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Holland

Holland is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands. The name Holland is frequently used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands; this usage is accepted in other countries, sometimes employed by the Dutch themselves. However, some in the Netherlands those from regions outside Holland, may find it undesirable or misrepresentative to use the term for the whole country. From the 10th to the 16th century, Holland proper was a unified political region within the Holy Roman Empire as a county ruled by the Counts of Holland. By the 17th century, the province of Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the newly independent Dutch Republic; the area of the former County of Holland coincides with the two current Dutch provinces of North Holland and South Holland into which it was divided, which together include the Netherlands's three largest cities: the de jure capital city of Amsterdam. Holland has a population of 6,583,534 as of November 2019, a density of 1,203/km2.

The name Holland first appeared in sources for the region around Haarlem, by 1064 was being used as the name of the entire county. By the early twelfth century, the inhabitants of Holland were called Hollandi in a Latin text. Holland is derived from the Old Dutch term holtlant; this spelling variation remained in use until around the 14th century, at which time the name stabilised as Holland. A popular but erroneous folk etymology holds that Holland is derived from hol land purportedly inspired by the low-lying geography of the land."Holland" is informally used in English and other languages, including sometimes the Dutch language itself, to mean the whole of the modern country of the Netherlands. This example of pars pro toto or synecdoche is similar to the tendency to refer to the United Kingdom as "England", developed due to Holland's becoming the dominant province and thus having the majority of political and economic interactions with other countries. Between 1806 and 1810 "Holland" was the official name for the country as a whole, after Napoleon made his brother Louis Bonaparte the monarch of the Kingdom of Holland.

The people of Holland are referred to as "Hollanders" in both Dutch and English, though in English this is now unusual. Today this refers to people from the current provinces of North Holland and South Holland. Speaking, the term "Hollanders" does not refer to people from the other provinces in the Netherlands, but colloquially "Hollanders" is sometimes used in this wider sense. In Dutch, the Dutch word "Hollands" is the adjectival form for "Holland"; the Dutch word "Hollands" is colloquially and used by some Dutch people in the sense of "Nederlands", but with the intention of contrasting with other types of Dutch people or language, for example Limburgish, the Belgian varieties of the Dutch language, or any southern variety of Dutch within the Netherlands itself. In English, "Dutch" refers to the Netherlands as a whole, but there is no used adjective for "Holland"; the word "Hollandish" is no longer in common use. "Hollandic" is the name linguists give to the dialect spoken in Holland, is also used by historians and when referring to pre-Napoleonic Holland.

Holland was a remote corner of the Holy Roman Empire. Its regional importance increased until it began to have a decisive, dominant, influence on the History of the Netherlands; until the start of the 12th century, the inhabitants of the area that became Holland were known as Frisians. The area was part of Frisia. At the end of the 9th century, West-Frisia became a separate county in the Holy Roman Empire; the first Count known about with certainty was Dirk I, who ruled from 896 to 931. He was succeeded by a long line of counts in the House of Holland; when John I, Count of Holland, died childless in 1299, the county was inherited by John II of Avesnes, count of Hainaut. By the time of William V the count of Holland was the count of Hainaut and Zealand. After the St. Lucia's flood in 1287 the part of Frisia west of the Zuiderzee, West Friesland, was conquered; as a result, most provincial institutions, including the States of Holland and West Frisia, would for more than five centuries refer to "Holland and West Frisia" as a unit.

The Hook and Cod wars started around this time and ended when the countess of Holland, Jacoba or Jacqueline was forced to cede Holland to the Burgundian Philip III, known as Philip the Good, in 1432. In 1432, Holland became part of the Burgundian Netherlands and since 1477 of the Habsburg Seventeen Provinces. In the 16th century the county became the most densely urbanised region in Europe, with the majority of the population living in cities. Within the Burgundian Netherlands, Holland was the dominant province in the north; the last count of Holland was Philip III, better known as king of Spain. He was deposed in 1581 by the Act of Abjuration, although the kings of Spain continued to carry the titular appellation of Count of Holland until the Peace of Münster signed in 1648. In the Dutch Rebellion against the Habsburgs during the Eighty Years' War, the naval forces of the rebels, the Watergeuzen, established their first permanent base in 1572 in the town of Brill. In this way, now a sovereign state in a larger Dutch conf

St. Raymond Academy

St. Raymond Academy for Girls is a private, Roman Catholic high school for girls in Parkchester, New York, United States, it was established in 1960 by the Sisters of Charity and located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York. The school has been accredited by the NYS Board of Regents since 1965; the Commission on Secondary Schools of the Middle States Association first granted the academy accreditation effective 2003–2010. In 2009–2010, the academy completed the review for re-accreditation and received the renewal of certification. Accreditation has been renewed until December 2017. St. Raymond Academy was established in 1960 by the Sisters of Charity, a congregation of religious women in the Catholic Church whose primary missions are education and nursing. For nearly 200 years, the Sisters of Charity of New York have served the needs of the poor; the congregation's history began with its foundress, Elizabeth Ann Seton, canonized as the first American-born saint. Since Saint Raymond Academy for Girls opened its doors, its motto has been "Commitment to Excellence".

St. Raymond Academy for Girls began as a small, parish-based high school with an enrollment of 95 students. Msgr. John Corrigan, the pastor at the time, appointed Sr. Regina Angela, a Sister of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul of New York, as the first principal; the school occupied the third floor of the school building built in 1952 and through the years has prided itself on serving a small school population. In order to better meet its educational goals, the school was recognized with a NYS Board of Regents Charter in 1965 and with an additional accreditation by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools in 2003, renewed; the Sisters of Charity were joined through the years by the Sisters of St. Dominic Blauvelt and Sparkill, the Sisters of Mercy, Sisters of the Holy Child, lay women and men; the school's program of studies is college-oriented, with business and science electives included in upper years. In addition to preparing students for a New York State Regents Diploma with four-year programs in English, Social Studies, Mathematics and Science, the school offers Advanced Placement courses in English Literature and Composition, United States History and Government, Spanish Literature and Language.

Notes Bibliography"Our history". Archived from the original on 2007-01-05. Retrieved 2007-06-11. Official website

Gilbert Lafayette Foster

Major-General G. L. Foster KStJ, CB, MD, LLD, MD was the 6th Canadian Surgeon General. Born in King's County, Nova Scotia, Foster was educated at New York Medical College, where he graduated with a Medical Degree in 1896. After graduation, Foster took up general practice in both Halifax, Nova Scotia, he joined "the Canadian Militia as Surgeon-Lieutenant of the 68th Regiment." From 1898 to 1900 Foster served in the Yukon Field Force "." He was promoted to Captain in Major the following year. In 1905, Foster "joined the joined the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps ", was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1907. With the outbreak of war, he was sent overseas in 1914 as the Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services for the first Canadian Contingent, he was soon promoted to Colonel and A. D. M. S; when Col. G. C. Jones was elevated to the overseas position of Director Medical Services Canadians. Foster accompanied the 1st Canadian Division to France in February 1915 and, upon arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division that summer, was elevated to the new post of Deputy Director Medical Services, serving as the senior medical authority for the Canadian Corps in the field.

In February 1917 he was promoted to replace Jones as Director Medical Services Canadians and was transferred to Canadian HQ in London. Remaining overseas until late 1919, Major-General Foster oversaw the repatriation of thousands of Canadian casualties who remained under medical care following the Armistice, the closure of Canadian hospitals in the U. K. and the demobilization of the C. E. F. Medical service. Working side-by-side with the D. G. M. S. Maj.-Gen. J. T. Fotheringham, through 1920, he helped plan the re-organization of the post-war Canadian Army Medical Corps, succeeded to the post of Director General Medical Services upon Fotheringham's retirement in September 1920, before retiring himself in Dec 1920. Upon leaving the military profession, Foster returned to Nova Scotia, living the remainder of his life in the Annapolis Valley, his son, Major-General Harry Wickwire Foster, had a distinguished career within the army, including " over the court martial of Canada’s top prisoner of war, SS General Kurt Meyer."

Major-General Foster died 17 May 1940 at the age of 65. His medals are displayed at the Army Museum Halifax Citadel, he was a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem