The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones are an English rock band formed in London in 1962. The first stable line-up consisted of bandleader Brian Jones, Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Bill Wyman, Charlie Watts, Ian Stewart. Stewart was removed from the official line-up in 1963 but continued to work with the band as a contracted musician until his death in 1985; the band's primary songwriters and Richards, assumed leadership after Andrew Loog Oldham became the group's manager. Jones left the band less than a month before his death in 1969, having been replaced by Mick Taylor, who remained until 1974. After Taylor left the band, Ronnie Wood took his place in 1975 and continues on guitar in tandem with Richards. Since Wyman's departure in 1993, Darryl Jones has served as touring bassist; the Stones have not had an official keyboardist since 1963, but have employed several musicians in that role, including Jack Nitzsche, Nicky Hopkins, Billy Preston, Ian McLagan, Chuck Leavell. The Rolling Stones were at the forefront of the British Invasion of bands that became popular in the United States in 1964 and were identified with the youthful and rebellious counterculture of the 1960s.
Rooted in blues and early rock and roll, the band started out playing covers but found more success with their own material. After a short period of experimentation with psychedelic rock in the mid-1960s, the group returned to its "bluesy" roots with Beggars Banquet, which along with its follow-ups Let It Bleed, Sticky Fingers and Exile on Main St. is considered to be the band's best work and is seen as their "Golden Age." It was during this period they were first introduced on stage as "The Greatest Rock and Roll Band in the World."The band continued to release commercially successful albums through the 1970s and early 1980s, including Some Girls and Tattoo You, the two best-sellers in their discography. During the 1980s, the band infighting curtailed their output and they only released two more underperforming albums and did not tour for the rest of the decade, their fortunes changed at the end of the decade, when they released Steel Wheels, promoted by a large stadium and arena tour, the Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour.
Since the 1990s, new material has been less frequent. Despite this, the Rolling Stones continue to be a huge attraction on the live circuit. By 2007, the band had four of the top five highest-grossing concert tours of all time: Voodoo Lounge Tour, Bridges to Babylon Tour, Licks Tour and A Bigger Bang. Musicologist Robert Palmer attributes the endurance of the Rolling Stones to their being "rooted in traditional verities, in rhythm-and-blues and soul music", while "more ephemeral pop fashions have come and gone"; the Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. Rolling Stone magazine ranked them fourth on the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" list and their estimated record sales are above 250 million, they have released 23 live albums and numerous compilations. Let It Bleed marked the first of five consecutive No. 1 studio and live albums in the UK. Sticky Fingers was the first of eight consecutive No. 1 studio albums in the US.
In 2008, the band ranked 10th on the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists chart. In 2012, the band celebrated its 50th anniversary; the band still continues to release albums to critical acclaim. S. and won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues Album. The band continues to sell out venues, they have been on their No Filter Tour since September, 2017 and will wrap up the tour with a North American leg over Summer 2019. Keith Richards and Mick Jagger became childhood classmates in 1950 in Dartford, Kent; the Jagger family moved to Wilmington, five miles away, in 1954. In the mid-1950s, Jagger formed a garage band with his friend Dick Taylor. Jagger met Richards again on 17 October 1961 on platform two of Dartford railway station; the Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters records. A musical partnership began shortly afterwards. Richards and Taylor met Jagger at his house; the meetings moved to Taylor's house in late 1961 where Alan Etherington and Bob Beckwith joined the trio. In March 1962, the Blues Boys read about the Ealing Jazz Club in Jazz News newspaper, which mentioned Alexis Korner's rhythm and blues band, Blues Incorporated.
The group sent a tape of their best recordings to Korner, favourably impressed. On 7 April, they visited the Ealing Jazz Club where they met the members of Blues Incorporated, who included slide guitarist Brian Jones, keyboardist Ian Stewart and drummer Charlie Watts. After a meeting with Korner and Richards started jamming with the group. Jones, no longer in a band, advertised for bandmates in Jazz Weekly, while Stewart found them a practice space. Soon after, Jagger and Richards left Blues Incorporated to join Jones and Stewart; the first rehearsal included guitarist Geoff Bradford and vocalist Brian Knight, both of whom decided not to join the band. They objected to playing the Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley songs preferred by Jagger and R
20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation is an American film studio, a subsidiary of Walt Disney Studios, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The studio is located on its namesake studio lot in the Century City area of Los Angeles. For over 84 years, it was one of the "Big Six" major American film studios. In 1985, the studio was acquired by News Corporation, succeeded by 21st Century Fox in 2013 following the spin-off of its publishing assets. In 2019, The Walt Disney Company acquired 20th Century Fox through its merger with 21st Century Fox. Starting with Breakthrough, all studio releases will be distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures. Disney now owns the rights to the studio's pre-merger film library. Twentieth Century Pictures' Joseph Schenck and Darryl F. Zanuck left United Artists over a stock dispute, began merger talks with the management of financially struggling Fox Film, under President Sidney Kent. Spyros Skouras manager of the Fox West Coast Theaters, helped make it happen.
The company had been struggling since founder William Fox lost control of the company in 1930. The new company, 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation, began trading on May 31, 1935. Kent remained at the company, joining Zanuck. Zanuck replaced Winfield Sheehan as the company's production chief; the company established a special training school. Lynn Bari, Patricia Farr and Anne Nagel were among 14 young women "launched on the trail of film stardom" on August 6, 1935, when they each received a six-month contract with 20th Century Fox after spending 18 months in the school; the contracts included a studio option for renewal for as long as seven years. For many years, 20th Century Fox claimed to have been founded in 1915, the year Fox Film was founded. For instance, it marked 1945 as its 30th anniversary. However, in recent years it has claimed the 1935 merger as its founding though most film historians agree it was founded in 1915; the company's films retained the 20th Century Pictures searchlight logo on their opening credits as well as its opening fanfare, but with the name changed to 20th Century-Fox.}
After the merger was completed, Zanuck signed young actors to help carry 20th Century-Fox: Tyrone Power, Linda Darnell, Carmen Miranda, Don Ameche, Henry Fonda, Gene Tierney, Sonja Henie, Betty Grable. Fox hired Alice Faye and Shirley Temple, who appeared in several major films for the studio in the 1930's. Higher attendance during World War II helped Fox overtake RKO and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to become the third most profitable film studio. In 1941, Zanuck was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel in the U. S. Signal Corps and assigned to supervise production of U. S. Army training films, his partner, William Goetz, filled in at Fox. In 1942, Spyros Skouras succeeded Kent as president of the studio. During the next few years, with pictures like The Razor's Edge, Gentleman's Agreement, The Snake Pit and Pinky, Zanuck established a reputation for provocative, adult films. Fox specialized in adaptations of best-selling books such as Ben Ames Williams' Leave Her to Heaven, starring Gene Tierney, the highest-grossing Fox film of the 1940s.
Fox produced film versions of Broadway musicals, including the Rodgers and Hammerstein films, beginning with the musical version of State Fair, the only work that the partnership wrote for films. After the war, with the advent of television, audiences drifted away. 20th Century-Fox held on to its theaters until a court-mandated "divorce". That year, with attendance at half the 1946 level, 20th Century-Fox gambled on an unproven gimmick. Noting that the two film sensations of 1952 had been Cinerama, which required three projectors to fill a giant curved screen, "Natural Vision" 3D, which got its effects of depth by requiring the use of polarized glasses, Fox mortgaged its studio to buy rights to a French anamorphic projection system which gave a slight illusion of depth without glasses. President Spyros Skouras struck a deal with the inventor Henri Chrétien, leaving the other film studios empty-handed, in 1953 introduced CinemaScope in the studio's groundbreaking feature film The Robe. Zanuck announced in February 1953.
To convince theater owners to install this new process, Fox agreed to help pay conversion costs. Seeing the box-office for the first two CinemaScope features, The Robe and How to Marry a Millionaire, Warner Bros. MGM, Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and Disney adopted the process. In 1956 Fox engaged Robert Lippert to establish a subsidiary company, Regal Pictures Associated Producers Incorporated to film B pictures in CinemaScope. Fox produced new musicals using the CinemaScope process including Carousel and The King and I. CinemaScope brought a brief upturn in attendance; that year Darryl Zanuck announced his resignation as head of production. Zanuck moved to Paris, setting up as an independent producer being in the United States for many years. Zanuck's successor, producer Buddy Adler, died a year later. President Spyros Skouras brought in a series of production executives, but none had Zanuck's success. By the early 1960s, Fox was in trouble. A new version of Cleopatra had begun in 1959 with Joan Collins in the
Gillian Howard Welch is an American singer-songwriter. She performs with guitarist David Rawlings, their sparse and dark musical style, which combines elements of Appalachian music, bluegrass and Americana, is described by The New Yorker as "at once innovative and obliquely reminiscent of past rural forms."Welch and Rawlings have collaborated on seven critically acclaimed albums, five released under her name, two released under the name Dave Rawlings Machine. Her 1996 debut and the 2001 release Time, received nominations for the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album, her 2003 album, Soul Journey, introduced electric guitar, a more upbeat sound to their body of work. After a gap of eight years, she released a fifth studio album, The Harrow & The Harvest, in 2011, nominated for a Grammy for Best Contemporary Folk Album. Welch was an associate producer and performed on two songs of the soundtrack of the Coen brothers 2000 film O Brother, Where Art Thou?, a platinum album that won the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 2002.
She appeared in the film attempting to buy a Soggy Bottom Boys record. Welch, while not one of the principal actors, did sing and provide additional lyrics to the Sirens song "Didn't Leave Nobody but the Baby." In 2018 she and Rawlings wrote the song "When a Cowboy Trades His Spurs for Wings" for the Coens' The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, for which they received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Original Song. Welch has collaborated and recorded with distinguished musicians such as Alison Krauss, Ryan Adams, Jay Farrar, Emmylou Harris, the Decemberists, Sam Phillips and Ani DiFranco. Gillian Howard Welch was born on October 2, 1967 in New York City, was adopted by Mitzie Welch and Ken Welch and music entertainers, her biological mother was a freshman in college, her father was a musician visiting New York City. Welch has speculated that her biological father could have been one of her favorite musicians, she discovered from her adoptive parents that he was a drummer. Alec Wilkinson of The New Yorker stated that "from an address they had been given, it appeared that her mother... may have grown up in the mountains of North Carolina".
When Welch was three, her adoptive parents moved to Los Angeles to write music for The Carol Burnett Show. They appeared on The Tonight Show; as a youngster, Welch was introduced to the music of American folk singers Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie, the Carter Family. She performed folk songs with her peers at the Westland Elementary School in Los Angeles. Welch attended Crossroads School, a high school in Santa Monica, California. While in high school, a local television program featured her as a student who "excelled at everything she did."While a student at the University of California, Santa Cruz, Welch played bass in a goth band, drums in a psychedelic surf band. In college, a roommate played an album by the bluegrass band The Stanley Brothers, she had an epiphany: The first song came on and I just stood up and I kind of walked into the other room as if I was in a tractor beam and stood there in front of the stereo, it was just as powerful as the electric stuff, it was songs I'd grown up singing.
All of a sudden I'd found my music. After graduating from UC Santa Cruz with a degree in photography, Welch attended the Berklee College of Music in Boston, where she majored in songwriting. During her two years studying at Berklee, Welch gained confidence as a performer. Welch met her music partner David Rawlings at a successful audition for Berklee's only country band. Upon finishing college in 1992, Welch and Rawlings moved to Tennessee, she recalled, "I looked at my record collection and saw that all the music I loved had been made in Nashville—Bill Monroe, the Stanley Brothers, Neil Young—so I moved there. Not thinking I was thirty years too late." Rawlings soon followed. In Nashville, after singing "Long Black Veil," the two first realized that their voices harmonized well and they started to perform as a duo, they never considered using a working name, so the duo were billed as "Gillian Welch." A year after moving to Nashville, Welch found a manager, Denise Stiff, who managed Alison Krauss.
Both Welch and Stiff ignored frequent advice that Welch should stop playing with Rawlings and join a band. They signed a recording contract with Almo Sounds. Following a performance opening for Peter Rowan at the Station Inn, producer T-Bone Burnett expressed interest in recording an album. Burnett did not plan to disturb Welch's and Rawlings' preference for minimal instrumentation, Welch agreed to take him on as a producer. For the recording sessions of Welch's debut, Burnett wanted to recapture the bare sound of Welch's live performance. Welch recalled, "That first week was intense, it was just T-Bone, the engineer, Dave and myself. We got so inside our little world. There was little distance between our singing and playing; the sound was immediate. It was so light and small." They recorded several more songs and played with an expanded group of musicians. The album was released in April 1996 to positive reviews. Mark Deming of Allmusic called it a "superb debut" and wrote, "Welch's debts to artists of the past are obvious and acknowledged, but there's a maturity and keen eye for detail in her songs you wouldn't expect from someone trying to ape the Carter Family."
Bill Friskics-Warren of No Depression praised the album as "breathtakingly austere evocations of rural cul
Robert David Grusin is an American composer, arranger and pianist. He has composed many scores for feature films and television, has won numerous awards for his soundtrack and record work, including an Academy Award and ten Grammy Awards, he has had a prolific recording career as an artist, arranger and executive producer. He is the co-founder of GRP Records. Born in Littleton, Colorado, he studied music at the University of Colorado at Boulder and was awarded his degree in 1956, he produced his first single, "Subways Are for Sleeping", in 1962 and his first film score for Divorce American Style. Other scores followed, including Winning, The Friends of Eddie Coyle, The Midnight Man, Three Days of the Condor. In the late 1970s, he started GRP Records with his business partner, Larry Rosen, began to create some of the first commercial digital recordings, he was the composer for The Graduate, On Golden Pond and The Goonies. In 1988, he won the Oscar for best original score for The Milagro Beanfield War, He composed the musical scores for the 1984 TriStar Pictures and the 1993 Columbia Pictures Television logos.
From 2000-11, Grusin concentrated on composing classical and jazz compositions and recording with collaborators, including guitarist Lee Ritenour. Their album Harlequin won a Grammy Award in 1985, their classical crossover albums, Two Worlds and Amparo, were nominated for Grammys. Grusin's mother was a pianist and his father was a violinist from Riga, Latvia. He's half Jewish. An alumnus of the University of Colorado at Boulder, College of Music, he was awarded his bachelor's degree in 1956, his teachers included Cecil Effinger and Wayne Scott, pianist and professor of jazz. Grusin has a filmography of about 100 titles, his many awards include an Oscar for best original score for The Milagro Beanfield War, as well as Oscar nominations for The Champ, The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Firm, Heaven Can Wait, On Golden Pond. He received a Best Original Song nomination for "It Might Be You" from the film Tootsie. Six of the fourteen cuts on the soundtrack from The Graduate are his. Other film scores he has composed include Where Were You When the Lights Went Out?, Three Days of the Condor, The Goonies, Tequila Sunrise, Hope Floats, Random Hearts, The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, Mulholland Falls and The Firm.
In addition, he composed the original opening fanfare for film studio TriStar Pictures. Grusin composed theme music for the TV programs It Takes a Thief, The Name of the Game, Dan August, The Sandy Duncan Show, Good Times, Baretta, St. Elsewhere, for Televisa in Mexico, Tres Generaciones, he composed music for individual episodes of each of those shows. His other TV credits include The Wild Wild West, The Girl from U. N. C. L. E. and Columbo: Prescription: Murder. He did the theme song for One Life to Live from 1984–92. Grusin and Larry Rosen founded GRP Records in 1978. In 1994, GRP was in charge of MCA's jazz operations. Founders Grusin and Rosen were replaced by Tommy LiPuma. In 1997, Grusin and Rosen founded N2K Encoded Music, renamed N-Coded Music, he received honorary doctorates from Berklee College of Music in 1988 and University of Colorado, College of Music in 1989. Grusin was initiated into the Beta Chi Chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia at the University of Colorado in 1953. Grusin is married to Nan Newton.
He is the father of music editor Stuart Grusin, music editor and musician Scott Grusin, aerospace engineer Michael Grusin. He is the stepfather of artist Annie Vought and elder brother of keyboardist Don Grusin and sister Dee Grusin. Award, Best Original Score, The Milagro Beanfield War Nomination, Best Original Score: Heaven Can Wait, The Champ, On Golden Pond, The Fabulous Baker Boys, The Firm Nomination, Best Original Song: "It Might Be You" Award, Best Arrangement on an Instrumental: "Early A. M. Attitude", "Suite" for The Milagro Beanfield War, "Bess You Is My Woman/I Loves You Porgy", "Mood Indigo", "Three Cowboy Songs" Award, Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocals: "My Funny Valentine" by Michelle Pfeiffer, "Mean Old Man" by James Taylor Award, Best Album Original Score Written for Motion Picture or Television: The Fabulous Baker Boys, Best Original Score: Selena Nomination, Best Original Score: The Milagro Beanfield War, The Fabulous Baker Boys, For the Boys Charles E. Lutton Man of Music Award, Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, 1991 Subways Are for Sleeping Piano and Moonlight Kaleidoscope Divorce American Style The Graduate Candy Three Days of the Condor Discovered Again!
One of a Kind The Champ Mountain Dance The Electric Horseman Out of the Shadows Night Lines Dave Grusin and the NY-LA Dream Band Harlequin Lucas Cinemagic GRP Live in Session Sticks and Stones Migration The Fabulous Baker Boys The Bonfire of the Vanities Havana The Gershwin Connection GRP Super Live in Concert Homage to Duke The Firm Dave Grusin Presents GRP All-Stars Live! The Cure Two for the Road (
Mae Margaret Whitman is an American actress and singer. After making her film debut in When a Man Loves a Woman, she had other supporting roles in films such as One Fine Day, Independence Day, Hope Floats. Thereafter, Whitman ventured into television, with her most notable roles including Ann Veal on the Fox sitcom Arrested Development and Amber Holt on the NBC drama Parenthood, she had supporting roles in the films Scott Pilgrim vs. the World and The Perks of Being a Wallflower. Whitman made her leading role film debut in The DUFF, she stars as Annie Marks in Good Girls on NBC. Whitman has lent her voice to several animated films and television series, including as Rose/Huntsgirl in American Dragon: Jake Long, Shanti in The Jungle Book 2, Katara in Avatar: The Last Airbender, Tinker Bell in the Disney Fairies franchise, Little Suzy in Johnny Bravo, April O'Neil in the 2012 generation of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles and Yuffie Kisaragi in the video game Kingdom Hearts II; the only child of voice artist Pat Musick and personal manager and set construction coordinator Jeffrey Whitman, Mae attended Ribet Academy.
Whitman is of German ancestry. She started her career with a voice-over for a Tyson Chicken commercial at the age of two. Acting coach Andrew Magarian helped her memorize lines. In 1994, at the age of six, Whitman made her film debut, acting alongside Meg Ryan in When a Man Loves a Woman, playing Ryan's youngest daughter, Casey Green, she beat 700 other girls. In 1996, Whitman appeared in two films: Independence Day, playing Bill Pullman's daughter, Patricia Whitmore and One Fine Day playing George Clooney's daughter, Maggie Taylor; the same year, Whitman guest starred in the season three episode of Friends, "The One Where Rachel Quits." In 1998, she played Bernice Pruitt, in Hope Floats. During several guest appearances from 1998 until 2001, Whitman played the role of Chloe Madison on JAG before starring in the Fox Family series State of Grace in which she portrayed Grace, a girl from a Catholic background who befriends Hannah, a Jewish girl. From 2004 to 2006, Whitman had a recurring role on Arrested Development, reuniting with Shawkat.
Whitman appeared in the 2006 series Thief for FX Networks. Whitman made several high-profile guest appearances in 2006 and 2007, she appeared on Desperate Housewives in the episode "Nice She Ain't" as Sarah, an unscrupulous friend of Julie Mayer. Whitman had a recurring role on Chicago Hope, playing the daughter of "Dr. Kate Austin", in the series' years. Whitman was cast in the 2007 series remake of The Bionic Woman, playing the deaf younger sister of the title character. On June 27, 2007, TV Guide reported that Whitman was being replaced in the role of Jaime's sister and Lucy Hale was cast as Whitman's replacement the following July. An NBC spokesperson confirmed this stating, "The decision was purely creatively driven, it is common to change storylines, actors after the initial pilot is shot." The sister character's hearing was restored after this recasting at the request of an NBC executive. The series' unaired pilot episode has been released on DVD on April 7, 2008, she appeared in the season nine episode "Streetwise" of Law and Order: Special Victims Unit in 2008 as an on-the-street-mother who adopts street children forming a homeless family who testifies against her husband after her adopted daughter is found murdered.
Whitman gave voice to Katara of the Water Tribe in the animated show Avatar: The Last Airbender and Rose in American Dragon: Jake Long. She has appeared in the HBO series In Treatment as Rosie, she plays Cynder in The Legend of Spyro: The Eternal Night. Whitman voiced the character Tinker Bell in the 2009 and 2010 Disney Tinker Bell films; as part of a deal to promote the production of the first Tinker Bell film, the UK's speaking clock started to use her voice at 0100GMT on October 26, 2008. In 2009, Whitman landed a regular role in NBC's version of the Ron Howard classic Parenthood, which premiered in 2010, she played Amber Holt, "a rebellious and willful teen whose only interest at present is her wannabe rock star boyfriend." Whitman played evil ex Roxy Richter in Edgar Wright's Scott Pilgrim vs. the World, a film adaptation of the Bryan Lee O'Malley indie comic series Scott Pilgrim, which starred her former Arrested Development co-star, Michael Cera, in the title role. Whitman appeared on Family Guy in 2010.
She had a large role in the 2012 film The Perks of Being a Wallflower opposite Logan Lerman, Emma Watson and Ezra Miller. In 2013, she reprised her role as Ann Veal in Arrested Development's season four, six years after the series was canceled, she appeared alongside Darren Criss in three episodes of season three of Lisa Kudrow's Web Therapy, playing his girlfriend. In 2015, Whitman played the lead role in the comedy The DUFF, she started filming Operator alongside Martin Starr in June. According to co-writer and director Roland Emmerich, Whitman did not reprise her role as the President's daughter in Independence Day: Resurgence, the sequel to the 1996 blockbuster hit Independence Day, because she did not want to read for the part. Whitman has expressed her feelings on being typecast as an outsider in various roles in television and movies, she has talked about being a child actor and her relatable experiences such as being bullied in high school for being "weird." In an interview with Bello Mag, Whitman explains that the entertainment industry tells actors what they are
Forest Steven Whitaker III is an American actor and director who has earned a reputation for intensive character study work for films such as Bird, The Crying Game, Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, The Great Debaters, The Butler and Arrival. He has appeared in blockbusters such as Rogue One: A Star Wars Story as Saw Gerrera and Black Panther as Zuri. For his performance as Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland, Whitaker won the Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award, National Board of Review Award, Screen Actors Guild Award and various critics groups' awards for a lead acting performance. Whitaker was born on July 15, 1961 in Longview, the son of Laura Francis, a special education teacher who put herself through college and earned two master's degrees while raising her children and Forest Steven Whitaker Jr. an insurance salesman. A DNA test has shown; when Whitaker was four, his family moved to California. Whitaker has two younger brothers and Damon and an older sister, Deborah.
His first role as an actor was the lead in Dylan Thomas' play Under Milk Wood. Whitaker attended Carson Senior High School and played on the football team and sang in the choir, graduating in 1979. Whitaker entered California State Polytechnic University, Pomona on a football scholarship, but a back injury made him change his major to music, he toured England with the Cal Poly Chamber Singers in 1980. While still at Cal Poly, he changed his major to drama, he was accepted to the Music Conservatory at the University of Southern California to study opera as a tenor and subsequently was accepted into the University's Drama Conservatory. He graduated from USC with a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in Acting in 1982, he earned a scholarship to the Berkeley, branch of the Drama Studio London. Whitaker was pursuing a degree in "The Core of Conflict: Studies in Peace and Reconciliation" at New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study in 2004. Whitaker has a long history of working with well-regarded film actors.
In his first onscreen performance of note, he had a supporting role playing a high school football player in the 1982 film version of Cameron Crowe's coming-of-age teen-retrospective Fast Times at Ridgemont High. In 1986, he appeared in Martin Scorsese's The Color of Oliver Stone's Platoon; the following year, he co-starred in Vietnam. In 1988, Whitaker appeared in the film Bloodsport and had his first lead role starring as musician Charlie "Bird" Parker in Clint Eastwood's Bird. To prepare himself for the part, he sequestered himself in a loft with only a bed and saxophone, having conducted extensive research and taken alto sax lessons, his performance, called "transcendent", earned him the Best Actor award at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival and a Golden Globe nomination. Whitaker continued to work with a number of well-known directors throughout the 1990s, he starred in the 1990 film Downtown and was cast in the pivotal role of Jody, a captive British soldier in the 1992 film The Crying Game, for which he used an English accent.
Todd McCarthy of Variety described Whitaker's performance as "big-hearted", "hugely emotional", "simply terrific". In 1994, he was a member of the cast that won the first National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble for Robert Altman's film, Prêt-à-Porter, he gave a "characteristically emotional performance" in Wayne Wang and Paul Auster's 1995 film, Smoke. In 1996, he played a role of a good-natured man in Phenomenon, alongside John Travolta and Robert Duvall, which earned him a Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Supporting Actor – Drama, was nominated for NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Motion Picture. Whitaker played a serene, pigeon-raising, bushido-following, mob hit man in Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, a 1999 film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch. Many consider this to have been a "definitive role" for Whitaker. In a manner similar to his preparation for Bird, he again immersed himself in his character's world—he studied Eastern philosophy and meditated for long hours "to hone his inner spiritual hitman."
Jarmusch has told interviewers. The film was criticized as a notorious commercial and critical disaster. However, Whitaker's performance was lauded by the film's director, Roger Christian, who commented that, "Everybody's going to be surprised" by Whitaker, who "found this huge voice and laugh." Battlefield Earth won seven Razzie Awards. Whitaker expressed his regret for participating in the film. In 2001, Whitaker had a small, uncredited role in the Wong Kar-wai-directed The Follow, one of five short films produced by BMW that year to promote its cars, he co-starred in Joel Schumacher's 2002 thriller, Phone Booth, with Kiefer Sutherland and Colin Farrell. That year, he co-starred with Jodie Foster in Panic Room, his performance as the film's "bad guy" was described as "a subtle chemistry of aggression and empathy."Whitaker's 2006 portrayal of Idi Amin in the film The Last King of Scotland earned him positive reviews by critics as well as multiple awards and honors. To portray the dictator, Whi
Don Edward Fagenson, known as Don Was, is an American musician, record producer and record executive. A bass player, Was led the 1980s funk-rock band Was. In years he produced songs and albums for a large number of popular recording artists. In 2012, he became president of jazz music label Blue Note Records. Born in Detroit, Was graduated from Oak Park High School in the Detroit suburb of Oak Park attended the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor but dropped out after the first year. A journeyman musician, he grew up listening to the Detroit blues sound and the jazz music of John Coltrane and Miles Davis, amongst many others; as a teenager, Was was further influenced by the Beat Generation, most notably John Sinclair. In high school, Was was the lead guitar player in a Detroit rock band called the Saturns; the first recording project that he engineered and produced was in 1971 with drummer Muruga Booker on a recording called Rama Rama / Endless Path. Using the stage name "Don Was", he formed; the group found commercial success in the 1980s – releasing four albums and logging several hit records.
Their biggest hit was "Walk the Dinosaur", off of their album What up, Dog? A jazz/R&B album of Hank Williams covers, "Forever's A Long, Long Time" was released in 1997, under the name Orquestra Was. In 2008, Was reunited for an acclaimed new album titled Boo! and tour. Was has received four Grammy Awards including the 1994 Grammy Award for Producer of the Year, he produced several albums for Bonnie Raitt including her Nick of Time album that won the 1989 Grammy Award for Album of the Year. Don collaborated with co-producer Ziggy Marley, on Family Time, winner of 2009's Best Musical Album For Children, he produced the Rolling Stones 2016 album Blue and Lonesome, which won the Grammy for Best Traditional Blues album. He served as music director and/or consultant for several motion pictures such as Thelma and Louise, The Rainmaker, Hope Floats, Tin Cup, Honeymoon in Vegas, 8 Seconds, The Freshman, Days of Thunder, Michael, Prêt-à-Porter, Boys on the Side, Toy Story and The Paper. In 1997, he directed and produced a documentary, I Just Wasn't Made for These Times, about former Beach Boy Brian Wilson.
The film debuted at the Sundance Film Festival and won the San Francisco Film Festival's Golden Gate Award. He received the British Academy Award for Best Original Score in recognition of his compositions for the film Backbeat. Was, a fan of the Rolling Stones and saw them in concert when he was age 12 in 1964, produced their albums Voodoo Lounge, Bridges to Babylon, Forty Licks, Live Licks, A Bigger Bang and Blue & Lonesome, he worked on the Rolling Stones's reissues Exile on Main Street, released in May 2010 and Some Girls released in October 2011. Was scoured old master recordings of the albums for lost gems, remastering some songs while producing new vocals and tracks on others. Was produced the B-52's 1989 album Cosmic Thing, which included their smash hit "Love Shack". Since 2008, Was has hosted the proceedings at the Detroit All-Star Revue, an annual showcase of local acts from the Detroit music scene. From 2009 to 2012, Don hosted a weekly radio show on Sirius XM satellite radio's Outlaw Country channel called The Motor City Hayride.
During the 2011 season of American Idol, Was appeared in several episodes producing contestants Haley Reinhart, Scotty McCreery, Paul McDonald, Lauren Alaina and Casey Abrams. In January 2012, he was appointed president of the jazz record label, Blue Note Records in succession to Bruce Lundvall, he won the 2014 Emmy Award for Outstanding Music Direction for his work on the CBS TV special "The Beatles: The Night That Changed America." On November 18, 2015, at DAR Constitution Hall in Washington DC, he led the house band that performed at a concert celebrating Willie Nelson, recipient of the 2015 Library of Congress Gershwin Prize for Popular Song. In 2018, Was joined former Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir and drummer Jay Lane to form Bob Weir & Wolf Bros, a trio which undertook a North American tour in the Fall of 2018, continued with a second tour of twenty more shows in the Spring of 2019. Don Was is the father of three sons who are musicians. Don is married to former Virgin Records A&R executive and video director Gemma Corfield, is the brother of Dr. Nancy Fagenson Potok, Chief Statistician of the United States of America, former Principal Associate Director and Chief Financial Officer of the US Census Bureau and Deputy Undersecretary for Economic Affairs at the US Department of Commerce.
1981: Was – Was 1982: The Beat Goes On – Orbit featuring Carol Hall 1983: Born to Laugh at Tornadoes – Was 1984: Into the Hot – Floy Joy 1985: Spoiled Girl – Carly Simon 1986 Weak in the Presence of Beauty – Floy Joy 1986 Madness of It All – The Ward Brothers 1986 Cross That Bridge – The Ward Brothers 1988: What Up, Dog? – Was 1989: Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt 1989: Cosmic Thing – The B-52s 1990: Take It to Heart – Michael McDonald 1990: Brick by Brick – Iggy Pop 1990: Under the Red Sky – Bob Dylan 1990: To Be Continued – Elton John 1991: Khaled – Khaled 1991: Are