Mount Mogan is a mountain located in Deqing County, Zhejiang Province, China, 60 kilometers from the provincial capital Hangzhou and 200 km from Shanghai. It is part of the Moganshan National Park and at its base is the small town of Moganshan. Known for its cool temperatures during the region's scorching summers, it has long been the playground of the Shanghai elite. Moganshan retains a country lifestyle with a mix of local inns and old villas built early in the 20th century. According to Chinese legend, in the Spring and Autumn period of 770- 476 BC, China’s most talented swordsmith Ganjiang, arrived in the mountains, it was here that he forged a pair of special swords on the demand of the Emperor of Wu. Gan’s wife was called Moye, hence the name Mogan Mountains and the main tourist attraction Sword Pond; the crisp refreshing breezes of Mogan Mountain first enchanted foreigners in the 1880s, where rooms and houses were rented from locals. Large European style villas, houses and public halls were built for missionaries, customs officials and their families.
Many of these villas and houses are still standing, with some being turned into hotels and guesthouses operating today. By 1910 300 foreigners Americans and British, had set up summer homes on the hill; the foreigners left the mountain top with the rise of the Communist party in 1949, where the villas were handed out to different work units or “danwei’s” from Hangzhou and Shanghai. Many of the villas are owned by the People's Liberation Army. Mark Kitto, the first foreigner to live on the mountain in modern times, obtained a 10-year lease from them in 2003, renovated the villa, opened Moganshan Lodge, a restaurant and guest lodges. In 2011, South African entrepreneur Grant Horsfield and his wife Delphine Yip opened naked Stables, which became the first platinum-level LEED certified resort in Mainland China.. It is now one of most popular resorts in Moganshan. Moganshan is part of the Tianmu mountain range, with Mount Tianmu itself located some 50 kilometers southwest of Moganshan. Moganshan is 719 meters high.
Moganshan is a major bamboo area, with surrounding areas. Moganshan receives a variety of Chinese and foreign visitors for relaxation and visiting a variety of scenic and historical spots, including the post-World War II villa of Chiang Kai-shek. Mogan Mountain Mogan Mountain Eco-Friendly Moganshan, China New York Times Travel
Brown is a composite color. In the CMYK color model used in printing or painting, brown is made by combining red and yellow, or red and blue. In the RGB color model used to project colors onto television screens and computer monitors, brown is made by combining red and green, in specific proportions. In painting, brown is made by adding black to orange. Mixing red-green-blue pigments makes mud color; the brown color is seen in nature, in wood, human hair color, eye color and skin pigmentation. Brown is the color of rich soil. According to public opinion surveys in Europe and the United States, brown is the least favorite color of the public; the term is in origin for any dusky or dark shade of color. The first recorded use of brown as a color name in English was in 1000; the Common Germanic adjective *brûnoz, *brûnâ meant both dark colors and a glistening or shining quality, whence burnish. The current meaning developed in Middle English from the 14th century. Words for the color brown around the world come from foods or beverages.
In Southeast Asia, the color name comes from chocolate: coklat in Malay. In Japan, the word chairo means the color of tea. Brown has been used in art since prehistoric times. Paintings using umber, a natural clay pigment composed of iron oxide and manganese oxide, have been dated to 40,000 BC. Paintings of brown horses and other animals have been found on the walls of the Lascaux cave dating back about 17,300 years; the female figures in ancient Egyptian tomb paintings have brown skin, painted with umber. Light tan was used on painted Greek amphorae and vases, either as a background for black figures, or the reverse; the Ancient Greeks and Romans produced a fine reddish-brown ink, of a color called sepia, made from the ink of a variety of cuttlefish. This ink was used by Leonardo da Vinci and other artists during the Renaissance, by artists up until the present time. In Ancient Rome, brown clothing was associated with barbarians; the term for the plebeians, or urban poor, was "pullati", which meant "those dressed in brown".
In the Middle Ages brown robes were worn by monks of the Franciscan order, as a sign of their humility and poverty. Each social class was expected to wear a color suitable to their station. Russet was a coarse homespun cloth made of wool and dyed with woad and madder to give it a subdued grey or brown shade. By the statute of 1363, poor English people were required to wear russet; the medieval poem Piers Plowman describes the virtuous Christian: And is gladde of a goune of a graye russetAs of a tunicle of Tarse or of trye scarlet. In the Middle Ages dark brown pigments were used in art; the umbers were not used in Europe before the end of the fifteenth century. Artists began using far greater use of browns when oil painting arrived in the late fifteenth century. During the Renaissance, artists used four different browns. In Northern Europe, Jan van Eyck featured rich earth browns in his portraits to set off the brighter colors; the 17th and 18th century saw the greatest use of brown. Caravaggio and Rembrandt Van Rijn used browns to create chiaroscuro effects, where the subject appeared out of the darkness.
Rembrandt added umber to the ground layers of his paintings because it promoted faster drying. Rembrandt began to use new brown pigment, called Cassel earth or Cologne earth; this was a natural earth color composed of over ninety percent organic matter, such as soil and peat. It was used by Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, became known as Van Dyck brown. Brown was hated by the French impressionists, who preferred bright, pure colors; the exception among French 19th-century artists was Paul Gauguin, who created luminous brown portraits of the people and landscapes of French Polynesia. In the late 20th century, brown became a common symbol in western culture for simple, inexpensive and healthy. Bag lunches were carried in plain brown paper bags. Brown bread and brown sugar were viewed as more natural and healthy than white bread and white sugar. Brown is a composite color, made by combining red and black.. It can be thought of as dark orange, but it can be made in other ways. In the RGB color model, which uses red and blue light in various combinations to make all the colors on computer and television screens, it is made by mixing red and green light.
In terms of the visible spectrum, "brown" refers to high wavelength hues, orange, or red, in combination with low luminance or saturation. Since brown may cover a wide range of the visible spectrum, composite adjectives are used such as red brown, yellowish brown, dark brown or light brown; as a color of low intensity, brown is a tertiary color: a mix of the three subtractive primary colors is brown if the cyan content is low. Brown exists as a color perception only in the presence
Gold called golden, is a color. The web color gold is sometimes referred to as golden to distinguish it from the color metallic gold; the use of gold as a color term in traditional usage is more applied to the color "metallic gold". The first recorded use of golden as a color name in English was in 1300 to refer to the element gold and in 1423 to refer to blond hair. Metallic gold, such as in paint, is called goldtone or gold tone. In heraldry, the French word or is used. In model building, the color gold is different from brass. A shiny or metallic silvertone object can be painted with transparent yellow to obtain goldtone, something done with Christmas decorations. At right is displayed a representation of the color metallic gold, a simulation of the color of the actual metallic element gold itself—gold shade; the source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names, a color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps—See color sample of the color Gold displayed on indicated web page:The first recorded use of gold as a color name in English was in the year 1400.
The American Heritage Dictionary defines the color metallic gold as "A light olive-brown to dark yellow, or a moderate, strong to vivid yellow." Of course, the visual sensation associated with the metal gold is its metallic shine. This cannot be reproduced by a simple solid color, because the shiny effect is due to the material's reflective brightness varying with the surface's angle to the light source; this is. In sacral art in Christian churches, real gold was used for rendering gold in paintings, e.g. for the halo of saints. Gold can be woven into sheets of silk to give an East Asian traditional look. More recent art styles, e.g. art nouveau made use of a metallic, shining gold. Old gold is a dark yellow, which varies from heavy olive brown to deep or strong yellow; the accepted color old gold is on the darker rather than the lighter side of this range. The first recorded use of old gold as a color name in English was in the early 19th century; the Delta Sigma Pi fraternity, founded in November 7, 1907, official colors are designated royal purple and old gold.
The Pi Kappa Alpha fraternity's colors are old gold. Old gold is one of two colors of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Maroon and old gold are the colors of Texas State University's intercollegiate sports teams. Old Gold and black are the team colors of Purdue University Boilermakers intercollegiate sports teams; the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets wore white and old gold. The Wake Forest Demon Deacons, UCF Knights, Vanderbilt Commodores wear old gold and black; the New Orleans Saints list their official team colors as old gold and white. Golden yellow is the color halfway between yellow on the RGB color wheel, it is a color, 87.5% yellow and 12.5% red. The first recorded use of golden yellow as a color name in English was in the year 1597. Golden poppy is a tone of gold, the color of the California poppy—the official state flower of California—the Golden State; the first recorded use of golden poppy as a color name in English was in 1927. Gold is the oldest color associated with Arizona State University and dates back to 1896 when the school was named the Tempe Normal School.
Gold signifies the "golden promise" of ASU. The promise includes every student receiving a valuable educational experience. Gold signifies the sunshine Arizona is famous for; the student section, known as The Inferno, wears gold on game days. The official colors of the University of Southern California are Pantone 201C and Pantone 123C; these colors, designated as USC Cardinal and USC Gold, were adopted in 1895 by Rev. George W. White, USC’s third president, are equal in importance in identifying the USC Trojans; this is a shade of gold identified by the University of California, Berkeley in their graphic style guide for use in on-screen representations of the gold color in the university's seal. For print media, the guide recommends to, "se Pantone 7750 metallic or Pantone 123 yellow and 282 blue". Cal Poly Pomona gold is one of the two the official colors of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona; the official university colors are gold. Cal Poly Pomona's Office of Public Affairs created the colors for web development and has technical guidelines and privacy protection.
If web developers are using gold on a university website, they are encouraged to use Cal Poly Pomona gold. It is notable for its prominent use representing Cal Poly Pomona's athletic teams, the Cal Poly Pomona Broncos; the color was approved by the University of California, Los Angeles Chancellor in October 2013. This is a shade of gold identified by the university for use in their printed publications. MU Gold is used by the University of Missouri as the official school color along with black. Mizzou Identity Standards designated the color for web development as well as logos and images that developers are asked to follow in the University's Guidelines for using official Mizzou logos; the color pale gold is displayed
Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model. It lies between green on the spectrum of visible light; the eye perceives blue when observing light with a dominant wavelength between 450 and 495 nanometres. Most blues contain a slight mixture of other colours; the clear daytime sky and the deep sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. An optical effect called. Distant objects appear. Blue has been an important colour in decoration since ancient times; the semi-precious stone lapis lazuli was used in ancient Egypt for jewellery and ornament and in the Renaissance, to make the pigment ultramarine, the most expensive of all pigments. In the eighth century Chinese artists used cobalt blue to white porcelain. In the Middle Ages, European artists used it in the windows of Cathedrals. Europeans wore clothing coloured with the vegetable dye woad until it was replaced by the finer indigo from America.
In the 19th century, synthetic blue dyes and pigments replaced mineral pigments and synthetic dyes. Dark blue became a common colour for military uniforms and in the late 20th century, for business suits; because blue has been associated with harmony, it was chosen as the colour of the flags of the United Nations and the European Union. Surveys in the US and Europe show that blue is the colour most associated with harmony, confidence, infinity, the imagination and sometimes with sadness. In US and European public opinion polls it is the most popular colour, chosen by half of both men and women as their favourite colour; the same surveys showed that blue was the colour most associated with the masculine, just ahead of black, was the colour most associated with intelligence, knowledge and concentration. Blue is the colour of light between green on the visible spectrum. Hues of blue include ultramarine, closer to violet. Blue varies in shade or tint. Darker shades of blue include ultramarine, cobalt blue, navy blue, Prussian blue.
Blue pigments were made from minerals such as lapis lazuli and azurite, blue dyes were made from plants. Today most blue dyes are made by a chemical process; the modern English word blue comes from Middle English bleu or blewe, from the Old French bleu, a word of Germanic origin, related to the Old High German word blao. In heraldry, the word azure is used for blue. In Russian and some other languages, there is no single word for blue, but rather different words for light blue and dark blue. See Colour term. Several languages, including Japanese, Thai and Lakota Sioux, use the same word to describe blue and green. For example, in Vietnamese the colour of both tree leaves and the sky is xanh. In Japanese, the word for blue is used for colours that English speakers would refer to as green, such as the colour of a traffic signal meaning "go". Linguistic research indicates. Colour names developed individually in natural languages beginning with black and white, adding red, only much – as the last main category of colour accepted in a language – adding the colour blue when blue pigments could be manufactured reliably in the culture using that language.
Human eyes perceive blue when observing light which has a dominant wavelength of 450–495 nanometres. Blues with a higher frequency and thus a shorter wavelength look more violet, while those with a lower frequency and a longer wavelength appear more green. Pure blue, in the middle, has a wavelength of 470 nanometres. Isaac Newton included blue as one of the seven colours in his first description the visible spectrum, He chose seven colours because, the number of notes in the musical scale, which he believed was related to the optical spectrum, he included indigo, the hue between blue and violet, as one of the separate colours, though today it is considered a hue of blue. In painting and traditional colour theory, blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments, which can be mixed to form a wide gamut of colours. Red and blue mixed together form violet and yellow together form green. Mixing all three primary colours together produces a dark grey. From the Renaissance onwards, painters used this system to create their colours.
The RYB model was used for colour printing by Jacob Christoph Le Blon as early as 1725. Printers discovered that more accurate colours could be created by using combinations of magenta, cyan and black ink, put onto separate inked plates and overlaid one at a time onto paper; this method could produce all the colours in the spectrum with reasonable accuracy. In the 19th century the Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell found a new way of explaining colours, by the wa
China the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since China has expanded, re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin established the first Chinese empire; the succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD, saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements.
The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty and Northern Song completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Horn of Africa. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution; the Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan. The political status of Taiwan remains disputed. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates above 6 percent. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. Since 2010, China has been the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and since 2014, the largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity.
China is the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget; the PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism. China is a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, the G20. In recent times, scholars have argued that it will soon be a world superpower, rivaling the United States; the word "China" has been used in English since the 16th century. It is not a word used by the Chinese themselves, it has been traced through Portuguese and Persian back to the Sanskrit word Cīna, used in ancient India."China" appears in Richard Eden's 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. Barbosa's usage was derived from Persian Chīn, in turn derived from Sanskrit Cīna.
Cīna was first used including the Mahābhārata and the Laws of Manu. In 1655, Martino Martini suggested that the word China is derived from the name of the Qin dynasty. Although this derivation is still given in various sources, it is complicated by the fact that the Sanskrit word appears in pre-Qin literature; the word may have referred to a state such as Yelang. The meaning transferred to China as a whole; the origin of the Sanskrit word is still a matter of debate, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The official name of the modern state is the "People's Republic of China"; the shorter form is "China" Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Western Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne. It was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing, it was used as a cultural concept to distinguish the Huaxia people from perceived "barbarians". The name Zhongguo is translated as "Middle Kingdom" in English.
Archaeological evidence suggests that early hominids inhabited China between 2.24 million and 250,000 years ago. The hominid fossils of Peking Man, a Homo erectus who used fire, were discovered in a cave at Zhoukoudian near Beijing; the fossilized teeth of Homo sapiens have been discovered in Fuyan Cave in Hunan. Chinese proto-writing existed in Jiahu around 7000 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800–5400 BCE, Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE; some scholars have suggested. According to Chinese tradition, the first dynasty was the Xia, which emerged around 2100 BCE; the dynasty was considered mythical by historians until scientific excavations found early Bronze Age sites at Erlitou, Henan in 1959. It remains unclear whether these sites are the remains of the Xia dynasty or of another culture from the same period; the succeeding Shang dynasty is the earliest to be confirmed by contemporary records. The Shang ruled the plain of the Yellow River in eastern China from the 17th to the 11th century BCE.
Their oracle bone script
Horse worship is a spiritual practice with archaeological evidence of its existence during the Iron Age and, in some places, as far back as the Bronze Age. The horse was seen as divine, as a sacred animal associated with a particular deity, or as a totem animal impersonating the king or warrior. Horse cults and horse sacrifice were a feature of Eurasian nomad cultures. While horse worship has been exclusively associated with Indo-European culture, by the Early Middle Ages it was adopted by Turkic peoples. Horse worship still exists today in various regions of South Asia; the history of horse domestication is still a debated topic. The most accepted theory is that the horse was domesticated somewhere in the western Eurasian steppes. Various archaeological cultures including the Botai in Kazakhstan and Dereivka in Ukraine are proposed as possible candidates. However, widespread use of horses on the steppes is only noted from the late part of the third millennium BCE; the Uffington White Horse in the United Kingdom, is dated to the Iron Age or the late Bronze Age in Britain.
The French archaeologist Patrice Méniel has demonstrated, based on examination of animal bones from many archaeological sites, a lack of hippophagy in ritual centres and burial sites in Gaul, although there is some evidence for hippophagy from earlier settlement sites in the same region. Horse oracles are attested in times. There is some reason to believe that Poseidon, like other water gods, was conceived under the form of a horse. In Greek art, Poseidon rides a chariot, pulled by a hippocampus or by horses that could ride on the sea, sailors sometimes drowned horses as a sacrifice to Poseidon to ensure a safe voyage. In the cave of Phigalia Demeter was, according to popular tradition, represented with the head and mane of a horse a relic of the time when a non-specialized corn-spirit bore this form, her priests were called Poloi in Laconia. This seems related to the archaic myth, their child was a horse, capable of human speech. This bears some resemblance to the Norse mythology reference to the gender-changing Loki having turned himself into a mare and given birth to Sleipnir, "the greatest of all horses".
Tacitus mentions the use of white horses for divination by the Germanic tribes: But to this nation it is peculiar, to learn presages and admonitions divine from horses also. These are nourished by the State in the same sacred woods and groves, all milk-white and employed in no earthly labour; these yoked in the holy chariot, are accompanied by the Priest and the King, or the Chief of the Community, who both observed his actions and neighing. Nor in any sort of augury is more faith and assurance reposed, not by the populace only, but by the nobles by the Priests; these account themselves the ministers of the Gods, the horses privy to his will. In Gallo-Roman times, the worship of Epona was widespread in the north-western portions of the Roman Empire; the Welsh legend of Rhiannon and the Irish legend of Macha, although first recorded in Christian times, may indicate memories of horse worship. The white horse of Rhiannon is another example of cultic use of white horses, which seems to be an Indo-European phenomenon.
The temple fortress of Arkona, at Cape Arkona on the German island of Rügen, was the religious centre of the Slavic Rani in the Early Middle Ages. The temple, dedicated to the deity Svantevit, housed an important horse oracle in Slavic times, where the behaviour of a white stallion could decide peace or war - recalling the above account by Tacitus. Similar horse oracles have been reported from medieval temples in Pomeranian Stettin and Lutitian Rethra and in temples in the Ming Dynasty Tombs. In India, horse worship in the form of worship of Hayagriva dates back to 2000 BC, when the Indo-Aryan people started to migrate into the Indus valley; the Indo-Aryans worshipped the horse for its speed and intelligence. To this day, the worship of Hayagriva exists among the followers of Hinduism. Epona White horse Horse burial Animal worship Domestication of the horse Horse Hyland, Ann The Horse in the Ancient World. Stroud, Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-2160-9 Méniel, Patrice Les Sacrifices d'animaux chez les gaulois.
Paris, Editions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-068-3 Nantonos & Ceffyl Geographical Distribution of Germania. Thomas Gordon, translator. Available online W. H. Corkill, Horse Cults in Britain, Folklore. Robert Hans van Gulik, Hayagrīva: The Mantrayānic Aspect of Horse-cult in China and Japan
The Dragon is the fifth of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac related to the Chinese calendar. The Year of the Dragon is associated with pronounced chen, it has been proposed by one academic researcher that the Earthly Branch character may have been associated with scorpions. In the Buddhist calendar used in Thailand, Laos and Sri Lanka, the Dragon is replaced by the nāga. In the Gurung zodiac, the Dragon is replaced by the eagle. People born within these date ranges can be said to have been born in the "Year of the Dragon", while bearing the following elemental sign: There are marked spikes in the birth rates of countries that use the Chinese zodiac or places with substantial Overseas Chinese populations during the year of the Dragon, because such "Dragon babies" are considered to be lucky and have desirable characteristics that lead to better life outcomes; the recent phenomenon of planning a child’s birth in the Dragon year has led to hospital overcapacity issues and an uptick in infant mortality rates toward the end of these years due to strained neonatal resources.
Among the 12 animal signs, the Monkey has the most tacit understanding with the Dragon people. The cunning Rat can be a good partner with the Dragon to make something big; the Dragon people can live with the Snake, for the Snake can prevent the Dragon from behaving outrageously. People under the signs of the Rooster, Rabbit, Goat and Horse like to be friends with the Dragon, as they admire the Dragon's beautiful bearing and strength. Two Dragons can get along well with each other. However, the relationship between the Dragon and the Ox people is tense, because both of them are majestic; the people whom the Dragon feels headaches with the most are the Dog people. They feel uncomfortable due to the Dog's close guard