Tenafly, New Jersey
Tenafly is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 census, the borough's population was 14,488, reflecting an increase of 682 from the 13,806 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 480 from the 13,326 counted in the 1990 Census. Tenafly is a suburb of New York City; the first European settlers in Tenafly were Dutch immigrants, who began to populate the area during the late 17th century. The name "Tenafly" is derived from the early-modern Dutch phrase "Tiene Vly" or "Ten Swamps", given by Dutch settlers in 1688. Other derivations cite a Dutch language connection to its location on a meadow. Tenafly was incorporated as a borough on January 24, 1894, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature from portions of the now-defunct Palisades Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day; the borough was the first formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.
Portions of Palisades Township were acquired based on legislation approved on April 8, 1897. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Tenafly as the 7th best place to live in New Jersey in its 2013 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 5.184 square miles, including 4.601 square miles of land and 0.583 square miles of water. The borough borders Alpine, Cresskill and Englewood Cliffs, The Bronx in New York City, across the Hudson River. Tenafly's street plan and overall development were determined by its hills and valleys; the eastern part of the borough is referred to as the "East Hill" for its higher elevation in relation to the rest of the borough. There, the terrain rises to the east of the downtown area, terminating at the New Jersey Palisades, overlooking the Hudson River. Nearby is the Tenafly Nature Center, located at 313 Hudson Avenue; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,488 people, 4,766 households, 3,955.780 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 3,148.6 per square mile. There were 4,980 housing units at an average density of 1,082.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 69.31% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 26.22% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.36% of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 15.4% of the population in 2010. There were 4,766 households out of which 49.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.0% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.36. In the borough, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.6 males. The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $125,865 and the median family income was $140,100. Males had a median income of $102,645 versus $60,871 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $60,557. About 1.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,806 people, 4,774 households, 3,866 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,993.4 people per square mile. There were 4,897 housing units at an average density of 1,061.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 76.79% White, 0.96% African American, 0.09% Native American, 19.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.65% of the population.
11.1% of residents reported that they were of Irish, 8.7% Russian, 8.6% Italian, 7.9% American, 7.8% German and 6.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. Among residents, 64.0% spoke English at home, while 8.7% spoke Korean, 5.0% Spanish, 4.5% Chinese or Mandarin and 3.1% Hebrew. There were 4,774 households out of which 43.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.0% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21. In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 28.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.2007 estimates state that the median income for a household in the borough was $109,887, the median income for a family was $124,656.
Males had a median income of $92,678 versus $61,990 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $62,230. About 2.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 3.3% o
An Emmy Award, or Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, is the equivalent of an Academy Award, the Tony Award, the Grammy Award. Because Emmys are given in various sectors of the American television industry, they are presented in different annual ceremonies held throughout the year; the two events that receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmy Awards and the Daytime Emmy Awards, which recognize outstanding work in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming, respectively. Other notable Emmy Award ceremonies are those honoring national sports programming, national news and documentary shows, national business and financial reporting, technological and engineering achievements in television, including the Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. Regional Emmy Awards are presented throughout the country at various times through the year, recognizing excellence in local and statewide television. In addition, International Emmys are awarded for excellence in TV programming produced and aired outside the United States.
Three related but separate organizations present the Emmy Awards: the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences, the International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Each is responsible for administering a particular set of Emmy ceremonies; the Los Angeles–based Academy of Television Arts & Sciences established the Emmy Award as part of an image-building and public relations opportunity. The first Emmy Awards ceremony took place on January 25, 1949, at the Hollywood Athletic Club, but to honor shows produced and aired locally in the Los Angeles area. Shirley Dinsdale has the distinction of receiving the first Emmy Award for Most Outstanding Television Personality, during that first awards ceremony; the term "Emmy" is a French alteration of the television crew slang term "Immy", the nickname for an "image orthicon", a camera tube used in TV production. In the 1950s, the ATAS expanded the Emmys into a national event, presenting the awards to shows aired nationwide on broadcast television.
In 1955, the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences was formed in New York City as a sister organization to serve members on the East Coast, help to supervise the Emmys. The NATAS established regional chapters throughout the United States, with each one developing their own local Emmy awards show for local programming; the ATAS still however maintained its separate regional ceremony honoring local programming in the Los Angeles Area. There was only one Emmy Awards ceremony held per year to honor shows nationally broadcast in the United States. In 1974, the first Daytime Emmy Awards ceremony was held to honor achievement in national daytime programming. Other area-specific Emmy Awards ceremonies soon followed; the International Emmy Awards, honoring television programs produced and aired outside the U. S. was established in the early 1970s. Meanwhile, all Emmys awarded prior to the emergence of these separate, area-specific ceremonies are listed along with the Primetime Emmy Awards in the ATAS's official records.
In 1977, due to various conflicts, the ATAS and the NATAS agreed to split ties. However, they agreed to share ownership of the Emmy statue and trademark, with each responsible for administering a specific set of award ceremonies. There was an exception regarding the Engineering Awards: the NATAS continues to administer the Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards, while the ATAS holds the separate Primetime Engineering Emmy Awards. With the rise of cable television in the 1980s, cable programs first became eligible for the Primetime Emmys in 1988 and the Daytime Emmys in 1989. In 2011, the ABC Television Network cancelled the soap operas All My Children and One Life to Live and sold the two shows' licensing rights to the production company Prospect Park so they could be continued on web television; the ATAS began accepting original online-only web television programs in 2013. The Emmy statuette, depicting a winged woman holding an atom, was designed by television engineer Louis McManus, who used his wife as the model.
The TV Academy rejected forty-seven proposals before settling on McManus's design in 1948. The statuette "has since become the symbol of the TV Academy's goal of supporting and uplifting the art and science of television: The wings represent the muse of art. However, "Ike" was the popular nickname of World War II hero and future U. S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Academy members wanted something unique. Television engineer and the third academy president Harry Lubcke suggested the name "Immy", a term used for the image orthicon tube used in the early cameras. After "Immy" was chosen, it was feminized to Emmy to match their female statuette; each Primetime Emmy statuette weighs six pounds, twelve-and-a-half ounces, is made of copper, nickel and gold. The statue stands 15.5 inches tall with weight of 88 oz. The Regional Emmy Award statuette is 11.5 inches tall with a base diameter of 5.5 inches and weight of 48 oz. Each takes five and a half hours to
Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, tasked with gathering and analyzing national security information from around the world through the use of human intelligence. As one of the principal members of the United States Intelligence Community, the CIA reports to the Director of National Intelligence and is focused on providing intelligence for the President and Cabinet of the United States. Unlike the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a domestic security service, the CIA has no law enforcement function and is focused on overseas intelligence gathering, with only limited domestic intelligence collection. Though it is not the only agency of the Federal government of the United States specializing in HUMINT, the CIA serves as the national manager for coordination of HUMINT activities across the U. S. intelligence community. Moreover, the CIA is the only agency authorized by law to carry out and oversee covert action at the behest of the President.
It exerts foreign political influence through its tactical divisions, such as the Special Activities Division. Before the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, the CIA Director concurrently served as the head of the Intelligence Community. Despite transferring some of its powers to the DNI, the CIA has grown in size as a result of the September 11 attacks. In 2013, The Washington Post reported that in fiscal year 2010, the CIA had the largest budget of all IC agencies, exceeding previous estimates; the CIA has expanded its role, including covert paramilitary operations. One of its largest divisions, the Information Operations Center, has shifted focus from counter-terrorism to offensive cyber-operations; when the CIA was created, its purpose was to create a clearinghouse for foreign policy intelligence and analysis. Today its primary purpose is to collect, analyze and disseminate foreign intelligence, to perform covert actions. According to its fiscal 2013 budget, the CIA has five priorities: Counterterrorism, the top priority Nonproliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.
Warning/informing American leaders of important overseas events. Counterintelligence Cyber intelligence; the CIA has an executive office and five major directorates: The Directorate of Digital Innovation The Directorate of Analysis The Directorate of Operations The Directorate of Support The Directorate of Science and Technology The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence. The Deputy Director is formally appointed by the Director without Senate confirmation, but as the President's opinion plays a great role in the decision, the Deputy Director is considered a political position, making the Chief Operating Officer the most senior non-political position for CIA career officers; the Executive Office supports the U. S. military by providing it with information it gathers, receiving information from military intelligence organizations, cooperates on field activities. The Executive Director is in charge of the day-to-day operation of the CIA.
Each branch of the military service has its own Director. The Associate Director of military affairs, a senior military officer, manages the relationship between the CIA and the Unified Combatant Commands, who produce and deliver to the CIA regional/operational intelligence and consume national intelligence produced by the CIA; the Directorate of Analysis, through much of its history known as the Directorate of Intelligence, is tasked with helping "the President and other policymakers make informed decisions about our country's national security" by looking "at all the available information on an issue and organiz it for policymakers". The Directorate has four regional analytic groups, six groups for transnational issues, three that focus on policy and staff support. There is an office dedicated to Iraq; the Directorate of Operations is responsible for collecting foreign intelligence, for covert action. The name reflects its role as the coordinator of human intelligence activities between other elements of the wider U.
S. intelligence community with their own HUMINT operations. This Directorate was created in an attempt to end years of rivalry over influence and budget between the United States Department of Defense and the CIA. In spite of this, the Department of Defense organized its own global clandestine intelligence service, the Defense Clandestine Service, under the Defense Intelligence Agency; this Directorate is known to be organized by geographic regions and issues, but its precise organization is classified. The Directorate of Science & Technology was established to research and manage technical collection disciplines and equipment. Many of its innovations were transferred to other intelligence organizations, or, as they became more overt, to the military services. For example, the development of the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft was done in cooperation with the United States Air
A museum is an institution that cares for a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, historical, or scientific importance. Many public museums make these items available for public viewing through exhibits that may be permanent or temporary; the largest museums are located in major cities throughout the world, while thousands of local museums exist in smaller cities and rural areas. Museums have varying aims, ranging from serving researchers and specialists to serving the general public; the goal of serving researchers is shifting to serving the general public. There are many types of museums, including art museums, natural history museums, science museums, war museums, children's museums. Amongst the world's largest and most visited museums are the Louvre in Paris, the National Museum of China in Beijing, the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D. C. the British Museum and National Gallery in London, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and Vatican Museums in Vatican City.
According to The World Museum Community, there are more than 55,000 museums in 202 countries. The English "museum" comes from the Latin word, is pluralized as "museums", it is from the Ancient Greek Μουσεῖον, which denotes a place or temple dedicated to the Muses, hence a building set apart for study and the arts the Musaeum for philosophy and research at Alexandria by Ptolemy I Soter about 280 BC. The purpose of modern museums is to collect, preserve and display items of artistic, cultural, or scientific significance for the education of the public. From a visitor or community perspective, the purpose can depend on one's point of view. A trip to a local history museum or large city art museum can be an entertaining and enlightening way to spend the day. To city leaders, a healthy museum community can be seen as a gauge of the economic health of a city, a way to increase the sophistication of its inhabitants. To a museum professional, a museum might be seen as a way to educate the public about the museum's mission, such as civil rights or environmentalism.
Museums are, above all, storehouses of knowledge. In 1829, James Smithson's bequest, that would fund the Smithsonian Institution, stated he wanted to establish an institution "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge."Museums of natural history in the late 19th century exemplified the Victorian desire for consumption and for order. Gathering all examples of each classification of a field of knowledge for research and for display was the purpose; as American colleges grew in the 19th century, they developed their own natural history collections for the use of their students. By the last quarter of the 19th century, the scientific research in the universities was shifting toward biological research on a cellular level, cutting edge research moved from museums to university laboratories. While many large museums, such as the Smithsonian Institution, are still respected as research centers, research is no longer a main purpose of most museums. While there is an ongoing debate about the purposes of interpretation of a museum's collection, there has been a consistent mission to protect and preserve artifacts for future generations.
Much care and expense is invested in preservation efforts to retard decomposition in aging documents, artifacts and buildings. All museums display objects; as historian Steven Conn writes, "To see the thing itself, with one's own eyes and in a public place, surrounded by other people having some version of the same experience can be enchanting."Museum purposes vary from institution to institution. Some favor education over conservation, or vice versa. For example, in the 1970s, the Canada Science and Technology Museum favored education over preservation of their objects, they displayed objects as well as their functions. One exhibit featured a historic printing press that a staff member used for visitors to create museum memorabilia; some seek to reach a wide audience, such as a national or state museum, while some museums have specific audiences, like the LDS Church History Museum or local history organizations. Speaking, museums collect objects of significance that comply with their mission statement for conservation and display.
Although most museums do not allow physical contact with the associated artifacts, there are some that are interactive and encourage a more hands-on approach. In 2009, Hampton Court Palace, palace of Henry VIII, opened the council room to the general public to create an interactive environment for visitors. Rather than allowing visitors to handle 500-year-old objects, the museum created replicas, as well as replica costumes; the daily activities, historic clothing, temperature changes immerse the visitor in a slice of what Tudor life may have been. This section lists the 20 most visited museums in 2015 as compiled by AECOM and the Themed Entertainment Association's annual report on the world's most visited attractions. For 2016 figures see List of most visited museums; the cities of London and Washington, D. C. contain more of the 20 most visited museums in the world than any others, with six museums and four museums, respectively. Early museums began as the private collections of wealthy individuals, families or institutions of art and rare or curious natural objects and artifacts.
These were displayed in so-called wonder rooms or cabinets of curiosities. One of the oldest museums known is Ennigaldi-Nanna's museum, built by Princess Ennigaldi at the end of the Neo-Babylonian Empire; the site dates from c. 530 BCE, contained artifacts from earlier M
Tenafly High School
Tenafly High School is a four-year comprehensive community public high school in Tenafly in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, serving students in ninth through twelfth grades as the lone secondary school of the Tenafly Public Schools. Students from the neighboring community of Alpine attend the school as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Alpine Public School; as of the 2015-16 school year, the school had an enrollment of 1,148 students and 101.5 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1. There were 9 eligible for reduced-cost lunch. Tenafly High School was recognized by the National Blue Ribbon School Award by the United States Department of Education at a special assembly to the Tenafly High School community on September 20, 2005. Tenafly was the only high school in New Jersey and one of 38 public high schools in the U. S. to receive the 2005 Blue Ribbon School Award. The school was the 17th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology.
The school had been ranked 3rd in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 3rd in 2010 out of 322 schools listed. The magazine ranked the school third in 2008 out of 316 schools; the school was ranked 2nd in the magazine's 2006 rankings out of 316 schools included across the state. Schooldigger.com ranked the school 68th out of 381 public high schools statewide in its 2011 rankings which were based on the combined percentage of students classified as proficient or above proficient on the mathematics and language arts literacy components of the High School Proficiency Assessment. In the 2011 "Ranking America's High Schools" issue by The Washington Post, the school was ranked 19th in New Jersey and 720th nationwide. Tenafly High School was the 2nd-highest ranked school in New Jersey in a 2007 listing by Newsweek magazine of the top 1,200 U. S. high schools. In its 2013 report on "America's Best High Schools", The Daily Beast ranked the school 253rd in the nation among participating public high schools and 20th among schools in New Jersey.
The school was ranked 198th in the nation and 16th in New Jersey on the list of "America's Best High Schools 2012" prepared by The Daily Beast / Newsweek, with rankings based on graduation rate, matriculation rate for college and number of Advanced Placement / International Baccalaureate courses taken per student, with lesser factors based on average scores on the SAT / ACT, average AP/IB scores and the number of AP/IB courses available to students. In 2012, the Tenafly High School Marching Band came in first place for group 3A in the USBands Marching Band Competition in Fair Lawn, New Jersey. Tenafly is noted for its competitive debate team, awarded numerous awards over the years. In recent years, the debate team came in first in overall standings in 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07; the team placed second in 2005-06. The Tenafly High School Tigers compete in the Big North Conference, following a reorganization of sports leagues in Northern New Jersey by the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association.
With 867 students in grades 10-12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2015-16 school year as North I, Group III for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 786 to 1,074 students in that grade range. Before the 2010 realignment, Tenafly competed in the Bergen County Scholastic League American Conference, made up of private and public high schools located in Bergen County and Hudson County; the school nickname is the Tigers, its school colors are black and orange, with a nod to those of Princeton University. The boys' cross country team won the Group III state championship three consecutive years, from 1955-1957; the boys' track team won both the Group III state indoor relay championship and the State indoor championship in 1966,won the Group I-II title in 1967, 1968 and 1975, won the Group II title in 1977. The boys' soccer team was the Group III co-champion with Ewing High School in 1975. Tenafly is noted for its tennis team; the boys' tennis team won the Group I / II state championship in 1975, won four consecutive Group II titles in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007.
The won the 2006 Group II state championship, defeating Rumson-Fair Haven 3-2 in the semifinals and West Essex by 3-2 in the finals to take the title. In 2007, the team won the state sectionals defeating Dwight Morrow High School 5-0 to win the North I, Group II championship, the team's sixth consecutive sectional title; the team moved onto win the 2007 NJSIAA Group II state championship, defeating Rumson-Fair Haven 3-2 in the final match to earn their fourth consecutive Group II state championship. The girls' tennis team won the Group II state championship in 1976 and in 2007. In 2007, the girls' tennis team took the North I, Group II state sectionals with a string of 5-0 wins over Westwood Regional High School in the quarterfinals, Newton High School in the semis and Pascack Hills High School in the finals; the win was the eighth sectional title in team history. The team took the Group II state championship with a 3½-1½ win over Haddonfield Memorial High School in the semifinals and Manas
Home Alone is a 1990 American Christmas comedy film written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Chris Columbus. The film stars Macaulay Culkin as Kevin McCallister, an 8-year-old boy, mistakenly left behind when his family flies to Paris for their Christmas vacation. Kevin relishes being home alone, but soon has to contend with two burglars, played by Joe Pesci and Daniel Stern; the film features John Heard and Catherine O'Hara as Kevin's parents. Culkin was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Musical or Comedy, the film was nominated for two Academy Awards: Best Original Score, written by John Williams, Best Original Song for "Somewhere in My Memory". After its release, Home Alone became the highest-grossing live action comedy film of all time in the United States, held the record worldwide until it was overtaken by The Hangover Part II in 2011. For nearly three decades, the film was the highest-grossing Christmas film of all time until it was surpassed by The Grinch in 2018.
Despite the mixed critical reception upon its initial release, Home Alone has been hailed as a holiday classic among audiences, is ranked as one of the best Christmas films of all time. Home Alone spawned a successful film franchise with four sequels, including the 1992 film Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, the only Home Alone sequel to have the original cast reprising their roles; the McCallister family is preparing to spend Christmas in Paris, gathering at Peter and Kate's home in a Chicago suburb on the night before their departure. Peter and Kate's youngest son, Kevin, is being the subject of ridicule by his older siblings. Kevin accidentally ruins the family dinner and their flight tickets to Paris after a scuffle with his older brother Buzz, resulting in him getting sent to the attic of the house for punishment where he berates Kate and wishes that his family would disappear. During the night, heavy winds cause damage to the power lines, which causes a power outage and resets the alarm clocks, causing the family to oversleep.
In the confusion and rush to get to the airport, Kevin is accidentally left behind. Kevin wakes to find the house empty and, thinking his wish has come true, is overjoyed with his newfound freedom. However, he soon becomes frightened by his next door neighbor, Old Man Marley, rumored to be a serial killer who murdered his own family. Kevin tricks them into thinking his family is home. Kate realizes mid-flight that Kevin was left behind, upon arrival in Paris, the family discovers that all flights for the next two days are booked. Peter and the rest of the family stays in his brother's apartment in Paris while Kate manages to get a flight back to the United States, but only gets as far as Scranton, Pennsylvania, she attempts to book a flight to Chicago but again, everything is booked. Unable to accept this, Kate is overheard by Gus Polinski—the lead member of a traveling polka band who offers to let her travel with them to Chicago on their way to Milwaukee in a moving van, which she gratefully accepts.
Meanwhile and Marv realize that Kevin is home alone, on Christmas Eve, Kevin overhears them discussing plans to break into his house that night. Kevin starts to miss his family and asks the local Santa Claus impersonator if he could bring his family back for Christmas, he goes to church and watches a choir perform meets Old Man Marley, who dispels the rumors about him. He points out his granddaughter in the choir, whom he never gets to meet as he and his son are estranged. Kevin rigs the house with booby traps to take on the burglars. Harry and Marv break in, spring the traps, suffer various injuries. While the duo pursues Kevin around the house, he calls the police and flees, luring them into a neighboring home which they broke into. Harry and Marv ambush him and prepare to get their revenge, but Marley intervenes and hits them with his shovel before they can harm Kevin; the police arrive and arrest Harry and Marv, having identified all the houses they broke into due to Marv's habit of flooding them.
On Christmas Day, Kevin is disappointed to find. He hears Kate enter the house and call for him. Kevin keeps silent about his encounter with Harry and Marv, although Peter finds Harry's loose gold tooth. Kevin observes Marley reuniting with his son and his family. Marley notices Kevin, the pair wave to each other. Buzz yells "Kevin, what did you do to my room?!" at which point Kevin runs off. Home Alone was a Warner Bros. production. Columbus' work with Home Alone began several years earlier when Hughes helped him secure the directing job for National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation; that project ended poorly when a personality clash between Columbus and Chevy Chase led to Columbus leaving the movie. Hughes gave him the script to Home Alone, which he accepted. Hughes had asked Patrick Read Johnson to direct but declined due to his commitment on Spaced Invaders. Johnson would go on to direct Baby's Day Out, another film produced by Hughes. Hughes suggested to Columbus that they cast Macaulay Culkin in the main role because of his experience with the child actor while shooting Uncle Buck.
Columbus met with other actors for the part, by his count "hundreds and hun
Flatliners is a 1990 American science fiction psychological horror film directed by Joel Schumacher, produced by Michael Douglas and Rick Bieber, written by Peter Filardi. It stars Kiefer Sutherland, Julia Roberts, William Baldwin, Oliver Platt, Kevin Bacon; the film is about five medical students who attempt to find out what lies beyond death by conducting clandestine experiments that produce near-death experiences. The film was shot on the campus of Loyola University between October 1989 and January 1990, was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Sound Editing in 1990; the film was theatrically released on August 1990, by Columbia Pictures. It grossed $61 million at the box office. A remake directed by Danish filmmaker Niels Arden Oplev, was released in September 2017, featured Kiefer Sutherland in a starring role. Nelson Wright, a medical student, walks onto a beach one day and proclaims “today is a good day to die”, he convinces four of his medical school classmates—Joe Hurley, David Labraccio, Randy Steckle, Rachel Manus—to help him discover what lies beyond death.
Nelson flatlines for one minute. While "dead", he experiences a sort of afterlife, he sees a vision of a boy he bullied as Billy Mahoney. He tells his friends that he cannot describe what he saw, but something is there; the others follow Nelson's daring feat. Joe flatlines next, he experiences an erotic afterlife sequence, he agrees with Nelson's claim. David is third to flatline, he sees a vision of a girl, Winnie Hicks, whom he bullied in grade school; the three men start to experience hallucinations related to their afterlife visions. Nelson gets physically beat up by Billy Mahoney twice. Joe, engaged to be married, is haunted by his home videos of his sexual dalliances with other women. David finds Winnie Hicks on a train, she verbally taunts him the way he taunted her. Rachel decides to flatline next on Halloween. David tries to stop the others from giving Rachel their same fate, but she is "dead" when he arrives. Rachel nearly dies for good after the power goes out, the men are unable to shock her with the defibrillator paddles.
Luckily, she survives, but she, too, is haunted by the memory of her father committing suicide when she was young. The three men reveal their harrowing experiences to one another, David decides to put his visions to a stop. Meanwhile, Joe's fiancée, comes to his apartment, she breaks up with him after she discovers his videos. Joe's visions cease. David goes to visit Winnie Hicks, now grown up, apologizes to her. Winnie accepts his apology and thanks him. David feels a weight lifted off his shoulders. David finds Nelson, who accompanied David to visit Winnie, beating himself with a climbing axe. In Nelson's mind, Billy Mahoney is attempting for a third time to beat him to death. David stops him, they return to town. Rachel seeks comfort in the arms of David, the two spend the night together. While Rachel and David are together, Nelson takes Joe to a graveyard, he reveals that he killed Billy Mahoney as a kid by throwing rocks at him until he fell out of a tree. Nelson storms off, leaving Steckle stranded.
David leaves Rachel alone in order to rescue Steckle at the cemetery. While alone, Rachel goes to the bathroom, finds her father, he apologizes to his daughter, her guilt over his death is lifted when she discovers that he was addicted to heroin. Nelson calls Rachel, he tells her that he needs to flatline again in order to make amends, he apologizes for involving their friends in his stupid plan. The three men race to Nelson, dead for an estimated nine minutes already. Rachel soon finds them, the four friends work feverishly to save Nelson. In the afterlife, Nelson is experiencing himself as a young boy being stoned by Billy Mahoney from the tree. Nelson dies in the afterlife from the fall, his friends cannot revive him; when they are about to give up, Mahoney forgives Nelson, David gives Nelson one last shock. This brings him back, Nelson tells them, "Today wasn't a good day to die." Columbia Pictures released Flatliners theatrically on August 10, 1990. The film took in $10 million on its opening weekend.
It grossed $61.5 million total in the United States. The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 48% of critics give the film a positive review based on 44 reviews. On Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average rating to reviews, the film has a score 55 out of 100, based 10 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale. In her review for The New York Times, Caryn James wrote, "when taken on its own stylish terms, Flatliners is entertaining. Viewers are to go along with this film or else ridicule it to death, its atmospheric approach doesn't admit much middle ground." Critic Roger Ebert praised the film as "an original, intelligent thriller, well-directed by Joel Schumacher" and called the cast "talented young actors, inhabit the shadows with the right mixture of intensity and cockiness". But Ebert criticized Flatliners for "plot manipulation, unworthy of the brilliance of its theme. I only wish it had been restructured so we didn't need to go through the same crisis so many times."
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine praised the film's young stars, but complained that "by dodging the questions it raises about life after death, Flatliners ends up tripping on timidity. It's a movie about daring that dares nothing."Entertai