SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Holy Family

The Holy Family consists of the Child Jesus, the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph. Veneration of the Holy Family was formally begun in the 17th century by Saint François de Laval, the first bishop of New France, who founded a Confraternity; the Feast of the Holy Family is a liturgical celebration in the Catholic Church and some Anglican Churches in honor of Jesus, his mother, his legal father, Saint Joseph, as a family. The primary purpose of this feast is to present the Holy Family as a model for Christian families; the Feast is held on the Sunday between New Year's Day. The Gospels speak little of the life of the Holy Family in the years before Jesus’ public ministry. Matthew and Luke narrate the episodes from this period of Christ's life, namely his circumcision and Presentation, the flight to Egypt, the return to Nazareth, the Finding in the Temple. Joseph and Mary were observant Jews, as Luke narrates that they brought Jesus with them on the annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem with other Jewish families.

The Feast of the Holy Family is a liturgical celebration in the Catholic Church in honor of Jesus of Nazareth, his mother, the Blessed Virgin Mary, his foster father, Saint Joseph, as a family. The primary purpose of this feast is to present the Holy Family as a model for Christian families. From the 17th century, the feast has been celebrated at a local and regional level and at that level was promoted by Pope Leo XIII. In 1921, Pope Benedict XV made it part of the General Roman Calendar and set on the Sunday within the Octave of the Epiphany; the 1962 Roman Missal, whose use is still authorized in the circumstances indicated in the 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, follows the General Roman Calendar of 1960, which has the celebration on that date. The 1969 revision of the General Roman Calendar moved the celebration to Christmastide, assigning it to the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas, that is, the Sunday between Christmas Day and New Year's Day, or if both Christmas Day and the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God are Sundays, on 30 December.

When not celebrated on a Sunday, it is not a holy day of obligation. The Sunday within the Octave of Christmas was in fact celebrated only if it fell on 29, 30 or 31 December, since it gave way to the higher ranked feasts of Saint Stephen, Saint John the Apostle and the Holy Innocents; the Feast of the Holy Family that has replaced it outranks these three feasts. The Holy Family is a popular theme in Christian art. An oil painting by the Dutch Joos van Cleve, dated to about 1512, is on display at the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Michelangelo's tempera rendition hangs in the Uffizi in Italy. A Holy Family by Giulio Romano is on view at the Getty Center in California; the members of the Holy Family are the patrons of the Congregation of Holy Cross. The Holy Cross Sisters are dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, the Holy Cross Brothers to St. Joseph, the Priests of Holy Cross to the Sacred Heart; the Sons of the Holy Family is another religious congregation devoted to the Holy Family.

The Cathedral of the Holy Family of Nazareth is the see of the Diocese of Tulsa in Oklahoma. A pious practice among Catholics is to write "J. M. J." at the top of letters and personal notes as a reference to Jesus and Joseph as the Holy Family. Brothers of Jesus Chronological list of saints in the 1st century Chronology of Jesus Finding in the Temple Flight into Egypt Holy Kinship Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth Remarks of Benedict XVI on the Feast of the Holy Family Pope Francis. "Homily on the Feast of the Holy Family", Vatican Radio, December 27, 2015

Aguenar – Hadj Bey Akhamok Airport

Aguenar – Hadj Bey Akhamok Airport known as Aguenar Airport or Tamanrasset Airport, is an airport serving Tamanrasset, a city in the Tamanrasset Province of southern Algeria. It is located 3.6 nautical miles northwest of the city. The airport was an alternative landing site for NASA's Space Shuttle, has been used for American military operations. In the mid-2000s it was extensively upgraded to serve additionally as a military base, with 10 hardened aircraft shelters, personnel accommodation and other facilities. On 8 February 1978, Douglas C-49J N189UM of Aero Service Corporation was damaged beyond repair in a landing accident at Tamanrasset. On 18 September 1994, an Oriental Airlines charter plane returning Nigerian football team Iwuanyanwu Nationale FC home from their CAF Cup quarterfinal football match against Esperance de Tunis crashed while landing at the airport, killing three crew and two passengers, defender Aimola Omale and goalkeeper Uche Ikeogu. On 6 March 2003 Air Algérie Flight 6289 crashed at 3:45 pm local time.

The flight was leaving Tamanrasset bound for Algiers with the co-pilot acting as pilot-in-command. At a height of 78 feet and a speed of 158 kts, the No. 1 engine suffered a turbine failure. The captain took control; the co-pilot asked if she should raise the gear. The Boeing 737-200 lost speed and broke up on rocky terrain about 1600 metres past the runway; the accident was caused by the loss of an engine during a critical phase of flight, the non-retraction of the landing gear after the engine failure, the Captain taking over control of the airplane before having identified the problem. There were one survivor. Google Maps - Tamanrasset "Algeria plane crash kills 102" at CNN.com Official accident report from the Algerian Ministry of Transport Accident history for TMR at Aviation Safety Network Current weather for DAAT at NOAA/NWS

Divine language

Divine language, the language of the gods, or, in monotheism, the language of God is the concept of a mystical or divine proto-language, which predates and supersedes human speech. In Judaism and Christianity, it is unclear whether the language used by God to address Adam was the language of Adam, who as name-giver used it to name all living things, or if it was a different divine language, but since God is portrayed as using speech during creation, as addressing Adam before Gen 2:19, some authorities assumed that the language of God was different from the language of Paradise invented by Adam, while most medieval Jewish authorities maintained that the Hebrew language was the language of God, accepted in Western Europe from at least the 16th century and until the early 20th century. The sacred language in Islam is Classical Arabic, a descendant of the Proto-Semitic language. Arabic, along with Aramaic, is a Semitic language, it is considered to be sacred, as, in the Muslim view, it is the language by which Allah revealed the final revealed book, the Quran, to Muhammad, Prophet of Islam, through the angel Jibra'il.

In Vedic religion, "speech" Vāc, i.e. the language of liturgy, now known as Vedic Sanskrit, is considered the language of the gods. Hindu scholarship, in particular the Mīmāṃsā school of Vedic hermeneutics, distinguished Vāc from Śábda, a distinction comparable to the Saussurian langue and parole; the concept of Sphoṭa was introduced as a kind of transcendent aspect of Śábda. In 1510, Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa published Book I of his De Occulta Philosophia. Chapter 23 of the book is entitled "Of the tongue of Angels, of their speaking amongst themselves, with us" - wherein he states: We might doubt whether Angels, or Demons, since they are of pure spirits, use any vocal speech, or tongue amongst themselves, or to us. For many think that if they use any Idiome, it is Hebrew, because, the first of all, came from heaven, was before the confusion of languages in Babylon, in which the Law was given by God the Father, the Gospell was preached by Christ the Son, so many Oracles were given to the Prophets by the Holy Ghost: and seeing all tongues have, do undergo various mutations, corruptions, this alone doth alwaies continue inviolated.

In chapter 27, Agrippa mentions the Divine Language again: But because the letters of every tongue, as we shewed in the first book, have in their number and figure a Celestiall and Divine originall, I shall grant this calculation concerning the names of spirits to be made not only by Hebrew letters, but by Chaldean, Arabick, Ægyptian, Greek and any other... In the late 16th century, the Elizabethan mathematician and scholar John Dee and the medium and alchemist Edward Kelley claimed that during scrying sessions, a "Celestial Speech" was received directly from Angels, they recorded large portions of the language in their journals, along with a complete text in the language called the "Book of Loagaeth". Dee's language, called "Angelical" in his journals known today by the misnomer "Enochian", follows the basic Judeo-Christian mythology about the Divine Language. According to "A True and Faithful Relation..." Angelical was supposed to have been the language God used to create the world, used by Adam to speak with God and Angels and to name all things in existence.

He lost the language upon his Fall from Paradise, constructed a form of proto-Hebrew based upon his vague memory of Angelical. This proto-Hebrew was the universal human language until the time of the Confusion of Tongues at the Tower of Babel. After this, all the various human languages were developed, including an more modified Hebrew. From the time of Adam to the time of Dee and Kelley, Angelical was hidden from humans with the single exception of the patriarch Enoch - who recorded the "Book of Loagaeth" for humanity, but the book was lost in the Deluge of Noah. George William Russell in The Candle of Vision argued that "The mind of man is made in the image of Deity, the elements of speech are related to the powers in his mind and through it to the being of the Oversoul; these true roots of language are few and roots being identical." Asemic writing Confusion of tongues Dialogues of the Gods - 25 miniature dialogues published by Lucian of Samosata in the 2nd century BCE Enochian Glossolalia Jindai moji Language of the birds Lingua Ignota Sacred language Twilight language Universal grammar Valarin Zaum "The Divine Language".

Archived from the original on 2013-09-21