click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hope Memorial Bridge

The Hope Memorial Bridge is a 5,865-foot-long art deco truss bridge crossing the Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio. The bridge connects Lorain Avenue on Cleveland's west side and Carnegie Avenue on the east side, terminating just short of Progressive Field. Pairs of statues designed by sculptor Henry Hering and architect Frank Walker – titled the "Guardians of Traffic" – stand on pylons at each end of the viaduct, symbolizing progress in transportation. A bond issue to pay for the bridge was passed in 1921, but construction was delayed for years due to squabbles over how the money would be spent; the bridge was completed in 1932 at a cost of $4.75 million. It stands 93 feet above the river's waterline. A second, lower deck designed to carry truck and commercial traffic was never put into service; the bridge was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on October 8, 1976, after a controversy in which county engineer Albert S. Porter threatened to remove the historic pylons to widen the span, stating, "Those columns are monstrosities and should be torn down and forgotten.

There is nothing historic about any one of them. We're not running a May Show here." The bridge was renovated in the early 1980s. On September 1, 1983, the Lorain–Carnegie bridge was renamed the "Hope Memorial Bridge". In the years since the dedication, claims have varied as to who the bridge's name honors; some have claimed the bridge was renamed for Bob Hope. On December 10, 2012, officials opened a 14.5-foot-wide multi-use path on the north side of the bridge, part of a project which will add lighting to the Guardians of Traffic. A pair of peregrine falcons nest under the bridge. During the 2016 Republican National Convention, the bridge was a site of peaceful demonstration where a group to "Circle the City with Love" held hands while standing in silence, designed as an initiative to promote a moment of love and reflection; the inaugural Guardian Mile road race will be run across the bridge on August 11, 2018. The elite field boasts multiple olympians and $14,000 up for grabs in prize money, as well as races for runners of all ages and levels.

Detroit–Superior Bridge List of crossings of the Cuyahoga River Lorain–Carnegie Bridge Hope Memorial Bridge Hope Memorial Bridge at HLNEO

Susan Shipton

Susan Shipton is a Canadian film editor. Shipton has collaborated with director Atom Egoyan on eight projects, her editing credits include The Adjuster and Death on Long Island, Mr. Nobody, I Love a Man in Uniform, When Night Is Falling, Breakfast with Scot, Where the Truth Lies, Long Day's Journey into Night and Queen of the Night, she wrote and directed the short film Hindsight. Shipton has been nominated for the Genie Award for Best Achievement in Editing six times and has won twice, for The Sweet Hereafter in 1997 and Possible Worlds in 2001, she won the 2005 Directors Guild of Canada Craft Award for Being Julia. Shipton is a member of the Canadian Cinema Editors honours society. Susan Shipton on IMDb Susan Shipton in: thecanadianencyclopedia

An Zuozhang

An Zuozhang was a Chinese historian who specialized in ancient Chinese history and the regional history of Shandong. A lifelong professor of Shandong Normal University, he was considered in China as a leading expert in the history of Qin and Han dynasties. An was born on 10 January 1927 in Cao County, Republic of China. After graduating from the Department of History of Cheeloo University in 1951, he served as a faculty member in the history department of Shandong Normal University until his death. From 1985 to 1989 he served as director of the university's Research Institute of Ancient Documents. In 1954, two of his papers, on the military colonies and agricultural officials of the Western Han dynasty were published in the influential national newspaper Guangming Daily, a rare feat for a 27-year-old historian. An published more than 30 books. A number of them, including A Draft History of Qin and Han Officialdom, Biography of Liu Bang, A Cultural History of Canals in China, General History of Shandong, General Cultural History of Shandong, General History of Chinese Acrobatic Art, were awarded the Shandong Provincial Social Science Research Prize.

An was considered in China as a leading expert in the history of the Han dynasties. In his view, the governing principle of the Western Han dynasty was "doing nothing against nature" and ensuring "a peaceful environment to develop the economy", he was recognized by the Government of Shandong as a "top provincial expert", was awarded a special pension by the State Council of China. He was elected a delegate to the 13th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. On 20 February 2019, An died of a heart attack at the age of 92

Nikita Gusev

Nikita Andreyevich Gusev, nicknamed "The Goose", is a Russian professional ice hockey forward playing for the New Jersey Devils of the National Hockey League. Gusev was selected by the Tampa Bay Lightning in the seventh round, 202nd overall, of the 2012 NHL Entry Draft. On 14 July 2017, Gusev signed a two-year contract extension with Kontinental Hockey League powerhouse club SKA Saint Petersburg. In the 2018–19 season, his last season under contract with SKA, Gusev posted a career and league high 82 points, leading the KHL with 65 assists, he continued his offensive dominance in the post-season, contributing with 19 points in 18 games before suffering a conference final defeat for the second consecutive season to CSKA Moscow. Through nine seasons in the KHL, Gusev is 10th all-time with 332 points in 391 games. On 21 June 2017, with the selection of Jason Garrison by the Vegas Golden Knights in the 2017 NHL Expansion Draft, the Knights received from the Tampa Bay Lightning the rights to Gusev, along with a second-round pick in the 2017 NHL Entry Draft and a fourth-round pick in the 2018 NHL Entry Draft.

On 14 April 2019, Gusev signed a one-year, entry-level contract with the Vegas Golden Knights joining the club in the midst of their first round playoff series against the San Jose Sharks. On 29 July 2019, Gusev as a restricted free agent was traded by the Golden Knights to the New Jersey Devils in exchange for a third-round pick in 2020 and a second-round pick in the 2021 NHL Entry Draft, he agreed to terms with the Devils on a two-year, $9 million contract with an average annual value of $4,500,000. Gusev has played for Russia at the World Junior Championships and World Championships, he was a member of the Olympic Athletes from Russia team at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Eurohockey.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

West Toronto

West Toronto was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1904. It was located in the province of Ontario; the district was created by the British North America Act of 1867 and was renamed Toronto West in 1903. West Toronto was defined as consisting of St. John, St. Andrew, St. Patrick and St. George's Wards of Toronto. In 1872, St. John's Ward was excluded from the riding. In 1892, the riding was given an additional seat in the House of Commons of Canada so that its voters elected two Members of Parliament. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts Website of the Parliament of Canada

Fran├žois Mitterrand

François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand was a French statesman who served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, the longest time in office in the history of France. As First Secretary of the Socialist Party, he was the first left-wing politician to assume the presidency under the Fifth Republic. Reflecting family influences, Mitterrand started political life on the Catholic nationalist right, he served under the Vichy Regime during its earlier years. Subsequently he joined the Resistance, moved to the left, held ministerial office several times under the Fourth Republic, he opposed de Gaulle's establishment of the Fifth Republic. Although at times a politically isolated figure, Mitterrand outmanoeuvered rivals to become the left's standard bearer at every presidential election from 1965–88. Mitterrand was elected President at the 1981 presidential election, he was re-elected in 1988 and remained in office until 1995. Mitterrand invited the Communist Party into his first government, a controversial decision at the time.

In the event, the Communists were boxed in as junior partners and, rather than taking advantage, saw their support erode. They left the cabinet in 1984. Early in his first term, Mitterrand followed a radical left-wing economic agenda, including nationalisation of key firms, but after two years, with the economy in crisis, he reversed course, he pushed a liberal agenda with reforms such as the abolition of the death penalty, the 39-hour work week, the end of a government monopoly in radio and television broadcasting. His foreign and defense policies built on those of his Gaullist predecessors, his partnership with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl advanced European integration via the Maastricht Treaty, but he reluctantly accepted German reunification. During his time in office, he was a strong promoter of culture and implemented a range of costly "Grands Projets", he is the only French President to have named a female Prime Minister, Édith Cresson, in 1991. He was twice forced by the loss of a parliamentary majority into "cohabitation governments" with conservative cabinets led by Jacques Chirac, Édouard Balladur.

Less than eight months after leaving office, Mitterrand died from the prostate cancer he had concealed for most of his presidency. Beyond making the French left electable, Mitterrand presided over the rise of the Socialist Party to dominance of the left, the decline of the once-mighty Communist Party. Mitterrand was born in Jarnac and baptized François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand, the son of Joseph Mitterrand and Yvonne Lorrain, his family was devoutly conservative. His father worked as an engineer for the Compagnie Paris Orléans railway, he had three brothers, Robert and Philippe, four sisters, Marie-Josèphe and Geneviève. Mitterrand's wife, Danielle Mitterrand, came from a socialist background and worked for various left-wing causes, they married on 24 October 1944 and had three sons: Pascal, Jean-Christophe, born in 1946, Gilbert, born on 4 February 1949. He had two children as results of extra-marital affairs: an acknowledged daughter, with his mistress Anne Pingeot, an unacknowledged son, Hravn Forsne, with Swedish journalist Christina Forsne.

Mitterrand's nephew Frédéric Mitterrand is a journalist, Minister of Culture and Communications under Nicolas Sarkozy, his wife's brother-in-law Roger Hanin was a well-known French actor. Mitterrand studied from 1925 to 1934 in the Collège Saint-Paul in Angoulême, where he became a member of the Jeunesse Etudiante Chrétienne, the student organisation of Action catholique. Arriving in Paris in autumn 1934, he went to the École Libre des Sciences Politiques until 1937, where he obtained his diploma in July of that year. Mitterrand took membership for about a year in the Volontaires nationaux, an organisation related to François de la Rocque's far-right league, the Croix de Feu. Contrary to some reports, Mitterrand never became a formal member of the Parti Social Français, the successor to the Croix de Feu and may be considered the first French right-wing mass party. However, he did write news articles in the L'Echo de Paris newspaper, close to the PSF, he participated in the demonstrations against the "métèque invasion" in February 1935 and in those against law teacher Gaston Jèze, nominated as juridical counsellor of Ethiopia's Negus, in January 1936.

When Mitterrand's involvement in these conservative nationalist movements was revealed in the 1990s, he attributed his actions to the milieu of his youth. Mitterrand furthermore had some personal and family relations with members of the Cagoule, a far-right terrorist group in the 1930s. Mitterrand served his conscription from 1937 to 1939 in the 23rd régiment d'infanterie coloniale. In 1938, he became the best friend of Georges Dayan, a Jewish socialist, whom he saved from anti-Semitic aggressions by the national-royalist movement Action française, his friendship with Dayan caused Mitterrand to begin to question some of his nationalist ideas. Finishing his law studies, he was sent in September 1939 to the Maginot line near Montmédy, with the rank of Sergeant-chief, he became engaged to Mari