Meadowbank, New South Wales
Meadowbank is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Meadowbank is located 15 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Ryde and part of the Northern Suburbs area. Meadowbank sits in a valley on the northern bank of the Parramatta River; the territory from Sydney Cove to Parramatta, on the northern side of the Parramatta River, was thought to be that of the Wallumattagal, had the aboriginal name Wallumetta, the territory of the Wallumede people. Aboriginal people in the Sydney district were clans of larger groups sharing a common language. Three language groups have been identified in the Sydney Region - the Kuringgai, the Dharug, the Dharawal; the Wallumedegal are thought to have been within the Dharug speaking area. Land granted to Surgeon William Balmain in 1794, in the district of the Field of Mars, was bestowed the name'Meadow Bank'. Balmain returned to England in 1801, leaving his estates to be managed by fellow surgeon D'Arcy Wentworth.
Wentworth agreed to sell Balmain's grants to John Bennett, an ex-convict, transported in 1795. By 1819 both the'Meadow Bank Estate' and'Chatham Farm' to the north, belonged to Bennett. In 1823 he was joined by his nephew William Bennett. John Bennett died in July 1829, a bachelor, his nephew inherited his estate, building Meadowbank House around 1835. William sold'Chatham Farm' to Major Edward Darvall in 1855. William Bennett died in 1865 but his widow remained at Meadowbank until her death in 1879; the estate was subdivided in the late 1880s, given impetus by the opening of the railway from Strathfield to Hornsby in 1886. The station opened here was called Hellenic but this was changed to Meadowbank, after the Meadowbank Estate. Meadowbank Public Baths established in 1895 was a former recreation destination but were closed in 1943 due to pollution from Homebush Bay. Shepherds Bay Row Boat ferry services were established as early as 1794 from Schooner Wharf taking passengers to the Concord shore.
Meadowbank Manufacturing Company Works was the first industry in Meadowbank, established on 95 acres of land in 1890, with frontage to the Parramatta River and easy access to the railway producing agricultural equipment for the local area and throughout the country. The existing seawall is made from the remnants of the original sandstone. Shepherds Bay is named after early settler James Shepherd, transported as a convict in 1791. Vineyard terraces were located on the upper slopes. Former Ryde Wharf and punt located in Shepherds Bay Park. Remnants of wharf walling visible at low tide; the Ryde to Rhodes punt operated between 1898 and 1935. Passengers included employees of the State Timber yards at cattle; the punt was unreliable. Ryde Council investigated potential sites for the Ryde Baths in 1877 and the desirability of having public baths. Ten years when a man was killed whilst bathing at Ryde Wharf, the issue was raised again. In 1904, a site was chosen at the bottom of Waterview Road; the Ryde Swimming Baths were opened in 1905.
Mixed bathing was not permitted. Ryde Bridge took two years to build, opened in 1935. A series of tolls were applied and were ceased to be collected in 1949. State Timber Yards were opposite on Rhodes Peninsula. Meadowbank has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Main Northern railway: Meadowbank Rail Bridge over Parramatta River Meadowbank is a mixed commercial-residential area. Meadowbank features a small group of shops on either side of Meadowbank railway station and a shopping centre within the residential apartment complex to the south, along Bay Drive. Meadowbank TAFE is a major educational institution. Meadowbank is undergoing gentrification, with many of its factories being demolished and replaced by waterfront high-rise apartments with views of the Parramatta River. Meadowbank is accessible by Road, Ferry and Train. Meadowbank experiences limited traffic as major roads circle rather than run through the suburb. Lane Cove road to the east, Victoria Road to Adelaide Street to the West.
Other central roads include Meadow Crescent and Bank Street. Meadowbank railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network. Meadowbank has two side platforms; the station is served with additional trains on weekday peak hours. The station is within walking distance of a ferry wharf served by Sydney to Parramatta ferries. Meadowbank has a ferry wharf on the Parramatta River as part of the Sydney Ferries network; the next wharf west is Sydney Olympic Park and east. The ferry services tourists on weekends and city workers during the week. RiverCat catamaran type ferries work the Parramatta River route due to shallow waters during low tides. Meadowbank Multipurpose Learning Centre is the local Long Day care centre for children aged 0-6 and provides a Before and After School Care facility for the children of Meadowbank Public School; the Italian Bilingual School. This school moved from Leichhardt to See Street, Meadowbank in 2013, it offers students a bilingual education in Italian.
Meadowbank TAFE St Michael's School is a Catholic primary school, founded in 1922 by the Sisters of Mercy. A new education precinct is slated to open on the TAFE site around 2020. Meadowbank International Church Ryde Presbyterian Church St Michael's Catholic Church River City Church Meadowbank features great public access to Parramatta River and surrounding parklands. Meadowbank Park, Constitution Road. Major sports fie
Division of Reid
The Division of Reid is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division is named after the Right Honourable Sir George Reid, a former Premier of New South Wales and the fourth Prime Minister of Australia; the division was proclaimed at the redistribution of 13 September 1922, was first contested at the 1922 federal election. The division is located in the inner-western suburbs of Sydney, includes the suburbs of Abbotsford, Breakfast Point, Canada Bay, Concord, Concord West, Five Dock, Homebush, Homebush West, Liberty Grove, Newington, North Strathfield, Rodd Point, Russell Lea, Sydney Olympic Park and Wentworth Point; the current Member for Reid, since the 2013 federal election, is Craig Laundy, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia. Under initial proposals for the 2009 redistribution, the Australian Electoral Commission proposed that the division be abolished. However, in the final proposal, the name "Reid" was retained for a division combining much of the now-abolished Division of Lowe with part of the old Division of Reid.
While the old Reid was a safe Labor seat, the 2009 redistribution made Reid far less safe for Labor, with its majority being slashed by six percent. That was because of the addition of territory from Lowe, a marginal Labor seat for most of the time since the 1980s. John Murphy, the last member for Lowe, retained Reid for Labor at the 2010 election with just a two percent margin, after suffering an eight percent swing. At the 2013 election, the seat was won for the first time by the Liberal Party of Australia. Prominent members representing the division include Jack Lang who, like Reid, was a former Premier of New South Wales, Tom Uren, a deputy leader of the Australian Labor Party, Laurie Ferguson, the son of Jack Ferguson, a Deputy Premier of New South Wales, the brother of Martin Ferguson, a former President of the Australian Council of Trade Unions and a minister in the Rudd and Gillard governments. Division of Reid – Australian Electoral Commission
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Lidcombe is a suburb in western Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Lidcombe is located 18 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government areas of Cumberland Council and City of Parramatta. Lidcombe is located west of the largest cemetery in the Southern Hemisphere. Samuel Haslam owned various grants beside Haslams Creek from 1804. A railway station called Haslam's Creek was opened in this area in 1859, on the railway line from Sydney to Parramatta. Haslam's Creek is sometimes referred to as Haslem's Creek. Although it had not been intended to construct a station at Haslam's Creek, the owner of the land where the station now stands, Father John Joseph Therry, together with nearby landholders Potts and Blaxland, agreed to pay £700 to enable its construction. Haslam's Creek was the site of the first railway disaster in New South Wales in July 1858 which resulted in two deaths; when the necropolis opened in 1867 it was known as Haslam's Creek Cemetery.
Residents disliked the association with the burial ground and in 1876 the suburb was renamed Rookwood from a title of a novel by William Harrison Ainsworth. The name of the railway station was changed to Rookwood in 1878 and by the 1880s shops were established in the area. In 1891, the municipality of Rookwood was incorporated. Over time, the necropolis had become known as Rookwood Cemetery and by 1898 residents were again agitated about the association of their suburb with the cemetery. In 1913, a new name was suggested to honour the previous mayor Henry John Larcombe and the serving mayor Frederick Lidbury. Syllables from the name of each alderman were combined to form the name Lidcombe on 1 January 1914; the municipality amalgamated with Auburn local government area in 1949. A large number of post-WWII European migrants, including a large number of Ukrainians, settled in the area of Lidcombe, built a number of buildings including a church, 2 halls and 2 schools. Lidcombe is still the cultural centre of the Ukrainian community in Sydney.
The population dynamics changed with the influx of Middle Eastern immigrants in the 1970s. The two main streets are Joseph, named after the early colonial priest John Joseph Terry. Lidcombe has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: East Street: Rookwood Cemetery and Necropolis Joseph Street: Lidcombe Hospital Precinct Lidcombe railway station is an important junction station, it is served by four suburban lines: the Olympic Park line to Sydney Olympic Park the North Shore, Northern & Western Line. A railway service from the Mortuary railway station, near Central railway station, once ran to a platform at the nearby Rookwood Cemetery, on the Rookwood Cemetery railway line but has since closed. State Transit runs one route, Transdev NSW runs three routes and NightRide runs three routes via Lidcombe station. For full details of these services see Lidcombe Station. North of the railway line: Church Street is the site for the St Andrews Ukrainian Catholic Church and its presbytery, hall and kindergarten, the former Karpaty Ukrainian Credit Union.
John Street is the site of the Ukrainian Youth Association's Centre and the Armenian Catholic Church. South of the railway line: Joseph Street is the site for the Ukrainian National Hall and the Ukrainian Central School. Nearby is the office of "The Free Thought" Ukrainian newspaper. Railway Hotel is an Art Deco building in Joseph Street. Lidcombe Hotel, John Street, is heritage-listed Royal Oak Hotel, Railway Street, is heritage-listed The Gables is a historic home in East Street, now used as a function centre; the house has a state heritage listing. Juniperina Juvenile Justice Centre on Rookwood Road is a juvenile detention centre for girls, it is the only detention facility catering for juvenile female offenders in New South Wales. The Centre was used as a filming location for the UK-Australian TV mini series,'The Leaving of Liverpool'. Lidcombe Hospital was developed as a residential estate; the original complex was designed by Walter Liberty Vernon, Government Architect of the day, built in 1906.
It is now listed on the Register of the National Estate as well as being listed at a state level. Former Lidcombe Post Office, Joseph Street, is heritage-listed Lidcombe has many places of worship including: Sydney Grace Church on 74 Joseph Street St Joachim's Catholic Church on John Street and Mills Street Sts Cyril and Methodius Slovak Catholic Church in Vaughan Street. St Andrew's Ukrainian Catholic Church on Church Street St Stephens Anglican Church on Mark Street Russian Orthodox Old Rite Church on Vaughan Street St Ephraim Syrian Orthodox Church on Joseph Street Lidcombe Baptist Church on Kerrs Road Our Lady of the Assumption Armenian Catholic Church on John Street Pacific Island Christian Church on Martin Street Christian Church on the corner of Olympic Drive and Vaughan Street GracePoint Presbyterian Church, on the corner of East and James Street St Marks Presbyterian Church in Yarram Street was closed Onnurri Korean Church in the Botanica Estate on Main Avenue Lidcombe Public School, located on John Street, was established in 1879.
The school has 600 students from the Lidcombe area and caters for special education children with trained teachers in that field. The school provides extra-curricular education facilities such as a choir, dance group and PSSA sports team. There is a before and after-school care
Electoral district of Drummoyne
Drummoyne is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is represented by John Sidoti of the Liberal Party. Drummoyne includes the suburbs and localities of Abbotsford, Breakfast Point, Canada Bay, Cockatoo Island, Concord West, Five Dock, Liberty Grove, Rhodes, Rodd Island, Spectacle Island, Rodd Point, Russell Lea and parts of North Strathfield. Drummoyne was created in 1913. With the introduction of proportional representation, it was absorbed into the multi-member electorate of Ryde, but recreated in 1927. For much of the early 1900s, it was a marginal seat. Between the 1960s and 2000s, Drummoyne was a Labor-leaning seat; the electoral district is represented by John Sidoti of the Liberal Party. Notably, this was the scene of future Liberal Prime Minister John Howard's first run for parliament, in 1968. "Drummoyne". New South Wales Electoral Commission. Retrieved 21 April 2015
Rhodes, New South Wales
Rhodes is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rhodes is located 16 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Canada Bay, it was part of Concord Municipality until a merger with Drummoyne Council to form Canada Bay in December 2000. Rhodes sits on a peninsula between Bray Bay and Homebush Bay, on the southern bank of the Parramatta River and is located about 3 kilometres from Stadium Australia, Sydney Olympic Park, Sydney International Aquatic Centre, Bicentennial Park and Millennium Parklands; the pedestrian, cyclist and emergency services Bennelong Bridge from Rhodes to Wentworth Point opened in May 2016. The eastern section, east of Concord Road, is predominantly single family detached houses and parkland, it features two residential streets, Cropley Street and Llewellyn Street, which front the Parramatta River. The central section, between Concord Road and the Main Northern railway line, is mixed commercial, single family detached dwelling residential, warehouse/office developments and community facilities.
It includes: Rhodes Corporate Park, built on the site of the former Tullochs Phoenix Iron Works. The western section, west of the railway line, features new developments on the former chemical and industrial sites, includes: the Rhodes Waterside Shopping Centre; this area was planned by the NSW Government under Sydney Regional Environment Plan No 29. Rhodes was named after the home of an early resident, Thomas Walker, built on the north-eastern side of the peninsula. Walker named his property Rhodes after Rhodes Hall, in Leeds, England; the house was demolished in 1919, when the land was purchased by the John Darling Flour Mills owned by Allied Feeds Limited. Industry invaded the once picturesque and forested isthmus in 1911 when Messrs. G & C. Hoskins established a large foundry specialising in the manufacture of cast iron pipes for gas and city water reticulation purposes. In 1930 their operations moved to Port Kembla, in 1935 the site was taken over by CSR. During the period from about 1930 to the mid-1980s, the western part of the suburb between Homebush Bay and the railway line was taken up by chemical manufacturing.
The main manufacturers were Berger Paints, CSR Chemicals, Union Carbide, Allied Feeds. The former Tulloch Limited Phoenix Iron Works were located between the railway line and Concord Road, south of Mary Street, they gave their name to Phoenix Avenue. This is now the site of the Hewlett Packard offices in Sydney. Tullochs manufactured rolling stock for the New South Wales Government Railways. In October 2010, the City of Canada Bay approved a plan which would allow up to 5 buildings of 25 storeys in this Western section; the expected population in this western section is over 11,000, making it one of the most densely populated areas of Sydney outside the CBD. There are school education within this area. With the exception of the area bounded by Mary, Walker and Gauthorpe Streets all of the land on the western side of the railway line has needed remediation. Most of the sediments along the sea wall from Oulton Avenue to the northern tip of the peninsula require remediation; the balance of the bay remains contaminated by numerous chemicals including phthalates, lead, heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, but to a lesser extent than the areas closer to the sea wall on the eastern shore of the bay.
The remediation of the former Union Carbide site, the former Allied Feeds site and a strip of dioxin contaminated sediments in Homebush Bay, have been the subject of extensive analysis and community activism, including by the Rhodes Peninsula Group. The remediation is approved and monitored by the Department of Planning & Environment with extensive community consultation. A strip of sediment in Homebush Bay between 40 and 100 metres wide and about 850 metres long along the eastern foreshore is being excavated and processed by direct thermal desorption and incineration to remove dioxins and other volatile organics; the remediation proposals were subject to a Parliamentary Inquiry by the NSW Standing Committee on State Development Committee. The remediation was completed in February 2011; the former Berger Paints site near Oulton Avenue, the CSR Chemicals / Orica Chemicals site on the southern side of Mary Street west of the railway, were remediated. The Rhodes Waterside Shopping centre is located on the former Berger Paints site.
Apartments are being developed on the former Orica Chemicals site, with commercial buildings along the railway line. Apartments are being developed on the former Allied Feeds site. Rhodes has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Main Northern railway: Meadowbank Rail Bridge over Parramatta River Blaxland Road: Rhodes railway station Rhodes railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western Line of the Sydney Trains network; the station is about 30 minutes from the Sydney central business district by rail. State Transit provide services along Rider Boulevard; the Ryde Bridge links Rhodes to Ryde, across the Parramatta River. Rhodes is on a major north-south road s
Liberty Grove, New South Wales
Liberty Grove is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Liberty Grove is located 16 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Canada Bay. Liberty Grove is located in between Homebush Bay Drive to the west and the Main Northern Line railway to the east, it is surrounded by the suburbs of Rhodes to the north and Concord West to the east and south and shares the same postcode of 2138. The Liberty Grove development won the 1999 Urban Development Institute of Australia award for excellence. Settlers first arrived in the area in January 1793 and began farming on'Liberty Plains'. Through the 1900s it became one of Sydney's industrial areas. However, it and much of adjacent industrial area around Homebush Bay, were transformed as part of the Olympic precinct development in preparation for the 2000 Sydney Olympics; the Liberty Grove complex contains swimming pools, tennis courts, basketball court, village green and parks, function room, convenience store and entrances to Rhodes and Concord West.
Rhodes Waterside shopping centre is 100m from the northern entrance. Vehicle access to Liberty Grove is available from Homebush Bay Drive and Oulton Ave; the northern entrance is a ten-minute walk to Rhodes railway station and the southern entrance is a ten-minute walk to Concord West railway station and Bicentennial Park. Settlers Road Liberty Grove is accessible from the east by bicycle and foot from an underpass on Queen St Concord West between Castlestead Street and Coonong Road, it is accessible in the north by bicycle and foot from Rhodes and Concord West at Oulton Avenue. From the south it may be accessed by cyclists and pedestrians at Concord Avenue off King Street, which leads to Concord West, North Strathfield and Olympic Park. Template:Http://www.libertygrove.net.au/about-liberty-grove