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Honda CR-V

The Honda CR-V is a compact crossover SUV manufactured by Honda since 1995 and introduced in the North American market in 1997. It uses the Honda Civic platform with an SUV body design; the CR-V is Honda's mid-range utility vehicle, slotting between the smaller Honda HR-V and the larger Honda Passport. Honda states "CR-V" stands for "Comfortable Runabout Vehicle," while the term "Compact Recreational Vehicle" is used in a British car review article, republished by Honda. Honda began producing the CR-V in Sayama and Swindon, United Kingdom, for worldwide markets, adding North American manufacturing sites in East Liberty, United States, in 2007; the CR-V is produced in Wuhan for the Chinese market by the Dongfeng Honda Automobile Company, a joint venture with Dongfeng Motor Corporation. The first generation CR-V was Honda's first in-house designed sport utility vehicle by Hiroyuki Kawase; the CR-V was introduced in Japan at Honda Verno dealerships only and was regarded as a luxury vehicle in Japan due to the exterior width dimensions exceeding Japanese Government dimension regulations.

For the North American market, it was displayed at the 1996 Chicago Auto Show and went on sale in February 1997. Upon introduction, the model had only one trim level, which would be known as the LX model trim. Outer dimensions for this engine would be identical to the Integra's 1.8 L engine, but internally the engine had a larger 84 mm bore to add the extra displacement needed to produce more torque. The engine used a one-piece cylinder sleeve construction unique from any other B-series engine; the chassis was a unibody design with a four-wheel double wishbone suspension. Inside, the rear seats were able to fold down, a picnic table was stowed in the rear floor area. All models featured plastic cladding covering the front bumper, rear bumper, fender wells. In most countries, CR-Vs had a chrome grille; the EX included anti-lock brakes and 15 inch alloy wheels over the LX trim. Drivetrain options were front-wheel drive or Honda's Real Time AWD. In 1999, the European and Asian CR-V models featured more drastic changes.

Exterior alterations included a new front bumper, smoothed off rear bumper, a smaller plastic radio antenna on the rear of the roof. "Nighthawk Black" was added to the list of paint choices. New dark blue pearl and red pearl shades replaced metallic blue hues. European models received an enlarged Honda emblem on the front grille, a new metallic yellow paint in certain markets; the engine was changed to the 2.0 L B20Z engine, producing 147 hp at 6200 rpm and 133 lb⋅ft of torque at 4500 rpm. This improved performance for the 3,200 lb vehicle. Fuel economy of 23 mpg‑US city/28 mpg‑US highway and price were not affected by the increase in power, the result of a higher compression ratio, a new intake manifold, higher lift on the intake valves. In 2000, a Special Edition model was introduced in North America; the SE featured body-colored bumpers and side moldings, a body-colored hard spare tire cover, leather upholstery, CD/cassette audio deck, rear privacy glass, a Navtech navigation system, chrome grille accent.

Until 2001, the CR-V sold more than any other vehicle in its class. The North American models received new exterior colors including Naples Gold Metallic and Taffeta White. Electron Blue was introduced in 2000 to replace Submarine Blue Pearl, while Satin Silver Metallic replaced Sebring Silver Metallic in 2001. However, that year, sales of the Ford Escape and its clone, the Mazda Tribute, surpassed those of the CR-V; the Australian higher specification model was called the "Sport". It was added at the time of the first facelift and included body-colored bumpers, door handles, hard rear spare wheel cover, it included alloy wheels, roof rails, a large glass sunroof. The CR-V became the country's best-selling SUV in 2000, outselling the Toyota Land Cruiser for the first time; the 1997–2001 model tested by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety was the LX model with standard driver and passenger airbags. Though the car's structure received an acceptable rating, the overall car received a marginal rating as the dummy's left leg would have been broken.

In addition to this lower body injury, the dummy's head went through the airbag which may have caused a minor concussion. The chest was well protected. Models equipped with an automatic transmission now had an overdrive cancel button that allowed the driver to lock the transmission in the first three gears to provide power for passing and climbing grades, known as "Grade Logic." The pattern of the cloth on the seats was redesigned, the head restraints earned an acceptable rating from the IIHS for whiplash protection. The second generation CR-V was a full redesign, based on the seventh generation Civic, powered by the K24A1 engine. Southeast Asian models produced 150 hp of power and 190 N⋅m while the North American versions of the new engine produced 160 hp and 190 N⋅m of torque. Per new SAE regulations, the same North American K24A1 engine is now rated at 156 hp and 160 lb⋅ft; the new CR-V retained the fuel economy of the previous model because of the i-VTEC

Xiang Lang

Xiang Lang, courtesy name Juda, was an official and scholar of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period of China. He served under the warlords Liu Biao and Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty, he was an uncle of the Shu general Xiang Chong. In his youth, Xiang Lang was a student of Sima Hui alongside Han Song, Pang Tong, Xu Shu and Zhuge Liang. Known for his intelligence, he was appointed as the Chief of Linju County by Liu Biao. Upon Liu Biao's death, Xiang Lang went to serve under Liu Bei. After Liu Bei conquered the lands south of the Yangtze River, he put Xiang Lang in charge of all military and civil affairs of Mushan, Yidao and Zigui counties. After Liu Bei seized control of Yi Province from Liu Zhang in 214, he appointed Xiang Lang as the Administrator of Baxi Commandery. Xiang Lang was reassigned to serve as the Administrator of Zangke Commandery and as the Administrator of Fangling Commandery. In 223, after Liu Shan succeeded his father Liu Bei as the emperor of Shu, he appointed Xiang Lang as a Colonel of Infantry and as Chief Clerk to the Imperial Chancellor, Zhuge Liang.

In 225, when Zhuge Liang led the Shu forces on a campaign to pacify rebellions in the Nanzhong region, he left Xiang Lang in charge of domestic affairs at Shu's imperial capital, Chengdu. In 228, when Zhuge Liang led Shu forces on the first of a series of campaigns against Shu's rival state, Cao Wei, he brought Xiang Lang along and left him in charge of the Shu base at Hanzhong Commandery; the Shu vanguard, led by Ma Su, suffered a devastating defeat at the Battle of Jieting against Wei forces led by Zhang He. Xiang Lang received news of Ma Su's defeat before Zhuge Liang did, but due to his friendship with Ma Su, he did not report it to Zhuge Liang. After Zhuge Liang found out, he was so furious that he dismissed Xiang Lang and sent him back to Chengdu; some years Xiang Lang returned to serve in the Shu government as Minister of the Household. In 234, after Zhuge Liang's death, Liu Shan promoted Xiang Lang to the position of General of the Left and enfeoffed him as the Marquis of Xianming Village in recognition of his past contributions.

In 243, Xiang Lang soon resigned and spent the remaining years of his life reading, writing and editing various classical texts. By the time of his death in 247, he was one of the foremost book collectors of his time and a major source of influence for many scholars. Lists of people of the Three Kingdoms Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms. Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms

Farkas' lemma

Farkas' lemma is a solvability theorem for a finite system of linear inequalities in mathematics. It was proven by the Hungarian mathematician Gyula Farkas. Farkas' lemma is the key result underpinning the linear programming duality and has played a central role in the development of mathematical optimization, it is used amongst other things in the proof of the Karush–Kuhn–Tucker theorem in nonlinear programming. Generalizations of the Farkas' lemma are about the solvability theorem for convex inequalities, i.e. infinite system of linear inequalities. Farkas' lemma belongs to a class of statements called "theorems of the alternative": a theorem stating that one of two systems has a solution. There are a number of different formulations of the lemma in the literature; the one given here is due to Gale and Tucker. Here, the notation x. Let n, m = 2, A =, b =; the lemma says that one of the following two statements must be true: There exist x1 ≥ 0, x2 ≥ 0 such that 6 x1 + 4 x2 = b1 and 3 x1 = b2, or There exist y1, y2 such that 6 y1 + 3 y2 ≥ 0, 4 y1 ≥ 0, b1 y1 + b2 y2 < 0.

Here is a proof of the lemma in this special case: If b2 ≥ 0 and b1 − 2b2 ≥ 0 option 1 is true, since the solution of the linear equations is x1 = b2/3 and x2 = b1-2b2. Option 2 is false, since b1 y1 + b2 y2 ≥ b2 = b2 / 3, so if the right-hand side is positive, the left-hand side must be positive too. Otherwise, option 1 is false, since the unique solution of the linear equations is not weakly positive, but in this case, option 2 is true: If b2 < 0 we can take e.g. y1 = 0 and y2 = 1. If b1 − 2b2 < 0 for some number B > 0, b1 = 2b2 − B, so: b1 y1 + b2 y2 = 2 b2 y1 + b2 y2 − B y1 = b2 / 3 − B y1. Thus we can take, for example, y1 = 1, y2 = −2. Denote the convex cone generated by the columns of A by C =. C is a closed convex cone; the vector x proves that b lies in C, while the vector y gives a linear functional that separates b from C. Let a 1, …, a n ∈ R m denote the columns of A. In terms of these vectors, Farkas' lemma states that one of the following two statements is true: There exist coefficients x 1, …, x n ∈ R, x 1, …, x n ≥ 0, such that b = x 1 a 1 + ⋯ + x n a n, i.e. b lies in the cone of A.

There exists a vector y ∈ R m such that a i T y ≥ 0 for i = 1, …, n, b T y < 0, i.e. there is a hyperplane through the origin, separating the vector b from the cone of A. The vectors x 1 a 1 + ⋯ + x n a n with nonnegative coefficients constitute the convex cone of the set, so the first statement says that b is in this cone; the second statement says that there exists a vector y such that the angle of y with the vectors a i is at most 90°, while the angle of y with the vector b is more than 90°. The hyperplane normal to this vector has the vectors a i on one side and the vector b on the other side. Hence, this hyperplane separates the vectors in the cone of { a 1

Kenneth Threadgill

Kenneth Threadgill was a country singer and tavern owner, who mentored the early Austin folk music scene that included Janis Joplin. He lent his name to two nationally famous restaurant/bar venues. Born John Kenneth Threadgill in Peniel, Texas, his father was an itinerant minister who worked between Hunt County and New Mexico. The family lived in Beaumont and in 1923 moved to Austin, where Threadgill attended Austin High School, he met mentor and idol, Jimmie Rodgers while working at the Tivoli Theater in Beaumont. Backstage, Threadgill impressed Rodgers with his yodeling and Threadgill incorporated yodeling into his country singing act to create his own popular style. In 1933 he moved back to Austin and began working at a Gulf service station on North Lamar Boulevard. In December when Prohibition ended Threadgill bought the establishment, secured the first post-Prohibition beer license in Austin and opened it as Threadgill's Tavern. Threadgill and his wife, ran the restaurant and tavern until World War II, when they closed for a few years.

While Threadgill worked as a welder for the war effort, the music did not stop. When Hank Williams came through Austin and did a show at the Dessau Dance Hall, northeast of Austin, Threadgill was there. Hank was late, so Kenneth took the stage and was singing "Lovesick Blues" when Hank arrived. Hank finished the show. By the mid forties Threadgill was selling soft drinks and beer while his friends played and sang hillbilly blues. In the mid fifties groups of local musicians were coming every week to play, Threadgill would pay them with two rounds of free beer; this tradition of paying singers with tavern fare was echoed in the'Sitting and Singing for Supper' sessions. In the beginning there was no stage and performers played right sitting amongst the customers. "A microphone connected to little amp would be passed around to performers. Threadgill install a sound system and musicians would wait in the back for their turn. After World War II Threadgill’s Tavern reopened and UT students came to the tavern to hear Threadgill and his Hootenanny Hoots play.

Threadgill’s open-mic nights became popular and helped form the basis of the fledgling singer-songwriter community in Austin. Two musicians from the Hootenanny Hoots, encountered Janis Joplin while driving in Austin and invited her to Threadgill's, she came and sang and soon Joplin became the star attraction for the Wednesday open-mic. She became a close friend of Kenneth and his wife Mildred. In 1970 a concert near Oak Hill was held to celebrate Threadgill's birthday. Janis Joplin, who by this time was a major star, had been in Hawaii the day before, canceled a $15,000 appearance to fly to Austin for the occasion. Joplin and Threadgill danced for the crowd. Threadgill's birthday picnic was noted in the Congressional Record when Congressman J. J. Pickle called Threadgill the "Father of Austin Country Music". After Mildred's death in 1974, Threadgill closed the club and sold it to Eddie Wilson, the owner of Armadillo World Headquarters. Wilson reopened Threadgill's as a restaurant on December 31, 1981.

As late as June 1983 Threadgill continued to entertain at the restaurant and yodeling on most Wednesdays evenings. In the early 1980s, Threadgill and Willie Nelson appeared together and sang in the movie Honeysuckle Rose. In September 1981 "Silver Haired Daddy" with Renee Best, Steve Mendell and Bonnie Hearne and Johnny Gimble was released on Armadillo Records, it was produced by Michael J. Osborne and Hank Alrich, his work showed the early influences of Jimmie Rodgers ballads and Al Jolson movies, which were could be seen in his singing and dancing. Some of his best-known songs were "Silver-Haired Daddy of Mine," and "T for Texas, T for Tennessee." Threadgill died of a pulmonary embolism on March 1987, at Brackenridge Hospital in Austin. The city of Greenville hosts the Kenneth Threadgill Concert Series in his honor, he was inducted into the Austin Music Memorial in 2010. A second Threadgill's opened as a restaurant by Eddie Wilson in 1996. Kenneth Threadgill's reputation for good food and great music continues in Austin according to Austin Chronicle music writer, Margaret Moser

Petrina Holdsworth

Petrina Alexandra Holdsworth, is an English barrister turned politician National Chairman of the UK Independence Party. After training as a barrister, in the late 1970s she worked in the Inner London Magistrates Courts as a Deputy Clerk to the Justices, she went on to serve as a Principal Crown Prosecutor with the CPS, returned to private practice in London specialising in Crime and Industrial Tribunal work. She trained in private detective work. Holdsworth joined the UKIP in the 1990s, represented the party as a candidate in two General Elections, standing against Nicholas Soames in Mid-Sussex in 2001, where she was the local UKIP constituency chairman, she was elected to the UKIP NEC in 2004 and became Chairman of the NEC and National Chairman in that year, during which she wrote "Bye, Bye English Legal System", which appeared on the UKIP website. In October 2005, Holdsworth resigned from the party Chairmanship and NEC. However, following further internal difficulties she resigned again on the 15th, just days ahead of the party conference.

In May 2006, Holdsworth announced her intention to run for leader of UKIP, but withdrew her candidacy due to her husband's ill health. In the 2009 European Parliament Elections she ran as lead candidate in South East England for the newly formed United Kingdom First Party, whose leader was Robin Page. UK First put candidates forward in three regions. Holdsworth was elected Chairman of The Campaign for an Independent Britain in mid-2014, she was married to David Voelcker, who died on 22 October 2014, has a son and two step-daughters

A Short Story About Love

"A Short Story About Love" is the fifteenth episode of the fourth season of the Fox science-fiction drama television series Fringe, the series' 80th episode overall. The series follows members of a Federal Bureau of Investigation "Fringe Division" team based in Boston, Massachusetts that uses "fringe" science and FBI investigative techniques to investigate a series of unexplained ghastly occurrences, which are related to mysteries surrounding a parallel universe. "A Short Story About Love" centered on a scientist extracting the pheromones of his victims, all male spouses, using the resulting substances as a perfume to get close to their wives. While the Fringe team investigates, Peter learns more about the Observer September, it was co-written by executive producer J. H. Wyman and co-producer Graham Roland. Wyman directed, making the episode his directional debut, he sought to write a story that had love as a central motivation, described it as "an episode that's close to me." Guest stars featured in the episode included Michael Massee as the villain Anson Carr, Ona Grauer as Dianna Sutter, Michael Cerveris as September.

First airing on March 23, 2012 in the United States, "A Short Story About Love" was watched by an estimated 2.87 million viewers, a decrease from the previous episode. It received mixed to positive reviews from television critics. In 2013, it landed on several lists detailing the best Fringe episodes of the series; the Fringe division tracks down a series of deaths of wives shortly after the deaths of their respective husbands. Discovering traces of the husbands' DNA on the bodies of the wives, Walter Bishop suspects that the killer is using pheromones taken from the husbands to get close to the wives, using the substances as a perfume. Further identifying castoreum within the pheromone mix, they identify the murderer as Anson Carr, a former and disgruntled employee of a perfume company afflicted with a rare skin disease, they arrive at Carr's home to find another husband dead, in a dehydration chamber, race to protect his wife, Dianna. When no attack comes at the wife, Olivia Dunham realizes that her husband may have been having an affair, races to the mistress' home, stopping Carr before he can kill her.

As he is taken away, he admits he was trying to discover what love was, scientifically, so that he could reproduce it and allow the entire world to share in it. During the investigation, Olivia finds that the memories she is gaining from Peter Bishop's original timeline are overriding her original memories. Nina Sharp becomes concerned and suggests that Olivia talk to Walter to help reverse the memory loss. During the case, in talking with the latest victim's wife, Olivia realizes that she is in love with Peter. After the conclusion of the case, she admits to Nina that she will let the memory alterations continue if this means she will forget the times she spent with Nina during her childhood. Simultaneous to these events, Peter has attempted to flee to New York City and points beyond to stay away from Olivia, fearing that staying near her would further erode her original memories. Walter calls him back, identifying that the Observer September had implanted something in Peter's eye during the events of the previous episode.

The small disc reveals a nearby address, where Peter finds a stash of September's Observer equipment, including a GPS-like device that leads him to a strange pod. Peter is able to activate the pod, where September appears. September states the pod acts as a beacon, allowing him to return after the other Observers hid the universe from him. In response to Peter's questions about trying to return to his own timeline, September states that Peter is home. September soon vanishes, the pod buries itself in the ground; the episode closes as Olivia rejoin each other with a passionate kiss. "A Short Story About Love" was co-written by executive producer J. H. Wyman and co-producer Graham Roland. Wyman stated that the episode had "scary" and "romantic" themes, as the title indicated, was "all about motivation. Love is a great motivator, for good and evil." He and fellow executive producer Jeff Pinkner believed the episode was "kind of like a perfect version of what a Fringe show is," because it depicted "fringy" elements in the form of killings while using love and relationships as central plot drivers.

Wyman added that it was a "culmination of what I could describe as — it’s a direction where we’ve been heading and I think the fans will be happy and satisfied."Co-showrunner Wyman served as episode director, marking his television directorial debut. He noted his love of the experience, as it permitted him to grow closer with the series' actors and "actually work with them on a level that before and get down there with them." Wyman was supposed to direct several episodes the previous year and earlier in the season, but found he was too busy. He explained, "Then an episode was coming up that we were thinking about writing and I felt close to it; the opportunity came up where somebody had fallen out and I felt that this is the perfect time because everything was under control. It allowed me to do it. It's an episode that's close to me. It's about love and it's about all the great things that we talk about on Fringe." Actor Joshua Jackson was pleased that Wyman directed, as he found it nice to have "somebody