Rock County, Nebraska
Rock County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,526, its county seat is Bassett. In the Nebraska license plate system, Rock County is represented by the prefix 81; the Niobrara River flows eastward along the northern boundary line of Rock County. The terrain is composed of rolling hills oriented east-west; the county's central portion is dotted with small lakes. The land sees comparatively little agricultural use; the ground slopes to the northeast. The county has a total area of 1,012 square miles, of which 1,008 square miles is land and 3.4 square miles is water. Rock County is located in Nebraska's Outback region. John and Louise Seier National Wildlife Refuge Niobrara National Scenic River Twin Lakes Rock County Wildlife Management Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,756 people, 763 households, 501 families in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 935 housing units at an average density of 0.9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 99.03% White, 0.46% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.06% from other races, 0.28% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.1% were of German, 12.7% American, 10.5% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry. There were 763 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.40% were married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.30% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84. The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,795, the median income for a family was $29,917.
Males had a median income of $24,167 versus $16,490 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,350. About 17.70% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.30% of those under age 18 and 14.00% of those age 65 or over. Rock County Public Schools operates the public schools in Rock County. Bassett Newport Rock County voters have been reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1916 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Rock County, Nebraska
Joseph Holt was a leading member of the Buchanan administration and was Judge Advocate General of the United States Army, most notably during the Lincoln assassination trials. Joseph Holt was born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky, on January 6, 1807, he was educated at St. Joseph's College in Bardstown and Centre College in Danville, Kentucky, he settled in Elizabethtown and set up a law office in town. He married Mary Harrison and moved to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1832. There, he became assistant editor of the Louisville Public Advertiser and the Commonwealth's Attorney from 1833 to 1835. Holt moved to Port Gibson and practiced law there as well as in Natchez and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Holt and his wife contracted tuberculosis. Mary died of it, Joseph returned to Louisville to recuperate. Holt remarried, to Margaret Wickliffe. In 1857, Holt was appointed Commissioner of Patents by President Buchanan and moved to Washington D. C.. He served until 1859; the Buchanan administration was shaken in December 1860 and January 1861, when the Confederacy was formed and many cabinet members resigned, but Holt was both against slavery and for the Union.
He was appointed Secretary of War upon the resignation of John B. Floyd of Virginia. Holt served as Secretary of War until the end of Buchanan's presidency. Holt joined the Army as a colonel in 1862 and was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln to be the Judge Advocate General of the Union Army, he was the first Judge Advocate General. He prosecuted the court-martial against Major General Fitz John Porter for crimes of disobedience of a lawful order and misbehavior in front of the enemy. Lincoln offered Holt the position of Secretary of the Interior that same year and Attorney General in 1864, but Holt declined both offices, he was one of the many politicians considered for the Republican Vice Presidential nomination in 1864. It went to Andrew Johnson, Lincoln was re-elected. On April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth. Booth's accomplice, Lewis Powell injured Secretary of State Seward, Vice President Johnson was targeted. Holt prepared an order for the signature of Johnson for the arrest of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and five other suspects.
Booth was killed by Boston Corbett, a soldier who violated orders. As Judge Advocate General of the Army, Holt was the chief prosecutor in the trial of the accused conspirators before a military commission chaired by General David Hunter. Two assistant judge advocates, John Bingham and General Henry Lawrence Burnett assisted Holt; the defendants were George Atzerodt, David Herold, Samuel Arnold, Michael O'Laughlen, Edman Spangler, Samuel Mudd, Mary Surratt. The trial lasted two months. Holt and Bingham attempted to obscure the fact; the first plot was to exchange him for Confederate prisoners held by the Union. The second was to assassinate Lincoln and Seward and so throw the government into chaos, it was important for the prosecution not to reveal the existence of a diary taken from the body of Booth. The diary made; the defense did not call for Booth's diary to be produced in court. Holt was accused of withholding evidence. On June 29, 1865, the eight were found guilty of conspiracy to kill the President.
Arnold, O'Laughlen, Mudd were sentenced to life in prison, Spangler to six years in prison, Atzerodt, Herold and Surratt to be hanged, the first woman to be executed by the US federal government. They were executed July 7, 1865. O'Laughlen died in prison in 1867. Arnold and Mudd were pardoned by Johnson in early 1869. Accusations still remain. Holt's public image was besmirched by the trial and his prosecution of it, many historians believe that the controversy surrounding it ended Holt's political career. In 1866, Holt issued a pamphlet, titled Vindication of Judge Advocate General Holt From the Foul Slanders of Traitors, Confessed Perjurers and Suborners, Acting in the Interest of Jefferson Davis, in which he attempted to defend himself against the various allegations and clear up some of the confusion stemming from the trial. Holt served as Judge Advocate General until he retired on December 1, 1875, he had a quiet retirement and died in Washington on August 1, 1894. He is buried in the Holt Family Cemetery in Kentucky.
Holt County, Nebraska is named after him, as is the hamlet of Holtsville, New York and the town of Holt, Michigan. Camp Joe Holt List of American Civil War generals Bell, William Gardner. "Josepht Holt". Secretaries of War and Secretaries of the Army: Portraits & Biographical Sketches. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 70-12. Leonard, Elizabeth D. "One Kentuckian's Hard Choice: Joseph Holt and Abraham Lincoln," Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, 106, 373-407. 1898 fight over Holt purported will "Joseph Holt". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-12. Joseph Holt at Mr. Lincoln's White House samuelmudd.com
U.S. Route 275
U. S. Route 275 is a north–south United States highway, it is a branch of US 75 terminating at that route in Council Bluffs, Iowa. The highway's northern terminus is in O'Neill, Nebraska, at an intersection with U. S. Highway 20 and U. S. Highway 281, its southern terminus is near Rock Port, Missouri, at an intersection with U. S. Highway 136. U. S. 275 is signed north -- south in Iowa, while in Nebraska, it is signed east -- west. U. S. Route 275 begins at an intersection with U. S. Route 136 1 mile west of Rock Port, it travels to the northwest through Atchison County for 16 miles. U. S. Route 275 crosses into Iowa 1 1⁄2 miles south of Hamburg, it enters Hamburg and intersects Iowa Highway 333, which connects to Interstate 29 1 1⁄2 miles to the west. North of Hamburg, it intersects Iowa 2, the two routes share 5 miles of road. US 275 and Iowa 2 bypass Sidney on its east side, east of Sidney, US 275 and Iowa 2 separate. From east of Sidney, US 275 continues north for 20 miles through Tabor until it intersects U.
S. Route 34 east of Glenwood. US 275 and US 34 overlap for 8 miles bypassing Glenwood. West of Glenwood, US 34 and US 275 split at an interchange with I-29. For 13 miles, US 275 overlaps I-29, ending at an interchange with Iowa 92 in southern Council Bluffs. Turning west, US 275 / Iowa 92 travel together for 5 miles in Iowa and cross the new South Omaha Veterans Memorial Bridge over the Missouri River. US 275 enters Nebraska in Omaha in the South Omaha neighborhood paired with Nebraska Highway 92, it goes through Omaha as a four-lane highway until meeting Nebraska Highway 31. The street designations for US 275 in Omaha are, from east to west, Missouri Avenue, L Street, Industrial Road and West Center Road, it crosses the Elkhorn River, which it will follow for most of the rest of the route separates from NE 92. It becomes freeway until Fremont, it meets U. S. Route 30 and they are paired together around Fremont until meeting U. S. Route 77. US 275 meets Nebraska Highway 91 and separates from US 77 near Winslow.
It turns northwest with NE 91 and they separate near Scribner, Nebraska. US 275 goes north through West Point, turns northwest through Wisner, turns west. At Norfolk it meets U. S. Route 81, it continues west-northwest, meets U. S. Route 20 near Inman and the two routes overlap until US 275 ends at an intersection with U. S. Route 281 in downtown O'Neill. At its creation in 1932, US 275 ran from Council Bluffs to Missouri. In 1939 the route was extended northwest into Nebraska. In 1963 US 275 was truncated to its current end in northwestern Missouri. Prior to 1963, US 275 extended south to St. Joseph; the route followed current U. S. Route 136 east from Rock Port to its intersection with U. S. Route 59 near Tarkio south with US 59 to St. Joseph. Before November 2001, US 275 ran alongside the Union Pacific tracks between Waterloo and Fremont, Nebraska; this routing was replaced by a new freeway segment built as part of a project to connect Fremont via freeway to Omaha. This segment is called Reichmuth Road in Douglas County and Bell Street in Fremont.
Prior to July 1, 2003, US 275 followed a winding two-lane road between Council Bluffs and Glenwood, Iowa. The segment moved to a concurrency with U. S. Route Interstate 29 that day as part of a mass decommissioning of highways in Iowa; this road is now Mills County and Pottawattamie County Road L35. Mileposts reset at state line crossings. In Nebraska, US 275 is considered an east–west highway, its mileposts run from west to east U. S. Route 75 U. S. Route 175 U. S. Route 275 Business - Fremont, Nebraska Endpoints of US highway 275 Nebraska Transportation On New Bridge
The Nebraska Outback is the north-central region of the U. S. state of Nebraska. It comprises Boyd, Rock, Brown, Keya Paha and Cherry counties. Calling this region the "Nebraska Outback" is part of a tourism campaign led by a nonprofit organization called the North Central Nebraska RC & D Council, it is sponsored by six counties, five Natural Resource Districts, 29 local communities and three local Chambers of Commerce. The North Central Nebraska RC&D Council partners with communities and agencies to assist the local people in the development of their communities and region; the Outback is bordered by South Dakota on the north, a small section of the Missouri River runs at the region’s eastern edge. The area has a population of 26,984 people on 12,627 square miles of land, or 2.1 people per square mile. The outback is connected with the rest of Nebraska by way of four Nebraska byways: Bridges to Buttes Byway, the Outlaw Trail and small sections of the Loup Rivers Scenic Byway, the Sandhills Journey in Blaine County.
The Cowboy Trail is a bicycling and equestrian trail that will cross 321 miles east-west from Norfolk to Chadron. Particular attractions in the area have been identified in order to promote tourism throughout the Outback. History of Nebraska Historic houses in Nebraska Landmarks of the Nebraska Territory Ainsworth Stories from the Outback Mountain biking in the Nebraska Outback
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Loup County, Nebraska
Loup County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 632, making it Nebraska's fifth-least populous county and the tenth-least populous county in the United States, its county seat is Taylor. The county was named after the Pawnee Loup Indians. In the Nebraska license plate system, Loup County is represented by the prefix 88; the terrain of Loup County consists of low corrugated flatland, sparsely used for agricultural purposes at present. The ground slopes to the southeast; the Calamus River runs southeastward through the upper center of the county, feeding into the Calamus Reservoir which lies on the county's east border. The North Loup River runs southeastward through the lower center of the county, exiting eastward near the SE corner to run to its junction with the Calamus River at a point east of Loup County; the county has an area of 571 square miles, of which 568 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 183 Nebraska Highway 91 Nebraska Highway 96 Calamus River State Recreation Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 632 people, 289 households, 206 families in the county.
The population density was 1.1 people per square mile. There were 377 housing units at an average density of 0.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.88% White, 0.28% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.42% from other races, 0.28% from two or more races. 1.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 289 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.70% were married couples living together, 4.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.40% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99. The county population contained 26.70% under the age of 18, 4.50% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 19.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 108.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,250, the median income for a family was $27,788. Males had a median income of $20,515 versus $20,972 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,427. About 14.20% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over. Almeria Taylor Loup County voters have been Republican since the beginning. In only 2 national elections since 1900 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Loup County, Nebraska
Garfield County, Nebraska
Garfield County is a county in the U. S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,049, its county seat is Burwell. The county was organized in 1884. In the Nebraska license plate system, Garfield County is represented by the prefix 83; the North Loup River runs through the SW corner of Garfield County. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has an area of 571 square miles, of which 570 square miles is land and 1.6 square miles is water. Calamus Reservoir State Park Mirdan Canal State Wildlife Management Area As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 1,902 people, 813 households, 529 families in the county; the population density was 3 people per square mile. There were 1,021 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.79% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 813 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 3.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.90% were non-families. 32.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.88. The county population contained 23.50% under the age of 18, 4.40% from 18 to 24, 20.50% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, 24.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,407, the median income for a family was $34,762. Males had a median income of $24,563 versus $16,146 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,368. About 9.70% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.50% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.
Burwell Deverre Erina Gables Garfield County voters are reliably Republican. In only one national election since 1916 has the county selected the Democratic Party nominee. National Register of Historic Places listings in Garfield County, Nebraska