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Hospital corpsman

A hospital corpsman is an enlisted medical specialist of the United States Navy, who may serve in a U. S. Marine Corps unit; the corresponding rating within the United States Coast Guard is health services technician. Hospital corpsmen work in a wide variety of capacities and locations, including shore establishments such as naval hospitals and clinics, aboard ships, as the primary medical caregivers for sailors while underway. Hospital corpsmen are the only medical care-giver available in many fleet or Marine units on extended deployment. In addition, hospital corpsmen perform duties as assistants in the prevention and treatment of disease and injury and assist health care professionals in providing medical care to sailors and their families, they may function as clinical or specialty technicians, medical administrative personnel and health care providers at medical treatment facilities. They serve as battlefield corpsmen with the Marine Corps, rendering emergency medical treatment to include initial treatment in a combat environment.

Qualified hospital corpsmen may be assigned the responsibility of independent duty aboard ships and submarines. Hospital corpsmen were trained at Naval Hospital Corps School, Great Lakes and the U. S. Naval Hospital Corps School San Diego, until the 2011 Base Realignment and Closure Bill caused Hospital Corps School to be relocated to the Medical Education and Training Campus at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas. Naval Hospital Corps School was located at NRMC Balboa in San Diego, California. During the Vietnam War, many of the 16-week Naval Hospital Corps school graduates went directly to 8404 Field Medical Service School at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, or Camp Pendleton, for nine weeks of field training, before deployment to a Marine Corps unit in South Vietnam; the colloquial form of address for a hospital corpsman is "Doc". In the United States Marine Corps, this term is used as a sign of respect. Prior to the establishment of the hospital corps, enlisted medical support in the U. S. Navy was limited in scope.

In the Continental Navy and the early U. S. Navy, medical assistants were assigned at random out of the ship's company, their primary duties were to keep the irons hot and buckets of sand at the ready for the operating area. It was commonplace during battle for the surgeons to conduct amputations and irons were used to close lacerations and wounds. Sand was used to keep the surgeon from slipping on the bloody ship deck. Corpsmen were referred to as loblolly boys, a term borrowed from the Royal Navy, a reference to the daily ration of porridge fed to the sick; the nickname was in common use for so many years that it was officially recognized by the Navy Regulations of 1814. In coming decades, the title of the enlisted medical assistant would change several times—from loblolly boy, to nurse, to bayman. A senior enlisted medical rating, surgeon's steward, was introduced in 1841 and remained through the civil war. Following the war, the title surgeon's steward was abolished in favor of apothecary, a position requiring completion of a course in pharmacy.

Still, there existed pressure to reform the enlisted component of the Navy's medical department—medicine as a science was advancing foreign navies had begun training medically skilled sailors, the U. S. Army had established an enlisted hospital corps in 1887. Navy Surgeon General J. R. Tryon and subordinate physicians lobbied the Navy administration to take action. With the Spanish–American War looming, Congress passed a bill authorizing establishment of the U. S. Navy Hospital Corps, signed into law by President William McKinley on 17 June 1898. Three ratings were created therein—hospital apprentice, hospital apprentice first class, hospital steward, a chief petty officer. A revision in 1916 established a new rate structure. With the introduction of a second junior rate there were now hospital apprentice second class and hospital apprentice first class; the rating title for petty officers was established as pharmacist's mate, following the pattern of some of the Navy's other ratings. Pharmacist's mate third class, second class, first class were now the petty officers, chief pharmacist's mate was the chief petty officer.

This structure remained in place until 1947. A total of 684 personal awards were awarded to hospital corpsmen, including 22 Medals of Honor, 55 Navy Crosses, 237 Silver Stars. During World War I, hospital corpsmen served throughout the fleet, earning particular distinction on the Western Front with the Marine Corps. In the United States Navy in World War II, hospital corpsmen assigned to Marine units made beach assaults with the marines in every battle in the Pacific. Corpsmen served on thousands of ships and submarines. Three unassisted emergency appendectomies were performed by hospital corpsmen serving undersea and beyond hope of medical evacuation; the hospital corps has the distinction of being the only corps in the U. S. Navy to be commended, in a famous speech by Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal after the conclusion of the war. Following the war, the hospital corps changed its rating title to the generic term it had used all along—hospital corpsman; the rates of hospital corpsman third class, second class, first class, chief hospital corpsman were supplemented by senior chief hospital corpsman and master chief hospital corpsman in 1958.

Hospital corpsmen continued to serve at sea and a

Pisg (software)

Pisg, short for Perl IRC Statistics Generator is a popular open-source Internet Relay Chat log file analysis and statistical visualization program. It is written in perl by Morten Brix Pedersen, it analyzes various formats of log files from IRC clients and bots and generates HTML pages containing statistics about the channel the logs were taken from. It is considered a competitor to mIRCStats, a similar shareware program. Pisg supports many log formats, including: mIRC, Eggdrop and more, can be customized to work with other log file formats; because it is open-source, pisg has an active community for further developing log interpreters. Pisg runs on any platform with perl, including Linux, BSD, Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. Official website "Perl IRC Statistics Generator". Freecode. Perl IRC Statistics Generator on The Perl Programming Language


In Hinduism and Jainism, the nāga or Nagi are divine, semi-divine deities, or a semi-divine race of half-human half-serpent beings that reside in the netherworld and can take human form. They are principally depicted in three forms: wholly human with snakes on the necks. A female naga is a "nagi", "nagin", or "nagini". Nagaraja is seen as the king of nāginis, they are common and hold cultural significance in the mythological traditions of many South Asian and Southeast Asian cultures. In Sanskrit, a nāgá is the Indian cobra. A synonym for nāgá is phaṇin. There are several words for "snake" in general, one of the commonly used ones is sarpá. Sometimes the word nāgá is used generically to mean "snake"; the word is cognate with English'snake', Germanic: *snēk-a-, Proto-IE: *nēg-o-. The mythological serpent race that took form as cobras can be found in Hindu iconography; the nāgas are described as the powerful, splendid and proud semidivine race that can assume their physical form either as human, partial human-serpent or the whole serpent.

Their domain is in the enchanted underworld, the underground realm filled with gems and other earthly treasures called Naga-loka or Patala-loka. They are often associated with bodies of waters — including rivers, lakes and wells — and are guardians of treasure, their power and venom made them dangerous to humans. However, they took beneficial protagonist role in Hindu mythology, such as in Samudra manthan mythology, Vasuki, a nāgarāja who abides on Shiva's neck, became the churning rope for churning of the Ocean of Milk, their eternal mortal enemies are the legendary semidivine birdlike-deities. Vishnu is portrayed in the form sheltered by Śeṣanāga or reclining on Śeṣa, but the iconography has been extended to other deities as well; the serpent is a common feature in Ganesha iconography and appears in many forms: around the neck, use as a sacred thread wrapped around the stomach as a belt, held in a hand, coiled at the ankles, or as a throne. Shiva is shown garlanded with a snake. Maehle states that "Patanjali is thought to be a manifestation of the serpent of eternity".

As in Hinduism, the Buddhist nāga has the form of a great cobra with a single head but sometimes with many. At least some of the nāgas are capable of using magic powers to transform themselves into a human semblance; the nāga is sometimes portrayed as a human being with a dragon extending over his head. One nāga, in human form, attempted to become a monk; the nāgas are believed to both live on Nagaloka, among the other minor deities, in various parts of the human-inhabited earth. Some of them are water-dwellers, living in the ocean; the nāgas are the followers of Virūpākṣa, one of the Four Heavenly Kings who guards the western direction. They act as a guard upon Mount Sumeru, protecting the dēvas of Trāyastriṃśa from attack by the asuras. Among the notable nāgas of Buddhist tradition is Nāgarāja and protector of the Buddha. In the Vinaya Sutra, shortly after his enlightenment, the Buddha is meditating in a forest when a great storm arises, but graciously, King Mucalinda gives shelter to the Buddha from the storm by covering the Buddha's head with his seven snake heads.

The king takes the form of a young Brahmin and renders the Buddha homage. In the Vajrayāna and Mahāsiddha traditions, nāgas in their half-human form are depicted holding a nāgas-jewel, kumbhas of amrita, or a terma, elementally encoded by adepts; the two chief disciples of the Buddha and Moggallāna are both referred to as Mahānāga or "Great nāga". Some of the most important figures in Buddhist history symbolize nāgas in their names such as Dignāga, Nāgāsēna, although other etymons are assigned to his name, Nāgārjuna; the Nāga Saṃyutta of the Pali Canon consists of suttas devoted to explaining nature of the nāgas. In the "Devadatta" chapter of the Lotus Sutra, the daughter of the dragon king, an eight year old longnü, after listening to Mañjuśrī preach the Lotus Sutra, transforms into a male Bodhisattva and reaches full enlightenment; this tale appears to reinforce the viewpoint prevalent in Mahayana scriptures that a male body is required for Buddhahood if a being is so advanced in realization that they can magically transform their body at will and demonstrate the emptiness of the physical form itself.

According to tradition, the Prajñapāramita sutras had been given by the Buddha to a great nāga who guarded them in the sea, were conferred upon Nāgārjuna later. In Thailand and Java, the nāga is a wealthy underworld deity. For Malay sailors, nāgas are a type of dragon with many heads. In Laos they are beaked water serpents; the Naga people were believed to be an ancient tribe. There are references to them in several ancient text such as Mahavamsa, Manimekalai and in other Sanskrit and Pali literature, they are being represented as a class of superhumans taking the form of serpents who inhabit a subterranean world. Texts such as Manimekalai represent them as persons in human form; the seven-headed nagas depicted as guardian statues, carved as balustrades on causeways leading to main Cambodian temples, such as those found in Angkor Wat. They


Sprouty homolog 2 known as SPRY2, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the SPRY2 gene. This gene encodes a protein belonging to the sprouty family; the encoded protein contains a carboxyl-terminal cysteine-rich domain essential for the inhibitory activity on receptor tyrosine kinase signaling proteins and is required for growth factor stimulated translocation of the protein to membrane ruffles. In primary dermal endothelial cells this gene is transiently upregulated in response to fibroblast growth factor two; this protein is indirectly involved in the non-cell autonomous inhibitory effect on fibroblast growth factor two signaling. The protein interacts with Cas-Br-M ectropic retroviral transforming sequence, can function as a bimodal regulator of epidermal growth factor receptor/mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling; this protein may play a role in alveoli branching during lung development as shown by a similar mouse protein. SPRY2 is a negative feedback regulator of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases including receptors for fibroblast growth factor, epidermal growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor.

Antagonization of growth factor mediated pathways, cell migration, cellular differentiation occurs through the ERK pathway. Spry2 can enhance EGFR signaling by sequestering CBL. Spry gene expression has been reported silenced or repressed in cancer of the breast, lung, in lymphoma. Human spry2 expression is localized to the microtubules in unstimulated cells. All sprouty isoforms inhibit the ERK pathway by themselves, but can form heterodimers and homodimers which have enhanced inhibition. SPRY2 has been shown to interact with Cbl gene. SPRED1 gene Neurofibromin 1 SPRY1 SPRY2 human gene location in the UCSC Genome Browser. SPRY2 human gene details in the UCSC Genome Browser

Logan Township, Mason County, Michigan

Logan Township is a civil township of Mason County in the U. S. state of Michigan. The population was 329 at the 2000 census. Logan Township was named in honor of John A. Logan, a candidate in the 1884 United States presidential election. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.0 square miles, of which 35.9 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 329 people, 149 households, 109 families residing in the township; the population density was 9.2 per square mile. There were 388 housing units at an average density of 10.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 98.48% White, 0.61% Asian, 0.30% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population. There were 149 households out of which 16.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 3.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.2% were non-families.

22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.55. In the township the population was spread out with 16.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 19.8% from 25 to 44, 39.2% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.5 males. The median income for a household in the township was $30,341, the median income for a family was $34,643. Males had a median income of $31,667 versus $23,750 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,762. About 8.8% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 21.1% of those age 65 or over

Giriraj Kishore

Acharya Giriraj Kishore was an Indian activist representing Hindu nationalism. He served as senior vice-president of Vishwa Hindu Parishad, the religious wing of the Hindu nationalist Sangh Parivar. Kishore was from Etah Village Misauli near Jalesar of Uttar Pradesh, he had done his Masters in Hindi literature and Political Science. As a school teacher in the town of Morena, he caught the attention of Vijayaraje Scindia, a prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party from the region. Mrs. Scindia, whose sympathies lay with VHP, gave him a start in the organisation during the Ram Janmabhoomi agitation, with which he came to be associated, he acted as joint general secretary, general secretary and senior vice president of the International wing of the Vishva Hindu Parishad. Acharya Giriraj Kishore was one of the leading figures of the Ram Janmabhoomi Andolan. Fought against conversions of Hindus by Christian missionaries. Goraksha Andolan Fought against Emergency for democracy and was jailed Social welfare acts Scientific visionary who had donated his eyes to Army R&R Hospital in Delhi and his body to a medical college.

On October 16 in Jhajjar district, five Dalit youths were lynched by a mob led by members of the VHP in the presence of local police officials, following false rumors that the Dalits had killed a cow. Nearly a month five people were arrested, prompting a backlash by villagers who pelted police with stones and blocked off roads for nearly a week; the local leader of the VHP, Acharya Giriraj Kishore, said he had no regrets over the incident and that the life of a cow was worth more than that of five Dalits. Kishore died on 13 July 2014 at New Delhi, he donated his body to Medical college for social cause. Http://