Henry Timberlake, en route to the Over hill settlements along the Little Tennessee River, recalled being pleasantly surprised by the deep waters of the Tennessee after having struggled down the shallow Holston for several weeks. The end of the French and Indian War and confusion brought about by the American Revolution led to a drastic increase in Euro-American settlement west of the Appalachians. By the 1780's, white settlers were established in the Holston and French Broad valleys; the U. S. Congress ordered all illegal settlers out with little success; as settlers continued to trickle into Cherokee lands, tensions between the settlers and the Cherokee rose steadily. In 1786, James White, a Revolutionary War officer, his friend James Connor built White's Fort near the mouth of First Creek, on land White had purchased three years earlier. In 1790, White's son-in-law, Charles McClung—who had arrived from Pennsylvania the previous year—surveyed White's holdings between First Creek and Second Creek for the establishment of a town.
McClung drew up 64 0.5-acre lots. The waterfront was set aside for a town common. Two lots were set aside for a graveyard. Four lots were set aside for a school; that school was chartered as Blount College and it served as the starting point for the University of Tennessee, which uses Blount College's founding date of 1794, as its own. In 1790, President George Washington appointed North Carolina surveyor William Blount governor of the newly created Territory South of the River Ohio. One of Blount's first tasks was to meet with the Cherokee and establish territorial boundaries and resolve the issue of illegal settlers; this he accomplished immediately with the Treaty of Holston, negotiated and signed at White's Fort in 1791. Blount wanted to place the territorial capital at the confluence of the Clinch River and Tennessee River, but when the Cherokee refused to cede this land, Blount chose White's Fort, which McClung had surveyed the previous year. Blount named the new capital Knoxville after Revolutionary War general and Secretary of War Henry Knox, who at the time was Blount's immediate superior.
Problems arose from the Holston Treaty. Blount believed that he had "purchased" mu
Snoopy is Charlie Brown's pet beagle in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. Schulz, he can be found in all of the Peanuts movies and television specials, like The Peanuts Movie. Since his debut on October 4, 1950, Snoopy has become one of the most recognizable and iconic characters in the comic strip, is considered more famous than Charlie Brown in other countries; the original drawings of Snoopy were inspired by one of Schulz's childhood dogs. Snoopy is a loyal, innocent and good-natured beagle, prone to imagining fantasy lives, including being an author, a college student known as "Joe Cool", an attorney, a British World War I "flying ace" in the Royal Flying Corps, he is best known in this last persona, wearing an aviator's helmet and goggles and a scarf while carrying a swagger stick. Snoopy can be selfish and lazy at times, mocks his owner, Charlie Brown, but on the whole he shows great love and loyalty for his owner. In the 1990s comic strips, he is obsessed with cookies. All of his fantasies have a similar formula: Snoopy pretends to be something "world famous", fails.
His short "novels" are never published, his Sopwith Camel is shot down by his imaginary rival enemy, the German flying ace the "Red Baron". Schulz said of Snoopy's character in a 1997 interview: "He has to retreat into his fanciful world in order to survive. Otherwise, he leads kind of a miserable life. I don't envy dogs the lives they have to live."Snoopy imagines himself to speak, but never does, other than moans and yipping yelps and sniveling crying. He talks, but to himself, his thoughts are shown in thought balloons. In the animated Peanuts films and television specials, Snoopy's thoughts are not verbalized, his vocal effects were provided by Bill Melendez, who first played the role during Snoopy's appearances on The Tennessee Ernie Ford Show. The only exceptions are in the animated adaptions of the musicals You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown and Snoopy!!! The Musical in which Snoopy's thoughts are verbalized by Robert Towers and Cameron Clarke, respectively. Snoopy's doghouse is shown to be bigger on the inside than the outside.
It is shown in a side view, so you cannot see the inside, except for the May 8, 1960 comic strip in the second frame. Snoopy appeared on the October 4, 1950, two days after the first strip, he was called Snoopy for the first time a month on November 10. On March 16, 1952, his thoughts were first shown in a thought balloon. Snoopy first appeared upright on his hind legs on January 9, 1956, when he was shown ice-skating across a frozen lake. Despite his history of conflicted loyalties, his constant disrespect for Charlie Brown, his inability to remember his name, Snoopy has shown both love and loyalty to his owner, he joins Charlie Brown in walking out of a game of Ha-Ha Herman when Peppermint Patty insults Charlie Brown, unaware that Charlie Brown is within earshot. He helps Charlie Brown recover his autographed baseball when a bully takes it and challenges Charlie Brown to fight him for it; when Charlie Brown has to stop dedicating himself to making Snoopy happy, Snoopy replies, "Don't worry about it.
I was happy." In The Peanuts Movie, Snoopy remains loyal to Charlie Brown and caring for him throughout the movie. In early Peanuts strips, Charlie Brown was not Snoopy's owner, it was not clear who his owner was; the September 29, 1951 strip implied. Charlie Brown was first portrayed as being responsible for Snoopy in the strips of November 1 and 3, 1955. Snoopy tries to kiss Lucy on the cheek and/or nose, which Lucy, afraid of dog germs hates; these actions result in Lucy hurting Snoopy. Despite their rivalry toward each other, each seems to care for the other: in Snoopy, Come Home, Lucy is sad to see him go and is glad when he comes back home. In some strips, Lucy goes to Snoopy for help, such as in the April 16, 1961 strip, wherein a jealous Lucy and Frieda are beating each other up at Schroeder's piano, Lucy ends up winning, shakes hands with Snoopy in the end, looking injured. Snoopy commandeers Lucy's psychiatric booth either in her absence or when she ends up being the one needing help.
Snoopy tries to steal Linus' blanket, leading to slapstick fights and wild chases. Lila was Snoopy's owner before Charlie Brown. Snoopy visits her in the film Snoopy, Come Home and struggles to decide whether to stay with Charlie Brown or go back to Lila. Lila convinces him to leave Charlie Brown so he can live with her again. However, upon arriving at her residence, Snoopy is overjoyed to see a "NO DOGS ALLOWED" sign, returns to live with Charlie Brown. Peppermint Patty refers to Snoopy as a "funny looking kid with a big nose", unaware that he is a beagle. In one instance, she has him serve as her attorney in a case involving the school dress code. In the March 21
Expo 58 known as the Brussels World’s Fair, was held from 17 April to 19 October 1958. It was the first major World Expo registered under the Bureau International des Expositions after World War II. Nearly 15,000 workers spent three years building the 2 km2 site on the Heysel plateau, 7 kilometres northwest of central Brussels, Belgium. Many of the buildings were re-used from the Brussels International Exposition of 1935, held on the same site; every 25 years starting in 1855, Belgium had staged large national events to celebrate its national independence following the Belgian Revolution of 1830. However, the Belgian government under prime minister Achille Van Acker decided to forego celebrations in 1955 to have additional funding for the 1958 Expo. Expo 58 was the 11th World's Fair hosted by Belgium, the fifth in Brussels, following the fairs in 1888, 1897, 1910 and 1935. Since Expo 58, Belgium has not arranged any more world fairs; the site is best known for a giant model of a unit cell of an iron crystal.
More than 41 million visitors visited the site, opened with a call for world peace and social and economic progress, issued by King Baudouin I. Notable exhibitions include the Philips Pavilion, where "Poème électronique", commissioned for the location, was played back from 425 loudspeakers, placed at specific points as designed by Iannis Xenakis, Le Corbusier. Another exhibition at the Belgian pavilion was the Congolese village that some have branded a human zoo; the Ministry of Colonies built the Congolese exhibit, intending to demonstrate their claim to have "civilized" the "primitive Africans." Native Congolese art was rejected for display, as the Ministry claimed it was "insufficiently Congolese." Instead, nearly all of the art on display was created by Europeans in a purposefully primitive and imitative style, the entrance of the exhibit featured a bust of King Leopold II, under whose colonial rule millions of Congolese died. The 700 Congolese chosen to be exhibited by the Ministry were referred to by Belgians as évolués, meaning "evolved," but were made to dress in "primitive" clothing, an armed guard blocked them from communicating with white Belgians who came to observe them.
The exotic nature of the exhibit was lauded by visitors and international press, the Belgian socialist newspaper Le Peuple praised the portrayal of Africans, saying it was "in complete agreement with historical truth." However, in mid-July the Congolese protested the condescending treatment they were receiving from spectators and demanded to be sent home, abruptly ending the exhibit and eliciting some sympathy from European newspapers. The Austrian pavilion was designed by Austrian architect Karl Schwanzer in modernist style, it was transferred to Vienna to host the museum of the 20th century. In 2011 it was reopened under the new name 21er Haus, it included a model Austrian Kindergarten, which doubled as a day care facility for the employees, the Vienna Philharmonic playing behind glass, a model nuclear fusion reactor that fired every 5 minutes. The exposition "One Day in Czechoslovakia" was designed by Jindřich Santar who cooperated with artists Jiří Trnka, Antonín Kybal, Stanislav Libenský and Jan Kotík.
Architects of the simple, but modern and graceful construction were František Cubr, Josef Hrubý and Zdeněk Pokorný. The team's artistic freedom, so rare in the hard-line communist regime of the 1950s, was ensured by the government committee for exhibitions chairman František Kahuda, he supported the famous Laterna Magika show, as well as Josef Svoboda's technically unique Polyekran. The Czechoslovak pavilion was visited by 6 million people and was awarded the best pavilion of the Expo 58; this was designed by the architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez. It was awarded the exposition's star of gold; the city of Paris had separate from the French one. This was produced by architect Howard Lobb & engineer Felix Samuely; the on-site British architect was Brussels born and bilingual. The Soviet pavilion was a large impressive building which they folded up and took back to Russia when Expo 58 ended, they had a facsimile of Sputnik which mysteriously disappeared, they accused the US of stealing it. They had a bookstore selling science and technology books in English and other languages published by the Moscow Press.
On the exposition there was a model of Lenin the first nuclear icebreaker, cars: GAZ-21 Volga, GAZ-13 Chaika, ZIL-111, Moskvitch 407 and 423, trucks GAZ-53 and MAZ-525. The Soviet exposition was awarded with a Grand Prix; the US pavilion was quite spacious and included a fashion show with models walking down a large spiral staircase, an electronic computer that demonstrated a knowledge of history, a color television studio behind glass. It served as the concert venue for performance by the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Edward Lee Alley, it was designed by architect Edward Durell Stone. The West German pavilion was designed by the architects Egon Sep Ruf; the world press called it the most sophisticated pavilion of the exhibition. The pavilion of Yugoslavia was designed by the architect Vjenceslav Richter, who proposed to suspend the whole structure from a giant cable-stayed mast; when that proved too complicated, Richter devised a tension column consisting of six steel arches supported by a pre-stressed cable, which stood in front of the pavilion as a visual marker and symbolized Yugoslavia's six constituent republics.
Filled with modernist art, the pavilion was praised for its elegance an