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Horatius Cocles

Publius Horatius Cocles was an officer in the army of the early Roman Republic who famously defended the Pons Sublicius from the invading army of Etruscan King Lars Porsena of Clusium in the late 6th century BC, during the war between Rome and Clusium. By defending the narrow end of the bridge, he—along with two others—was able to hold off the attacking army long enough to allow other Romans to destroy the bridge behind him, blocking the Etruscans' advance and saving the city. Horatius was a member of the ancient patrician house of the Horatii, celebrated in legend since the combat between the Horatii and the Curiatii in the time of Tullus Hostilius, the third Roman king, he was a nephew of the consul, Marcus Horatius Pulvillus, is said to have obtained his agnomen, meaning "one-eyed", because he lost an eye in the Battle of the Sublician Bridge. However, this may be a elaboration, as the famous statue of Horatius and one-eyed, still visible, though weathered, in the time of Pliny the Elder, was intended as a depiction of the god Vulcan, only became identified with Horatius when its original subject was no longer recognizable.

In 509 BC, King Lars Porsena was at the head of an army. Concentrating his forces on the Etruscan side of the Tiber, Porsena assaulted Janiculum hill and seized it and all its materiel from the terrified Roman guard. Porsena left an Etruscan garrison to hold it proceeded towards the Pons Sublicius, the only regional bridge across the Tiber; the Romans awaited in the Naevian Meadow between the bridge. The Tarquins commanded the Etruscan left wing facing the Roman troops of Spurius Lartius and Titus Herminius. Octavius Mamilius commanded the Etruscan right right wing consisting of rebel Latins. Porsena commanded the center. Porsena had the Romans intended to intimidate them into retreat. Battle ensued; the Etruscan right wing was successful in wounding Valerius and Lucretius, the commanders of the Roman left wing. After both were carried off the field, the Romans ran for the bridge; the enemy pursued. Three Romans now defended the Pons Sublicius. Livy's briefer and more skeptical account tells of no battle, only that Horatius' "own men, a panic-struck mob, were deserting their posts and throwing away their arms".

Dionysius' account explains, "Herminius and Lartius, their defensive arms being now rendered useless by the continual blows they received, began to retreat gradually." They order Horatius to retreat with them. Understanding the threat to Rome if the enemy were to cross the river, he ordered his men to destroy the bridge; the enemy was shocked not only by Horatius' suicidal last stand, but by his decision to use a pile of bodies as a shield wall. Horatius was struck by enemy missiles many times including a spear in the buttocks. Hearing word from his men they'd torn up the bridge, he "leaped armed into the river and swimming across... he emerged upon the shore without having lost any of his weapons."Livy's version has him uttering this prayer to Father Tiber: "Tiberinus, holy father, I pray thee to receive into thy propitious stream these arms and this thy warrior." Horatius was awarded a crown for his valor and conducted into the city by a singing crowd joined by a grateful city. Horatius was now disabled and so could no longer serve in the army or hold public office, but he was provided "as much of the public land as he himself could plow around in one day with a yoke of oxen," and each citizen of Rome was obligated to gave him one day's ration of food.

He would be honored with a bronze statue in the comitium. Polybius' account uses Horatius as an example of the men who have "devoted themselves to inevitable death...to save the lives of other citizens....e threw himself into the river with his armor, there lost his life as he had designed." Horatius' defense stymied Lars Porsena's direct assault on the city walls. The siege would conclude with a peace treaty; the story of Horatius at the Bridge appears in many ancient sources, including Plutarch, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Livy. Florus tacitly acknowledges the extraordinary nature of the story: "It was on this occasion that those three prodigies and marvels of Rome made their appearance, Horatius and Cloelia, were they not recorded in our annals, would seem fabulous characters at the present day." Tacitus notes in passing that "when was surrendered, did not violate the seat of Jupiter". This could be understood to mean that Rome surrendered after this battle. Livy viewed the story as legendary, dubious of Horatius' armed swim, noting "though many missiles fell over him he swam across in safety to his friends, an act of daring more famous than credible with posterity."T.

J. Cornell deems these various accounts invented by "unscrupulous annalists" as "face-saving victories in the immediate aftermath of these defeats", insisting "The annalists of the first century BC are thus seen principally as entertainers...." The story of the redoubtable Horatius at th

The Intimate Ellington

The Intimate Ellington is a studio album by American pianist and bandleader Duke Ellington compiled from sessions recorded in 1969, 1970 and 1971, released on the Pablo label in 1977. The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 5 stars and states "Even this late in his life, Duke Ellington had a great deal to say musically and his band continued to rank near the top". All compositions by Duke Ellington except as indicated"Moon Maiden" - 2:42 "Edward the First" - 3:20 "Symphonette" - 5:03 "Intimate Interlude" - 5:01 "Some Summer Fun" - 5:18 "Layin' on Mellow" - 2:13 "Eulb" - 2:34 "Tenz" - 2:27 "I Got It Bad" - 5:30 "Sophisticated Lady" - 4:57 "Edward the Second" - 5:44Recorded at National Recording Studio, New York, NY on May 23, 1969, July 14, 1969, August 29, 1969, June 15, 1970, December 9, 1970, February 1, 1971, February 2, 1971, May 5, 1971, June 29, 1971. Duke Ellington – piano, celeste & vocals Wild Bill Davis - organ Cat Anderson, Willie Cook, Mercer Ellington, Money Johnson, Al Rubin, Frank Stone, Cootie Williams, Richard Williams - trumpet Lawrence Brown, Julian Priester, Malcolm Taylor, Booty Wood - trombone Chuck Connors - bass trombone Johnny Hodges, Buddy Pearson, Norris Turney - alto saxophone Russell Procope - alto saxophone, clarinet Harold Ashby, Paul Gonsalves - tenor saxophone Harry Carney - baritone saxophone Joe Benjamin, Paul Kondziela - bass Rufus Jones - drums

Collins Scrabble Words

Collins Scrabble Words is the word list used in English-language tournament Scrabble in most countries except the USA, Thailand and Canada. The term SOWPODS is an anagram of the two acronyms OSPD and OSW, these being the original two official dictionaries used in various parts of the world at the time. Although the two source dictionaries have now changed their respective titles, the term SOWPODS is still used by tournament players to refer to the combination of the two sources. There has not been any actual hard-copy list produced called SOWPODS, although the current Collins Scrabble Words, or CSW, is in effect the full SOWPODS list by a different name; the two main sources for the words making up the combined list are: The British words. Derived from two sources. From the NASPA Word List Official Tournament and Club Word List, or TWL, derived from the Merriam-Webster's Dictionary and four other collegiate dictionaries. Latest version is NSW2018. In 1980 in the United Kingdom, the Chambers Dictionary replaced the Shorter Oxford Dictionary as the official choice for arbitration of the British National Scrabble Championship.

In 1988 for the first time a single list of all the valid words, without the ambiguity of discussing conjugations and plurals was published under the title Official Scrabble Words from Chambers. North American Scrabble was using the Official Scrabble Players Dictionary, hence when the first World Scrabble Championship took place in 1991 words from either word source were allowed. Over the following years there was disagreement in the competitive Scrabble community over the desirability of a combined word source, which came to be known as SOWPODS as an pronounced anagram of OSW and OSPD. Australia changed all its rated tournaments to using the SOWPODS word list in 1994, while the UK made the same change in 2001; this latter move coincided with the publication of the first official book to contain all words from OSW and OSPD. In due course, Collins took over the publication of the official word list sanctioned by WESPA, the current edition is CSW19. Tournament Word List www.collinsdictionary.com – Collins Scrabble Word Finder

2017 Segunda DivisiĆ³n B play-offs

The 2017 Segunda División B play-offs are the final playoffs for promotion from 2016–17 Segunda División B to the 2017–18 Segunda División. The four first placed teams in each one of the four qualify for the promotion playoffs and the four last placed teams in Segunda División are relegated to Segunda División B, it decides the teams which placed 16th to be relegated to the 2017–18 Tercera División. The four group winners have the opportunity to promote directly and become the overall Segunda División B champion; the four group winners will be drawn into a two-legged series where the two winners will be promoted to the Segunda División and will enter into the final for the Segunda División B champion. The two losing semifinalists will enter the playoff round for the last two promotion spots; the four group runners-up will be drawn against one of the three fourth-placed teams outside their group while the four third-placed teams will be drawn against each other in a two-legged series. The six winners will advance with the two losing semifinalists to determine the four teams that will enter the last two-legged series for the last two promotion spots.

In all the playoff series, the lower-ranked club will play at home first. Whenever there is a tie in position, a draw will determine the club to play at home first; the losers of this series will be relegated to the 2017–18 Tercera División. Royal Spanish Football Federation

Sayuki Takagi

Sayuki Takagi is a Japanese pop singer signed to Hello! Project, she is a member of Japanese idol group Juice = Juice. Her official nickname is Sayubē, her fruit in the group is lemon. Takagi is represented by Up-Front Promotion. Takagi joined Hello! Pro Egg on November 2009, she was introduced as a member of Hello! Pro Egg at the 2009 Hello! Project Shinjin Kōen 11-tsuki: Yokohama Fire! on the 23 November 2009. On October 2010 Takagi co-starred with Ayano Sato in the third Gekijō-ban Hontō ni Atta Kowai Hanashi 3D film Darekairu. On the 3 February 2013 she was chosen of a new group along with Tomoko Kanazawa, Yuka Miyazaki, Akari Uemura, Karin Miyamoto, Aina Ōtsuka; the name of the new group was revealed as Juice=Juice on the 25 February. The group made their major debut with the single "Romance no Tochū / Watashi ga Iu Mae ni Dakishimenakya ne / Samidare Bijo ga Samidareru" on the 11 September. Juice official website

Turismo Pilipina 2008

Turismo Pilipina 2008 is the 1st edition of Turismo Filipina. Its main objective is to encourage Filipinos from different provinces and those Filipinos abroad to rediscover Philippine Tourism. Former Miss International 2005 Lara Quigaman and other Beauty titleholders started this pageant. Miss Earth 2008 Karla Paula Henry crowning Sherylee Sustiguer as the 1st Turismo Pilipina 2008 winner from Northern Samar, she will be the country’s tourism ambassadress and will represent Philippines in international tourism pageants. Grezilda "Adie" Adelantar won Miss Eco-Tourism, she was a former Binibining Pilipinas candidate. Kimberly Brandon won Miss Bikini Philippines 2009. Anna Bautista won Miss Eco-Tourism. Ana Maria Baladad competed in Mutya Ng Pilipinas 2009 and won Mutya Ng Pilipinas-Overseas Communities. Christine Barby Loren, Leah Baranasca, Paula Figueras, Jinky Miranda, Adie Adelantar all competed in Ms. Philippines Earth 2009. Emmerie Cunanan competed in Ms. Philippines Earth 2010 and won the title of Miss Philippines Water 2010.

Roanne Aguilar competed in Binibining Pilipinas 2010 and was in the Top 10