click links in text for more info

Home Fleet

The Home Fleet was a fleet of the Royal Navy that operated from the United Kingdom's territorial waters from 1902 with intervals until 1967. Before the First World War, it consisted of the four Port Guard ships. In 1905 it was disestablished, from 1905 to 1907 remaining ships at a lesser state of readiness were split into the reserve divisions. During the First World War, it comprised some of the older ships of the Royal Navy. During the Second World War, it was the Royal Navy's main battle force in European waters. In the first years of the 20th century, the Royal Navy had four'Port Guard' ships, stationed in the major naval bases to act as flagships for the admirals commanding at those ports; these vessels appear to have been stationed at the Nore and Plymouth, as well as one other major base. On 1 October 1902, the Admiral Superintendent Naval Reserves Vice-Admiral Gerard Noel, was given the additional appointment of Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, allotted a rear-admiral to serve under him as commander of the Home Squadron.

"... the nucleus of the Home Fleet would consist of the four Port Guard ships, which would be withdrawn from their various scattered dockyards and turned into a unified and permanent sea-going command – the Home Squadron – based on Portland. Under the direction of the commander-in-chief of the Home Fleet would be the Coast Guard ships, which would continue to be berthed for the most part in their respective district harbours in order to carry out their local duties, but would join the Home Squadron for sea work at least three times per year, at which point the assembled force – the Home Squadron and the Coast Guard vessels – would be known collectively as the Home Fleet." Rear-Admiral George Atkinson-Willes was Second-in-Command of the Home Fleet, with his flag in the battleship HMS Empress of India, at this time. In May 1903 Noel was succeeded as Commander-in-Chief by Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson. On 14 December 1904, the Channel Fleet was re-styled the Atlantic Fleet and the Home Fleet became the Channel Fleet.

In 1907, the Home Fleet was reformed with Vice-Admiral Francis Bridgeman in command, succeeded by Admiral Sir William May in 1909. Bridgeman took command again in 1911, in the same year was succeeded by Admiral Sir George Callaghan. On 29 March 1912, a new structure of the fleet was announced, which came into force on 1 May 1912; the former Home Fleet, organised into four divisions, was divided into the First and Third Fleets as Home Fleets. The Home Fleets were the Navy's unified home commands in British waters from 1912 to 1914. On 4 August 1914, as the First World War was breaking out, John Jellicoe was ordered to take command of the Fleet, which by his appointment order was renamed the Grand Fleet. Post holders during the pre-war period were:' Post holders included: Post holders included: The Home Fleets were a new organisation of the Royal Navy's unified home commands instituted on 31 July 1912 to December 1914; the Commander-in-Chiefs of the three home commands reported to Home Fleets. Post holders included: On 8 August 1914 units of the Home Fleets were distributed in accordance with Admiralty Fleet Order the majority of elements formed the new Grand Fleet others were assigned to the following units: Channel Fleet, Northern Patrol-Cruiser Force B, 7th Cruiser Squadron-Cruiser Force, 11th Cruiser Squadron-Cruiser Force E, Dover Patrol, Harwich Flotillas, 7th Destroyer Flotilla, 8th Destroyer Flotilla, 9th Destroyer Flotilla, 5th Submarine Flotilla, 6th Submarine Flotilla, 7th Submarine Flotilla and the 8th Submarine Flotilla.

When the Grand Fleet was disbanded in April 1919, the more powerful ships were reformed into the Atlantic Fleet and the older ships were reformed into the "Home Fleet". The name "Home Fleet" was resurrected in March 1932, as the new name for the Atlantic Fleet, following the Invergordon Mutiny; the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet in 1933 was Admiral Sir John Kelly. The Home Fleet comprised the flagship Nelson leading a force that included the 2nd Battle Squadron, the Battlecruiser Squadron, the 2nd Cruiser Squadron, CB, CMG aboard Dorsetshire, three destroyer flotillas, a submarine flotilla, two aircraft carriers and associated vessels. Post holders during the inter-war period were: The Home Fleet was the Royal Navy's main battle force in European waters during the Second World War. On 3 September 1939, under Admiral Forbes flying his flag in Nelson at Scapa Flow, it consisted of the 2nd Battle Squadron, the Battle Cruiser Squadron, 18th Cruiser Squadron, Rear-Admiral, Rear-Admiral, Vice-Admiral, Aircraft Carriers, the Orkney and Shetlands force.

Its chief responsibility was to keep Germany's Kriegsmarine from breaking out of the North Sea. For this purpose, the First World War base at Scapa Flow was reactivated as it was well placed for interceptions of ships trying to run the blockade; the two most surprising losses of the Home Fleet during the early part of the war were the sinking of the old battleship Royal Oak by the German submarine U-47 while safe in Scapa Flow, the loss of the pride of the Navy, the battlecruiser Hood, to the German battleship Bismarck. 2nd Battle Squadron under Admiral Blagrove was disestablished when he died in the sinking of HMS Royal Oak. The operational areas of the Home Fleet were not circumscribed, units were

The Hills (season 4)

The fourth season of The Hills, an American reality television series, consists of 20 episodes and was broadcast on MTV. It aired from August 18, 2008, until December 22, 2008; the season was filmed in Los Angeles, with additional footage in New York City, New York. The executive producer was Liz Gateley; the Hills focuses on the lives of Lauren Conrad, Audrina Patridge, Whitney Port, Heidi Montag. During the season, Conrad's distaste for Montag's boyfriend Spencer Pratt continues to inhibit reconciliation between the women. Meanwhile, Patridge is concerned that her new housemate Lo Bosworth is straining her relationship with Conrad; the season finale saw Port relocate to New York City to accept employment with Diane von Fürstenberg, while Montag and Pratt elope. Upon the conclusion of the season, Port was commissioned her own spin-off series The City, which chronicled the lives of her and friends Olivia Palermo, Jay Lyon, Erin Lucas, Adam Senn. Additionally, rumors were widespread that Conrad wished to leave the series to pursue other career opportunities, though she made her final appearance on the series during the mid-season finale of the following season.

The fourth season continues as tension builds between housemates Lauren Conrad, Audrina Patridge, Lo Bosworth. Patridge expresses concern that Bosworth is becoming a distancing factor between Conrad. Before Patridge moves into a separate residence, the women tearfully mend their friendship. However, their friendship is strained after Patridge hears false speculation that Conrad was involved with her on-again/off-again boyfriend Justin Brescia. Conrad became involved in a romantic relationship with her former boyfriend Doug Reinhardt, though the pair separated and instead became friends; as part of her duties with Kelly Cutrone's PR firm People's Revolution, Whitney Port finds herself travelling to New York City and living a bi-coastal lifestyle. She moves to the city after receiving employment with Diane von Fürstenberg, at which point she is commissioned her own spin-off series The City. Meanwhile, to the dismay of her boyfriend Spencer Pratt, Heidi Montag allows her sister Holly to temporarily live with them after moving from their hometown of Crested Butte, Colorado.

Pratt convinces Heidi to ask Holly to find another residence. In celebration of her absence, he visits Montag at her work event with Bolthouse Productions, where she is terminated after becoming visibly intoxicated. However, Pratt becomes enraged after Conrad and Bosworth welcome Holly to stay with them, as he and Montag were still feuding with the former regarding earlier sex tape rumors. Afterwards, Pratt surprises Montag with a vacation to Cabo San Lucas. Upon returning to Los Angeles and Montag appear to come to common terms and become friends again out of spite of suspicions over Spencer; the season concludes as Pratt chooses not to legalize their marriage after deciding to gift Montag with her dream wedding. All four main cast members retain their positions during the fourth season of the series. Lauren Conrad serves as the series' narrator and focal point, continues to attend the Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising. Along with her friend Whitney Port, she remains employed by Kelly Cutrone's PR firm People's Revolution.

Audrina Patridge is housemates with Conrad, works for Epic Records. Heidi Montag remains estranged with her former friends Conrad and Patridge, is employed by event planning company Bolthouse Productions; the aforementioned women's storylines were developed by a number of supporting cast members. Lo Bosworth is Conrad's best friend and third housemate, though Patridge sees her as a distancing factor in her friendship with Conrad. Justin Brescia, nicknamed "Justin Bobby" by Bosworth, returns as Patridge's on-again/off-again boyfriend. Brody Jenner, Frankie Delgado, Doug Reinhardt are mutual friends with the majority of the cast. Having dated during their teenage years, Reinhardt briefly dated Conrad in the beginning of the season. Montag and her boyfriend Spencer Pratt are disliked by the majority of the cast, who look to disassociate themselves with the couple's antagonistic antics. However, Conrad is friends with their sisters Holly Montag and Stephanie Pratt, through whom Montag attempts to revive their friendship.

In the workplace, Cutrone is featured as Conrad and Port's boss, while Brent Bolthouse serves as Montag's boss. Kimberly Brandon and Chiara Kramer are shown as Montag and Patridge's respective co-workers and friends

1952–53 NHL season

The 1952–53 NHL season was the 36th season of the National Hockey League. The Montreal Canadiens were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Boston Bruins four games to one in the final series; the NHL had a seventh franchise, as the Cleveland Barons of the American Hockey League applied for a franchise. They were accepted with the proviso that they deposit $425,000 to show good faith, prove they had sufficient working capital to consort with the other NHL teams, they could not come up with the working capital and transfer of applicants stock to Cleveland residents. As a result, the Barons were told to apply at a date. A big deal was made between Toronto and Chicago as the Maple Leafs shipped Al Rollins, Gus Mortson, Cal Gardner for goaltender Harry Lumley. Sid Abel was signed by Chicago to be player-coach. What was rumoured became fact in September when Arthur M. Wirtz and James D. Norris became the new owners of the near bankrupt Chicago Black Hawks. James E. Norris, owner of the Detroit Red Wings since 1932 and father of James D. Norris, Chicago owner, died of a heart attack on December 4, 1952, his daughter Marguerite became the owner.

She became the first female owner of an NHL franchise since Ida Querrie owned the Toronto St. Patricks in 1923 when her husband Charlie transferred his stock in the team to her to avoid paying Eddie Livingstone any money in Livingstone's lawsuit against him. NHL on-ice officials changed to orange-coloured uniforms in March 1953; the officials had worn cream-coloured uniforms which were not distinguishable from some team's home-ice uniforms. For the fifth straight season, the Detroit Red Wings lead the league in points. Gordie Howe won the Hart Trophy over Al Rollins, but on the strength of Rollins' goaltending, Chicago made the playoffs for the first time since 1946; the first television broadcast in Canada of an NHL game occurred on October 11 of this year. It was a French language broadcast of a game between the Montreal Canadiens and Detroit Red Wings with the Canadiens winning 2–1; the French language telecast was produced by 24-year-old Gerald Renaud. On November 1, the first English language broadcast aired, with Foster Hewitt calling the action, starting in the second period because Conn Smythe was concerned that it would cut into the crowds at the arena.

Smythe, the Leafs' managing director, sold the Leafs' television rights for a paltry $100 per game. Gump Worsley made his NHL debut October 9, 1952, in goal for the New York Rangers at the Detroit Olympia and lost 5–3, as Ted Lindsay scored in a tip-in on the power play for Worsley's first goal against him; the Production line scored 3 goals that night as Alex Delvecchio and Gordie Howe had goals. Marty Pavelich scored. On November 8, 14,562 fans were in attendance at the Montreal Forum when the Canadiens beat Chicago 6–4. Elmer Lach scored his 200th career goal. Fifty seconds after Emile "Butch" Bouchard fed him the puck, Rocket Richard rifled a puck past Al Rollins for his 325th goal, breaking Nels Stewart's record for career goals, it was ten years to the day. "Old Poison" sent the following telegram: "Congratulations on breaking record. Hope you will hold it for many seasons. Best of luck to you and rest of team." When Terry Sawchuk was injured in practice, the Red Wings brought up Glenn Hall and he made his NHL debut on December 27 and played well in a 2–2 tie with Montreal.

Hall picked up his first career shutout January 7, blanking Boston 4–0. Red Wings General Manager Jack Adams got into some trouble on January 18 when, after a 3–2 loss to Montreal, he entered the officials room and argued with referee Red Storey. Dick Irvin, coach of Montreal, was upset over this and NHL president Clarence Campbell agreed, fining Adams $500. Gump Worsley got his first career shutout January 11 when the New York Rangers defeated the Canadiens 7–0 in Montreal. Butch Bouchard Night was held on February 28 and he was presented with a car and a TV set. Detroit spoiled the night with a 4–3 victory. There was consternation in Toronto when Max Bentley vanished and was reported back at his home in Delisle, Saskatchewan. Conn Smythe convinced him to return and he did, playing the remaining games of the schedule. Ted Lindsay scored 4 goals on March 2 as Detroit pummeled Boston by a score of 10–2. Gordie Howe scored 49 goals to nearly tie Rocket Richard's record. Howe was held off the scoresheet in the final game of the season by Richard's Canadiens.

Howe won the Art Ross and Hart trophies. In a major upset, first-place Detroit was defeated in the semifinal by the Boston Bruins in six games. In the other semifinal, the fourth-place Chicago Black Hawks, making their first playoff appearance in seven years, took a 3–2 series lead after losing the first two games to the second-place Montreal Canadiens, but could not finish the job, losing in seven games. In the Finals, the Bruins could not continue their winning ways, lost to Montreal in five games. After the Finals, the Cleveland Barons of the American Hockey League applied to play a Stanley Cup challenge; the NHL governors turned down the challenge, stating that the Cleveland club operated in a league of lower standing. Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes Note: GP = Games played.

Tomb Raider (comics)

The Tomb Raider comic book series are based on the video game franchise Tomb Raider produced by Crystal Dynamics, which features the character of Lara Croft. The original series of comics, which were released between 1999 and 2005, were published by Top Cow and were based on the games released by Core Design. In 2014, following the reboot of the Tomb Raider franchise, the series was revived and is being published by Dark Horse Comics; the new timeline of events is based upon the rebooted iteration of her adventures. The series, which ran from 1999 to 2005, consisted of monthly issues published by Top Cow Productions, who secured the rights to producing comics after a long struggle. Preceding this series, French publisher Glenat got the green light from Eidos France to produce a comic series called Dark Eons based on the Tomb Raider games, taken off the market shortly after. Besides the monthly series, a parallel 12-part series called Journeys, which ran from 2001 to 2003, was published; the comics are based on the same continuity as the games by Core Design, in which Lara's plane crashes when she is twenty-one years old, but the exact details are changed.

In the comic, Lara is accompanied by both her parents and her fiancé, the plane trip taken to celebrate her impending marriage. Writers Dan Jurgens, John Nay Riber, James Bonny worked on the series, which featured the art of Andy Park, Michael Turner, Billy Tan, Adam Hughes, amongst others. There are one shots released and talk of the comic being reintroduced to tie into the Tomb Raider: Legend edited continuity. There have been frequent crossovers with other Top Cow publications such as Fathom, The Darkness and Witchblade; the debut issue of Tomb Raider was the number one-selling comic book of 1999. In late 2006, Top Cow released the Tomb Raider Compendium; this was a single volume, collected edition of the Tomb Raider comic series. The book encompasses all 50 issues, as well as a cover gallery featuring select covers, most of them done by Adam Hughes, it is a full-color reproduction of all fifty issues on high-quality paper. This collection, does not include the various specials and one-shots from the series.

This would explain why the compendium has "Volume One" written on the side. Bandai Entertainment published a "tankōbon" set of volumes, which reprints older stories in black-and-white in a smaller book. Tomb Raider comics were announced to return in late 2007. In 2014, Dark Horse Comics began publishing a new series of comics, set between the 2013 reboot and its sequel, Gail Simone wrote the first six issues, before collaborating with Rhianna Pratchett for the next arc, before Pratchett took over for the rest of the series. In 2016, another series started to bridge the gap between Rise of the Tomb Raider and the next game in the series, Shadow of the Tomb Raider. Primary series Tomb Raider, Starring Lara Croft vol. 1 changed to Lara Croft, Tomb Raider with issue #25 in 2002 due to the release of the movie of the same name in 2001 was the first ongoing series featuring the character published by Top Cow Productions. It ran for 50 issues with Tomb Raider #0 and #1/2. Tomb Raider vol. 2 was the second ongoing series published by Dark Horse Comics.

It ran for 18 issues. Tomb Raider vol. 3 was the third ongoing series published by Dark Horse Comics. It ran for 12 issues. Limited series Tomb Raider, Starring Lara Croft: Journeys 12-issue limited series. D. Smith, Tyson Wengler, Brian Buccelato Tomb Raider: Survivor's Crusade 4-issue limited series. D. Smith Witchblade/Tomb Raider by writer Michael Turner and Bill O'Neil, pencils by Michael Turner, inks by Joe Weems V, colors by J. D. Smith Witchblade/Tomb Raider #1/2 by writer Michael Turner and Bill O'Neil, pencils by Ken Cha, inks by Andy Owens, colors by Matt Nelson Tomb Raider: Origins by writer Dan Jurgens.

Janet Cox-Rearick

Janet Cox-Rearick was an American art historian, Distinguished Professor of Art History at the City University of New York. Born Janet Pearson Cox in Bronxville, New York to Vernon Cox, a schoolmaster at St. Bernard's School in Manhattan, Mary Bostwick Cox, a Wellesley College graduate in Art History, she attended Wellesley College. Though she was working as a model and preparing for a career in fashion merchandising, her encounter with Sydney J. Freedberg, her professor at Wellesley, convinced her to follow a career in art history, she followed Freedberg to Harvard, where she did her PhD under his supervision. She won a two-year Fulbright Fellowship in 1954, which led to her meeting with a young opera student, Anna Moffo, who became her lifelong friend. In 1961–63 she was a member of the first class of Fellows to Villa I Tatti, The Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies, she held appointments at I Tatti again in 1975–76 and 1990–91. Her dissertation, The Drawings of Pontormo, was published as a book in 1963.

Her books include: Dynasty and Destiny in Medici Art. She co-curated the 1999 exhibition The Drawings of Bronzino at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, she taught at Wellesley College soon after graduation worked as a curator in the Department of Prints and Drawings of the Art Institute of Chicago. She became a lecturer at the Frick Collection before being hired, on the recommendation of Leo Steinberg, to teach Italian Renaissance art at Hunter College, she remained at Hunter College for over forty years, taught at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. She received the title of Distinguished Professor from the City University of New York. For her work on Francois I, the French government awarded her a knighthood, naming her a Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres, she married three times, first to the art historian William Roger Rearick. Her second husband was a leading scholar of American music, her third husband is the art historian Louis A. Waldman. Bambach, Janet Cox-Rearick, George R. Goldner.

The Drawings of Bronzino. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2010. ISBN 9781588393548 Janet Cox-Rearick, Richard Aste. Giulio Romano, Master Designer: An Exhibition of Drawings in Celebration of the Five Hundredth Anniversary of His Birth. New York: Bertha and Karl Leubsdorf Art Gallery, Hunter College of the City University of New York, 1999. ISBN 9781885998217 Cox-Rearick, Janet,The Collection of Francis I: Royal Treasures. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996. ISBN 9780810940383 Cox-Rearick, Janet. Bronzino's Chapel of Eleonora in the Palazzo Vecchio. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN 9780520074804 According to WorldCat, the book is held in 622 libraries Janet. Dynasty and Destiny in Medici Art: Pontormo, Leo X, the Two Cosimos. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1984. ISBN 9780691040233 According to WorldCat, the book is held in 484 libraries Cox-Rearick, Janet,The Drawings of Pontormo: A Catalogue Raisonné with Notes on the Paintings. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1981.

ISBN 9780878172726

Australian Maritime Safety Authority

Australian Maritime Safety Authority is an Australian statutory authority responsible for the regulation and safety oversight of Australia's shipping fleet and management of Australia's international maritime obligations. The authority has jurisdiction over Australia's exclusive economic zone which covers an area of 11,000,000 square kilometres. AMSA maintains Australia's shipping registries: the general and the international shipping registers. AMSA was established in 1990 under the Australian Maritime Safety Authority Act 1990 and governed by the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997. AMSA is an agency within the Department of Transport. Directors are appointed by the minister; the international treaties which AMSA administers include the Navigation Act 2012 and the Protection of the Sea Act 1983. Organised sea rescue in Australia was well established during the Second World War. Precursor international arrangements included usage of a range of warning and communication systems. AMSA is funded through levies on the shipping industry.

In the 2010-2011 financial year, AMSA recorded expenses of just over $146 million, with revenue at just under $159 million, creating a surplus of more than $10 million. Marine safety activities of AMSA include: the provision and maintenance of a network of marine aids to navigation, for example, lighthouses ensuring the seaworthiness and safe operation of Australian and foreign vessels in Australian waters, including the enforcement of compulsory pilotage administering the certification of seafarers the provision of a maritime distress and safety communications network the operation of Australia's Rescue Coordination Centre and coordination of search and rescue operations for civilian aircraft and vessels in distress and the development of a maritime safety commercial vessel legislative framework and operating system. AMSA aims to protect the marine environment by administering programs to prevent and respond to the threat of ship-sourced marine pollution, it is responsible for administering MARPOL 73/78, an international marine environmental convention designed to minimize pollution of the seas.

AMSA can instigate prosecutions itself, but works with states and territories during investigations and enforcement activities such as vessel inspections. A recent major AMSA project involved the rewrite of the Navigation Act 1912, the agency's governing statute. AMSA maintains. Ships registered on an Australian shipping register have Australian nationality for international shipping law purposes. Unless otherwise exempt, Australian owned ships are required to be registered on the general or international shipping register if it is a domestic commercial vessel, 24 metres or over in tonnage length, capable of navigating the high seas, or any vessel travelling overseas. Vessels engaging in international trading that are at least 24 metres in tonnage length and wholly owned or operated by Australian residents, or by Australian residents and Australian nationals may apply to be registered on the international register. There are tax incentives for ships on the international register to make the register competitive with other registers, such as vessels being operated with mixed crews, with the majority of officers and crew not being required to be Australian citizens or residents.

AMSA has delegated certain survey and certification functions to a number of recognised classification societies, which are members of the International Association of Classification Societies. The Council of Australian Governments in 2011 directed AMSA to work co-operatively with the states and territories to create a national system for domestic commercial vessels, including any changes to Commonwealth and territory laws and administrative arrangements of the parties that are necessary to facilitate the reform; the new legislation came into effect in 2013, the transition to the new system was completed in July 2018. The Authority publishes a range of materials in relation to maritime safety; as of 2011 its maritime survival manual Survival at Sea: A Training and Instruction Manual is in its 6th edition. Australian aerial patrol Coast Guards of Australia Official website