Honorary titles of Indian leaders

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The following is the list of honorary titles given to various Indian leaders during Indian independence struggle.

Honorary title Meaning Statesman
"Respected Father" (Marathi).
"Baba" = "father" and "Saheb" = "sir/lord"
B. R. Ambedkar[1][2]
National Father
"Father" (Hindi). Mahatma Gandhi[3][4]
Bihar Vibhuti "Gem of Bihar" (Hindi).
"Bihar" = "Bihar state" and "Vibhuti" = "Gem"
Anugrah Narayan Sinha[5]
Deen Bandhu "Friend of the Poor" (Bengali).
"Deen" = "poor" and "Bandhu" = "friend".
Charles Freer Andrews[6]
Desh Bandhu "Friend of country" (Bengali).
"Desh" = "country" and "Bandhu" = "friend".
Chittaranjan Das[7][8]
Desh Priya "Beloved of the Country" (Hindi).
"Desh" = "country" and "Priya" = "loved".
Jatindra Mohan Sengupta[9]
Vishwa Ratna "Jewel of the World" (Marathi-Hindi).
"Vishwa" = "world" and "Ratna" = "jewel"
B. R. Ambedkar[10]
Desh Ratna "Jewel of the Country" (Hindi).
"Desh" = "country" and "Ratna" = "jewel"
Rajendra Prasad[11][12]
Gurudev "Supreme teacher" (Hindi).
"Guru" = "teacher" and "dev" = "Respected person".
Rabindranath Tagore[13][14]
Lokmanya "Revered by the people" (Hindi).
"Lok" = "people" and "manya" = "Revered".
Bal Gangadhar Tilak[15]
Loknayak "Leader of the people" (Hindi).
"Lok" = "people" and "nayak" = "leader".
Jayaprakash Narayan[16][17]
Loknayak Bapuji "Leader of the people" (Hindi).
"Lok" = "people", "nayak" = "leader", "Bapu"= "Father", and "ji" = an honorary title.
Madhav Shrihari Aney[18]
Mahamana "One with greatest thoughts" (Hindi).
"Mahan" = "great" and "Mann" = "thought/heart".
Madan Mohan Malaviya[19]
Mahatma "Great Soul" (Sanskrit).
"Maha" = "great" and "atma" = "soul".
Mahatma Gandhi[20]

Jotirao Govindrao Phule[21][22]

Maulana "Our lord" (Arabic). Abul Kalam Azad[23]
Netaji "Respected leader" (Hindi).
"Neta" = "leader" and "ji" = an honorary title.
Subhas Chandra Bose[24][25]
Sardar "Commander" (Persian).
"Sar" = "head" and "dar" = "holder".
Vallabhbhai Patel[26][27]
Shaheed e Azam "Great martyr" (Urdu).
"Shaheed" = "martyr" and "Azam" = "Principal".
Bhagat Singh[28][29]
"Uncle" (Hindi). Jawaharlal Nehru[30][31]


  1. ^ Gaikwad, Dr. Dnyanraj Kashinath (2016). Mahamanav Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (in Marathi). Riya Publication. p. 138.
  2. ^ "Renaming Dr. Ambedkar in modern-day India stems from caste hatred". Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "Champaran flower drive to honour Bapu". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  4. ^ "Bapu tower soon at Bihar Vidyapeeth - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  5. ^ "Congress a divided house in Anugrah babu's hometown - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  6. ^ "Thoughts of the 'chatur bania', at Sabarmati ashram". The Indian Express. 2017-06-14. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  7. ^ "3 new bus sheds before summer". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  8. ^ "Martyr bust damaged". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  9. ^ "JATINDRA & NELIE SENGUPTA". www.indianpost.com. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  10. ^ https://m.prabhasakshi.com//column/bharat-ratna-is-not-only-vishva-ratna-is-baba-saheb
  11. ^ "Chronicle of Rajendra babu's life at home gallery". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  12. ^ "Bihar CM Nitish Kumar announces scholarship for toppers - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  13. ^ "'No film shoot with contrarian view on Tagore'". 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  14. ^ "Finding peace in Tagore land". 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  15. ^ Vandana.Srivastawa (2017-08-25). "Ganesh Utsav Pandals Started By 'Lokmanya' Bal Gangadhar Tilak Turns 125 years: This Throwback Pic Is A Gem". India.com. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  16. ^ "PM bows to Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan, on his birth anniversary". www.narendramodi.in. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  17. ^ "The Pursuit Of Truth". The Indian Express. 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  18. ^ S. Shabbir (2005). History of Educational Development in Vidarbha, 1882-1923 A.D. Northern Book Centre. p. 287.
  19. ^ "Madan Mohan Malviya's 156th Birthday: 5 Important Things To Know". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  20. ^ Vij, Shivam (2018-02-20). "Opinion | Why India is being really rude to Justin Trudeau". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  21. ^ India, Press Trust of; India, Press Trust of (2018-03-05). "Manjhi's absence will be felt: Kushwaha". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  22. ^ "Who was Jyotirao Phule?". The Indian Express. 2017-11-28. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  23. ^ "Khan Ata Mohammad Khan- Mentor of Moulana Azad". www.kashmirmonitor.in. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  24. ^ "Books". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  25. ^ "Excerpt: "Hindustan Azad Hoga," Said Netaji Post Fatal Plane Crash". The Quint. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  26. ^ "Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is twice taller than statue of liberty: PM Modi". 2018-02-27. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  27. ^ "'Statue of Unity' to be ready for inauguration on Oct 31: Govt - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  28. ^ "It's Punjab vs Haryana over naming of Chandigarh airport after Shaheed Bhagat Singh". Zee News. 2018-02-27. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  29. ^ ""Even Pak conferred title of Shaheed-e-Azam on Bhagat Singh, but India has not" - Govt to look into the matter". TimesNow. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  30. ^ Desk, India.com News (2017-11-14). "Children's Day 2017: How Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's Birthday Became Bal Diwas". India.com. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  31. ^ "Remembering Nehru". Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism | Breaking News J&K. 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2018-03-05.