|City of Holyoke|
|Nickname(s): The Paper City
Birthplace of Volleyball
The Venice of America
|Motto(s): Industria et Copia (Latin)
"Industry and Abundance"
Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts
|Incorporated (parish)[a]||July 7, 1786|
|Incorporated (town)||March 14, 1850|
|Incorporated (city)||April 7, 1873|
|Founded by||George C. Ewing
|Named for||Elizur Holyoke|
|• Type||Mayor-council city|
|• Mayor||Alex B. Morse|
|• Total||22.8 sq mi (59.1 km2)|
|• Land||21.3 sq mi (55.1 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)|
|Elevation||200 ft (60 m)|
|Highest elevation (Mount Tom)||1,202 ft (366 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||40,280|
|• Density||1,874/sq mi (723.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0617679|
Holyoke is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States, that lies between the western bank of the Connecticut River and the Mount Tom Range. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 39,880, as of 2016, the estimated population was 40,280. Sitting 8 miles (13 km) north of Springfield, Holyoke is part of the Springfield Metropolitan Area, one of the two distinct metropolitan areas in Massachusetts.
During the 19th century the city produced an estimated 80% of the writing paper used in the United States and was home to the largest paper and alpaca wool mills in the world, although a considerably smaller number of businesses in Holyoke still work in the paper industry today, it is still commonly referred to as "The Paper City". Holyoke is also home to the Volleyball Hall of Fame and known as the "Birthplace of Volleyball", as the internationally played Olympic sport was invented and first played at the local YMCA chapter by William G. Morgan in 1895.
While working for the Holyoke Water Power Company in the 1880s, hydraulic engineer Clemens Herschel invented the Venturi meter to determine the water use of individual mills in the Holyoke Canal System. This device, the first accurate means of measuring large-scale flows, is still widely used in a number of engineering applications today, including waterworks and carburators, as well as aviation instrumentation. Powered by these municipally-owned canals today, between 85% and 90% of Holyoke's energy was carbon neutral as of 2016, with administrative goals in place to reach 100% in the immediate future.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Education
- 6 Culture
- 7 Sports
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Environment
- 10 Sister cities
- 11 Notable people
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 Further reading
- 16 External links
English colonists first arrived in the Connecticut River Valley in 1633—a post was established at Windsor, Connecticut, by traders from the Plymouth Plantation; in 1636, Massachusetts Bay Colony assistant treasurer and Puritan iconoclast William Pynchon led a group of settlers from Roxbury, Massachusetts, to establish Springfield on land that scouts had vetted the previous year. They considered it the most advantageous land in the Connecticut River Valley for farming and trading, this settlement, on fertile farmland just north of the Connecticut River's first major falls (at Enfield Falls), the place where seagoing vessels necessarily had to transfer their cargo into smaller shallops to continue northward on the Connecticut River, quickly became a successful settlement—largely due to its advantageous position on the Bay Path to Boston, the Massachusetts Path to Albany, and beside the Connecticut River. Originally, Springfield spanned both sides of the Connecticut River; the region was eventually partitioned. The land on the western bank of the Connecticut River became West Springfield, Massachusetts; the area, previously allotted to landowners on the east side of the river in Springfield, had been settled by colonists by 1655.:148 Holyoke as a geographic entity was initially incorporated as a parish; the 3rd Parish of West Springfield, otherwise known as "Ireland" or "Ireland Parish" was first incorporated on July 7, 1786.:70 Though the name Hampden was considered, the area was subsequently named for earlier Springfield settler William Pynchon's son-in-law, Elizur Holyoke, who had first explored the area in the 1650s. Following land acquisitions and development by the Hadley Falls Company, the town of Holyoke was officially incorporated on March 14, 1850, the first official town meeting took place a week later, on March 22, 1850.:76–77
The first post office in the area was called Ireland, it was established June 3, 1822, with Martin Chapin as first postmaster. It was discontinued in 1883. Another post office called Ireland Depot was established February 26, 1847, with John M. Chapin as first postmaster and had its name changed to Holyoke (with George Whittle as first postmaster) March 14, 1850.
A part of Northampton known as Smith's Ferry was separated from the rest of the town by the creation of Easthampton in 1809. The shortest path to downtown Northampton was on a road near the Connecticut River oxbow, which was subject to frequent flooding, the neighborhood became the northern part of Holyoke in 1909.
Holyoke had few inhabitants until the construction of the dam and the Holyoke Canal System in 1849 and the subsequent construction of water-powered mills, particularly paper mills, at one point over 25 paper mills were in operation in the city. The Holyoke Machine Company, manufacturer of the Hercules water turbine, was among many industrial developments of the era.
Holyoke's population rose from just under 5,000 in 1860 to over 60,000 in 1920. Due to this staggering growth the municipality was officially incorporated as a city on April 7, 1873, only 23 years after its initial incorporation as the "Town of Holyoke"; in 1888, Holyoke's paper industry spurred the foundation of the American Pad & Paper Company, which as of 2007[update] is one of the largest suppliers of office products in the world. The availability of water power enabled Holyoke to support its own electric utility company and maintain it independently of America's major regional electric companies, the city was thus a rare unaffected area in the Northeast blackout of 1965, for example.
Planned industrial community
As one of the first planned industrial communities in the United States, downtown Holyoke features rectilinear street grids—a novelty in New England, this street hierarchy is seen as a potential economic development tool as it lends well to high-rise buildings, and the surrounding canals could be landscaped into a source of recreation and relaxation. Whereas New York's Commissioner's Plan of 1811 lays out a system of numbered streets and avenues, the names of routes in Holyoke's grid system alternate between tree species for North to South streets (Sycamore, Locust, Linden, Oak, Beech, Pine, Walnut, Elm, Chestnut, Maple), and the names of the Hadley Falls Company founders (Lyman, Dwight, Appleton, Cabot, Sargeant, Jackson), as well as several Massachusetts counties (Hampden, Suffolk, Essex, Hampshire, Franklin) for thoroughfares running east to west. The city's advantageous location on the Connecticut River—the largest river in New England—beside Hadley Falls, the river's steepest drop (60 feet), attracted the Boston Associates, who had successfully developed Lowell, Massachusetts' textile industry. From the late 19th century until the mid-20th century, Holyoke was the world's biggest paper manufacturer, the elaborate Holyoke Canal System, built to power paper and textile mills, distinguishes it from other Connecticut River cities.
Immigration and migration
Historically, a city of working-class immigrants (and the business owners who employed them), the first wave of mill workers was predominantly Irish. Irish immigrants had begun to settle in the region before the construction of the dam and the industrialization that followed, which is why the area's early name was "Ireland Parish." The Irish roots of Holyoke is still seen in its annual St. Patrick's Day Parade (see below).
In the 1850s, the mill owners began to recruit French-Canadians, who were viewed as more docile and less likely to create labor unions due to their agrarian backgrounds and anti-union rhetoric promoted by Québecois clergy at that time. By the 1890 census, Holyoke had the third most foreign-born residents, per capita, of any city in the United States, with 47% of residents born in another country; this was exceeded only by Fall River, Massachusetts and Duluth, Minnesota. Later waves of immigration led to significant growth and cultural influence of communities of Germans, Italians, Jews, Poles, and Scots into the first half of the 20th century.
Beginning at the end of World War II, a large influx of Puerto Ricans and other Latino groups began to immigrate to the Northeast United States, driven largely by the Farm Labor Program initiated by the US Department of Labor. Not unlike the Bracero program, over the next several decades the agency actively recruited Puerto Rican laborers to work on agricultural land in the United States; in the case of Holyoke, many worked on the valley's tobacco farms, arriving in search for the economic opportunities of previous generations. At that time the city's mills had began to shutter faced with the changing economic landscapes brought about by early globalism and deindustrialization. Today Latinos form the largest minority group in the city, with the largest percentage Puerto Rican population of any city in the US outside Puerto Rico proper, at 44.7%. The entire Latino population of Holyoke, as of the 2010 census, was 19,313, or 48.4% of the city's population of 39,880.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maps of Holyoke, Massachusetts.|
Holyoke is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59 km2), of which 21.3 square miles (55 km2) is land and 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (6.70%) is water. The city is bordered by Southampton and Westfield to the west, Easthampton to the north, Hadley, South Hadley and Chicopee as river borders to the east, and West Springfield to the south.(42.203191, -72.623969).
Holyoke is the location of East Mountain, the Mount Tom Range, and Mount Tom, at 1,202 feet (366 m) the highest traprock peak on the Metacomet Ridge, a linear mountain range that extends from Long Island Sound to the Vermont border. Mount Tom is characterized by its high cliffs, sweeping vistas, and microclimate ecosystems, the 110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail traverses the Mount Tom Range and East Mountain. Fossilized dinosaur tracks and specimens can be found at the foot of these mountains due to their unique geology. A species of dinosaur, Podokesaurus holyokensis, whose fossils were first discovered across the river in South Hadley, was given its name for the area, and the city has in recent years passed measures to try to protect fossils in the its parks from theft or vandalism.
The city of Holyoke is divided into 15 distinct neighborhoods; in alphabetical order, they are:
- Downtown – features City Hall and the Volleyball Hall of Fame.
- Elmwood – the city's oldest neighborhood; predating Holyoke, it was originally known as "Baptist Village"
- The Flats – features the Holyoke Canal System and many prominent structures built by the Hadley Falls Company in the mid-19th century, as well as the Holyoke Innovation District
- Highland Park
- Homestead Avenue – features the Ashley Reservoir, Holyoke Community College.
- Ingleside – features the Holyoke Mall and Nuestras Raices.
- Jarvis Avenue
- Rock Valley
- Smith's Ferry – features the Dinosaur Footprints Reservation.
- South Holyoke – features the Holyoke Turner Hall.
- Whiting Farms
Holyoke's industrial development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries led to a massive demand for new housing and accommodating structures as the population grew by more than 1000% from the years from 1850 to 1890. Initially this demand was filled by company housing, including such examples as the Hadley Falls Company Housing District, whose structures were built in 1847-1848. Gradually in time the Holyoke Water Power Company began building housing on its land holdings to sell to working families, and by the end of the 19th century more private housing developments had begun to appear. Holyoke's architecture can be characterized by a mixture of Italianate, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne and Second Empire, with some Tudor revival examples throughout its neighborhoods. Philadelphia rowhouses are also a common feature among residential streets in downtown area.
Throughout its history Holyoke has been home to a number of local architects who shaped its unique urban landscape, some of the most prominent included George P. B. Alderman, who designed industrial buildings as well as the Holyoke Post Office, apartment blocks, and many of the city's iconic Victorian estates. Alderman had started his independent practice after being an apprentice to James A. Clough of Clough & Reid, who is best known as the architect of the former iconic Mount Tom Summit Houses as well as the Holyoke Public Library. Architect Oscar Beauchemin's work shaped both the Main Street landscape of Springdale and many large multi-colored brick tenements built in mixed high and low density housing can be attributed to him, often with Renaissance Revival architectural motifs.
Holyoke's own millwright engineers and architects David and Ashley Tower, doing business under the name D. H. & A. B. Tower, would go on to design more than 100 mills in the latter half of the 19th century, and in many respects made Holyoke synonymous with its present-day handle "The Paper City". Holyoke's paper mills from this period were largely the work of the two brothers, who designed mills on five continents and among the first of Kimberly-Clark and Crane Currency; in sum they would design 16 factories and mills in Holyoke and, including minor design roles, would perform engineering work in some capacity on 25 of the city's in total.
As of the census of 2010, there were 39,880 people, 15,361 households, and 9,329 families residing in Holyoke. There were 16,384 housing units in the city, the racial makeup was 66.0% White (non-Hispanic White 46.8%), 4.7% African American (Non-Hispanic 2.4%), 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 23.5% some other race, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.4% of the population.
There were 15,361 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were headed by married couples living together, 24.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. Of all households, 32.0% were made up of individuals, and 12.3% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51, and the average family size was 3.16.
In the city, 26.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% were from 18 to 24, 25.5% were from 25 to 44, 23.8% were from 45 to 64, and 14.2% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.
For the period 2011-15, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $36,608, and the median income for a family was $41,194. Male full-time workers had a median income of $43,902 versus $40,988 for females, the per capita income for the city was $22,343. About 25.9% of families and 28.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under age 18 and 17.9% of those age 65 or over.
The city reached its peak population just before the First World War in 1913, with a total of 62,300 people according to a report by the school superintendent. Following a period of de-industrialization the population reached a low of an estimated 39,790 residents in 2001, and has seen some growth during the most recent 2016 estimate of 40,280 people.
Politically, the city of Holyoke has recently supported candidates from the Democratic Party by a wide margin; in the 2012 elections, voters supported President Barack Obama over Mitt Romney by a margin of 76%-22%, and Elizabeth Warren over incumbent Senator Scott Brown 70%-30%. Holyoke elected an openly gay mayor, Alex Morse, in the 2011 municipal election.
According to the 2003 FBI Report of Offenses Known to Law Enforcement Holyoke's crime rate in most categories was above the national average, in some categories significantly. Most of these crimes are placed in the category of property theft, with a property crime count of 2,822.
As a city of built by several immigrant groups throughout its history, Holyoke is home to houses of worship for many different denominations of Christianity and Judaism. One of the city's oldest monikers was Baptist Village as the first congregation established there was the First Baptist Church of Holyoke, which first erected a meetinghouse in 1792, traces its origins to five baptisms on the shores of the Connecticut in 1725, and continues as a congregation today.
As of 2010 an estimated 60% of Holyoke is religious, with the largest demographic being Christians, more specifically Roman Catholics, who comprise 49% of the city's population; in 2011, two Catholic parishes, Holy Cross and Mater Dolorosa were merged into Our Lady of the Cross Parish. A number of other Catholic parishes, including Our Lady of Guadalupe, St. Jerome's, and Immaculate Conception Parish also reside in the city.
In addition to its parishes, Holyoke is home to a number of convents of sisters including the Sisters of Providence of Holyoke in Ingleside, the Sisters of St. Joseph of Springfield who maintain some group homes there, and the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi in Highland Park.
Protestant congregations have played a significant role in Holyoke's civic life since its founding, including such groups as the First Congregational Church of Holyoke, founded in 1850, the First Lutheran Church of Holyoke, founded in 1867, and the United Methodist Church of Holyoke, South Hadley, and Granby, which meets in South Hadley, which was founded in 1810.
Holyoke is also home to a significant Jewish population, as one of 35 municipalities in Massachusetts with more than 100 Jewish residents, Holyoke is home to an estimated 1,300 residents observing the faith and two synagogues, Congregation Sons of Zion, a Reform congregation, and Congregation Rodphey Sholom, practicing Orthodoxy. Both congregations originated in the 19th century, with Rodphey Sholom being founded in 1903 but tracing its heritage to the Paper City Lodge of the Order Brith Abraham, founded in 1899, and Sons of Zion being founded in 1901; today both congregations often hold joint services during certain holidays.
Known by its moniker, the "Paper City", Holyoke's economic base was developed almost entirely around the paper industry for the better part of the late 19th and early 20th century; at one time the city was reportedly the largest producer of stationery, writing, and archival goods in the world. While writing paper production has largely left the city, Holyoke is still home to a number of specialty paper manufacturers, including companies like Eureka Lab Book, Hampden Paper, Hazen Paper, United Paper Box, and University Products. Several international companies also maintain manufacturing facilities in the area, including a power transmission factory for U.S. Tsubaki in Springdale, and a Sonoco cardboard recycling plant in South Holyoke.
Holyoke is also home to a diverse array of manufacturing concerns outside of the paper and textile industries, including several producing industrial machinery and components, until 2017, its oldest manufacturer was the Holyoke Machine Company which, incorporated in 1863, served large mills and factories with specialty roll parts and service; the firm served several purposes and at one time the company produced the "Holyoke Hercules" model of water turbine which served its industries, and previously cast the bronze doors to the U.S. Capitol Building. Today the city is still home to a number of firms specializing in such equipment as industrial vacuums, solid waste containers, plastics and rubber manufacturing, bookbinding agents and archival supplies.
In recent years there have been successful efforts to attract high-tech jobs to Holyoke and diversify its economic base, for example, a coalition of universities and tech companies have built the Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center, an energy-efficient, high-performance computing center, in Holyoke which opened in 2012. These companies and institutions include Cisco Systems, Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT,) the University of Massachusetts, Boston University, Northeastern University, EMC Corporation, and Accenture PLC. The data center has been built in Holyoke in part due to hydropower accessibility. ISO New England, an electricity regional transmission organization, is based out of Holyoke, utilizing the city's central location for easy access to metropolitan areas in New England and New York.
The retail sector has been a major employer since the construction of the Holyoke Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in New England, in 1979. Retail has provided the city with a large and steady tax base, contributing over $7 million in taxes annually.
The city's educational needs are served by Holyoke Public Schools, as well as the Holyoke Community Charter School and the Paulo Friere Social Justice High School. The Holyoke High School, William J. Dean Technical-Vocational High School, and the Paulo Friere Social Justice High School. The city's private schools include Mater Dolorosa Catholic School and Holyoke Catholic High School, the latter of which is now located in Chicopee.
The city is also home to Holyoke Community College, the first community college in the state, which was initially created by the city's school board. Today the 2-year college selectively allows high school seniors to enroll in its coursework for transferable college credit, and has the highest percentage of student graduates completing associate degrees and certificate programs among the state's community colleges, with the aid of state and federal education grants the college opened the HCC MGM Culinary Arts Institute in cooperation with MGM Springfield in April 2018.
Holyoke Public Library, found at 335 Maple Street, is one of the very few examples of neoclassical architecture in the city of Holyoke, designed by prominent local architect James A. Clough. It sits on Library Park, which was donated by the Holyoke Water Power Company in 1887; in 1870 the library was originally in a room in the old Appleton Street School. In 1876 it moved to a large central room on the main floor of City Hall, it remained there until it was determined that it had outgrown the space and a modern facility was required. Holyoke's citizens were charged to raise money to construct the library building and provide additional books. Under the leadership of Henry Chase, $95,000 was raised. William Whiting and William Skinner, each gave $10,000. Clough, the architect tasked with designing the building, gave his services gratis because his daughter was a faithful patron of the library, it opened officially in 1902.
At the dedication ceremony William Whiting, who was library president at the time, referred to the library as the "people's college" and added that: "A library is as much a part of the intellectual life of a community as its schools, and should be supported generously as part of our educational system. Within these walls you will find authors devoted to literature, arts and science, and they are free to any who will ask. We can say to the citizens of Holyoke you have only to ask her and you will find knowledge to make your life useful and happy."
Saint Patrick's Day Parade
Holyoke is home to the second-largest St. Patrick's Day parade in the United States, surpassed only by the New York City parade. Held annually since 1952 on the Sunday following St. Patrick's Day, the parade draws hundreds of thousands of people from across New England and the Eastern seaboard of United States, the Holyoke Saint Patrick's Day Parade typically attracts 350,000 to 450,000 people each year.
Puerto Rican Day Parade
The Puerto Rican community of Holyoke holds an annual Puerto Rican Day parade on the third weekend of July as part of an Annual Hispanic Family Festival held by La Familia Hispana, inc, every year the parade grows in popularity, attracting Puerto Ricans from across the northeast.
Gay Pride Month observance
Mayor Alex B. Morse, who first became an activist for LGBT rights as a high school student in Holyoke only six years earlier, presided at the city's first rainbow flag-raising ceremony in recognition of Gay Pride Month in June 2012.
Points of interest
- Dinosaur Footprints Reservation, preserved dinosaur footprints along the Connecticut River
- East Mountain
- Gateway City Arts, a co-working space for artists and creatives
- Holyoke Canal System
- Holyoke Heritage State Park
- Holyoke Mall at Ingleside
- Holyoke Merry-Go-Round
- Mackenzie Stadium, home of the Valley Blue Sox of the New England Collegiate Baseball League
- Metacomet-Monadnock Trail
- Mount Tom of the Mount Tom Range
- Robert E. Barrett Fishway, lift system to allow fish to swim upstream of the Holyoke Dam
- Holyoke U.S. Post Office, Captain Alezue Holyoke's Exploring Party on the Connecticut River, an oil on canvas mural, painted by Ross Moffett and installed in 1936.
- Victory Theater
- Wistariahurst Museum
Birthplace of Volleyball
On February 9, 1895, William G. Morgan invented volleyball, originally known as "mintonette" for its similarity to badminton, at the Holyoke YMCA. Though the original YMCA building in which the sport was first played was lost to fire in 1943, the Greater Holyoke YMCA remains an active chapter. Today the Volleyball Hall of Fame resides in Holyoke at Holyoke Heritage State Park and inducts a new class of athletes, coaches, and contributors every October, the city's legacy in the creation of the sport is also honored by two volleyball clubs in the Netherlands, which borrow its name – Belfeldse Volleybalclub Holyoke, of Belfeld, and Volleybalvereniging Holyoke of Enter.
The Valley Blue Sox, a member of the New England Collegiate Baseball League, play their home games at Mackenzie Stadium. Previously the Concord Quarry Dogs from 2001 until 2006, the collegiate summer baseball franchise moved to Holyoke in 2007, winning their first NECBL Championship in 2017.
Holyoke has been home to a handful of minor league and collegiate baseball teams, among the first was the Holyoke Paperweights of the Connecticut League from 1903 to 1911. The Holyoke Millers, a Double-A team, moved to the city following a single season in Pittsfield as the Berkshire Brewers. Early planning proved difficult for the team as they often had to coordinate with the athletic departments of Holyoke High School and Holyoke Catholic High School for use of the field at that time, the Millers would leave for New Hampshire after their 1982 season, when the franchise changed its affiliation from the Milwaukee Brewers to the California Angels; that franchise is now the Harrisburg Senators.
While unsuccessful attempts were made to attract a new team in the years that followed, Holyoke would not host another until 2004. Following their departure from Middletown, Connecticut, the Holyoke Giants, a Futures Collegiate Baseball League team, made Mackenzie Stadium their home until 2007, subsequently becoming the North Shore Navigators of Lynn.
Holyoke has a rich history in the world of boxing, it was in Holyoke that bantamweight Sixto Escobar, the first Puerto Rican to become a world champion, fought and won his first match in the United States, on May 7, 1934, against bantamweight contender and Canadian flyweight champion Bobby Leitham. Most notably, Rocky Marciano's professional debut took place at the Valley Arena Gardens on St. Patrick's Day, March 17, 1947; the venue also served as the ring for many other well-known fighters including Beau Jack, Fritzie Zivic, and Tony DeMarco. Prior to his professional career, one of Mike Tyson's earliest fights was at the Holyoke Boys and Girls Club on February 12, 1983, as the 8th ranked amateur super-heavyweight in the country at the age of 16, Tyson won the fight handily with a knock-out, and gained the Western Massachusetts Golden Gloves amateur title. The Golden Gloves tournament was held in Holyoke from 1958 until 2005, when it was relocated to Vernon, Connecticut. Following an 8 year departure it returned briefly to the city, and is held in Springfield today.
- I‑91 – North to Northampton, Hatfield, Greenfield, and South to Springfield, Hartford.
- I‑391 – South to Chicopee, and Springfield.
Immediately south of Holyoke is the Massachusetts Turnpike, accessible from exit 14 on I-91 South:
U.S. Highways serving Greater Holyoke include:
- US 5 – Running from Ingleside to Smith's Ferry, connecting West Springfield to Easthampton and Northampton.
- US 202 – Running from South Hadley via the Joseph E. Muller Bridge to Westfield, Massachusetts.
Massachusetts state highways
Massachusetts highways in the area include:
- Route 116 – A minor freeway bypassing downtown Holyoke, connecting Chicopee to South Hadley via the Willimansett Bridge and the Vietnam Memorial Bridge.
- Route 141 – A minor freeway connecting Easthampton over Mount Tom, through downtown via Appleton Street and Main Street in South Holyoke to Chicopee via I-391.
Passenger rail service returned to Holyoke in August 2015, after being absent since 1967. Amtrak's Vermonter stops at the Holyoke station once a day in each direction. Several buses from the Pioneer Valley Transit Authority also operate in the city.
Despite its industrial history, Holyoke contains no Superfund sites. One of the greatest producers of pollution in the area was the former Mount Tom Station, a coal plant in Smith's Ferry. Citizens cited higher rates of asthma, attributing them to the plant and after many years of discussion it was finally shuttered in December 2014; in October 2016 ground was broken at the site for the construction of a new solar farm.
Holyoke has in the past established sister city relationships with cities abroad, including-
Less formal relationships, symbolic and historical have also been established with the following cities-
- Apremont-la-Forêt, France (1919), at the end of World War I, in honor of the fallen of the 104th Infantry, the city provided this village a new waterworks, public bath, and a community center under relief efforts led by Belle Skinner. In honor of these contributions, the village renamed its town square Place d'Holyoke and its main street Rue Belle Skinner; in 1930 a former supply route built by soldiers of the regiment was dedicated in Massachusetts as the Apremont Highway in a joint ceremony between Holyoke and Westfield.
- San Juan, Puerto Rico (2018), in the wake of Hurricane Maria many Puerto Ricans sought refuge with family in Holyoke, with more than 235 additional students enrolling in Holyoke public schools in the year following the natural disaster; on April 27th, 2018, a key to the city was presented to San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz by Mayor Alex Morse to honor that "in such a time of despair [she] provided a beacon of hope and opportunity for Puerto Ricans" in the city's community, and for her leadership in the wake of Hurricane Maria.
(B) denotes that the person was born there.
- Arthur Adams (born 1963), comic book artist known for his work on Longshot and Monkeyman and O'Brien.(B)
- Paul Azinger (born 1960), professional golfer, winner of 1993 PGA Championship, and captain of the 2008 U.S. Ryder Cup team. (B)
- David M. Bartley (born 1935), politician and educator. (B)
- Donald Bevan (1920-2013), World War II combat veteran, playwright and writer of Stalag 17. (B)
- Hal Blaine (born 1929), professional drummer, member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, member of The Wrecking Crew (music). (B)
- Jack Buck (1924–2002), sportscaster in Baseball Hall of Fame.(B)
- Dick Burns (1863–1937), 19th century MLB pitcher and outfielder.(B)
- Jerome Connor (1874–1943), Irish-born 19th century sculptor.:80
- Ann Dowd (born 1956), Emmy award-winning actress (B)
- Jack Doyle (1869–1958), Irish American baseball player who settled in Holyoke and served as police commissioner 1908-09.
- Sherri Browning Erwin (1968–present), writer. (B)
- Gerry Geran, Olympic silver medalist, first American-born player in National Hockey League.
- Bob Goodlatte, U.S. Representative from Virginia.(B)
- Marshall Green (1916-1998), Assistant Secretary of State.(B)
- Fran Healy (born 1946), Major League Baseball catcher for the Kansas City Royals, San Francisco Giants and New York Yankees.
- Clemens Herschel (1842–1930), American hydraulic engineer and inventor who developed the Venturi meter while working for the Holyoke Water Power Company
- John Clellon Holmes (1926–1988), author best known for Go, an early novel about the Beat Generation. (B)
- Eddie Hurley (1908-1969), Major League Baseball umpire. (B)
- T. J. Jagodowski (born 1971), actor and comedian.
- Raymond Kennedy (1934–2008), novelist, who set many of his books in a fictionalized Holyoke that he called "Ireland Parish" and "Hadley Falls".:31
- Melanie Kinnaman (born 1954), actress (B)
- Mike LaPlante (born 1966), college basketball head coach, NBA scout and lawyer. Known internationally as an excellent recruiter with contacts with the Senegalese Basketball Federation and credited with bringing many players into the NBA from Africa and Europe.
- Dean Lombardi (born 1958), general manager of NHL's Los Angeles Kings. (B)
- Rachel Maddow (born 1973), American television host, political commentator, and Rhodes Scholar, got her first broadcasting job in 1999 at WRNX (100.9 FM) in Holyoke
- Junius Spencer Morgan (1813–1890), businessman, father of J. P. Morgan. (B)
- Michael Nozik (born 1954), film producer, recipient of 2004 award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts for his work on The Motorcycle Diaries (B)
- Charles Palliser (born 1947), novelist whose most famous work, The Quincunx, has sold more than a million copies and won the 1991 Sue Kaufman Prize for First Fiction. (B)
- Kurt Riley (born 1987), rock and roll musician. (B)
- Neil Sheehan (born 1936), author of A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam. (B)
- Belle Skinner (1866–1928), businesswoman and philanthropist who donated Wistariahurst to the city, and worked with Holyoke's government to reconstruct the village of Apremont, France after the First World War
- Grace Mary Stern (1925-1998), Illinois state legislator, was born in Holyoke
- David E. Sweet (1933–1984), founding president of Metropolitan State University and later president of Rhode Island College. (B)
- Eva Tanguay (1879–1947), the "I Don't Care Girl", vaudevillian.
- William Wegman (born 1943), American photographer best known for his compositions posing Weimaraners in costume, his work has been featured on Sesame Street (B)
- William Fairfield Whiting, former U.S. Secretary of Commerce.
- William Whiting, former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts.
- Mark Wohlers (born 1970), MLB relief pitcher who won a World Series in 1995 with the Atlanta Braves.(B)
- Theodore J. Wojnar, U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral.
- Holyoke's boundaries, those of Smith's Ferry being an exception, were first defined as the 3rd parish of West Springfield; identified on maps as "Ireland" or "Ireland Parish" for the number of Irish families who had settled there.
- Nutting, George M. (1937). Massachusetts; a guide to its places and people. Cambridge: The Riverside Press. p. 248.
...paper mills, attracted by cheap water-power from Hadley Falls Dam, have given the town the name of 'The Paper City.'
- Basbanes, Nicholas A. On Paper: The Everything of Its Two-thousand-year History. New York: Random House. p. 100. ISBN 9780307279644.
To exploit the full potential of a natural waterfall that drops fifty-eight feet within a fifth of a mile on the Connecticut River, nineteenth-century engineers built the industrial city of Holyoke around three circular canals that generated sufficient power to operate...twenty-eight mills, which at their peak accounted for nearly 90 percent of the paper produced in the United States. Though every one of these mills would close in the years following World War II, the economically stressed community still calls itself 'Paper City.'
- Sullivan, Mark; Travis, William, eds. (2005). Fodor's Berkshires and Pioneer Valley. New York: Random House. p. 124. ISBN 9781400014675.
Today, Holyoke—known as the 'birthplace of volleyball'—pays homage to Morgan with its Volleyball Hall of Fame.
- "Burt DeGroot". Stanford. 19: 61. 1991.
DeGroots and their sons, Ned and Don, commuted last October from San Clemente, Calif. to Holyoke, Mass., the birthplace of volleyball, for Burt's induction into the National Volleyball Hall of Fame.
- For use in a publication from a different state, see "Holyoke, Massachusetts". Americana–Cities to See. The Indian Journal. Eufaula, Oklahoma. November 3, 1960. p. 6.
Holyoke, Massachusetts, 'The Venice of America,' is a friendly, industrial city of 53,000 population in the Pioneer Valley, along the Connecticut River in Western Massachusetts.
- For use in a trade publication, see "[Paper] Converters Abound in Holyoke- Why converters move to 'Venice of America'—case histories in the city which 'specializes in specialties'". Pulp & Paper. Miller Freeman Publications. 30: 182. 1956.
The 'Venice of America'— Holyoke, Mass.—has a number of what it calls 'incubator' buildings, ready for occupancy by paper converting plants...
- For use in an anthropological/historical context, see "Archaeological signs give insight to Holyoke". At the Quadrangle. The Springfield Union. Springfield, Mass. February 10, 1982. p. 32.
Using artifacts and slides, the two will trace what they call 'The Venice of America,' one of the earliest planned industrial communities.
- For use by a sitting mayor, see Moriarty, Jo-Ann (January 29, 1984). "Things Looking Up for an 'Exciting Lady'". The Republican. Springfield, Mass. p. F-55.
Mayor Ernest E. Proulx says cities are like women. 'And Holyoke is an exciting lady,' he often tells people when he is selling his city. 'There is a charm here... What other cities have what we have? The rolling topography, the mountains and reservoirs, the river, the canals— Holyoke is the Venice of North America.
- For use in a trade publication, see "[Paper] Converters Abound in Holyoke- Why converters move to 'Venice of America'—case histories in the city which 'specializes in specialties'". Pulp & Paper. Miller Freeman Publications. 30: 182. 1956.
- The Revised Ordinances of the City of Holyoke. Holyoke, Massachusetts: M. J. Doyle Printing Co. 1914. p. 159.
- Holland, Josiah Gilbert (1855). History of Western Massachusetts; the counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire. Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles. p. 70.
On the 7th of July, 1786, the part of West Springfield now embraced in Holyoke was incorporated as the Third Parish of West Springfield, and was called 'Ireland,' and 'Ireland Parish,' from the fact that several Irish families were the first settlers of the territory, though there is no record of the date of their settlement
- An act to incorporate the town of Holyoke, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1850
- An act to establish the city of Holyoke, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1873
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Holyoke city, Massachusetts". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- Root, Joshua L. (Fall 2009). "Something Will Drop: Socialists, Unions and Trusts in Nineteenth-Century Holyoke" (PDF). Historic Journal of Massachusetts. 37 (2): 38.
- Kinney, Jim (June 11, 2015). "'Paper Cluster' meeting hopes to invigorate old industry with new moves". MassLive. Springfield, Mass. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- "Holyoke, MA Paper Manufacturers". Yellow Pages. DexYP. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- "Invention of the Venturi Meter". Nature. 136 (3433): 254. August 17, 1935. doi:10.1038/136254a0. Retrieved May 15, 2018.
[The article] reproduces a letter from Herschel to the late Dr. Unwin describing his invention of the Venturi Meter, the letter is dated June 5, 1888, and addressed from the hydraulic engineer's office of the Holyoke Water Power Co., Mass. In his letter, Herschel says he tested a one-inch Venturi Meter, under 210 ft. head: 'I am now satisfied that here is a new and pregnant principle to be applied to the art of gauging fluids, inclusive of fluids such as compressed air, illuminating or fuel gases, steam, etc. Further, that the shape of the meter should be trumpet-shaped in both directions; such a meter will measure volumes flowing in either direction, which in certain localities becomes a useful attribute...'
- Instrument Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-15A). Flight Standards Service. Skyhorse Publishing; Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Dept. of Transportation. 2013. p. 5–17. ISBN 9781616083021.
- Serreze, Mary C. (July 20, 2016). "Palmer and Holyoke honored for 100% renewable energy commitment". MassLive. Springfield, Mass. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- "Baker-Polito Administration Awards $1 Million Renewable Energy Grant to Holyoke". MA Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs. Commononwealth of Massachusetts. March 11, 2017. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
- "Profile for Holyoke, Massachusetts, MA". ePodunk. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- Merolla, Lawrence M. and Crowther, Frank M. (1981) The Post Offices of Massachusetts, p. 43, North Abington, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Postal Research Society, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 81-84332
- Strycharz, Robb (1996–2006). "US-5: A Highway To History". Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- holyoke.org: "Holyoke History Room Guest Lecture: John B. McCormick and the Hercules Turbine Water Wheel", March 5, 2014
- Progress Publishing Company: "Engineering Mechanics: Electrical, Civil, Mechanical, and Mining Engineering, Volume 3: January–June 1883", p.231
- "HolyokeHercules". www.frenchriverland.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "Service Off in Area For Up to 4 Hours– Only Holyoke, South Hadley Unaffected; Region Generally Calm During Cutoff". Springfield Union. November 10, 1965. p. 1.
- "Jet Engine Saves Town from Dark". The Jersey Journal. Jersey City, New Jersey. November 11, 1965. p. 15.
A business - as - usual atmosphere existed in Holyoke, Mass during the blackout Tuesday night because of a jet engine. Francis H. King, manager of Holyoke's Gas and Electric Department, said a jet peaking and emergency power unit saved the city from the darkness of its neighbors, the peaking unit, developed by Worthington Corp., is powered by a jet aircraft engine and is capable of generating 12,000 kilowatts in approximately two minutes after start-up, King added.
- Richards, Harold H (1911). Richards Standard Atlas of the City of Holyoke, Massachusetts. Springfield, Mass.: Richards Map Company.
- "Plan of the New City at Hadley Falls". New City Weekly Times. Holyoke: J.F. Downing. 1849.
- Report of the History and Present Condition of the Hadley Falls Company at Holyoke, Massachusetts. Boston: The Hadley Falls Company. 1853.
- "The Public Humanist". The Valley Advocate. June 1, 2009. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- McMaster, Robert T. (2014). The Dyeing Room. Williamsburg, Mass.: Unquomonk Press. p. 56.
[T]he workers of Holyoke who were most vocal about the unions were the Irish, English, and Italians, groups with which most French Canadians had little sympathy. Many of the French operatives had come to Holyoke directly from their family farms in Québec, ready to work, grateful for their jobs, and not inclined to make demands of the hand that fed them. Back home in Canada, parish priests and bishops preached frequently of the evils of unions...[and] a society slipping into godless socialism.
- Green, Constance McLaughlin (1939). Holyoke, Massachusetts; a case history of the industrial revolution in America. Yale Historical Publications. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 368.
- Duany, Jorge (2017). Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press. pp. 139–140.
- "Carlos Vega Collection, 1948-1980". Special Collections and University Archives. University of Massachusetts Amherst. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017.
- "2010 Census American FactFinder". Retrieved August 30, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Talbot, M., 1911, Podokesaurus holyokensis, a new dinosaur of the Connecticut Valley: American Journal of Science, v. 31, p. 469-479
- Plaisance, Mike (May 17, 2015). "Law passed to protect Dinosaur Footprints in Holyoke". Springfield Republican. Springfield, Mass.
- "Holyoke 'Neighborhoods'" (PDF). Holyoke Planning Department. City of Holyoke. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
- "MACRIS inventory record for Elmwood, Holyoke". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "Holyoke Innovation District". Massachusetts Technology Collaborative. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- Royal, Christina (February 13, 2018). "Holyoke Community College history is rooted in collaboration". The Republican. Springfield, Mass.
- Holyoke Water Power Company v. City of Holyoke, VIII (MA Supreme Court 1900).
- "Building News- Massachusetts". The American Architect. Vol. 97. May 11, 1910.
Holyoke-...Architect Oscar Beauchemin has completed plans for block to be erected at Dwight St. and Clinton Ave. for Doryle Gauthier
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "The Water Power Company Cottages". The Holyoke News. August 10, 1878. p. 2.
The attention of persons desiring homes in this city is called to the advertisement of Wm. A. Chase, the energetic Agent of the Holyoke Water Power Company, who has commenced the experiment of constructing residences for citizens at cost figures on the most desirable and pleasant building lots owned by the company.
- HLY.A, MACRIS, Massachusetts Historical Commission.
- HLY.C, MACRIS, Massachusetts Historical Commission.
- Heinrich, Thomas; Batchelor, Bob (2004). "Origins and Growth, 1872-1916". Kotex, Kleenex, Huggies: Kimberly-Clark and the Consumer Revolution in American Business. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press. p. 21–22. ISBN 9780814209769.
- Holland, Josiah Gilbert (1855). "Tower, David Horatio". History of western Massachusetts : the counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire. IV. Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles and Company. p. 848. OCLC 865814412.
- Holyoke Water Power Company v. City of Holyoke, VI (MA Supreme Court 1900).
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Holyoke city, Massachusetts". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Holyoke city, Massachusetts". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "Part V. Statistical Report of Superintendent". Municipal Register for the City of Holyoke for 1913. Holyoke, Mass.: M.J. Doyle Printing Co. 1914. p. 185.
- "City and Town Intercensal Datasets: 2000-2010". December 2, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "President - 2012 Massachusetts Election Results". Boston.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- "US Senate - 2012 Massachusetts Election Results - Brown vs. Warren". Boston.com. Retrieved March 26, 2018.
- http://www.masslive.com/politics/index.ssf/2011/11/old_holyoke_makes_way_for_new_holyoke_alex_morse_defeats_elaine_pluta_for_mayor.htmlhttp://www.boston.com/news/special/politics/2012/general/mass-us-senate-election-results-2012.html[permanent dead link]
- "Holyoke Crime Statistics". CityRating.com. Retrieved April 11, 2009.
- Clark, Rusty (2006). Stories Carved in Stone: Holyoke, Massachusetts. West Springfield, Mass.: Dog Pond Press.
- Holyoke, Massachusetts Religious Statistics, Sperling's BestPlaces.
- "About Us". Diocese of Springfield, Massachusetts.
- St. Jerome Parish, Holyoke, ParishesOnline
- Immaculate Conception Parish, Holyoke
- United Church of Christ of Holyoke, Holyoke, Massachusetts
- First Lutheran Church of Holyoke
- [thesteepleinthefalls.org The Steeple in the Falls], United Methodist Church of Holyoke, South Hadley, and Granby
- Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church, Metropolis of Boston
- "Sons of Zion Celebrates 110 Years". The Western Mass. Jewish Ledger. Springfield, Mass. March 2014. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017.
- "Massachusetts, United States". The Jewish Virtual Library. American Israeli Cooperative Enterprise. Archived from the original on February 18, 2017.
- Harper, Wyatt E. (1973). The Story of Holyoke. Centennial Committee of the City of Holyoke. p. 172. OCLC 8060402.
- Warren, Ernest E. (1913). "From Holyoke, Mass". The Typographic Journal. Vol. III no. 7. Indianapolis: International Typographic Union of North America. p. 469.
As it is the largest paper manufacturing city in the world, it is worth more than a passing notice from printers.
- Taber, Elwyn L. (1913). "Holyoke, Mass". Western New England. Vol. III no. 7. Springfield, MA: Springfield Board of Trade. p. 303.
[Holyoke] is the largest producer of fine writing paper in the world, manufacturing enough fine paper every day to carpet two square miles.
- Kinney, Jim (July 24, 2017). "Holyoke Machine Co., oldest manufacturer in Paper City, shuts down and plans to auction off equipment". Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- For industrial vacuums see "RuWac USA". Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- For solid waste containers see "International Container Company". Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- For plastics and rubber manufacturing see "FLN-MAR". Retrieved January 31, 2018. and "Universal Plastics". Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- For bookbinding agents and archival supplies see "Lineco". Retrieved January 31, 2018. and its parent company "University Products". Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- "Why EMC Wants to Build a High Performance Data Center in Holyoke". Xconomy. June 23, 2009. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Living in Western New England". Careers at ISO New England. ISO New England. Archived from the original on May 4, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "Holyoke French Company Announces Plans to buy Holyoke Power Plant". The Springfield Republican. The Republican Company. February 9, 2008. Retrieved November 4, 2009.
- "Holyoke Public Schools, Holyoke, Massachusetts". Hps.holyoke.ma.us. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "High School/Dual Enrollment". Holyoke Community College. Retrieved 2017-04-29.
- Wyner, Joshua; Deane, KC; Jenkins, Davis; Fink, John (2016). The Transfer Playbook: Essential Practices for Two- and Four-Year Colleges (PDF) (Report). Community College Research Center (CCRC), Teachers College, Columbia University. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- Grand Opening of Culinary Arts Institute, City of Holyoke. 2018.
- Kinney, Jim (July 11, 2016). "Holyoke Community College culinary center seen as transformative". MassLive. Springfield, Mass. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
- "Holyoke Public Library History Room & Archives". Holyokehistory.blogspot.com. February 26, 2004. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Paper City Scribblings: August 2006". Papercityscribblings.blogspot.com. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "Holyoke Public Library". Finegold Alexander Architects. Archived from the original on August 8, 2017.
-  Archived April 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Massachusetts. "Holyoke St. Patrick's Parade 2011: 60th annual parade draws 400,000, attracts first-timers". masslive.com. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- "City Shows Its 'Pride' During Rainbow Flag Raising" (PDF). The Sun. Retrieved October 31, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Holyoke City Hall 5. AlexiusHoratius, Wikimedia Commons
- "Holyoke Post Office". The New Deal Art Registry. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "An Historic House Museum in Holyoke, Massachusetts". Wistariahurst. October 27, 2012. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- Della Penna, Craig (1997). Holyoke. Arcadia Publishing. p. 49.
- "Historie" [History] (in Dutch). Belfeldse Volleybalclub (BVC) Holyoke. 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
De Belfeldse Volleybalclub (BVC) Holyoke werd opgericht in 1975. Holyoke is genoemd naar een gelijknamig stadje in Massachusetts (USA) waar volleybal in 1895 "geboren" is.
- "Algemene Informatie" [General Information] (in Dutch). Volleybalvereniging Holyoke. October 19, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
Volleybalvereniging Holyoke is opgericht op 12 december 1960. Holyoke is genoemd naar de gelijknamige plaats in de staat Massachusetts in de Verenigde Staten.
- Maroon, Annie (August 9, 2017). "Valley Blue Sox claim first-ever NECBL championship in Holyoke". MassLive. Archived from the original on November 23, 2017.
- Historic Northampton Archived August 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Constantine, Sandra E. (August 26, 1987). "Baseball proposal floated". Springfield Union-News. Springfield, Mass. p. 8.
- "Eastern League (AA) Encyclopedia and History - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- DeForge, Jeanette (November 14, 2007). "Holyoke Giants leaving". Springfield Republican. Springfield, Mass.: MassLive. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011.
- Friedman, Ian C. (2007). Latino Athletes. Infobase Publishing. p. 62.
- "Leitham Stopped by Escobar at Valley Arena". Springfield Republican. Springfield, Mass. May 8, 1934. p. 1.
- Burke, Mike (May 22, 2013). "Valley Arena lives in Holyoke's heart 50 years after fire". The Republican. Springfield, Mass. Archived from the original on April 22, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
- Tyson, Mike; Sloman, Larry (2017). Iron Ambition: My Life with Cus D'Amato. Penguin. p. 365.
- McNeil, William F. (2014). The Rise of Mike Tyson, Heavyweight. William F. McNeil. pp. 66–67.
- "Sports - Boxing". Creating Holyoke. PassportHolyoke. 2009. Archived from the original on February 17, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Sypek, Frank (December 12, 2012). "Golden Gloves returning to Holyoke after 8-year absence". The Republican. Springfield, Mass. Archived from the original on February 14, 2018. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
- "Western New England Golden Gloves Championship Boxing". MassMutual Center. 2018. Archived from the original on February 14, 2018. Retrieved February 14, 2018.
- Brown, Karen (August 28, 2015). "Holyoke Gets Train Stop After 50-Year Absence". New England Public Radio. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
- "Search for Superfund Sites Where You Live". U.S. EPA. August 12, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "Holyoke residents rally for clean air protections". Western Mass News. Jun 29, 2011. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- TUTHILL, PAUL. "Study Shows Health Benefits Of Power Plant Standards". WAMC Northeast Public Radio. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
- Plaisance, Mike. "Mount Tom Solar Farm groundbreaking at former Holyoke coal-burner set for Oct. 13". MassLive, Advance Digital. Archived from the original on October 6, 2016. Retrieved October 6, 2015.
- Plaisance, Mike (April 1, 2014). "Former Holyoke mayor Daniel Szostkiewicz recalls Ukraine trip". Archived from the original on October 18, 2016. Retrieved October 18, 2016.
- Plaisance, Mike (April 26, 2014). "School exchange program linking Holyoke, Tralee, Ireland benefit of sister-city relationship: Mayor Alex Morse". Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- Ford, George B. (January 1921). "Rural Town Planning in France". The American Magazine of Art. Vol. XII no. 1. American Federation of Arts.
Apremont in the Meuse which used to be such a thriving village, now only knee high, is receiving a community center building from the school children of Holyoke, Mass.
- "St. Mihiel in beeld". Den Grooten Oorlog Battlefield Tours (in Dutch). Archived from the original on May 19, 2018.
- Woollcott, Alexander (September 8, 1922). "Back in St. Mihiel". The American Legion Weekly. Vol. IV. p. 8.
At Apremont, however, the chief gift from Holyoke is no monument, but what the French themselves would call something 'plus pratique.' It is the entire water system, modern and complete...It has even been adjusted so that water can be piped into each of the new houses as they go up
- "Apremont Way Between Holyoke and Westfield Is Formally Dedicated". Springfield Republican. Springfield, Mass. June 6, 1930.
[In a letter from the mayor of Apremont] 'I can never thank too much,' it read, 'in the name of the commune of Apremont La Forget [sic] the brave soldiers of the 26th American division and especially the 104th infantry, who really contributed to the deliverance of our village...we have never forgotten you here–everything is a reminder of your generous presence. The village square is named Place d'Holyoke, in memory of the city of that name...the main street is the Rue Belle Skinner, given this honor in memory of the great friend of the commune, a woman with a big heart
- Alex B. Morse, Carmen Yulín Cruz (28 April 2018). Mayor Carmen Yulin Cruz Receives the Key to the City. Holyoke Media – via Youtube.
- Guerra, Cristela (April 26, 2018). "San Juan, P.R., mayor lifts up young women in Holyoke". Boston Globe.
- Cooke, Jon B. (November 15, 2001). ""The Art of Arthur Adams", Reprinted from Comic Book Artist #17". Twomorrows.com. Retrieved October 31, 2012.
- George Khoury and Eric Nolen-Weathington. Modern Masters Volume Six: Arthur Adams, 2006, TwoMorrows Publishing.
- "BPGA Tour Media Guide – Paul Azinger". PGA Tour. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
- "[Alumni]". The Cross & the Crescent. Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity. 52 (3): 55. 1965.
- Weber, Bruce (June 30, 2013). "Donald Bevan, 93, Sardi's Artist and 'Stalag 17' Writer, Dies". The New York Times. New York.
- Kelly, Ray (January 22, 2015). "Wrecking Crew' documentary featuring Holyoke drummer Hal Blaine set for release". Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- Buck, Jack; Rob Rains; Bob Broeg (1997). That's A Winner!. Champaign: Sagamore Publishing. pp. 5–8. ISBN 1-57167-111-0. OCLC 36641485.
- "Dick Burns Statistics and History". baseball-reference.com. Retrieved July 22, 2014.
- Sears, Jacqueline (2015). Legendary Locals of Holyoke. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439650783.
- Kelly, Ray (September 17, 2017). "Emmy Awards 2017: Ann Dowd, Holyoke native and Holy Cross grad, wins for 'Handmaid's Tale'". The Republican. Springfield, Mass.: MassLive.
- "Jack Doyle Biography". SABR.org. Retrieved July 20, 2007.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Gerry Geran". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013.
- "goodlatte". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- "Marshall Green Dies at 82; Longtime Diplomat in Asia". The New York Times. June 11, 1998.
- Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Fran Healy". Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017.
- #129 Holyoke Water Power System (1859). Retrieved May 15, 2018.
- McQuiston, John T. (March 31, 1988). "John Clellon Holmes, 62, Novelist And Poet of the Beat Generation". The New York Times.
- Brown, Gary (November 1969). "Sports Editor". Holyoke Morning Transcript.
- Anne Ford (June 5, 2008). "Life Without a Script: how funnyman TJ Jagodowski fell into improv—and the mysterious affliction that keeps him from leaving it". Chicago Reader. Retrieved February 15, 2016.
- Dobbs, G. Michael (2014). Fifteen MInutes With... : 40 Years of Interviews. BearManor Media. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-593-93592-4.
- "Michael LaPlante '85, Head Coach". Suffield Academy. January 25, 2002.
- NHL Official Guide and Record. National Hockey League (NHL). 2008. p. 68.Dean Lombardi; President and General Manager, Los Angeles Kings
- Leibovich, Mark (June 7, 2013). "Rachel Maddow". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- Genealogical and family history of the state of New Hampshire: a record of the achievements of her people in the making of a commonwealth and the founding of a nation, Volume 1. Lewis Publishing Company. 1908. p. 56.
- Roy, Kathryn (November 10, 2010). "Holyoke native Michael Nozik, producer of 'Syriana,' brings 'Next Three Days' with Russell Crowe to the screen".
- "A Novelist Who Pens Dickensian English And Thinks in Fives". The New York Times. February 21, 1990. p. C13. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
A quest for identity and for a sense of belonging, as well as the period in which he lives, are familiar to Mr. Palliser, who was born in Holyoke, Mass., to an American father and an Irish mother and who was sent to England to live with his grandmother after his parents' marriage dissolved.
- Author Profile Archived October 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.; C-SPAN; October 22, 1988
- "BELLE SKINNER DIES ON VISIT TO FRANCE; Holyoke Woman Adopted Whole Village of Hattonehatel After War. REBUILT DESTROYED HOMES Raised $1,000,000 to Make of Place a Model Community--Restored Apremont Also". The New York Times. April 9, 1928. p. 21.
- 'Illinois Blue Book 193-1994,' Biographical Sketch of Grace Mary Stern, pg. 94
- Who Was Who In America, Vol. IX, 1985-1989. Willmette, Illinois: Marquis Who's Who, Macmillan Directory Division, 1989, p. 349
- Erdman, Andrew. Queen of Vaudeville: The Story of Eva Tanguay, Cornell University Press, 2012 pp. 30-32, 36-38, 47, 93-94, 100-03, 114-15, 139-43, 212-14, 222-23.
- "William Wegman, American (1943- )". Ro Gallery. Long Island City, NY. 2018. Archived from the original on May 21, 2017.
- W.F. Whiting, Coolidge's Aid in Cabinet, Dies," The Washington Post, September 1, 1936
- Diaz, George (March 21, 1999). "Mind Over Matters". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "Theodore J. Wojnar". Hall of Valor. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Alcorn, W. M.; Shirley, P. E. (1910). Holyoke, Past and Present Progress and Prosperity; Historical and Industrial Notes. W.M. Alcorn Souvenir Association. OCLC 50033673.
- Allyn, George H. (1912). Thirtieth Anniversary Sketch, Holyoke Daily Transcript, 1882-1912. The Transcript Publishing Co. OCLC 24571746.
- Conant, Howard; Harper, Wyatt E. (1948). Complete program of Holyoke's seventy-fifth anniversary and home coming days : with a history of the city. OCLC 9694660.
- Copeland, Alfred Minot, ed. (1902). "The City of Holyoke and the Factors in its History". "Our county and its people" : A history of Hampden County, Massachusetts. III. The Century Memorial Publishing Company. pp. 1–122. OCLC 5692695963.
- Cutter, William Richard; Crane, Ellery Bicknell; Gardner, Eugene C.; Read, Charles French; Ballard, Harland Hoge; Rantoul, Robert Samuel; Lockwood, John H.; Dyer, E. Alden (1916). Encyclopedia of Massachusetts, Biographical–Genealogical. Boston: The American Historical Society, Inc. [Despite title, primarily covers individuals with connections to Holyoke]
- "Dam at Hadley Falls". Gleason's Pictorial Drawing-Room Companion. Boston: Frederick Gleason. I (14): 212. October 4, 1851.
- DiCarlo, Ella Merkel (1982). Holyoke–Chicopee, a Perspective; 1882-1982. Transcript-Telegram Co. OCLC 9299261.
- Eliot, Samuel; Bowditch, J. Ingersoll; Appleton, William; Smith, Alfred; Sargent, Ignatius (1853). A Report of the History and Present Condition of the Hadley Falls Company at Holyoke, Massachusetts. Boston: John Wilson & Son.
- Gabriel, Ralph Henry (1936). The Founding of Holyoke: 1848. Princeton: Princeton University Press. OCLC 707070730.
- Green, Constance McLaughlin (1939). Holyoke, Massachusetts; a case history of the industrial revolution in America. Yale Historical Publications. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Haeber, Jonathan (May 2013). From Main to High: Consumers, Class, and the Spatial Reorientation of an Industrial City (MA). University of Massachusetts Amherst. Archived from the original on May 23, 2017.
- Harper, Wyatt E. (1973). The Story of Holyoke. Centennial Committee of the City of Holyoke. OCLC 8060402.
- Holland, Josiah Gilbert (1855). "Holyoke". History of western Massachusetts : the counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire. II. Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles and Company. pp. 70–77. OCLC 865814412.
- "Holyoke". History of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts, with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers. II. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts; Press of J.B. Lippincott and Co. 1879. pp. 915–938. OCLC 866692568.
- Holyoke, Massachusetts Centennial Souvenir Program. Centennial Committee of the City of Holyoke. 1973. OCLC 49709901.
- Holyoke, Old and New. Holyoke: Dillon Printing and Publishing. 1923. OCLC 49709987.
- Holyoke, Past and Present, 1745-1895. The Transcript Publishing Co. 1895. OCLC 11107520.
- Johnson, Fanny M. (October 1885). "A Model Industrial City". The Bay State Monthly. III (V): 328–340.
- Kirtland, Edwin L. (February 1898). "The City of Holyoke". The New England Magazine. XVII (6): 715–737.
- Lockwood, John H.; Bagg, Ernest Newton; Carson, Walter S.; Riley, Herbert E.; Boltwood, Edward; Clark, Will L., eds. (1926). "Chapter V: The City and Town of Holyoke". Western Massachusetts, A History 1636-1925. II. New York & Chicago: Lewis Historical Publishing, Inc. OCLC 988211712.
- "South Hadley Falls Dam, Massachusetts". Harper's Weekly. New York: Harper Brothers. XIII (657): 493–494. October 4, 1851.
- Warner, Charles F.; Johnson, Clifton, eds. (1891). Picturesque Hampden. Picturesque Massachusetts Series. Part II - West. Northampton, Mass.: Picturesque Publishing Company. pp. 1–152. OCLC 70679168.
Culture and immigration
- Brahinsky, Rachel (1996). Ni para atras ni para coger impulso : life in Puerto Rican Holyoke (Div III). Hampshire College. OCLC 36622449.
- Gerson, Jeffrey; Hardy-Fanta, Carol, eds. (2014) . "Holyoke". Latino Politics in Massachusetts: Struggles, Strategies and Prospects. Routledge. p. 99. ISBN 9781135672140.
- Guillet, Ernest B. (1980). French ethnic literature and culture in an American city : a study of New England French Canadian and Franco-American writings and theatrical productions with emphasis on Holyoke, Massachusetts, a major center of French life as seen in its newspapers, novels, poems, and plays between 1869 and the mid twentieth century (PhD). University of Massachusetts. OCLC 49863028.
- Haebler, Peter (1976). Habitants in Holyoke: The Development of the French-Canadian Community in a Massachusetts City, 1865 - 1910 (PhD). University of New Hampshire. OCLC 163261568.
- Hartford, William F. (1990). Working people of Holyoke : class and ethnicity in a Massachusetts mill town, 1850-1960. New Brunswick, NJ.: Rutgers University Press. ISBN 9780813515762. OCLC 21041495.
- Smith, Bulkeley (1962). Holyoke's Negro Families; report to the Greater Holyoke Council of Churches of a survey. Greater Holyoke Council of Churches. OCLC 22333856.
- Sosar, David P. (2015). "A Tale of Two Cities: Holyoke, Massachusetts and Hazleton, Pennsylvania" (PDF). International Journal of Education and Social Science. 2 (1). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2018.
- Ueda, Reed, ed. (2017). "Holyoke, Puerto Rican Enclaves". America's Changing Neighborhoods: An Exploration of Diversity through Places. ABC-CLIO. p. 586. ISBN 9781440828652.
- Wiesinger, Gerwart (1994). Die deutsche Einwandererkolonie von Holyoke, Massachusetts, 1865-1920 [The German Immigrant Colony of Holyoke, Massachusetts, 1865-1920] (in German). Stuttgart: F. Steiner Verlag. OCLC 31941276.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Holyoke.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holyoke, Massachusetts.|
- City of Holyoke official website
- Greater Holyoke Chamber of Commerce
- Holyoke Innovation District, official site, operated by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative
- Holyokemass.com – History and genealogy of Holyoke, Massachusetts