The Billboard Hot Latin Songs is a record chart in the United States for Latin songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Since October 2012, chart rankings are based on digital sales, radio airplay, online streaming, only predominantly Spanish language songs are allowed to rank; the chart was established by the magazine on September 6, 1986 and was based on airplay on Latin music radio stations. Songs on the chart were not in Spanish language, since a few songs in English and Portuguese language have charted; the first number one song of the Hot Latin Songs chart was "La Guirnalda" by Rocío Dúrcal on September 6, 1986. As of the issue for the week ending on February 29, 2020, the chart has had 437 different number one hits, while 171 artists have reached number one; the current number one song is "Ritmo" by The Black Eyed Peas and J Balvin. On September 6, 1986, Billboard premiered a Latin music singles chart: the Hot Latin 50. During the 1980s decade, the data were compiled by the Billboard chart and research department with information from 70 Spanish-language radio stations in the United States and Puerto Rico.
Those radio stations were selected based on their number of listeners, were asked to report their playlists for the week. This data was compiled by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, which electronically monitors radio stations in more than 120 music markets across the United States. Before this chart's inception, the Latin music information on the magazine was presented only in the form of the biweekly album sales chart Top Latin Albums, which continues to be listed separately. There were no language restrictions on the chart, since a few songs in English and Portuguese have charted and reached number one on five occasions. According to the Billboard electronic database, the first number one song on the Hot Latin 50 was "La Guirnalda" by Spanish singer Rocío Dúrcal on September 6, 1986. However, in the listings included in the first printed publication of the chart on October 4, 1986, the first number-one song was "Yo No Sé Qué Me Pasó" by Mexican singer-songwriter Juan Gabriel. In 2016, Billboard stated that the chart was introduced on the issue dated October 4, 1986, but the magazine's official website recognizes the previous issues from September 6, 1986 to September September 27, 1986, as well as Rocío Durcal's number one on the debut issue.
In 1994, three charts were introduced in addition to Hot Latin Songs: Latin Pop Airplay, which deals with pop songs whether or not it is Spanish-language. In 2005, the Latin Rhythm Airplay chart was introduced in response to the growing influence of Latin hip hop and reggaeton. Due to the increasing popularity of downloads sales and streaming data, Billboard updated the methodology for the Hot Latin Songs chart on October 11, 2012 to include digital sales and streaming activity in addition to airplay, as well as making only predominantly Spanish-language songs eligible for inclusion and increasing airplay data to more than 1,200 radio stations across the United States. There are several component charts; the most significant ones are: Latin Airplay: The chart measures the songs with most radio airplay audience impressions on Regional Mexican, Latin pop and Latin rhythm stations. Non-primarily-Spanish-language songs are eligible for inclusion, it was established on November 12, 1994. "Bidi Bidi Bom Bom" by Selena was the first number-one song on the chart.
"La Tortura" by Shakira featuring Alejandro Sanz is the longest-reigning number-one, with 25 non-consecutive weeks from June 4, 2005 to December 3, 2005. Latin Digital Songs: The chart measures the best-selling Spanish-language digital songs, it was established on January 23, 2010. "Loba" by Shakira was the first number-one song on the chart. "Danza Kuduro" by Don Omar featuring Lucenzo is the longest-running number-one, with 94 non-consecutive weeks from May 14, 2011 to July 20, 2013. Latin Streaming Songs: The chart measures the most-streamed Spanish-language songs and videos on selected online music services, it was established on April 20, 2013. "Hips Don't Lie" by Shakira featuring. "Bailando" by Enrique Iglesias featuring Descemer Bueno and Gente de Zona is the longest-leading number-one, with 66 non-consecutive weeks from May 17, 2015 to April 16, 2016. The tracking week for sales and streaming begins on Friday and ends on Thursday, while the radio play tracking-week runs from Monday to Sunday.
A new chart is compiled and released to the public by Billboard on Tuesday. Each chart is post-dated with the "week-ending" issue date four days after the charts are refreshed online. For example: Friday, January 1 – sales tracking-week begins, streaming tracking-week begins Monday, January 4 – airplay tracking-week begins Thursday, January 7 – sales tracking-week ends, streaming tracking-week ends Sunday, January 10 – airplay tracking-week ends Tuesday, January 12 – new chart released, with issue post-dated Saturday, January 16 The methods and policies by which this data is obtained and compiled have changed many times throughout the chart's history. Since October 11, 2012, the Billboard Hot Latin Songs tracks paid digital downloads and streaming activity. Billboard started tracking downloads since January 10, 2010 with the Latin Digital Songs chart. However, these downloads did not count towards Hot Latin Songs. A component Latin Streaming Songs chart was introduced on April 20, 2013, which ranks web radio streams from services
The 2005 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship was a golf tournament, played from February 24–27, 2005 at La Costa Resort and Spa in Carlsbad, California. It was the seventh WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship and the first of four World Golf Championships events held in 2005; the Championship was due to start on Wednesday February 23 but was delayed by a day because of wet conditions. The first round was played on February 24, while both the second and third rounds were played on February 25. David Toms won his first World Golf Championships event by defeating Chris DiMarco 6 and 5 in the 36 hole final; the Championship was a single elimination match play event. The field consisted of the top 64 players available from the Official World Golf Rankings, seeded according to the rankings. Ernie Els, ranked number 3, chose not to play the event, so number 65 Shingo Katayama was added to the field. Bracket
Ronald Owen Perelman is an American banker, businessman and philanthropist. MacAndrews & Forbes Incorporated, his company, has invested in companies with interests in groceries, licorice, cars, television, camping supplies, gaming, jewelry and comic book publishing. Perelman holds significant shares in companies such as AM General, Deluxe Entertainment, Revlon, SIGA Technologies RetailMeNot, Scantron, Scientific Games Corporation, Valassis, vTv Therapeutics and Harland Clarke. Perelman is annually one of the world's largest philanthropic donors; as of January 2019, Perelman is the 49th richest American, 152nd-richest person in the world, with an estimated wealth of $9.4 billion. In September 2017, Forbes magazine named Perelman as one of the "100 Greatest Living Business Minds." Perelman was born in Greensboro, North Carolina on January 1, 1943, the son of Ruth and Raymond G. Perelman, he is the grandson of Lithuanian immigrants. He managed with family members the American Paper Products Corporation.
Raymond left the company and bought Belmont Iron Works, a manufacturer of structural steel. Perelman attended high school at The Haverford School, a private school in Haverford, Pennsylvania, a suburb of Philadelphia, he graduated from Cheltenham High School in Wyncote, Pennsylvania in 1962. From his father, Perelman learned the fundamentals of business. By the time Ronald turned eleven years old he sat in on board meetings of his father's company. A 2006 article published in the Forbes 400 discusses their rough relationship in detail. Perelman first attended Villanova University's School of Business attended the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania where he majored in business, he graduated in 1964 and completed his master's in 1966. Perelman's first major business deal took place in 1961 during his Freshman year at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, he and his father bought the Esslinger Brewery for $800,000 sold it three years for a $1 million profit. Throughout Perelman's tenure at the Belmont Iron Works he assisted his father on other deals.
Their general strategy was purchase a company, sell off superfluous divisions to reduce debt and generate profit, bring the company back to its core business, either sell it or hang onto it for cash flow. In 1978, twelve years after Perelman formally joined Belmont Industries, he was the vice president but he still strove for more power and influence in the company. Raymond told him. Perelman moved to New York; the two spoke to one another for the next six years. He orchestrated the purchase of Cohen-Hatfield Jewelers in 1978, his first deal as an independent investor free of his father's influence and took a loan from his wife, Faith Golding. Within a year, Perelman had sold all of the company's retail locations and reduced the company to its lucrative wholesale jewelry division, earning him $15 million. Perelman acquired a distributor of licorice extract and chocolate, he faced resistance from the management and investors who filed an unsuccessful lawsuit to prevent the acquisition, but Perelman prevailed.
In 1983, Perelman started selling bonds to acquire the remaining 66% stake in MacAndrews & Forbes Group Inc. to take MacAndrews & Forbes Group Inc. private. In 1983, MacAndrews had acquired Technicolor Inc. Despite the bond debt, in 1984, MacAndrews & Forbes purchased Consolidated Cigar Holdings Ltd. from Gulf & Western Industries, in addition to Video Corporation of America. The Technicolor Inc. divisions were sold off and, in 1988, its core business was sold to Carlton Communications for 6.5 times the purchase price. Using the proceeds from the Technicolor division sell off, MacAndrews & Forbes purchased a 20 percent stake in Compact Video Inc. a television and film syndication company. Ronald Perelman's controlling buyout of Compact Video was in 1986. In 1989, Perelman acquired New World Entertainment, with David Charnay's Four Star Television becoming a unit of Ronald Perelman's Compact Video that year. Ownership of Compact Video Inc. was increased to 40% in 1989 after the buyout of Four Star International.
After Compact shut down, its remaining assets, including Four Star, were folded into MacAndrews and Forbes Incorporated. In 1989, Perelman acquired New World Entertainment with Four Star becoming a division of New World as part of the transaction. Four Star International was purchased through a golden parachute deal, negotiated with David Charnay by Ronald Perelman after Charnay was notified of stock purchases made by Perelman in 1989. By the end of 1989, MacAndrews refinanced the Holding companies' junk bonds for standard bank loans; the bulk of New World's film and home video holdings were sold in January 1990 to Trans-Atlantic Pictures, a newly formed production company founded by a consortium of former New World executives. His company MacAndrews & Forbes became a holding company with interests in a diversified portfolio of public and private companies and was still wholly owned by Perelman, who served as its chairman and chief executive officer. MacAndrews & Forbes's current holdings include AM General, Revlon, Scientific Games, SIGA Technologies and VTV.
However, as of Q3 2019, the company had hired Goldman Sachs to help review strategic alternatives for Revlon. He has done deals with Revlon Corporation, thrifts for $315 million and renamed it First Gibraltar Bank, Coleman Company, Sunbeam Products, New World Entertainment. On February 17, 2005, Perelman filed a lawsuit against Morgan Stanley. Two facts were at issue. Did M