The Holt Manufacturing Company began with the 1883 founding of Stockton Wheel Service in Stockton, United States. Benjamin Holt credited with patenting the first workable crawler tractor design, incorporated the Holt Manufacturing Company in 1892. Holt Manufacturing Company was the first company to manufacture a continuous track tractor By the early 20th century, Holt Manufacturing Company was the leading manufacturer of combine harvesters in the US, the leading California-based manufacturer of steam traction engines. Holt Manufacturing Company operated from Stockton, until opening a satellite facility in Walla Walla, Washington, to serve the Pacific Northwest. In 1909 Holt Manufacturing Company expanded by purchasing the facility of defunct farm implement maker Colean Manufacturing Company in East Peoria, Illinois. Holt changed the name of the company to Holt Caterpillar Company, although he did not trademark the name Caterpillar until 1910; the company's initial products focused on agricultural machinery and were distributed internationally.
During World War I all of its production was military materiel. Its tractors were used by the Allies to supplant horses pulling haul heavy artillery and tow supply trains. Holt tractors played a part, to varying degrees, in the development of military tanks in Great Britain and Germany. Holt's equipment was credited with helping the Allies to win the war; the Holt Manufacturing Company gained worldwide recognition for the quality and durability of its equipment. As the war ended, the Holt company was left with huge surplus inventories of heavy-duty tractors ill-suited for the agricultural market, dominated during the war by the Holt Company's primary competitor, C. L. Best; the company decided to focus instead on heavy construction equipment and sought to capitalize on the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921. Laden with debt and needing more capital to switch its product line, the company struggled to move forward. Both the Holt Manufacturing Company and C. L. Best were hurt by the depression of 1920 -- 21.
Both companies streamlined their over-lapping product lines. The two companies had spent about US$1.5 million in legal fees fighting each other in various contractual and patent infringement lawsuits since 1905. On the advice of investors, the two companies merged in 1925 to form the Caterpillar Tractor Co; as of 2010, Caterpillar Inc. was the 229th largest company in the world. Charles H. Holt arrived in San Francisco from Concord, New Hampshire, in 1864 to form C. H. Holt and Co; the company produced wooden wagon wheels and steel wheels for streetcars. In 1869, at age 20, his younger brother Benjamin went to work in their father's sawmill in New Hampshire along with William Harrison Holt and Ames Frank Holt, preparing hardwoods for shipping to Charles in San Francisco. William and Ames joined Charles in San Francisco in 1871. In the same year and Ames established the Holt Brothers Company in San Francisco; the company sold hardwood and wagon and carriage materials manufacturing wagon axles and frames.
W. Harrison Holt and Ames both temporarily returned around 1871 to New Hampshire – where both were married – to manage the eastern business; the brothers built a factory in Concord, New Hampshire, to manufacture wagon wheels, wheel components and running gear. In 1872, at age 23, Benjamin was given an interest in his father's business, he assumed more responsibility for the company's operations. W. Harrison Holt moved to Tiffin, Ohio, to manage the company's lumber business there, where he remained until the early 1880s, their mother died in 1875, their father died eight years in 1883. After his father's death, Benjamin Holt left New Hampshire in 1883 to help Charles build the business in California. Charles and Frank incorporated the Holt Bros. Company on January 7, 1892, to deal in lumber and iron. Four days they filed incorporation papers for "Holt Manufacturing Company" with Charles H. Holt, Benjamin Holt, Frank A. Holt, G. H. Cowie and G. L. Dickenson as directors; the Holt Bros. Company formed a subsidiary, "The Stockton Wheel Company".
They based their company in the Central Valley town of California. Stockton was an ideal location, as it could be reached by ocean-going ship via the San Joaquin River, 72 miles east of San Francisco, was hot enough to season woods to prepare them for use in the arid valleys of California and the deserts of the West; the factory cost US$65,000 to build and used a 40 horsepower Corliss steam engine manufactured in Providence, Rhode Island, shipped around Cape Horn. All of the plant's machines were driven by belts connected to the Corliss engine. Brothers Charles and Benjamin bought out the other brothers, with Charles running the business side and Benjamin running manufacturing operations. During the first year, the Holt subsidiary Stockton Wheel Company produced 6,000 wagon wheels and 5,000 carriage bodies. One of their most popular wheel types was 10 feet in diameter used by redwood loggers, who connected two of these wheels with a strong 10 feet axle, attached a team of horses to pull logs from the forest.
In the late 19th century, there were companies globally striving to build a practical horse-drawn combine harvester and other farm equipment. They soon progressed to steam-powered farm machinery and designs for crawler
Ciox Health is a healthcare information management company with headquarters in Alpharetta, Georgia. The company provides a variety of services in release of information department, record retrieval and health information management. Three out of five hospitals and more than 16,000 physician practices are Ciox clients. Ciox Health was known as HealthPort Incorporated and changed its name to CIOX Health in March 2016; the company is headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia. Ciox Health was created by the merger of IOD Inc.. Care Communications Inc. and ECS. It serves more than 18,000 provider sites, 140 health plans and 1 million unique requesters of patient information; the company offers tracking technology for hospitals and health systems and group practices, law companies, health plans in the US and partners with healthcare organizations by providing access to a distribution network and technology portal for protected health information, as well as a HIPAA-trained staff. In April 2017 Ciox Health acquired ArroHealth, a provider of chart retrieval and risk adjustment services for health plans and health care provider groups.
The Hauppauge, New York-based target offers a variety of services, including: analytics, medical record retrieval, data aggregation, risk adjustment coding. On the technology side, the company does penetration testing and social engineering testing with 3rd parties and the company itself; the company trains its workforce around security and privacy. Website
The party of the Albanian National Front is a nationalist political party in Albania and North Macedonia. The Balli Kombëtar was revived in Albania as a political party in the early 1990s. Founded under the leadership of Abas Ermenji, a surviving Ballist, who escaped from Albania when the communists declared victory in 1945. In 1996 it won 5 percent of two seats in parliament, it has since declined. In the 2001 elections it was part of the Union for Victory coalition which received 37.1% of the vote and 46 members of parliament. The National Front has chapters in Kosovo, led by Sylejman Daka & in North Macedonia, led by Vebi Xhemaili; the National Front bear a strong resemblance to their predecessors of the same name, the Balli Kombëtar. The National Front is an independent political formation, whose goals are to unite the Albanian people residing within and outside the borders of Albania regardless of gender and social status; the party strives to create the conditions of spiritual and political unity of the Albanian people within and outside of Albania.
The National Front advocate high economic and educational development of Albanians as well as strengthening the legal basis of the Albanian state and for the prosperity of the country and improvement of the material culture of the Albanian people. The Kosovo branch of the National Front was formed in 1997 by Naser Husaj. Prior to the National Front in Kosovo, the Albanian National Front Strongly advocated for an independent Kosovo from Yugoslavia prior to the break up. On 6 August 1998, the National Front in Albania demanded that Albania must declare war on Serbia to help fight for Kosovo in the Kosovo War. However, the request was denied by all parties in the Albanian assembly at the time; the North Macedonia branch of the National front was formed in Tetovo in 2004. Reports circulated that leaflets were spreading in Tetovo stating that the general headquarters of the National Front invites the Albanian population to join this organization in the Šar Mountains in order to "resolve the Albanian question" once and for all.
They opposed the autonomy referendum in 2004, calling the referendum anti-Albanian. The National Front are at odds with the Macedonian Albanian political parties, Democratic Union for Integration and Democratic Party of Albanians; the National Front implore all Albanians of Macedonia to not take into account any promises or statements by Menduh Thaçi or Ali Ahmeti, claiming they do not represent the Albanians of North Macedonia and consider them as'puppets' controlled by the government. Menduh Thaçi has claimed that as long as there is the Democratic Party of Albanians in North Macedonia, there will be no formation of the National Front party. Ali Ahmeti, a former socialist and one time Guerrilla fighter is against the National Front as he believes they are against preserving the integrity and sovereignty of North Macedonia. There are prerequisites. Not accepted to join the party are: Those who propagate views and ideas that are unconstitutional & anti-national. Former members of the Party of Labour of Albania and Communist Party of Albania, fascists, anti-nationalists, & former agents of the Sigurimi.
Thieves and members of organised crime. Those who belong to another party. Members of the Council: Chairman: Adriatik Alimadhi Deputy Chairman: Majlinda Toro Chairman of National Council: Luan Myftiu Secretary General: Arben Hoxha Organizing Secretary: Kujtim Lamaj Albanian National Front