Holon is a city on the central coastal strip of Israel, south of Tel Aviv. Holon is part of the metropolitan Gush Dan area. In 2018 it had a population of 194,273. Holon has the second-largest industrial zone in Israel, after Haifa; the name of the city comes from the Hebrew word חוֹלוֹן holon, meaning " sand". The name Holon appears in the Bible: "And Holon with its suburbs, Debir with its suburbs". Holon was founded on sand dunes six kilometers from Tel Aviv in 1935; the Łódzia textile factory was established there by Jewish immigrants from Łódź, along with many other industrial enterprises. In the early months of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Holon was on the front line, with constant shooting taking place on the border with the village of Tel A-Rish to its northwest—a suburb of Arab Jaffa—and clashes in the direction of the town of Yazur to the east. An attack by the Holon-based Haganah militia units on Tel A-Rish was repulsed with considerable losses. After the establishment of the state, Holon expanded to include Tel A-Rish and the orange groves of Yazur.
In February 2001, eight Israelis were killed and twenty-five were injured in a Palestinian attack on a crowded bus stop in Holon. The image of Holon as a working-class bedroom community has changed over the years. Through municipal efforts, the city has been rebranded as a child-friendly city, offering family attractions such as the Yamit Water Park, the Israeli Children's Museum and the Israel Museum of Caricature and Comics. Historic landmarks in Holon slated for preservation include Derech Habitachon, paved during the Israeli war of independence. A new neighborhood, Migdalim Bashdera, is under construction, with plans for 23 upscale residential towers, a new city hall, several cultural and commercial centers, some of them built. A French urban planner was commissioned to design a north-south boulevard with pedestrian walks, bicycle paths, sports fields and waterfalls; the last undeveloped land reserve remaining in Holon is the H-500 Holon plan, that consists of 4,080 dunams in the south of the city, is intended to consist of 13,700 dwelling units in total.
Holon hosts a variety of springtime events, including the Yemay Zemer Festival during Passover and a Women's Festival in March, both at the Holon Theater. Holon is one of the host cities for the Rhythmic Gymnastics Grand Prix Series in March. Israeli violinist Pinchas Zukerman runs a summer music camp in the city for young violinists. Since the election of Mayor Moti Sasson in 1993, many cultural projects have been inaugurated. Billing itself as a "children's city," Holon is home to the Holon Children's Museum and the Mediatheque youth theater. Holon plays host each year to a street carnival in celebration of the Jewish holiday of Purim, the Adloyada. Thousands of children dress up in costumes and the streets close down for a parade featuring colorful floats; the Design Museum Holon, which opened in 2010 near the "Médiathèque" and the Faculty of Design of Holon Institute of Technology, is the first Israeli museum of design. In October 2013, Holon hosted major international designers who arrived for Holon Fashion Week, among them milliner Stephen Jones and BioCouture founder Suzanne Lee.
Cinematheque Holon hosts the only digital arts and media arts festival in Israel, Print Screen Festival. The festival was established 2010. In 1954, the president of Israel, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, helped to establish a Samaritan quarter on the outskirts of Holon; the quarter was named Neve Pinchas after Pinhas Ben-Abraham, the high priest of the Samaritan community. Holon is one of only two cities in the world to have a Samaritan community, the other being the village of Kiryat Luza on Mount Gerizim above Nablus on the West Bank; the Collège-Lycée franco-israélien Raymond Leven is located in Holon. Hapoel Holon – premier league, national champion in 2008 and state cup holder in 2009 Hapoel Tzafririm Holon F. C. – Liga Alef Moshik Afia, singer Chen Aharoni, singer Oz Almog, Israeli-Austrian artist & author Rafi Amit, poker player Avraam Benaroya, Greek-Jewish socialist leader, founder of the Communist Party of Greece David Ben Dayan, football player Omri Casspi, NBA basketball player Bat-Sheva Dagan, Holocaust survivor, psychologist, author David D'Or, countertenor & composer.
Arthur G. Hunt is an American plant and soils scientist, a professor at the University of Kentucky and an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, he earned his B. S at University of Lowell in 1976 and his Ph. D at Brandeis University in 1982, his interests are mRNA 3' end formation and polyadenylation, plant RNA processing. His highest cited paper is "Design and construction of a versatile system for the expression of foreign genes in plants" at 355 times, according to Google Scholar. de Lorenzo, L. Sorenson, R, Bailey-Serres, J. and Hunt, A. G. Noncanonical alternative polyadenylation contributes to gene regulation in response to hypoxia; the Plant Cell 29, 1262-1277. Majee, M. Wu, S. Salaita, L. Gingerich, D. Dirk, L. M. A. Chappell J. Hunt, A. G. Vierstra, R. and Downie, A. B; the Genetic Structure in a misannotated locus positively influencing Arabidopsis Seed Germination is revealed using surrogate splicing. Plant Gene 10, 74-85. Chakrabarti, M. Dinkins, R. D. and Hunt, A. G. De novo transcriptome assembly and dynamic spatial gene expression analysis in red clover.
The Plant Genome 9, published online March 11, 2016. Doi:10.3835/plantgenome2015.06.0048. Bell, S. A. Brown, A. Chen, S. and Hunt, A. G. Experimental genome-wide determination of RNA polyadenylation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. PLoS ONE 11: e0146107. Lim, G-H. Shine, M. B. de Lorenzo, L. Yu, K. Navarre, D. Hunt, A. G. Lee, J-y. Kachroo, A. and Kachroo, P.. Plasmodesmata localizing proteins regulate transport and signaling during systemic immunity. Cell Host and Microbe 19, 541-549. Hunt was named Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science for 2017 "in recognition of their contributions to science and technology, scientific leadership and extraordinary achievements across disciplines."
Bradford Gary Corbett was the owner of the Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball's American League from 1974 to 1980. Corbett was born in the Bronx in 1937. After spending a semester at Siena College, he transferred to Wagner College where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Economics in 1960, he was part owner of S&B Technical Products, headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas. From Long Island, New York, Corbett made a fortune in the oil business by producing and selling plastic PVC piping, he had moved to Fort Worth, Texas in 1968 and within two years had become a millionaire at the age of 32 after first securing a $300,000 Small Business Administration loan. Corbett led an investment group that purchased the Rangers from Bob Short for $9.5 million on May 29, 1974. Serving as his own general manager, he set about spending a great deal of money on free agent players; this was during the advent of the free agency era and soon Corbett had signed such high-priced players as Bert Campaneris, Doyle Alexander, Doc Medich, Richie Zisk and Mike Jorgensen and traded for expensive talent like Bobby Bonds, Al Oliver and Jon Matlack.
Despite never making the postseason, Texas finished in second place three times under Corbett’s ownership. The ’77 club won 94 games, the most in team history until 1999; the Team's winning percentage under him was.521, better than the winning percentages under most owners. He cried after the Rangers lost on July 4, 1977 and told the assembled news media, "I'm selling this team because it's killing me! They are dogs on the field and they are dogs off the field." Corbett fired three managers in the six seasons. Corbett inherited Billy Martin as his first manager when he purchased the team from Martin's personal friend, Robert Short. Martin became upset with Corbett's interference with his managing in 1975, thus prompting Martin to state, "You know as much about baseball as I do about pipe" ). In 1980 Corbett sold the team to oil producer Eddie Chiles, he died at his home in Fort Worth in December 2012. "Huffing and Puffing in Texas" Sports Illustrated. August 7, 1978