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Homemaking is a American term for the management of a home, otherwise known as housework, housekeeping, or household management. It is the act of overseeing the organizational, day-to-day operations of a house or estate, the managing of other domestic concerns. A person in charge of the homemaking, not employed outside the home, in the United States is called a homemaker, a term for a housewife or a househusband; the term "homemaker", may refer to a social worker who manages a household during the incapacity of the housewife or househusband. Housework is not always a lifetime commitment. In previous decades, there were a number of mandatory courses for the young to learn the skills of homemaking. In high school, courses included cooking, home economics and consumer science, food and cooking hygiene. More most of these courses have been abolished, many youths in high school and college would study child development and the management of children's behavior. Early 19th-century ideals required homemaking be the responsibility of the woman.

Traditional wives who stayed home and did not work were required by social ideals to create and maintain a peaceful space to provide to her husband and children. For women in a pre-modern environment, “it is the duty and privilege and solemn responsibility, which make this art of home-making more interesting and important to her than any other art in the world.” Author of these statements, Annie Swan was not alone in the late 1800s viewpoint that women were encouraged, if not required, to maintain the home themselves. In 1875, Harper’s Bazaar published an article outlining the duties of a housewife and the esteemed respect those duties deserve: “but if one only staid to think how countless and how onerous those duties are, more respect would be paid to the faithful effort to perform the, an added reverence extended to the mother, the housekeeper.” Although Harper’s Bazaar recognizes that women do the majority of the work within the home, the article suggests that the work is detailed and at many times, difficult.

The 20th century began with similar homemaking roles as the 19th. In the late 1990s, marriage consisted in most cases of both wife and husband participating in homemaking. Darlene Piña and Vern Bengtson who are anthropologists and professors at the University of Southern California, extensively researched marriage dynamics and household labor in the late twentieth century, they concluded that “all wives benefit by their husbands’ greater involvement in household labor.” The division of labor within the home promotes a healthy relationship between wife. Concluding, that likelihood of increased happiness within marriage is vastly improved when homemaking is shared with the husband. West and Zimmerman, concluded an analysis of over 487 couples and found that “women were rewarded for performing feminine behaviors, such as housework, whereas men receive positive reinforcement for engaging in masculine tasks, such breadwinning.”In contrast, a study performed by Hochschild in 1989, concluded that when wives contributed more than 50% of the household income they still performed more household labor than their husbands.

Hochschild’s study directly debunked the previous theory that women performed housework because they contributed less to household income. Instead, the results of the study indicated that in marriage dynamics where women contributed more than half of the household income, they still completed the vast majority of homemaking tasks. Married women who are economically and dependent on their husbands are less to report the division of household labor as unfair; this significant group of married women felt that household labor reinforced their female gender identity and connection to femininity. Sex and gender continue to shape the division of household responsibilities in the United States in the twenty-first century. According to the 2018 American Time Use Survey, 84 percent of women and 69 percent of men reported that they spent some time performing household duties, which included "housework, lawn care, or household management." Women reported spending an average of 2.6 hours a day on household activities, men 2.0 hours.

On a surveyed day, 49% percent of women and 20% of men reported doing housework. Men and women's perception of household responsibilities differ. Pew Research Center's 2014 Religious Landscape Study found that fathers were more than mothers to say that chores were evenly split between both partners; when asked, 50% of mothers reported they handled more responsibilities around the house than their partners. Despite this difference in perception, a majority of married U. S. adults said. In a 2008 article, social scientists Susan L. Brown and Sayaka Kawamura reported that the unequal distribution in housework was attributed to time availability, they concluded: “wives work fewer hours than their husbands, they have more time available to perform household tasks.” Housekeeping by the homemaker is the care and control of property, ensuring its maintenance and proper use and appearance. A home is a place of residence. In a private home a maid or housekeeper might be employed to do some of the housekeeping.

Housework is work done by the act of housekeeping. Some housekeeping is housecleaning and some housekeeping is home chores. Home chores are housework that nee


Champneys is an English country house and its associated estate near Tring, Hertfordshire. The mansion is run as a destination spa by a business using "Champneys" as the brand name for a group of spa resorts and day spas; the earliest record of an estate associated with the Champneys name is in 1307. It appears in the Tring manor court rolls for 1514, it was owned by successive landowning families in the Wigginton and surrounding area between the 14th and 19th centuries, although for a short period around 1535 it is recorded as owned by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury. The grounds and original house was inherited in 1871 by the Rev. Arthur Sutton Valpy, he replaced the original building by the current French Second Empire styled house built in 1874 which stood in extensive grounds. In 1900 Champneys was sold to Lady Rothschild. In 1925 Stanley Lief, a pioneer in the field of naturopathy, bought Champneys, converting it into a Nature Cure resort which he ran from the 1930s for about 20 years.

Champneys at Tring continued as a health resort with varying degrees of success, latterly under the ownership of a Middle Eastern consortium, until it was bought by Stephen Purdew in 2002. The house with associated buildings is set in landscaped grounds of around 200 acres. Champney is the brand name of a destination spa group, comprising four spa resorts and six day spas owned by the Purdew family; the first spa in the group was Henlow Grange. In 2004, £150,000 was raised for Breast Cancer Care, Tommy's Charity and the Disability Foundation were supported in 2006, raising a combined sum of £100,000; the Champneys Charitable Foundation was registered with the Charity Commission on 31 May 2006. In July 2011, Sir Paul Stephenson, Metropolitan Police Commissioner, resigned over a stay at Champneys Tring, part of, a gift from Stephen Purdew, in an interview in The Guardian in August the same year, Purdew explained that certain clients receive discounts on the basis of their celebrity status or if they are journalists or hold high-ranking positions in public office: "These rugby players are paying but they're coming on a concession rate because it's just making the place buzz.

We do that with journalists and dignitaries. It makes Champneys'The Place'."In 2012, Champneys Tring teamed up with controversial doctor Professor Mohamed Taranissi to offer IVF treatments at the spa. Champneys Company Website Champneys Beauty College Website

Sam Keller

Samuel Michael Keller is a former American football quarterback. He lives in Arizona, he was signed by the Los Angeles Avengers as an undrafted free agent in 2008. He played college football at Arizona Nebraska. Keller was a member of the Oakland Raiders. Keller attended San Ramon Valley High School in Danville and was a student and a letterman in football and basketball. In football, Keller was a three-year starter, twice named his team's Offensive M. V. P. was a two-time first team All-East Bay League selection, was a two-time second team All-Contra Costa Times selection. He finished his senior season with 38 touchdowns. After his senior football season, Keller was invited to the California/Florida High School All-Star Football Game. In basketball, he was a four-year starter. Sam Keller graduated from San Ramon Valley High School in 2003. Keller enrolled at Arizona State on a scholarship offer in 2003, as the ninth-ranked quarterback in the class, he played in six games as a true freshman, passing for a touchdown.

His most extensive action was against UCLA. In 2004, as a sophomore, Keller played backup to senior Andrew Walter, he threw for 606 yards and five touchdowns with only one interception. Keller earned his first career start in the Sun Bowl against Purdue, leading a fourth-quarter comeback victory with 370 yards and three touchdowns, he earned the Sun Bowl Most Valuable Player Award. As a junior in 2005, Keller played well in his first four games of the season, he had 461 yards against LSU, followed up by 409 yards against Northwestern. He continued with 300-yard performances against Oregon State. In his four games, he passed for 1,582 yards with a 145.78 quarterback efficiency rating. However, he suffered a season-ending hand injury shortly after the four-game stretch, he only finished the season with 2,165 yards and 20 touchdowns. After Rudy Carpenter established himself as a capable starter in Keller's absence, in 2006, Keller transferred from Arizona State to the University of Nebraska. Due to NCAA transfer rules, he was forced to sit out his senior season, but redshirted to save his year of eligibility.

He was named the team's scout team offensive player of the year. In 2007, as a redshirt-senior, Keller finished the season with the Cornhuskers with 2,422 yards and 14 touchdowns in nine games. Keller set a Nebraska career and single-season record by completing 63.1 percent of his passes, as well as passing yards per game in a single season and career. The team finished the season with a 5-7 record. Keller broke his collar bone in the ninth game against Texas and was replaced as the starter for the final three games of the season by Joe Ganz, he briefly held the school record for passing yards in a single game, which Ganz broke. Keller's 2,422 yards was a career-high, along with his 10 interceptions, his 14 touchdowns was the lowest since his sophomore season, his quarterback efficiency rating was a career-low 133.74. Keller was tried out by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers following the 2008 NFL Draft after going undrafted, however they did not sign him. In May 2008, the Oakland Raiders were said to have given him a tryout.

On June 25, the Raiders signed Keller. He was waived on July 24. Sam is now a sales representative for a wine and spirits company in Scottsdale, AZ. On May 6, 2009, Keller filed a lawsuit against EA Sports and the NCAA in an attempt to recover damages for the likenesses of college athletes being used in the NCAA Football and NCAA Basketball series. On July 31, 2013, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in California, ruled Electronic Arts was not protected by the First Amendment free speech in portraying the likeness of a college football player. After that ruling, Keller's attorney stated that next step would be to take aim against the NCAA. Sam Keller was the ninth-rated quarterback in the nation coming in from high school. In College, Keller majored in interdisciplinary studies. Keller's father and stepmother, live in Las Vegas, NV, his father was an All-American at Michigan for Bo Schembechler and a third-round draft choice of the Dallas Cowboys. Sam Keller has three sisters named Gabby, Crystal, a brother named Robby.

His mother Melissa Coveney and stepfather Robert Coveney live in Danville, CA. Keller married his wife Hilary on February 23, 2016 in Tempe, AZ. Nebraska Cornhuskers bio

Gilberto with Turrentine

Gilberto with Turrentine is an album by Brazilian samba and bossa nova singer Astrud Gilberto and American saxophonist Stanley Turrentine featuring performances recorded in 1971 released on the CTI label. The AllMusic review calls the album a "set that had some mildly entertaining moments." "Wanting Things" – 2:35 "Brazilian Tapestry" – 5:10 "To a Flame" – 3:17 "Solo el Fin" – 3:10 "Zazueira" – 3:40 "Ponteio" – 3:35 "Traveling Light" – 3:25 "Vera Cruz" – 5:05 "Historia de Amor" – 3:29 "Where There's a Heartache" – 3:10 "Just Be You" – 2:29 Bonus track on CD reissue "The Puppy Song" – 3:21 Bonus track on CD reissue "Polytechnical High" – 2:48 Bonus track on CD reissueRecorded at Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey on January 13, February 1, February 4, March 19, April 6, 1971 Astrud Gilberto – vocals Stanley Turrentine – tenor saxophone Eumir Deodato – electric piano, conductor Emanuel Green, George Marge, Hubert Laws, Romeo Penqueflute Gene Bertoncini, Sivucaguitar Sam Brown, Bob Mann – electric guitar Toots Thielemansharmonica Ron Carter, Russell Georgebass Dennis Seiwell, Dom Um Romão, João Palmadrums Airto Moreirapercussion Emanuel Green, Gene Orloff, Harry Katzman, Joe Malin, Julie Held, Paul Gershmanviolin Harold Coletta – viola George Ricci – cello

Sophie Trudeau

Sophie Trudeau is a Canadian musician. She is best known as a member of Godspeed You! Black Emperor, co-founder of Thee Silver Mt. Zion Memorial Orchestra & Tra-La-La Band, she plays in a number of other bands, including Valley of the Giants and The Mile End Ladies String Auxiliary. Trudeau first served as violinist for Godspeed You! Black Emperor on their first EP, Slow Riot for New Zerø Kanada, released in 1999. Trudeau went on to co-found Thee Silver Mt. Zion Memorial Orchestra & Tra-La-La Band, where she serves as one of two principal violinists. Trudeau has played the bass guitar on The "Pretty Little Lightning Paw" E. P. as well as trumpet on Horses in the Sky. She is credited as playing violin on the Arcade Fire track "Wake Up" from their debut album Funeral. Sharing the responsibility with the other six members, Trudeau sings with Thee Silver Mt. Zion Memorial Orchestra & Tra-La-La Band. Trudeau is the founder of Bangor Records, its current roster includes her string trio project, The Mile End Ladies String Auxiliary, for which she plays violin, along with Beckie Foon of Thee Silver Mt. Zion Memorial Orchestra & Tra-La-La Band on cello and Genevieve Heistek of Hangedup on viola.

Their first album, From Cells of Roughest Air, was released by Bangor Records on 1 January 2005. She is a member of Diebold, a duo released on Bangor in January 2007. In 2006, with Efrim Menuck and Thierry Amar, assisted in the recording of Carla Bozulich's first release for Constellation, Evangelista. Slow Riot for New Zerø Kanada Lift Your Skinny Fists Like Antennas to Heaven Yanqui U. X. O.'Allelujah! Don't Bend! Ascend!'Asunder and Other Distress"Luciferian Towers' He Has Left Us Alone but Shafts of Light Sometimes Grace the Corner of Our Rooms... "Born into Trouble as the Sparks Fly Upward" "This Is Our Punk-Rock," Thee Rusted Satellites Gather + Sing, The "Pretty Little Lightning Paw" E. P. Horses in the Sky 13 Blues for Thirteen Moons Kollaps Tradixionales Fuck Off Get Free We Pour Light on Everything Sings Reign Rebuilder Telegraphs in Negative/Mouths Trapped in Static Valley of the Giants From Cells of Roughest Air Diebold Listen to My Heartbeast Misty Medley Light Falls Allmusic album credits Sophie Trudeau discography at Discogs

20th (album)

20th is the seventh live album by the jazz fusion group Casiopea released in 2000. This is a live recording of the 20th anniversary of Casiopea and their thirty-third album overall. CASIOPEA are Issei Noro – Guitars, Voice Minoru Mukaiyakeyboards Yoshihiro NaruseBass, Bass Synthesizer Supported Akira Jimbodrums Additional Musicians Tetsuo Sakurai – Bass Noriaki Kumagai – drums Hidehiko Koike – keyboards Sound Produced – CASIOPEARecording & Mixing Engineer – Hiroyuki Shimura, Masatatsu Tsubuki CASIOPEA – 20th at Discogs