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The hornbills are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical Africa and Melanesia. They are characterized by a long, down-curved bill, brightly colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, "buceros" being "cow horn" in Greek. Hornbills have a two-lobed kidney, they are the only birds in which the second neck vertebrae are fused together. The family is omnivorous, they are monogamous breeders nesting in natural cavities in trees and sometimes cliffs. A number of insular species of hornbill with small ranges are threatened with extinction, namely in Southeast Asia. Hornbills show considerable variation in size; the smallest species is at 99.1 g and 32 cm in length. The largest and most massive species appears to be the southern ground hornbill which has an average weight of 3.77 kg, can weigh up to 6.3 kg and span about 180 cm across the wings. Other species rival the southern ground species in length, at up to about 130 cm, including the Abyssinian ground hornbill, the great hornbill and the longest of all thanks in part to its extended tail feathers, the helmeted hornbill.

Males are always bigger than the females, though the extent to which this is true varies according to species. The extent of sexual dimorphism varies with body parts. For example, the difference in body mass between males and females is 1–17%, but the variation is 8–30% for bill length and 1–21% in wing length; the most distinctive feature of the hornbills is the heavy bill, supported by powerful neck muscles as well as by the fused vertebrae. The large bill assists in fighting, constructing the nest, catching prey. A feature unique to the hornbills is the casque, a hollow structure that runs along the upper mandible. In some species it is perceptible and appears to serve no function beyond reinforcing the bill. In other species it is quite large, is reinforced with bone, has openings between the hollow centre, allowing it to serve as a resonator for calls. In the helmeted hornbill the casque is not hollow but is filled with hornbill ivory and is used as a battering ram in dramatic aerial jousts.

Aerial casque-butting has been reported in the great hornbill. The plumage of hornbills is black, white, or brown, is offset by bright colours on the bill, or by patches of bare coloured skin on the face or wattles; some species exhibit sexual dichromatism. Hornbills possess binocular vision, although unlike most birds with this type of vision, the bill intrudes on their visual field; this allows them to see their own bill tip and aids in precision handling of food objects with their bill. The eyes are protected by large eyelashes which act as a sunshade; the Bucerotidae include about 55 living species, though a number of cryptic species may yet be split, as has been suggested for the red-billed hornbill. Their distribution includes Sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian Subcontinent to the Philippines and the Solomon Islands, but no genus is found in both Africa and Asia. Most are arboreal birds, but the large ground hornbills, as their name implies, are terrestrial birds of open savanna. Of the 24 species found in Africa, 13 are birds of the more open woodlands and savanna, some occur in arid environments.

This contrasts with Asia, where a single species occurs in open savanna and the remainder are forest species. The Indian subcontinent has 10 species of hornbills, of which 9 are found in India and adjoining countries, while the Sri Lanka grey hornbill is restricted to the island; the most common widespread species in the Indian subcontinent is the Indian grey hornbill. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Indonesia has 13 hornbill species: 9 of them exist in Sumatra, the rest exist in Sumba, Sulawesi and Kalimantan. Kalimantan has the same hornbill species as Sumatra, except that the great hornbill is not found there. In the Neogene, hornbills inhabited South Europe, their remains have been found in Bulgaria. Hornbills are diurnal travelling in pairs or small family groups. Larger flocks sometimes form outside the breeding season; the largest assemblies of hornbills form at some roosting sites, where as many as 2400 individual birds may be found. Hornbills are omnivorous birds, eating fruit and small animals.

They cannot swallow food caught at the tip of the beak as their tongues are too short to manipulate it, so they toss it back to the throat with a jerk of the head. While both open country and forest species are omnivorous, species that specialise in feeding on fruit are found in forests, while the more carnivorous species are found in open country. Forest-dwelling species of hornbills are considered to be important seed dispersers; some hornbills defend a fixed territory. Territoriality is related to diet. Thus, species that specialise in fruit are less territorial. Hornbills form monogamous pairs, although some species engage in cooperative breeding; the female lays up in trees or rocks. The cavities are natural

Hard Stuff

Hard Stuff were an English hard rock group which included John Du Cann and Paul Hammond of Atomic Rooster. In the line-up were vocalist Harry'Al' Shaw of Curiosity Shoppe and latterly Export, John Gustafson of Quatermass. Du Cann and Hammond had left Atomic Rooster due to disagreements with Vincent Crane over the bluesy, soulful direction in which he wanted to take that band. Compared with Atomic Rooster's more progressive leanings, Hard Stuff were based more on aggressive guitar. Du Cann and Shaw had formed a band provisionally entitled Daemon, with the intention of touring and recording under the name Atomic Rooster. Gustafson was invited to join them on that basis, but after finding out that Crane retained the rights to the Atomic Rooster name, the quartet decided to continue anyway, but under the name Bullet instead. After recording about half an album's worth of material together, Shaw was dismissed from the lineup and was not replaced with another frontman, his tracks being re-recorded and vocals for remaining tracks being handled by Du Cann and Gustafson, both of whom had served as lead vocalists in their prior bands.

Prior to the release of their debut album, they were prompted to change their name yet again, this time to Hard Stuff, due to a legal threat from a US band called Bullet. Hard Stuff toured across Europe in Germany and Italy as support to Deep Purple and Uriah Heep, their career was curtailed by a car crash in which Du Hammond were badly injured. Although the release of a second album went ahead, the band were soon to fold. Harry'Al' Shaw resurfaced in the early 1980s with Liverpool-based NWOBHM band Export. "Hobo" / "Sinister Minister" "Jay Time" / "The Orchestrator" Bulletproof "Inside Your Life" / " How You Do It" Bolex Dementia Archival releasesBullet: The Entrance to Hell These recordings feature Harry Shaw on lead vocals, who left Bullet before they renamed to Hard Stuff. Purple Records 1971-1978, Neil Priddey Hard Stuff discography at Discogs John Gustafson interview John Gustafson discography Hard Stuff story Review: The Entrance to Hell

John Hollingsworth

John Hollingsworth was a British orchestral conductor prominent in the concert hall, the ballet and opera theatre, the film studio. He was Sir Malcolm Sargent's assistant conductor at The Proms, where he conducted over 60 times including some world and British premieres, he conducted at the Royal Opera and Sadlers Wells, became associated with music for British horror films of the 1950s and early 1960s. John Ernest Hollingsworth was born in Enfield, Middlesex in 1916, he was educated at Bradfield College and the Guildhall School of Music. When he conducted the London Symphony Orchestra in 1937, at the age of 21, he was the youngest man up to that time to conduct that orchestra, he set similar records with the London Philharmonic Orchestra and National Symphony Orchestra. Still only 23 when World War II broke out, he volunteered for the Royal Air Force and served as assistant conductor of the Royal Air Force Band and associate conductor of the Royal Air Force Symphony Orchestra, he worked with the Crown Film Unit, producing documentary films to bolster the war effort.

He took the RAF Symphony Orchestra to the Potsdam Conference for six concerts. On discharge in 1945, he joined the Rank Organisation under Muir Mathieson, he was the uncredited associate musical director for Brief Encounter. His earliest screen credits were as conductor on A Piece of Cake, When the Bough Breaks, They Made Me a Fugitive, he was assistant music director for the William Walton score for Laurence Olivier's Hamlet. He combined this film work with conducting at the Royal Ballet, he left Rank in 1949 to become music director of the Central Office of Information, a documentary unit, in 1950 became conductor of the Sadler's Wells Ballet. In 1949 he became associate conductor to Sir Malcolm Sargent at the Henry Wood Promenade Concerts, continued his association there for ten years, making 63 appearances; these included such world premieres as Elisabeth Lutyens' Viola Concerto, Op.15. 3, Op. 66. There were local premieres of works by Hans Werner Henze, Jacques Ibert, Gordon Jacob, Gian Carlo Menotti, Franz Reizenstein, Humphrey Searle and John Born Veale.

During the 1950s, he conducted at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, directed the Tunbridge Wells Symphony concerts. He worked in Europe and the United States, he continued with his film conducting work, joined the music department at Hammer Films, becoming known for its science fiction and horror films with scores by James Bernard. There he conducted The Quatermass Experiment, Quatermass 2, The Curse of Frankenstein, Horror of Dracula, he did the occasional documentary work, such as Flight of the White Heron, a feature-length documentary about Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh's visit to the United States. In 1955, he gave Richard Rodney Bennett the chance to write his first film score, for the last eight years of his life he was Bennett's mentor for film music, his film work included The Devil's Disciple and The Hound of the Baskervilles, Don't Bother to Knock, Billy Liar, The Damned, Heavens Above! and The Wrong Arm of the Law. John Hollingsworth made numerous recordings of ballet and light orchestral music.

His recordings include: Tchaikovsky's Suite from The Nutcracker, with the Sinfonia of London Grieg's Elegiac Melodies and Sigurd Jorsalfar, with the Covent Garden Orchestra Charles Mackerras's Gilbert and Sullivan ballet pastiche Pineapple Poll, with the Pro Arte Orchestra Malcolm Arnold's Tam O'Shanter OvertureHe died of pneumonia in London in 1963, aged only 47

Yoyang Ja clan

Yoyang Ja clan was one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan was in Liaoyang, China. According to the research in 2000, the number of Yoyang Ja clan was 85, their founder was Ja Ho sang, from Jingzhou in China. Ja Ho sang died in the war against Mongolia in 1557. Ja Hong seon, a son of Ja Ho sang, immigrated to Liaoyang. Ja Hong seon immigrated to Kilju County with his sons named Ja Gyeong bo, Ja Sun jik, Ja Sun hui, Ja Gyeong jo in order to avoid conflicts. Ja Hong seon founded Yoyang Ja clan and made Liaoyang their Bon-gwan where he used to live. Korean clan names of foreign origin Doosan Encyclopedia 외래귀화성씨 外來歸化姓氏. Doosan Encyclopedia

Rutherford + Chekene

Rutherford + Chekene is a structural and geotechnical engineering firm in California specializing in new design and retrofit of structures for clients in sectors that include healthcare, higher education, corporate and development, art and education, technology. Rutherford + Chekene began implementing 3-D modeling to produce building information models in 2005. R+C has developed more than $3 billion in construction using BIM created with Revit and other software. Structural engineer of record for the new Jan Shrem and Maria Manetti Shrem Museum of Art at UC Davis Seismic consulting for bridging documents and structural and geotechnical peer review of the San Francisco International Airport Air Traffic Control Tower UCSF Smith Cardiovascular Research Building at Mission Bay UC Merced Science and Engineering Building 2, Merced New Exploratorium, San Francisco UC Berkeley Boalt Hall Law Library, Berkeley UC Davis Gallagher Hall and Conference Center for the UC Davis Graduate School of Management, Davis Designing for Wind Loads on Solar Arrays, California De Young Museum, San Francisco Monterey Bay Aquarium, Monterey Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing Renovation and expansion of the UC Santa Cruz McHenry Library, Santa Cruz Genentech Hall, QB3, hospital at the UCSF Mission Bay campus Pixar Animation Studios, Emeryville California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program Study Geotechnical engineer of record for the California Academy of Sciences in Golden Gate Park Seismic consulting after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake, New Zealand King, John.

"Davis: Design chosen for Shrem art museum", San Francisco Chronicle, May 2013. Young, Eric. "Rehab/renovation: The Exploratorium at Pier 15," San Francisco Business Times, March 2013. Rauber, Chris. "Finalist / best health: Mills-Peninsula Medical Center," San Francisco Business Times, March 2012. Gonchar, Joann. "One Project, but Many Seismic Solutions", Architectural Record. Talarico, Wendy. "Seismic Systems that Stand Up to Nature", Architectural Record, February 2000

Lancia 1ZM

The Lancia 1Z and the Lancia 1ZM were two variations of an Italian armoured car built during World War I and which saw limited service during that war, the interwar period, during World War II. The name is misspelled as Lancia IZM. In 1916, the Lancia 1Z armoured car was built by Ansaldo of Italy, it was the most common of the early Italian armoured cars. Based on a Lancia truck, the armoured car was an advanced design for its day. For firepower the vehicle was equipped with twin turret mounted machine guns; the initial ten vehicles featured a further small turret on top with yet another machine gun. This gave the vehicle considerable firepower for the time; as a result of experiences in World War I, steel rails were installed over the top of the vehicle for cutting wire. Having had good results with the early car, another production run of a modified version or "Model 1918" was ordered; the major difference between the 1Z and 1ZM was that the 1ZM did not have the top turret with the extra machine gun.

The Lancia 1ZM was the second batch of Ansaldo-Lancia armoured cars built. 110 cars of the improved model were ordered in 1917 and all were delivered before the end of 1918. Sometimes difficult to identify from the original Lancia 1Z, the most obvious difference is the removal of the top machine gun turret; this left the 1ZM with just the one larger, twin machine gun turret. Other features that will help are that the first 1ZM's have two spare tyres mounted on the right side of the vehicle; the cooling vents and front armour of the engine compartment are different and there are fewer vision ports in the armoured crew compartment. The front bumpers were simplified. However, some of the original 1Z series were modified to initial 1ZM standard by the removal of the extra top turret and up-dating the chassis; this makes it possible to find photos of 1ZM armoured cars with both 1ZM features. American troops on the Italian Front during World War I trained with and used some of these vehicles; the Lancia 1Z/1ZM armoured car saw little combat in World War I due to the mountainous terrain in which the Italian Royal Army fought.

However, a few were deployed in the northern parts of the country where they saw combat against the Austro-Hungarian Army. After World War I, Lancia 1Z/1ZM armoured cars were sent to North Africa and to East Africa for policing duties. A few cars were sent to the Albanian Kingdom where they were to form the sole armoured force of the country for many years; some Lancia 1Z/1ZM played a minor role during the occupation of Ethiopia. Some Lancia 1Z/1ZM were sent to Spain during the Spanish Civil War and were used by the Italian Corps of Volunteer Troops; these armoured cars were hopelessly outdated by this point and performed poorly against the Spanish Republican forces. A few obsolete Lancia 1Z/1ZM armoured cars were still in use with the Italian Royal Army during World War II. In 1940 and 1941, several vehicles served with the Royal Army during the East African Campaign. In some instances, operable machines were pressed into service by other Axis forces after the Armistice of Cassibile in September 1943.

In the service of the forces of Nazi Germany, the vehicle was identified as the Panzerspähwagen 1ZM. Italy Albania Kingdom of Afghanistan Austria Austria-Hungary German Empire 1871-1918 Czechoslovakia Hungary 1918-1940 Nazi Germany Trewhitt, Philip. Armored Fighting Vehicles. New York, NY: Amber Books. P. 151. ISBN 0-7607-1260-3